Sentimental Journey’s

Benjamin Rush M.D.

Benjamin Rush M.D.

United States of America Founding Father and Educator Benjamin Rush in a letter written to John Adams concerning a visit to his family homestead. This is an excerpt containing what Rush said about his visit to the family cemetery, while there. I know the feeling behind his sentiment from doing genealogy, our family history thinking of the things my ancestors faced and overcame, and visiting the graves of my ancestors. It gives you a feeling of inferiority and awe for their stamina, strength, vision, perseverance and relationship with the Lord Jesus Christ and God the Father.



In walking over the grave-yard, I met with a head-stone, with the following inscription:

“In memory of James Rush, who departed this life March 16th, 1727, aged forty-eight years.

“I’ve tried the strength of death, at length.
And here lie under ground,
But I shall rise, above the skies,
When the last trump shall sound.”

This James Rush was my grandfather. My son, the physician, was named after him. I have often heard him spoken of as a strong-minded man, and uncommonly ingenious in his business, which was that of gunsmith. The farm still bears marks of his boring machine. My father inherited both his trade and his farm. While standing near his grave, and recollecting how much of my kindred dust surrounded it, my thoughts became confused, and it was some time before I could arrange them. Had any or all of my ancestors appeared before me, in their homespun or working dresses, (for they were all farmers or mechanics), they would probably have looked at one another, and said, ‘What means that gentleman by thus intruding upon us?’

“Dear and venerable friends! be not offended at me. I inherit your blood, and I bear the name of most of you. I come here to claim affinity with you, and to do homage to your Christian and moral virtues. It is true, my dress indicates that I move in a different sphere from that in which you have passed through life; but I have acquired and received nothing from the world which I prize so highly as the religious principles which I inherited from you, and I possess nothing that I value so much as the Innocence and purity of your characters.” Benjamin Rush; Philadelphia, July 13th 1812

(End Excerpt)

A Brief Account of the Ancestors and Descendants of BENJAMIN RUSH, M. D. of the City of Philadelphia

Benjamin Rush M.D.

Benjamin Rush M.D.

A Brief Account of the Ancestors and Descendants of BENJAMIN RUSH, M. D. of the City of Philadelphia Compiled from family records and hit own personal knowledge by his Son-in-Law.



John Rush, commander of a Troop of Horse in Oliver Cromwell’s Army, was married to Susannah Lucas at Horton in Oxfordshire, England. He came to Pennsylvania in A. D. 1683 and settled at Byberry, about thirteen miles from Philadelphia, where he died A. D. 1699, aged about eighty years.

Their eldest son and second child was


born on the twenty-first day of July, A. D. 1652. Married Aurelia , and died at Byberry, A. D. 1688. Their eldest son and third child was


born A. D. 1679. Married Rachel Peart and died at Byberry on the sixteenth of March, A. D. 1727, aged fortyeight years.

Their eldest son and first child was


born A. D. 1712. Married Susanna Harvey, a widow, daughter of Joseph Hall of Tacouy, on the Delaware River. Died July 26th, A. D. 1751, in Philadelphia, and was buried in the ground of Christ Church, southeast corner of Fifth and Arch streets, where his headstone still stands. His widow afterwards married a man named Morris, by whom she had no children. She died on the second of July, A. D. 1795, and was buried in Christ Church burying ground, corner of Fifth and Arch streets, where her tombstone is still in good preservation.

The eldest son, who left issue (third child) of John and Susanna Rush was


born at Byberry, then in the county, now in the City of Philadelphia, on the twenty-fourth of December, A. D. 1745, and was married on the eleventh of January, A. D. 1776, by the Rev. John Witherspoon, at “Morven,” the seat of her father near Princeton, New Jersey, to Julia Stockton, eldest daughter of the Honorable Richard Stockton, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, and of Mrs. Annis Stockton (nee Boudinot), his wife.

Dr. Benjamin Rush died in Philadelphia on the nineteenth day of April, A. D. 1813, and was buried in the ground of Christ Church, at the southeast corner of Fifth and Arch streets. He was a Medical Professor in the University of Pennsylvania and greatly distinguished as a teacher and practitioner of medicine and as an author on various subjects. He was an accomplished scholar, an eminent statesman, a warm advocate for universal freedom, Surgeon General in the American Army, a member of the Continental Congress, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, and above all a humble and devout Christian.

Mrs. Julia Rush, wife of Dr. Benjamin Rush and eldest daughter of the Honorable Richard Stockton of Princeton, New Jersey, was born at “Morven,” the seat of her father, on the second of March, A. D. 1759, and died at her little farm called “Sydenham,” now Fifteenth street and Columbia avenue in the City of Philadelphia, on the seventh of July, A. D. 1848. She was buried in the grave of her husband, in Christ Church burying ground, southeast corner of Fifth and Arch streets.

Dr. Benjamin and Mrs. Julia Rush had issue:

1st. John Rush, born in Cecil County, Maryland, at the house of Elihu Hall, Esquire, on the seventeenth of July, A. D. 1777. Served as an officer in the Navy of the United States of America, and died unmarried, at Philadelphia, on the ninth of August, A. D. 1837. He was buried near his father in Christ Church burying ground.

2d. Anne Emily Rush, born at Philadelphia, on the first of January, A. D. 1779. Married, had issue, and died at Montreal, Lower Canada, on the twentyseventh day of April, A. D. 1850.

3d. Richard Rush, born at Philadelphia on the twentyninth of August, A. D. 1780. Married, had issue, and died at Philadelphia on the twenty-eighth of July, A. D. 1859.

4th. Susanna Rush, born at Philadelphia on the seventh of January, A. D. 1782, and died on the twentyseventh of May, A. D. 1782.

5th. Elizabeth Rush, born at Philadelphia on the fourteenth of February, A. D. 1783, and died on the second of July, A. D. 1783.

6th. Mary Rush, born at Philadelphia on the sixteenth of May, A. D. 1784. Married, had issue, and died in England on the second of November, A. D. 1849.

7th. James Rush, born at Philadelphia on the fifteenth of March, A. D. 1786. Married, and died without issue on the twenty-sixth of May, A. D. 1869.

8th. William Rush, born at Philadelphia on the eighth of November, A. D. 1787, and died on the fifteenth of January, A. D. 1788.

9th. Benjamin Rush, born at Philadelphia on the third of July, A. D. 1789, and died on the twenty-first of July, A. D. 1789.

10th. Benjamin Rush, born at Philadelphia on the eighteenth of February, A. D. 1791, died unmarried at New Orleans on the seventeenth of December, A. D. 1824, and was buried in the cemetery of the Protestant Church in that city.

nth. Julia Rush, born at Philadelphia on the twentysecond of November, A. D. 1792. Married and died without issue on the nineteenth of April, A. D. 1860.

12th. Samuel Rush, born at Philadelphia on the first of August, A. D. 1795. Married, had issue, and died on the twenty-fourth of November, A. D. 1859.

13th. William Rush, born at Philadelphia on the eleventh of May, A. D. 1801. Married, had issue, and died on the twentieth of November, A. D. 1864.



Anne Emily Rush, eldest daughter and second child of Dr. Benjamin and Mrs. Julia Rush, was born at Philadelphia on the first day of January, A. D. 1779. Married on the twelfth day of March, A. D. 1799, by the Revd. William White, to the Honorable Ross Cuthbert of the Seigniory of Lanoraie on the River St. Lawrence, near Bcrthier, Lower Canada, and died on the twenty-seventh day of April, A. D. 1850, at Montreal, Lower Canada, where she had gone on a visit. She was buried in the vault of the Family Chapel at Berthier. The Honorable Ross Cuthbert survived his wife, and died at the Manpr House of Lanoraie on the twenty-eighth day of August, A. D. 1860. He was buried by his wife’s side in the vault of the Family Chapel, but both he and his wife were subsequently removed to the cemetery of the Protestant Episcopal Church at Sorel. They had issue:

1st. James Cuthbert, born at Lanoraie, L. C, on the seventh of January, A. D. 1800, and died there on the thirtieth of March, A. D. 1842.

2d. Julia Cuthbert, born at Lanoraie, L. C, on the second of October, A. D. 1801, and died there on the eleventh of February, A. D. 1802.

3d. Georgina Cuthbert, born on the seventh of July, A. D. 1803.

4th. Mary Cuthbert, born on the twenty-fifth day of February, A. D. 1810.

1. James Cuthbert, eldest child and only son of the Honorable Ross and Mrs. Emily Cuthbert, was born on the seventh day of January, A. D. 1800, at Philadelphia. Married Miss Jane Stephens, eldest daughter of Mr. Henry and Mrs. Stephens, of London, England, on the seventh day of June, A. D. 1821, and died at Lanoraie on the thirtieth day of March, A. D. 1842, leaving his widow, and but one surviving son, Edmund Charles Cuthbert, who was born on the tenth day of March, A. D. 1836, served in the British Army in India, and died unmarried on the thirteenth day of November, A. D. 1864, at Pesth, in Hungary, which he had visited while on a tour through Europe.

James Cuthbert bad five children, all of whom except Edmund Charles died in infancy.

1. George Ross Cuthbert, born July 2d, 1821,
died April 10th, 1824.

2. Henry S. Cuthbert, born January 27th,
1824, died May 3d, A. D. 1828.

3. Benjamin Rush Cuthbert, born January
13th, 1825, died February 1st, A. D. 1826.

4. James Rush Cuthbert, born January 11th,
1834, died July 19th, A. D. 1834.

5. Edmund Charles Cuthbert, born March
10th, A. D. 1836, died November 12th, A. D. 1864.

2. Julia Cuthbert, eldest daughter and second child of the Honorable Ross and Mrs. Emily Cuthbert, was born on the second day of October, A. D. 1801, and died on the nth day of February, A. D. 1802.

3. Georgina Cuthbert, second daughter and third child of the Honorable Ross and Mrs. Emily Cuthbert, was born on the seventh day of July, A. D. 1803, and on the seventeenth day of June, A. D. 1829, married Mr. Augustus David Bostwick of Three Rivers, Lower Canada, who died on the seventeenth day of December, A. D. 1837. They had issue:

1. Anne Emily Bostwick, born on the fifth
of June, A. D. 1830, died on the sixteenth of August, A. D. 1831.
2. John Bostwick, born on the twenty-third
of July, A. D. 1831.
3. Mary Bostwick, born on the third of
March, A. D. 1833.
4. Georgina Bostwick, born on the fourth of
October, A. D. 1834.
5. Charles Ogden Bostwick, who died quite young.

Anne Emily Bostwick, eldest daughter and child of Mr. Augustus David and Mrs. Georgina Bostwick, was born on the fifth day of June, A. D. 1830, and died on the sixteenth day of August, A. D. 1831.

John Bostwick, second child and eldest son of Mr. Augustus David and Mrs. Georgina Bostwick, was born on the twenty-third day of July, A. D. 1831, and married on the twenty-fourth day of October, A. D. 1860, Miss Elisabeth Lloyd Merrick, youngest daughter of Mr. William and Mrs. Martha Merrick. They had two children:

1. Georgina Martha Bostwick, born the twenty-fourth day of October, A. D. 1861.
2. Mary Cuthbert Bostwick, born the twelfth day of August, A. D. 1863.

Mary Bostwick, second daughter and third child of Mr. Augustus David and Mrs. Georgina Bostwick, was born on the third day of March, A. D. 1833, and married on the first clay of December, A. D. 1853, Mr. Edward Octavian Cuthbert. They have had issue:

1. Emily Louisa Georgina Cuthbert, born on the twenty-eighth day of September, A. D. 1854, died on the fifteenth day of January, A. D. 1855.
2. James Augustus Alfred Octavian Cuthbert, born the twenty-ninth day of May, A. D. 1856.
3. Mary Frances Eliza Cuthbert, born on the second of June, A. D. 1859, died on the fourth day of April, A. D. 1860.
4. Albert Edward Ross Cuthbert, born on the thirty-first day of July, A. D. 1860.
5. Jane Cuthbert, born June the tenth, A. D. 1867.
6. Julia Rush Cuthbert, born on the tenth day of June, A. D. 1867.

4. Georgina Bostwick, third daughter and fourth child of Mr. Augustus David and Mrs. Georgina Bostwick, was born on the fourth day of October, A. D. 1834, and married on the ninth day of July, A. D. 1855, Mr. James William Hanson. They have no children.

Mrs. Georgina Bostwick, widow of Mr. Augustus David Bostwick, married on the tenth day of June, A. D. 1851, Edward Adams Clark, Esq. They have no children.

4. Mary Cuthbert, third daughter and fourth child of the Honorable Ross and Mrs. Emily Cuthbert, was born on the twenty-fifth day of February, A. D. 1810.



Richard Rush, second son and third child of Dr. Benjamin and Mrs. Julia Rush, was born in Philadelphia on the twenty-ninth day of August, A. D. 1780, and was married on the twenty-ninth day of August, A. D. 1809, by the Rev. Dr. Judd to Catherine E. Murray, daughter of Dr. James and Mrs. Sarah E. Murray then of Piney Grove, but formerly of Annapolis, Maryland. He died at his house in South Eighth street below Locust street, Philadelphia, on the thirtieth day of July, A. D. 1859, and was buried in his family vault in North Laurel Hill Cemetery in the City of Philadelphia.

He had been made Attorney General of the United States by President James Madison, and afterward appointed acting Secretary of State. In A. D. 1817, he was sent as Minister Plenipotentiary to the Court of St. James, where he remained nearly eight years, when he was recalled by President John Quincy Adams to fill the office of Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, subsequently he went again to England to collect and receive the Smithsonian Legacy, and after some interval was appointed Minister to France. After his return to this country he spent the latter years of his life either at Sydenham, his country seat, formerly in the county (but now Fifteenth street and Columbia avenue in the City of Philadelphia) of Philadelphia, or at his house in South Eighth street below Locust street.

His wife, Mrs. Catherine E. Rush, died at “Sydenham,” her husband’s country seat, on the twenty-fourth day of March, A. D. 1854, and was buried in his family vault in North Laurel Hill Cemetery.

Richard and Catherine E. Rush had issue:

A. 1st. Benjamin Rush, born in Philadelphia on the twenty-third of January, A. D. 1811, married and had issue. Died June 30, 1877.

B. 2d. James Murray Rush, born in Washington, D. C, on the tenth of July, A. D. 1813, married, had issue, and died on the seventh of February, A. D. 1862.

He married Eugenia Frances Sheaff, the widow of William Sheaff, and daughter of John and Maria Hiester of Reading, Penna., on the twenty-eighth of January, A. D. 1847. His wife, Eugenia, from her previous marriage had two daughters, both of whom are married. She died at “Sydenham,” the residence of her husband’s father, then in the county (now in the city) of Philadelphia, on the third of December, A. D. 1849, and was buried with her father and mother at Reading, Penna.

J. Murray and Eugenia Rush had issue, one son:

Richard Rush, born on the twenty-eighth of February, A. D. 1848, and now (A. D. 1906) an officer in the Navy of the United States of America. Retired with the rank of Captain. Married, July 10, 1873, Ella Mary Day, second daughter of Edgar Burr Day, of Catskill-on-Hudson, and Sophia Augusta Camp, of Sacketts Har, bor, New York, and has had issue:

Richard Rush, Junior, born September 28th, 1875, at Philadelphia, and died November 21st, 1875, at Catskill-on-Hudson, New York, of pneumonia.

Ella Day Rush, Junior, born November 1st, 1876, at Philadelphia. Married September 23d, 1905, at Catskill-on-Hudson, New York, William Spencer Murray, of Annapolis, Maryland.

James Murray Rush, afterwards, on the twenty-ninth of November, A. D. 1853, married Elizabeth Upshur Dennis, widow of Lyttleton Dennis (by whom she had no children) and daughter of Lyttleton Upshur Dennis and Sarah Robertson, his wife, of Essex, Somerset County, on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. She died at the house of her husband, on Washington Square, Philadelphia, on the sixteenth of May, A. D. 1856, and was buried on her family estate in Somerset County, Maryland. She left one only daughter, Elizabeth Murray Rush, who was born on the twenty-sixth of January, A. D. 1856. James Murray Riibh died at his house in South Eighth street below Locust street, in the City of Philadelphia, on the afternoon of Friday the seventh of January, A. D. 1862, and was buried in his brother’s family vault in North Laurel Hill Cemetery.

Elisabeth Murray Rush married, April 20, 1882, John Biddle Porter, son of Andrew Porter and Margaretta Biddie, and had issue:

1. Margaretta Biddle Porter, born June 13th, 1883.
2. Catherine Rush Porter, born January 27th, 1885.
3. Elizabeth Murray Rush Porter, born September 3d, 1893

C. 3d. Anna Maria Rush, third daughter and sixth child of Richard and Catherine E. Rush, was born in London, at the house of her father, then Minister Plenipotentiary at the Court of London, on the twenty-third of April, A. D. 1820, died at Philadelphia 25th of December, 1887.

D. 4th. Madison Rush, fourth son and seventh child of Richard and Catherine E. Rush, was born in London, at the house of his father, then Minister Plenipotentiary at the Court of London, on the twenty-eighth of July, A. D. 1821, and served for many years as an officer in the Navy of the United States of America, but resigned his commission upon his marriage. He married on the twentieth of February, A. D. 1855, Maria Blight, daughter of George and Maria lilight of the City of Philadelphia. His wife died in Philadelphia without issue on the third of November, A. D. 1855, and was buried in the ground of the Episcopal Church of St. James the Less, near the Palls of Schuylkill in the City of Philadelphia. Her husband, Madison Rush, was drowned while bathing in the Red Lake River in Minnesota, and was buried by the side of his wife in the ground of St. James the Less on the twenty-first of November, A. 1). 1855, the same year, his body having been recovered and brought home.

E. 5th. Sarah Catherine Rush, fourth daughter and eighth child of Richard and Catherine E. Rush, was born in London at the house of her father, then Minister Plenipotentiary at the Court of St. James, on the twenty-ninth of June, A. D. 1823, and died July 17th, 1905.

F. 6th. Richard Henry Rush, fifth son and ninth child of Richard and Catherine E. Rush, was born in London at the house of his father, then Minister Plenipotentiary at the Court of St. James, on the fourteenth day of January, A. D. 1825, and was married on the fourth day of February, A. D. 1851, to Sarah Anne Blight, daughter of George and Maria Blight, of the City of Philadelphia. His wife died at Newport, Rhode Island, on the eighth of August, A. D. 1852, and was buried in the vault of her father in St. Stephen’s Church yard, South Tenth street above Chestnut street, in the City of Philadelphia. She left one only son, Murray Rush, who was born on the twentieth day of October, A. D. 1851.

Murray Rush, son of Richard Henry Rush and Sarah Anne Blight, married January 14th, 1876, at Christ Church, Baltimore, Louisa Bowdoin, and has issue:

1. Murray Blight Rush, born in Baltimore February 9, 1877.
2. Arthur Temple Rush, born in Philadelphia January II, 1879, married May 17th, 1904, Ayliffe M. Borie.
3. Louis Harold Rush, born at Rye Beach, N. H., August 23d, 1880,
4. Alice Bowdoin Rush, born at Radnor, Pa., March 30th, 1884.

Arthur Temple Rush, second son of Murray Rush married Ayliffe M. Borie, daughter of John Borie and Susan Halsey, and has issue:

Richard Rush 2d, born February 25th, 1905.

Richard Henry Rush afterwards, on the eleventh of December, A. D. 1856, married Susan Bowdoin Yerby, daughter of Dr. George Y. and Charlotte H. Yerby, of “Selma,” Northampton County, Virginia, and died October 17th, 1893.

Richard H. and Susan B. Rush have had issue:

1. Richard Henry Rush, born the fifteenth of September, A. D. 1857, and died on the third day of July, A. D. 1858.
2. Madison Rush, born on the third of November, A. D. 1858, married and has issue.
3. Charlotte Graham Rush, born on the twelfth of February, A. D. 1860, married and has issue.
4. Susan Rush, born on the twelfth of July, A. D. 1861, married and has issue.
5. Julia Rush, born on the fifteenth of December, A. D. 1863.
6. Benjamin Rush, born November 28th, 1869, married and has issue.

Richard H. Rush was educated at West Point, and served a number of years as an officer in the Army of the United States of America. He resigned his Commission soon after the death of his first wife, but upon the breaking out of the Great Southern Rebellion was appointed Colonel of a Regiment of Lancers and served during that war, in the Union Army. After the overthrow of the Confederacy, he again resigned his Commission and retired to private life.

Madison Rush, second son of Richard Henry Rush and Susan Bowdoin Yerby, married, October 2, 1884, Catharine Parker Costin, born July 12, 1859, died December 13, 1902. He married a second time, July 6, 1904, Caroline Novels, born November 11, 1880.

Madison Rush and Catharine Parker Costin had issue:
Catharine Elisabeth Rush, born October 7th, 1885.
Susan Rush, born August 16th, 1890.
Julia Stockton Rush, born March 3d. 1897.

Charlotte Graham Rush, third child and eldest daughter of Richard Henry Rush and Susan Bowdoin Yerby, married January 27, 1883, Edward Dale Toland, son of Robert Toland, of Philadelphia, has issue:

Edward Dale Toland, born December n, 1886.
Priscilla Toland, born September 19, 1888.
Richard Henry Rush Toland, born September 3, 1891.
Robert Toland, born April 2, 1895.
Owen Jones Toland, born January 19, 1897.

Susan Rush, fourth child and second daughter of Richard Henry Rush and Susan Bowdoin Yerby, married September 17th, 1887, Cecil Campbell Higgins. They have issue:

Campbell Higgins, born July 23, 1888.
Celia Campbell Higgins, born April 16, 1890.

Benjamin Rush, sixth child and third son of Richard Henry Rush and Susan Bowdoin Yerby, married June 5th, 1895, Mary Wheeler Lockwood, and has issue:

Charlotte Rush, born March 26th, 1896.
Benjamin Rush, born October 28th, 1898.
Mary Rush, born January 10th, 1900.
Richard Stockton Rush, born July 14th, 1905.

G. 7th. Julia Stockton Rush, fifth daughter and tenth and youngest child of Richard and Catherine E. Rush, was born in Washington, D. C, on the twentyfirst of July, A. D. 1826, and was married on the first of June, A. D. 1854, to John Calvert of Washington, D. C, son of Edward Calvert, Esquire, of Mount Airy, Prince George’s County, Maryland. She died in Washington, D. C, January 20, 1858, and was buried in the family vault of her father in North Laurel Hill Cemetery in the City of Philadelphia. Her husband, John Calvert, died at his farm in Prince George’s County, Maryland, on the ninth of March, A. D. 1869, and was buried by the side of his wife in a part of the family vault of his father-in-law, which had been allotted to him.

John and Julia S. Calvert left issue, two sons.

1. John Calvert, born the ninth of March, A. D. 1855, married October 26, 1881, Victoria Baltzell Elliott, second daughter of T. Thomas Elliott and Victoria R. Baltzell. They have had issue:

Cecilius Baltimore Calvert, born September 11, 1882.

2. Madison Rush Calvert, born the twelfth of January, A. D. 1858, married August 4, 1881, Josephine R. Wheeler, of New York. Married a second time, Margaret Agnes Mahoney, of Portsmouth, N. H. They have had issue:

Catherine Rush Calvert, born December 25, 1892, died February 14, 1895.



Mary Rush, fourth daughter and sixth child of Dr. Benjamin and Mrs. Julia Rush, was born in Philadelphia on the sixteenth of May, A. D. 1784, and was married at Philadelphia on the twenty-ninth of December, A. D. 1809, to Captain Thomas Manners, of the Forty-ninth British Regiment, by the Right Revd. Bishop William White. She followed her husband to Canada and England, where she resided the rest of her life, and died at Fort Clarence, near Rochester, Kent, England, on the second of November, A. D. 1849. She was buried at Gillingham Church about five miles from Rochester. Captain Thomas Manners died at Cheltenham about the sixth day of March, A. D. 1834, and was buried there.

Captain and Mrs. Manners left issue:

1. Julia Manners, born at Maiden, Upper Canada, on the day of April, A. D. 1805, died November 26, 1874, in London, England.
2. Robert Manners, born at Quebec, U. C, on the day of June, A. D. 1806. He entered the British Army, served for many years, and rose to the rank of Captain, he was then appointed Governor of the Military Prison at Fort Clarence, near Rochester, Kent, England, where he continued to reside, when he retired on a pension.



James Rush, M. D., third son and seventh child of Dr. Benjamin and Mrs. Julia Rush, was born in Philadelphia on the fifteenth (sixteenth) day of March, A. D. 1786. He was married on the nineteenth day of October, A. D. 1819, by the Right Reverend Bishop William White, to Phoebe Ann Ridgway, daughter of Jacob and Rebecca Ridgway, of the City of Philadelphia. His wife, Anne, was born on the third of December, A. D. 1799, and died at Saratoga, New York, on the twenty-third day of October, A. D. 1857. She was buried in her father’s ground in North Laurel Hill Cemetery.

Dr. James Rush died without having had issue, at his house No. 1914 Chestnut street, Philadelphia, on the twenty-sixth day of May, A. D. 1869, and was buried in the grave of his wife, in the ground of his father-in-law, Jacob Ridgway, in North Laurel Hill Cemetery. Dr. Rush was a successful practitioner of medicine and an author of several works. “The Philosophy of the Human Voice,” one of his productions, has become a standard work and a text-book with all teachers and students of elocution. He left by his will almost the whole of his immense fortune, derived in a great measure from his father-in-law and his wife, to found and endow “The Ridgway Branch of the Philadelphia Library.”



Julia Rush, fifth daughter and eleventh child of Dr. Benjamin and Mrs. Julia Rush, was born in Philadelphia on the twenty-second day of November, A. D 1792, and was married by the Rt. Reverend William White, Bishop of Pennsylvania, on the seventeenth day of June, A. D.n 1820, to Henry J. Williams, son of General Jonathan and Mrs. Mariamne Williams (nee Alexander). She died without issue in the house of her husband, No. 712 Walnut street, in the City of Philadelphia, on the nineteenth of April, A. D. 1860, and was buried in his family vault in North Laurel Hill Cemetery.

She was a woman of very remarkable personal attractions, and her wit and accomplishments were equal to her beauty. She united to unusual intelligence and information the sweetest and kindliest disposition and the gentlest and most polished manners, she diffused comfort and happiness throughout her whole household, and when she died left it in loneliness and sorrow.

“During her whole life she was an earnest, active and “devoted member of the Episcopal Church, and with all “the graces of a thorough cultivation, and the attractions “of unusual social powers, she combined a clear view of “the way of Mercy thro’ the Saviour and a firm grasp of “the promises of God in Him. And happy in the love of “Him in whom she trusted, happy in the hope of eternal “blessedness thro’ her Lord, Jesus Christ, there was in her “experience almost no shadow of the doubts with which “many are disturbed. She was consequently free to enjoy “the bounties of God’s Providence, the beauties of His “works and the rich comforts of His word and spirit, with “humble, innocent, and hearty cheerfulness. She did so, “and with smiles ever on her lips, with love and joy ever in “her heart was the charm of the Christian society in which “she moved and of the happy domestic circle she adorned.

“Her life was truly hid in Christ with God and when “its termination came, it found her calmly and confidently “reposing, where she had reposed for years, on the “undoubted love of her Redeemer. She passed the valley “of the shadow of death feeling and saying that ‘it was but “‘a shadow’ and rests now in the full brightness of the “other side.”

“It is but a shadow” were her own words one day before her death, with a perfect knowledge of its near approach.



Samuel Rush, seventh son and twelfth child of Dr. Benjamin and Mrs. Julia Rush, was born in Philadelphia on the first of August, A. D. 1795, and died at the house of his son-in-law, Col. Alexander Biddle, No. 1626 Walnut street, in the City of Philadelphia, November 24, 1859. He was buried in the ground of “Christ Church” at the corner of Fifth and Arch streets, but was afterwards removed to the vault of his brother-in-law, Henry J. Williams, in North Laurel Hill Cemetery. He was married at Philadelphia by the Reverend Simon Wilmer to Anne Wilmer, daughter of James and Anne Wilmer (nee Emerson), on the twelfth of August, A. D. 1828.

They had issue:

1. James Rush, born on the eighth of May, A. D. 1829, and died on the thirtieth of December, A. D. 1831.
2. Julia Williams Rush, born on the twenty-eighth of November, A. D. 1832, died August 8th, 1898, at Lanoraie, Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia.
3. William Rush, born on the seventh of February, A. D. 1837, and died on the twentieth of April, A. D. 1860.

1st. James Rush, son of Samuel and Anne Rush, was born on the eighth, of May, A. D. 1829, and died on the thirtieth of December, A. D. 1831. He was buried in the ground of Christ Church at the southeast corner of Fifth and Arch streets, but afterwards removed with his father’s remains to the vault of Henry J. Williams, in North Laurel Hill Cemetery.

2d. Julia Williams Rush, eldest daughter and second child of Samuel and Anne Rush, was born at Philadelphia on the twenty-eighth of November, A. D. 1832, and married on the eleventh of October, A. D. 1855, to Alexander Biddle (son of Thomas and Christine Biddle, nee Williams). They had issue:

1. Alexander Williams Biddle, born on the Fourth of July, A. D. 1856, married Anne McKcnnan July 19, 1879. Has issue.
2. Henry Rush Biddle, born on the fifteenth of March, A. D. 1858, died January 2, 1877, at
Lanoraie, Chestnut Hill.
3. Julia Rush Biddle, born on the twenty-fifth of July, A. D. 1859, died February 24, 1885.
4. James Wilmer Biddle, born on the twenty-second of November, A. D. 1861, married Cora Rowland. Has issue.
5. Louis Alexander Biddle, born on the twelfth of March, A. D. 1863.
6. Marianne Biddle, born on the eighth of November, A. D. 1865.
7. Lynford Biddle, born August 26th, 1871.

Alexander Williams Biddle, eldest son of Alexander Biddle and Julia Williams Rush, married Anne McKcnnan, daughter of Judge William McKennan, of Washington, Penna., and has issue.

Pauline Biddle, born August 7, 1880, married John Penn Brock, son of Horace Brock of Philadelphia, April 24th, 1905.
Christine Alexander Biddle, born October 20, 1882.
Julia Rush Biddle, born August 16, 1886
Isabel Biddle, born January 16, 1888.
Alexander Biddle, born April 4, 1893.

James Wilmer Biddle, fourth child and third son of Alexander Biddle and Julia Williams Rush, married February 4, 1891, Cora Rowland, daughter of Howard Rowland, of Philadelphia. Has issue:

Mariamne Wilmer Biddle, born June 15, 1893.
Harriet Biddle, born February 4, 1896.

3d. William Rush, second son and third child of Samuel and Anne Rush, was born at Philadelphia on the seventh day of February, A. D. 1837, and died unmarried on the twentieth of April, A. D. 1860. He was buried in the vault of his uncle, Henry J. Williams, in North Laurel Hill Cemetery.



William Rush, M. D., eighth son, thirteenth and youngest child of Dr. Benjamin and Mrs. Julia Rush, was born at Philadelphia on the eleventh of May, A. D. 1801, and was married by the Reverend Dr. Delancy on the eighteenth day of July, A. D. 1827, to Elizabeth Fox Roberts, daughter of Hugh and Sarah Roberts (nee Smith), of Piney Grove, in the City and County of Philadelphia. He died in Philadelphia on the twentieth of November, A. D. 1864, and was buried in the ground of ‘Christ Church” at the corner of Fifth and Arch streets, in the City of Philadelphia.

They had issue, one only daughter:

Julia Roberts Rush, who was born in Philadelphia on the seventh of May, A. D. 1828, died on the sixth of July, A. D. 1834, and was buried in the ground of “Christ Church,” near her grandfather, Dr. Benjamin Rush.

Burden Story Looking Back, by Florence (Burden) Harmon 1919-2013

In loving memory of my grandmother Florence (Burden) Harmon Dec 1919 – Nov 2013. Thank you Lord for the time we had together, looking for the day we’ll all be together again.

Foundation Truths

In loving memory of my dear sweet grandmother Florence L. (Burden) Harmon who passed away from us yesterday (14 Nov 2013) to go away to meet the Lord Jesus; who she spent her whole life serving, and preparing for this day. A true Christian “Peace Maker” if I have ever known one. She lived her whole life preparing for the day she would be called away by the Lord Jesus. God bless her, and keep her, as she now joins grandpa, her parents, siblings, and extended family with the Lord she so loved, somewhere beyond the sunset.

Founding Father and Educator Benjamin Rush in a letter written to John Adams concerning a visit to his family homestead. This is an excerpt containing what Rush said about his visit to the family cemetery, while there. I know the feeling behind his sentiment from doing genealogy, our family history thinking of the…

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The Life of Founder John Hancock

Foundation Truths

John HancockThe events leading to the declaration of independence, which have been rapidly passed in review, in the preceding pages, have brought us to the more particular notice of those distinguished men, who signed their names to that instrument, and thus identified themselves with the glory of this American republic.

If the world has seldom witnessed a train of events of a more novel and interesting character, than those which led to the declaration of American independence, it has, perhaps, never seen a body of men, placed in a more difficult and responsible situation, than were the signers of that instrument. And certainly, the world has never witnessed a more brilliant exhibition of political wisdom, or a brighter example of firmness and courage.

The first instant the American colonies gave promise of future importance and respectability, the jealousy of Great Britain was excited, and the counsels of her statesmen were employed…

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The Life of Founder Samuel Adams

Foundation Truths

Samuel-Adams-LevelingAmong those who signed the declaration of independence, and were conspicuous in the revolution, there existed, of course, a great diversity of intellectual endowments; nor did all render to their country, in those perilous days, the same important services. Like the luminaries of heaven, each contributed his portion of influence; but, like them, they differed, as star differeth from star in glory. But in the constellation of great men, which adorned that era, few shone with more brilliancy, or exercised a more powerful influence, than Samuel Adams.

This gentleman was born at Quincy, in Massachusetts, September 22nd, 1722, in the neighborhood afterwards rendered memorable as the birth place of Hancock, and as the residence of the distinguished family which has given two presidents to the United States. His descent was from a respectable family, which emigrated to America with the first settlers of the land.

In the year 1736, he…

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The Life of Founder John Adams

Foundation Truths

adams_lgJohn Adams was born at Quincy, then part of the ancient town of Braintree, on the 19th day of October, old style, 1735. He was a descendant of the Puritans, his ancestors having early emigrated from England, and settled in Massachusetts. Discovering early a strong love of rending and of knowledge, proper care was taken by his father to provide for his education. His youthful studies were prosecuted in Braintree, under Mr. Marsh, a gentleman whose fortune it was to instruct several children, who in manhood were destined to act a conspicuous part in the scenes of the revolution.

He became a member of Harvard College, 1751, and was graduated in course in 1755: with what degree of reputation he left the university is not now precisely known; we only know that he was distinguished in a class of which the Reverend Dr. Hemmenway was a member, who bore honorable…

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Ancestral Homes in Wales

I hope that family history interests most of you it is important to know from whence you come. Then there is the possibility that the left has so utterly destroyed the family unit in America that people are not interested in their heritage anymore.

“People will not look forward to posterity, who never look backward to their ancestors.”  –Edmund Burke

Some of the ancestral homes of my Davies/Davis great grandfathers in Wales, I have more to add to this list. I will also get to some in Scotland and England later.

Some music to take you there “Heartland” Celtic Thunder

Celtic Thunder  – Heartland intro part 1

Celtic Thunder – Heartland part 2 extended version

Lyrics to Celtic Thunder song “Heartland” including translation

For you ladies, in case you do not know this, Celtic women had equal rights long before the rest of women in Europe or anywhere else for that matter, not the women’s lib of today, but respected as equal partners, etc., they could be anything they wanted to be, even warriors. They weren’t relegated to the background, the kitchen or the bedroom. Strong men need strong women, they do not scare us. ;-)

One of my great grandfathers is said to have got the 3 horses heads on his coat of arms because he, who was on foot was fighting the Saxon’s who were on horse. 3 riders came at him, he stood his ground and lopped the 3 horses heads off with one stroke of his battle axe, on each. He then dispensed with the riders, he later died in another battle while fighting the Saxon’s when he was in his 90′s ;-)

Celtic Thunder – Caledonia

Some Welsh to get you further in the right frame of mind. ;-)

“Dduw a lesu bendithia ac yn cadw chi i gyd am byth yn ei bresenoldeb, darparu eich llawenydd diderfyn” – English translation “God and Jesus bless and keep you all forever in their presence, providing you unlimited joy”

“Cariad fy hardd chwiorydd, yn gwerthfawrogi fy Gwladgarwr mrodyr” English translation “Love my beautiful sisters, value my Patriot brothers”

Powys Castle

Powys Castle

Powis Castle

Powis Castle entry gate, you can see why I am right,,,,of right, it’s in my dna

Glansevern Hall, these pictures do not do Glansevern justice, the gardens, etc are beautful

Glansevern occupies land that 2 rivers go around 2 sides of property, truly one of the more beautiful places

Glansevern Hall

Glansevern Hall from air

Glansevern Hall

Glansevern Hall Gardens

Denbighshire, Ruthin Castle and Gardens

(Fonmon Castle) Castell Ffwl-y-mwn

Caergwrle Castle Powys

Caergwrle Castle Powys

Caergwrle Castle Powys

Caergwrle Castle Powys

Caergwrle Castle Powys

Penrhyn Griffith castle ca Gwynedd 1840

Penrhyn Castle Gwynedd Wales

Llifior, Berriew, Welshpool, Montgomeryshire

Llifior, Berriew, Welshpool, Montgomeryshire

Tynycoed, Llanidloes, Montgomeryshire

Tynycoed, Llanidloes, Montgomeryshire

Tynycoed, Llanidloes, Montgomeryshire

Tynycoed, Llanidloes, Montgomeryshire

Tynycoed, Llanidloes, Montgomeryshire

Tynycoed, Llanidloes, Montgomeryshire

Take Me Home – “A Bird Without Wings” (Lower Key)

I can trace my Welsh Davis great grandfathers back to the Bible, as a matter of fact 2 of them are said to have been baptized by Apostle Paul. Genealogy is pretty neat stuff ;)

Again there are many more to add

Foundation Truths

Part XV includes: Colonel Campbell Denounces Plundering.— Complaints against Tory Leaders.— Their Outrages on the Whigs.—A Court called to Consider the Matter.—Retaliation for British Executions Demanded.— A Law Found to Meet the Case.—Charges against Mills, Gilkey, and Ale Fall.— Colonel Davenport Noticed.—Number of Tories Tried and Condemned.— Case of fames Crawford.—One of the Prisoners Released.—Cleveland Favoring Severe Measures.— Motives of the Patriots Vindicated.—Shelby’s Explanation.— Tories Executed—their Names and Residence.—Paddy Carr’s Remarks, and Notice of Him.—Baldwin’s Singular Escape.— Further Executions Stopped.— Tories Subsequently Hung.—Rumor of Tarleton’s Approach.— Whigs Hasten to the Catawba.—A Hard Day’s March—Sufferings of Patriots and Prisoners.—Major McDowell’s Kindness.—Mrs. McDowell’s Treatment of British Officers.—Some of the Whig Troops Retire.—Disposition of the Wounded. —Prisoners Escape—One Re-taken and Hung.—March to the Moravian Settlements.—Bob Powell’s Challenge.—Official Account of the Battle Prepared.— Campbell and Shelby Visit General Gates. — Cleveland left in Command.—His Trial of Tories.—Escape of Green and Langum.— Cleveland Assaults Doctor…

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Daniel F. Davenport, Postmaster at Americus, Sumter County, Georgia

Daniel F. Davenport, Postmaster at Americus, Sumter County, Georgia. Daniel Frederick Davenport has been identified in a business way with Sumter County for over thirty years, and his family is one of prominence in this section of Georgia.

Americus, Sumter County, Georgia; Post Office 1900

Americus, Sumter County, Georgia; Post Office 1900

For more on Davenport family members see History of the Battle of King’s Mountain and it’s Heroes: Part XV October-November, 1780

He was born at Americus September 8, 1860, a son of Walter T. and Mary Elizabeth (Frederick) Davenport. His great-great-grandfather Doctor Thomas Davenport II born 1721 King William, Virginia, died 1780 Cumberland, Virginia, was a Infantry soldier in the Revolutionary war and for his services was granted a large tract of land in Virginia. He married Lucy Ransome. Thomas Davenport IV, grandfather of D. F. Davenport, was born 1754 in Halifax County, Virginia, and owned an extensive plantation, which he employed chiefly for the growing of tobacco. He served for ten years as a member of Congress from Virginia and was one of the leading men of that state. He was married to Jane Lipscomb. Thomas Davenport III was great-grandfather of D. F. Davenport, he also served as a private in the Revolutionary War, he was married to Betsey Guerrant.

Walter T. Davenport was born in 1817 in Halifax County, Virginia, was a school teacher in early life, teaching both in Virginia and in Tennessee, and in 1842 he located in Sumter County, Georgia. He was one of the pioneer business men at Americus, first engaged in the dry goods and afterwards in the hardware business and during the war he was commissioned a colonel of militia and performed the additional duties of tithing agent.  After the war he engaged in the insurance business and the drug business, and remained a resident of Americus until his death in 1910. He was a man of sterling qualities and left a good name for deeds performed in church and state. Walter Davenport married Mary Frederick, who was born in South Carolina, a daughter of Daniel Frederick. Daniel Frederick was one of the pioneer plantation owners in Houston County, Georgia, but afterwards moved to Macon County where he lived to be over eighty years of age. Mary Frederick was educated at Wesleyan College, and was one of the first to enter that institution. She died in Americus at the age of sixty-three. She was active in the Methodist Episcopal Church and a woman of benevolence, of fine character and greatly beloved both in her family and in a large community of friends. The Frederick family was especially prominent in promoting the growing of fruit in their section of Georgia, and Mrs. Mary Frederick Davenport was also noted as a horticulturist, and helped to bring fruit growing into high favor in Sumter County. Walter and Mary Davenport were the parents of eleven children, all but two reaching their majority.

Daniel Frederick Davenport attended the schools of Americus and for two years was a student at Auburn, Alabama. He left college in the senior year and at once became associated with his father and brother in the drug business at Americus. He was in that line for twenty-eight consecutive years, and in 1910 he engaged in the real estate and insurance business associated with his brother, James A. Davenport. On September 15, 1913, Mr. Davenport became postmaster at Americus, and has since devoted his best time and energies to the capable administration of that office. Mr. Davenport also held numerous patents for medicine.

In the meantime his interests have extended to the various affairs, and from early life he was much interested in the local military and during 1881-82 served as first sergeant of Company B at Auburn, Alabama, and in 1883-85 was first sergeant of the Americus Light Infantry. In politics he is a democrat, and is a member of the Patriotic Order Sons of America and the Sigma Alpha Epsilon college fraternity. He is active in the Methodist Church and is now assistant superintendent of the First Methodist Sunday School.

On March 21, 1889, at Americus he married Miss Leila B. Crisp, daughter of Hon. Charles F. Crisp, who rose to eminence in our national affairs and was especially noted during his term as speaker of the National House of Representatives. Mrs. Davenport has inherited largely the concise manner of writing and expression which was characteristic of the late Speaker Crisp. She was educated in the public schools at Americus and in the Woman’s College at Staunton, Virginia. Mr. and Mrs. Davenport have two children: Clara Belle and Mary Ella. The daughter, Clara Belle, was married April 16, 1912, to Mr. W. G. Hooks.

Genealogical History of the Richmond Family

The Richmond Family from Americana, American historical magazine, Volume 9 By National American Society; December 1914

Traits associated with Richmond family members:
The Richmond family are well known for their generous mannerisms. Due to the families historscope being aligned with Jupiter, the planet of charisma, The Richmonds can often be complex and imaginative. They reflect changes in their own surroundings and can often become over optimistic and materialistic.

ACCORDING to the best authorities in genealogical research, the Richmond Family that has been so conspicuously identified with English history for nearly eight centuries, and whose members have acquitted themselves at all times bravely and brilliantly, had its origin in Brittany, France. Like most names of families, in England as well as elsewhere, the word was originally a designation of place. In its native language it was derived from the words riche and monte or monde. There is now a prominent French family of the name of Richemonte that sprang from the same stock, and it has been noted as an interesting example of heredity that its members bear striking resemblance to those of the English and American Richmond lines. After the name was adopted as a surname it was variously spelled, in the early English history of the family, as Rychemonde, Richemount, Richemonte, etc.

Richmond Upon Thames, England

                                   Richmond Upon Thames, England











The Richmond’s from whom the American branch was derived have been traced in English history to the time of the Norman invasion. For several centuries these early progenitors, generation after generation were notably associated with the great events of the kingdom, and much of their early history was closely entwined with that of the famous Richmond Castle. From Richmondshire, where the English family originated, branches of it spread to other parts of England, in which its members achieved much distinction and became foremost in the affairs of their successive generations. One of these renowned British lines was that of Ashton-Keynes, whence came John Richmond, who emigrated to America in 1635 and founded the family that has enjoyed prominence in various branches on this side of the Atlantic during more than two and one-half centuries. Although some authorities express uncertainty as to whether John Richmond was born in Ashton-Keynes, Radborne, or Christian Malford, he was certainly of Wiltshire. There is no doubt among genealogists who have given attention to the derivation of the English stem that the Wiltshire Richmond’s were descended from the Yorkshire Richmond’s, who came to England with William the Conqueror. Representatives of the family were first settled in Yorkshire on lands given to them by the king. In a later generation a younger branch went over into Wiltshire, and from that cadet line came the American offshoot.

Richmond Crest a silver spear tilting

        Richmond Crest a silver spear tilting


In the northwest corner of Yorkshire, England, in the district of Richmondshire, stands Richmond, the ancient market and parish town, two hundred and thirty-four miles from London. Richmond is famous for the ruins of its great castle, which, as well as the town, was built by the first earl, Alan the Bed, son of Hoel, count of Brittany. The place derives its name—etymologically, rich mount or rich hill,—from the beauty of the elevation on which it rests. In the early Norman times it was the chief locality and feudal capital of the district of Richmondshire. Until the end of the feudal system the Richmond Castle, which dominated the town, both as regards its location and in the fact that it gave general distinction to the place, was one of the strongest inland fortresses existing anywhere in England. The earls of Richmond, who also were dukes of Brittany, were the wealthiest and most powerful among the nobles of Yorkshire.


No section of Great Britain is more picturesquely beautiful than the country immediately surrounding the town of Richmond. Bold rocks are everywhere conspicuous in the landscape, clothed with trees and shrubs. From the hills about are charming prospects in all directions. The castle, which still makes the town noted, although situated one hundred feet above the Swale River, seems from the hills to be sunken in a deep valley. The eye ranges over the extensive plains of the vale of York far away to the eastern and western moors.

Richmond castle1

Richmond Castle in Richmond, North Yorkshire, England, stands in a commanding position above the River Swale, close to the centre of the town of Richmond. It was originally called Riche Mount, ‘the strong hill’. The castle was constructed from 1071 onwards as part of the Norman Conquest of Saxon England as the Domesday Book of 1086 refers to ‘a castlery’ at Richmond in that year.


Richmond Castle was not mentioned by name in the Domesday Book, and no reference to it is found in the early annals. In the recapitulation of the Domesday Book the statement is made that Earl Alan has one hundred and ninety-nine manors in his castelary, which goes to show that the castle was then in existence. It is a matter of record that during the life of William the Conqueror Earl Alan gave the chapel from the Castle of Richmond to the Abbey of St. Mary of York, which he had founded. Accordingly the castle must have been in existence at the date of the Survey, inasmuch as that was only a year before the death of William.


Situated on the south side of the town, Richmond Castle overlooks the Swale River which runs in a deep valley at the foot of the hill where the ruined structure stands. Between the river and the site of the castle, and about six hundred feet perpendicularly above the bed of the Swale, is a walk from eight to nine feet wide. From this walk one gets a sense of the great elevation of the site and the castle above the immediately surrounding land. Farther above the walk some forty or fifty feet is the ground on which the castle stands. On the side toward the river the elevation is faced with massive stones made to resemble a cliff of natural rock. On the eastern side of the castle yard the Swale also skirts the property. At the latter spot, however, the descent is not as precipitous as on the south; there is a downward gentle slope to the river for a distance of some forty to fifty yards. The west side of the once almost impregnable fortress faces a deep valley, the ascent from which to the castle is exceedingly steep. Approach from this point, in the period when the castle was indeed a fortress, must have been well-nigh impossible. On the north the site of the castle is elevated only slightly above the level of the town, and it was from this side only that it could have been accessible to an attacking enemy in the good old feudal times.


The castle even yet appears majestic in its ruins. The keep, of which the shell has been preserved almost entire, is about a hundred feet high, and the walls are eleven feet thick. A great stone column supports the lower story in the middle, and from it spring circular arches closing the top. A broad staircase extends upward, but now reaches only the first chambers, the rest being dilapidated, as the floors of the two upper rooms have long since fallen in. In this keep is a well of excellent water. Ruins of several other parts of the castle remain. In the southeastern corner of the area is a great tower, in which is a dismal dungeon thirteen or fourteen feet deep, and undoubtedly designed as a place of confinement. The grounds about the castle are some six acres in extent, and over them sheep now peacefully graze. The mighty edifice which centuries ago sustained the shock of hostile invasion, was the defense of prince and province, and resounded with the gaiety of multitudes is now only a mass of ruins that make a picturesque object in a landscape of inimitable beauty. fn1 Thomas Allen’s “History of York”

Richmond Castle was built by Alan the Red, duke of Brittany, who was a near relative of William the Conqueror. The records give several different accounts of the beginning of this family and the founding of the earldom of Richmond. “Alan, Dux of Brittany, the sprightly young gentleman who, in 1075, besieged the Conqueror while he was besieging the city of Dol,” “for the release of that potent monarch, who abandoned his tents and baggage to get out of the way, obtained the fair hand of the Conqueror’s daughter Constance, with the magnificent honor of Richmond. ‘The nuptials were celebrated with great pomp, and the bride was dowered with all the lands of Chester, once the possession of the unfortunate Earl Edwin, who had formerly been contracted to one of his sisters.’ ” Thus writes one of the chroniclers of the founder of this noble family. fn2 “Some Historic Mansions of Yorkshire” by W. Wheater

Says another historian of Alan the Red, “He was kinsman of William, duke of Normandy, and accompanied that prince in his expedition to England and was rewarded with the land of the Saxon Earl Edwin, which consisted of no less than nearly two hundred manors and townships. This donation was made A. D. 1070, at the time when William was employed in the siege of York, which the said Edwin, earl of Chester, and the Northumbriam Earls Morcar and Waltheof, bravely defended against him.” fn3 Thomas Allen’s “History of York”

Richmond-coat-of-arms3 London

Edwin was the earl of Mercia; Morcar was his brother and Waltheof was the governor of York. Together they defended the town against the besiegers for more than six months. Another historian puts it in this fashion: “William was so pleased with the great prowess of Alan that for his military services he created him an earl by investure with sword and noble dignity.” fn4 Wheater’s “Historic Mansions of Yorkshire.”


Alan, duke of Brittany, who founded the Richmond line, was not a son or nephew of William the Conqueror, as some authorities have asserted, but was his second cousin. The first earl of Richmond was not Alan Fergeant. He and his brother Eudo were grandsons of Conan Tortus. Eudo had six sons, among whom were Alan Rufus, Alan Niger, and Stephen. Alan Rufus was the first earl of Richmond, but dying without issue Alan Niger succeeded to the title, being duke of Brittany as well as earl of Richmond.

For several generations the earldom and Richmond Castle remained in the possession of the descendants of its founder. In the succeeding centuries it was given to other owners and attracted again and again by the sovereign. In 1436 the earldom reverted to the crown and continued in possession of the king until Edwin, half-brother of Henry VI., was created earl of Richmond. His wife was the celebrated Margaret of Richmond, and their son, who succeeded to the throne as Henry VEL, took the inheritance of Richmond and kept it for his life. In 1525 Henry VIII. conferred the earldom upon his natural son, Henry Fitzroy, with the title, which was then created, of duke of Richmond. Henry Fitzroy died without issue and the title slept until 1613, when the earldom was revived by James I. The title and estate are now held by the Lenox family. They were conferred upon Charles Lenox, the illegitimate son of Charles II., who was created first duke of Richmond in 1675.


Thus the title has experienced numerous vicissitudes, and the lineages of various noble families, totally unrelated to one another, at least in primary respects, and especially unrelated to the true Richmond lineage of original descent, have become associated with it by the circumstance of purely arbitrary creations in the course of the centuries.

Richmond of New Zealand

                  Richmond of New Zealand

Concerning Alan the Red, the Battle Abbey Roll says: “Alain le Roux or Alan the Red, son of Eudo, count of Brittany, ‘in his very youth was a little famous for his valor.’ He led the division of the Conqueror’s army comprising the men of Brittany and Maine, that formed the left wing of the Norman army at Hastings, October 14, 1066. He was granted immense manors in Yorkshire, which became the great honor of Richmond, the name given to the soke or manorial lands, known in the Saxon language as Gilling. The Castle of Richmond is thus associated with the immediate origin of the surname and family of Richmond. ”

Richmond of Massachusetts

Richmond of Massachusetts

“Le roy servit et ania et il bien le guerdona; Richmond li dona el north Bon Chastel et bel fort en jjlusieurs en Engleterre li rois de donna sa terre.” fn5 “The Battle Abbey Roll” by the dushess of Cleveland, vol iii, p. 81

Conan IV., earl of Richmond, was born in July, 1138. He succeeded to the title as the fifth earl, March 30, 1146, and married Margaret, a sister of Malcolm IV., king of Scotland. His daughter Constance, countess of Richmond, was born in 1163. She was patroness of St. Mary’s Abbey, York; Jowauex Abbey; Rowney Nunnery, County Hertford; Abbey of Carnoet and Coetmaleon; she died September 4, 1201.

The ancient coat of arms of the Richmond Family (A. D. 1066) is Gules, three bars gemeles or, a chief argent. Motto: Resolve well and persevere. These arms are now borne by the Cumberland Richmond’s. According to Burke’s “General Armoury,” the arms of the Yorkshire Richmond’s are Two bars gemeles or, a chief argent.

Richmond-Webb-Pulleyne Coat of Arms

                            Richmond-Webb-Pulleyne Coat of Arms

The later coat of arms of the Richmond’s, to which the family of Richmond, alias Webb of Stewkly, Buckinghamshire, and of Redborn and Wiltshire, are entitled, is Argent, a cross patonce fleury azure, between four mullets gules. Crest—a tilting spear argent, headed or, broken in three parts, one piece erect, the other two in saltire, enfiled with a ducal coronet. Motto—Resolve well and persevere. One family substitutes for the four mullets in the coat of arms four estoiles.

According to Burke’s “Seats and Arms,” the crest was won by Sir Philip Richmond by a feat of arms in single combat with a Saracen prince during the crusades, before Jerusalem, in the presence of Richard L, Coeur de Lion. The ducal coronet in the crest may have come from the family being of lineal descent from Edward L, or it may have been derived from Alan Rufus, the first earl of Richmond, or from some other ducal alliance in later generations. Authorities differ on this point.

The ancestors of the American Richmonds were, if tradition may be credited, related to Alan Rufus the first earl, who built the castle. They were not in direct line from Alan, but for several successive generations were lords of the manor and constables of the castle owned by their noble relative. That they were originally of royal descent is not much questioned by English genealogists. Francis Thackeray, uncle of William Makepeace Thackeray, was descended from the Richmond’s of Wiltshire. He compiled a record of the Ashton-Keynes-Radborn branch, which corresponded with the recognized English ancestry of the American branch, except that he came to the conclusion that the American Richmonds descended through Roald, son of Roaldus. On the contrary, General Plantagenet-Harrison asserts his confident belief that the American line descended from Alan, son of Roaldus, le Ennase, claiming that his son Roald had no children. fn6. Allen’s “History of Yorkshire.”
A generation ago Colonel John Richmond Webb, of the Wiltshire Richmond’s, said that he “could prove lineal descent from Edward I. and that his first ancestor, Roaldus de Richmond, rode by the side of William the Conqueror at Hastings field.” He added, “We were gentlemen when the Churchill’s were horse-boys.”

First of record in the line of English ancestors leading to the American Richmond Family, of which Dean Richmond was the foremost representative in the last generation, was.

Roaldus Musard de Richmond, who was with William the Conqueror at Hastings. He was one of the most powerful leaders accompanying the Norman invader into England in 1066.

Hasculfus Musard de Richmond, son of the preceding, held in demesne Keddington and Chilworth, Oxfordshire, Stainbury, Gloucestershire, and other lordships at the time of the General Survey, according to Dugdale.

Roaldus de Richmond, le Ennase, son of the preceding, was second constable of Richmond Castle under Alan in., earl of Richmond; he was seized of lands in Skeeby and Croft, by the gift of King Henry, who likewise gave him the manor of Pickhall, and other holdings, which he in turn gave in marriage with a daughter to Jolanus de Neville. He was lord of Burton, Aidborough, and most of his uncle Emsart’s lands, by a grant of King Stephen, Emsart being the first constable of Richmond. He founded an abbey on his manor of Easby in honor of St. Agatha in 1152, and there he was buried with his wife, Graciana.

Sir Alan, son of Roald de Richmond, was the third constable of Richmond Castle. In the first year of the reign of Richard L, 1189, he owed the king two hundred marks for the custody of the castle. In the fourth year of the reign of Richard L, 1193, he paid ten marks and owed one hundred and ninety. In the third year of the reign of Richard I., he as surety for Walter de Lasselles. In the second year of the reign of John, 1201, he gave the king three hundred marks, and three palfreys to be constable of Richmond Castle, to hold the same for himself and his heirs. Soon after he was diseased, but in the ninth year of John, 1208, he gave the king two hundred marks and four palfreys to have the castle again and with it the king’s letters patent granting him military jurisdiction.

Sir Roald de Richmond, son of the preceding, was the fourth constable of Richmond Castle. In 1208 King John gave to him various lands, including the manors of Caldewell, Croft, Kipling, and others, and also a mill and lands in Skeeby. The letters patent granted these lands to him and his heirs forever. He entailed the manors of Burton, Aldeburgh, and Croft upon his son Roald in the latter part of the twenty-fourth year of the reign of Henry III., 1240.

Alan Richmond de Croft, son of the preceding, received from his brother the manor of Burton. He claimed lands in Roppele, Clareworth, Wurthington, and Newland, county of Lincoln, in right of his wife, in the forty-third year of the reign of Henry HI., 1259. He married Mathilda, daughter and coheir of Peter de Goldington and coheir of Simon de Roppele, lord of Roppele, Lincoln County, of the time of Edward I.

Sir Roald Richmond de Croft, son of the preceding, received from his uncle Roald the manors of Caldwell and Croft. He died in the forty-sixth year of the reign of Henry III., 1262. One authority (fn7 “Honores de Richmond,” Gales.) makes this Sir Roald to have been the son of Sir Roaldus de Richmond, fifth constable, brother to Alan, son of Roald de Croft. Sir Roald Richmonde de Croft married Isabella, daughter and heir of Robert, son of Osanna de Langthwayt, by Isabella his wife.

Eudo de Richmond, son of the preceding, had possessions in Staynwriggis, county of York.

Elyas de Richmond, son of the preceding lived during the reign of Edward III. (1327-77).

Elyas de Richmond, son of the preceding, lived during the reigns of Edward III. and Richard H. (1327-99). His brother, Richard de Richmond, succeeded him, and married Elizabeth, daughter of William de Burgh, lord of Burgh. Upon Richard and his wife Elizabeth William de Burgh entailed the manor of Burgh near Catterick, County York, in the twenty-third year of the reign of Edward III. (1350).

Thomas de Richmond, son of Richard de Richmond and his wife Elizabeth, was living in the times of Richard, Henry IV., and Henry V.

William de Richmond, son of the preceding, lived at Draycott. He married, about 1430, Alice, daughter and heiress of Thomas and Elizabeth (Nicholas) Webb of Draycott, Wilts County. Upon his marriage he assumed the name of Webb and quartered the Webb arms.

William Richmond, alias Webb of Draycott, son of the preceding, married Joan Ewen, daughter of John Ewen of Draycott. His will was dated April 24, 1502.

William Richmond, alias Webb of Stewkley Grange, Bucks County, married, 1st, Dorothy Lymings, daughter of John Lymings of Notts County, and 2d, Marjory Choke, daughter of John Choke of Shelborne, Wilts County. He was living in Wilts in the reign of Henry VIII., for he is recorded as having bought lands there in 1541 and 1545.

Edmund Richmond, alias Webb of Durnford, Wilts County, was living in 1575. He married Mary Weare, daughter of Robert Weare, alias Brown of Marlborough.

Henry Richmond, alias Webb, son of the preceding, lived at Christian Malford, Wilts County. He was married four times and had twenty-five children. From this Henry Richmond are descended the Richmond’s of Ashton-Keynes, England. The manor of four hundred acres, and the entire village of Ashton-Keynes, once belonged to this branch of the family. In the eighteenth century the manor house was the home of Oliffe Richmond. In 1768, by marriage of Bridget Richmond (granddaughter of Oliffe Richmond), to Edward Nichols, the property passed into the possession of the Nichols Family, and in 1856 it was sold to the duke of Cleveland.

John Richmond, eldest son of the preceding, was an officer in the Civil War between King Charles and the parliament. The story is current in the annals of the family that there were two brothers, John and Henry, who had engaged in this war, one of them being with King Charles and the other a soldier of Cromwell. The celebrated Rev. Leah Richmond, author and rector of Turvey, Bedfordshire, wrote much concerning his ancestry, and in one of his manuscript letters is recorded this tradition concerning the two brothers:

“On the night preceding one of the engagements, Henry, his brother, went into the camp of the other army, eluding the vigilance of the sentry, and reached John’s tent, in the hope of enjoying an affectionate interview, previously to the uncertain events of the morrow. On entering the tent, John, alarmed at the sudden appearance of a stranger, as he conceived Henry to be, rose upon his bed and shot him dead on the spot.” Some authorities say that John Richmond killed himself in remorse for this act, while others have it that he abandoned the family estates and fled to parts unknown. There were fragmentary rumors that he exiled himself and engaged in business pursuits under another name in the northern part of England. However that may have been, an interesting speculation, that seems to have much of soundness and reason in it, connects him with the American Richmond’s, as will now be seen.

I JOHN RICHMOND, the first American ancestor, was born about 1594 in Ashton-Keynes, Wiltshire, England. He was a man of affairs and ample means when he came to the new world in 1635, and he settled in Taunton, Mass., of which place he was one of the founders. He became a large land-owner and acquired considerable wealth. In the original purchase of Taunton, 1637, he owned six shares. He was absent from Taunton a great deal of the time, being recorded in Newport and elsewhere in Rhode Island. It is known he was in Rhode Island in 1655 and was a commissioner from Newport at the court of commissioners held at Portsmouth, R. L, in 1656.

In the manuscript of the Rev. Legh Richmond a tradition is recorded that the John Richmond of Ashton-Keynes, who shot his brother Henry Richmond, came to America in 1635 and engaged in business. Joshua Bailey Richmond, in his work, “The Richmond Family, 1598-1896, and Pre-American Ancestors, 1040-1594,” refers to this tradition and says in connection with it that nothing is definitely known concerning the American John Richmond between the years 1643 and 1655. He thinks that this John Richmond may have been the John Richmond who came to Saco, Me., in 1635, and that he may have returned to England and engaged in the Civil War. He was called Colonel, which circumstance might also tend to identify him with the John Richmond of the Civil War.

He died in Taunton, March 20, 1664.

He was married in England, although no record of his marriage has been found as yet.


1. John Richmond, b. 1627; of whom below.

2. Edward Richmond of Newport, R. L, b. about 1632, d. November 1696. He was an incorporator of Little Compton, R. L, 1674; general solicitor, 1657-69-70-2; attorney-general, 1677-8-980; deputy to the general court, 1678-9, and a lieutenant and captain of the militia. M., 1st, Abigail Davis, daughter of James Davis; 2d, Amy Bull, daughter of Henry and Elizabeth Bull.

3. Sarah Richmond, b. about 1638, d. 1691. M., 1st, Edward Rew; 2d, James Walker; 3d, Nicholas Stoughton.

4. Mary Richmond, b. 1639, d. 1715. M. William Paul of Berkeley, R. I.

1. JOHN RICHMOND, son of the preceding, was born in Ashton-Keynes, Wiltshire, England, about 1627. He was brought to this country by his father in 1635 and became prominent in Taunton, Mass., where he maintained his residence during his entire life. He was a member of the town council, 1675-6 and 1690. He was also a constable, commissioner, and surveyor, and for more than half a century was a member of every important committee and commission appointed to deal with the business of the town and colony. He was especially interested in many purchases of land from the Indians in Massachusetts and Rhode Island. It is supposed (but not certainly known) that he had two wives, the first of whom does not appear of record. Died October 7, 1715, at Taunton. Married (2d) Abigail Rogers, daughter of John Rogers of Duxbury, Mass. She was born in 1641 and died August 1, 1727.

[It is claimed by some that John Rogers of Duxbury was a brother of Thomas Rogers, who came in the “Mayflower” in 1620. Another authority thinks he may have been a son of Joseph Rogers, who was the son of Thomas Rogers, the “Mayflower” emigrant. Later investigations show that John Rogers of Duxbury, the father of Abigail Rogers, was a grandson of Thomas Rogers the emigrant. The line of descent is as follows:

Thomas Rogers, who came over in the “Mayflower,” d. in 1621. He had these children: 1. Joseph. 2. John.

John Rogers, son of Thomas Rogers, b. in England; in Plymouth Colony in 1638, and later became a resident of Duxbury, Mass.; in 1657 was a representative to the general court of the colony from Duxbury; d. 1692. M., April 6, 1639, Anna Churchman.

John Rogers, son of the preceding, b. in 1640. He m. Elizabeth (Alden) Pabodie, daughter of William Pabodie and Elizabeth Alden, daughter of John and Priscilla (Mullens) Alden, who have been celebrated in Longfellow’s poem. William Pabodie or Peabody was a son of John Pabodie, who was b. in England 1590 and came to Plymouth Colony about 1635, being one of the original proprietors in England of the colony. John and Elizabeth Richmond had these children: 1. Abigail, b. 1642, m. John Richmond. 2. Anna or Hannah. 3. Elizabeth.]

Issue of John and Abigail (Rogers) Richmond:

1. Mary Richmond, b. June 2, 1654, in Bridgewater, Mass., d. March 5, 1732. M., January, 1679-80, Richard Godfrey of Taunton.

2. John Richmond, b. June 6, 1656, in Bridgewater, Mass., d. September 20, 1672.

3. Thomas Richmond, b. February 2, 1659, in Newport, R. I., d. September 14, 1705, in Middleboro, Mass.

4. Susanna Richmond, b. November 4, 1661, in Bridgewater, Mass., d. August 18, 1725. M., April 18, 1683, James Reed.

5. Joseph Richmond, b. December 8, 1666, in Taunton, Mass. M., June 26, 1685, Mary Andrews of Taunton.

6. Edward Richmond, b. February 8, 1665; of whom below.

7. Samuel Richmond, b. September 23, 1668, in Taunton, Mass., d. 1736. M. 1st, December 20, 1694, Mehitable Andrews; 2d. Elizabeth (King) Hall.

8. Sarah Richmond, b. February 7, 1670-1, in Taunton, Mass., d. November 27, 1727. M., October 6, 1699, James Walker.

9. John Richmond, b. December 5, 1673, at Taunton, Mass. M., November 28, 1709, Harriet Otis.

10. Ebenezer Richmond, b. May 12, 1676, at Newport, R. I., d. 1729. M. Anna Sproat.

11. Abigail Richmond, b. February 26, 1678, d. February 23, 1763. M., July 29, 1708, Nathan Walker.

Ill EDWARD RICHMOND, son of the preceding, was born in Taunton, Mass., February 8, 1665. He died in 1741.

Married, 1st, Mercy; 2d, Rebecca Thurston; 3d, Mary.

Issue (by first wife):

1. Mercy Richmond, b. 1693 in Taunton, Mass., d. January 27, 1760. M. Edward Walker.

2. Edward Richmond, b. 1695 in Taunton, d. February 16, 1771. M., 1st, Elizabeth R. Deane; 2d, Elizabeth (Shaw) Sampson.

3. Josiah Richmond, b. 1697; of whom below.

4. Nathaniel Richmond, b. about 1700 in Taunton; killed in the Louisburg expedition. M., November 2, 1732, Alice Hackett.

5. Seth Richmond, b. in Taunton. M. Lydia Haskins.

6. Phoebe Richmond, b. 1706 in Taunton, d. March 9, 1741-2. M. Noah Elliott.

IV JOSIAH RICHMOND, son of the preceding, was born in Taunton, Mass., in 1697. He died in 1763.

Married, 1st, Mehitable Deane, daughter of Benjamin and Sarah (Williams) Deane and granddaughter of Walter Deane, who emigrated from England. She was born June 6, 1697, and died February 5, 1745. Married, 2d, Lydia (Eddy) Crocker.

Issue (by Mehitable Deane):

1. Mary Richmond, b. in Middleboro, Mass., d. 1785. M., January 6, 1738, Captain Philip Leonard.

2. Josiah Richmond, b. 1711; of whom below.

3. Gershom Richmond, b. in Middleboro. M., July 30, 1747, Phoebe Richmond, who d. 1803.

4. Benjamin Richmond, b. 1727 in Middleboro, d. February 27,1803. M., 1st May 30,1751, Silence Deane; 2d, Lydia (Hall) Comstock.

5. George Richmond. M., October 5, 1751, Hannah Caswell.

6. Miriam Richmond, b. in 1732, d. 1813. M., 1st, Elisha Walker; 2d, Samuel Ray.

7. Lemuel Richmond, b. 1733 in Middleboro, d. April, 1802. M. Molly (Richmond) Lincoln.

8. Ephriam Richmond, b. February 12, 1735, in Middleboro, d. October 14, 1816. M., March 27, 1766, Ann Deane.

9. Eleazer Richmond, b. February 27, 1737 in Middleboro. d. February 27, 1802. M., December 5, 1765, Deborah Barrows.

10. Zeriah Richmond, b. in Middleboro, d. in Athens, Vt. M.,November 2, 1772, Jeremiah Tinkham, Jr., one of the first settlers of the village of Athens.

11. Mercy Richmond, b. in Middleboro d. about 1811. M., December 5, 1747, Benjamin Hackett.

12. Mehitable Richmond, d. young.

V JOSIAH RICHMOND, son of the preceding, was born in 1711 in Middleboro, Mass. He died in 1785.

Married, June 9, 1743, Elizabeth Smith of Middleboro, who died in 1803.


1. Edward Richmond, d. May 26, 1748.

2. Phoebe Richmond, b. in Taunton, Mass. M., November 10, 1768, Job Townsend of Taunton.

3. Josiah Richmond, b. May, 1747; of whom below.

4. Mercy (or Mary) Richmond, b. in Taunton, d. July 21, 1784. M., June , 1774, Mathew Briggs of Dighton, Mass.

5. Walker Richmond, b. 1753 in Taunton, d. June, 1835. M., March, 1775, Mary Waldron of Dighton.

6. Edward Richmond, b. March 14, 1756, in Taunton, d. October 15, 1826. M., March, 1781, Olive Briggs, daughter of Eliakim Briggs of Dighton.

7. Nathaniel Richmond, b. April 13, 1766, in Taunton. M., 1st, about 1782, Mary Horswell of Fall River, Mass.; 2d, January 31, 1788, Abigail Wood of Middleboro; 3d, July, 1809, Azubah Cobb.

8. Abner Richmond, b. about 1769 in Taunton, d. April 18, 1813, in Barnard, Vt. M. Betsy Holmes daughter of Gershom Holmes of Plymouth, Mass.

9. Priscilla Richmond. M. Joseph Pierce.

10. Elizabeth Richmond, b. in Taunton, Mass. M., 1777, Asa Stephens of Dighton.

11. Hannah Richmond, b. in Taunton. M., 1st, 1781, Joseph Ware; 2d, 1790, Zephaniah Talbot.

VI JOSIAH RICHMOND, son of the preceding, was born in Dighton, Mass., in May, 1747. He received from his father’s estate a farm in Middleboro, Conn. This he sold in 1792, removing to Barnard, Vt. From there he went to Salina, now Syracuse, N. Y., in company with several of his brothers and other members of the family. During the Revolutionary War he was a soldier in the New York line. He saw much active service, and was taken prisoner, being carried to the island of Bermuda, where he was held captive until finally exchanged. It is told of him, in the annals of the family, that upon his discharge from the military service at the close of the war he was paid in continental money, and being very hungry that morning, gave forty-eight dollars of his hard-earned pay in the depreciated currency for his breakfast.

He died May 28, 1821.

Married Betsy Hathaway, daughter of Shadrach Hathaway of Elizabethtown, N. J. She was born about 1750 and died in 1835.


1. Betsy Richmond, b. 1770 in Taunton. M. Job Richmond.

2. Hathaway Richmond, b. 1772 in Taunton; of whom below.

3. Edward Richmond, b. 1774 in Taunton, d. in Evansburg, 0. M., 1st, Martha Nott; 2d, Sally McFarlane; 3d, Miss Bedell; 4th, Miss Atchison; 5th, Miss Harger.

4. Sarah Richmond, b. 1776 in Taunton. M., 1799, Richard Cheedle.

5. Josiah Richmond, b. in Taunton; drowned at the age of twenty.

6. Abner Richmond.

7. Phoebe Richmond, b. in Taunton. M., 1st, James Nott; 2d, John Finley.

8. Anson Richmond, b. February 24, 1790, in Taunton, d. September 23, 1834, in Salina, N. Y. M., June 20, 1820, Betsy Melvin, daughter of Captain Moses Melvin.

9. John Richmond, b. July 25, 1792, in Taunton. M., 1st, Dinah Harwood; 2d, Abigail (Skillings) Averill.

10. Sybil Richmond, b. December, 1797, in Barnard, Vt., d. 1853, at Brady, Mich. M. Darius Crippen of Salina, N. Y.

VII HATHAWAY RICHMOND, son of the preceding, was born in 1772 in Taunton, Mass. He removed to Barnard, Vt., and from there joined the migration of the Richmond Family to Salina, N. Y., in 1816. He was interested with his brothers in the manufacture of salt and had an unusual talent for business, which evidently was transmitted by him to his distinguished son, Dean Richmond.

Died in 1821 in St. Louis, Mo.

Married, May 4, 1798, Rachael Dean, daughter of Elkanah Dean of Taunton, Mass. She died in Salina, N. Y., in 1821, the same year of her husband’s decease.


1. Betsy Richmond, b. 1799 in Barnard, Vt.

2. Frindey Richmond, b. 1801 in Barnard, Vt., d. 1853 or 1854 in Attica, N. Y. M., 1st, at Salina, N. Y., Benjamin Babbitt of Barnard, Vt.; 2d, Augustus Chester of Chicago.

3. Dean Richmond, b. March 31, 1804; of whom below.

VIII DEAN RICHMOND, son of the preceding, was born in Barnard, Vt., March 31, 1804. He received his education in the public schools. His father died when he only fourteen years of age, and the entire care of his moth(r and family and the management of the business left by hi; father fell upon the shoulders of the boy. It was at this period, at an age when most boys were yet in school, that the young Dean showed the material of which he was made. He at once took full charge of the business of salt manufacturing at Salina, N. Y., that his father had developed. With little else save the debts of the old concern and a capital composed of health and energy, he began his active life. From the outset he displayed rare capacity for business and quickly won the confidence of his associates and of the public.

In less than a year the death of his mother left him altogether to his own resources. At that time the market for salt had, through various causes, become somewhat limited in that section, but the energy with which the young man pushed the sale soon extended to several new districts, particularly in the north and east, and ere long the business began to yield a satisfactory income.

Prospering in this enterprise, he embarked in others, in which also he commanded success. In 1842, at the age of eighteen, he removed to Buffalo where he engaged in the commission and transporting business, dealing principally with the products of the great west. Bringing to his business operations, which had then assumed great extent and importance, the wise foresight and judgment which characterized him throughout his entire life, he laid the foundations for the success that in the course of a few years made him one of the wealthiest and most influential men in the Lake region. Before he was twenty-one years of age his exceptional capacity for affairs was so marked that he was chosen a director of the bank at Salina, and when he was twenty-one he controlled, either by purchase or lease, all the salt works in Salina. From the time that he settled in Buffalo, his business was always located in that city and connected with the chain of lakes. In 1846 he became a resident of Attica, N. Y., but still maintained his business relations with Buffalo.

It was while located in Buffalo and in the midst of his active career in various lines of business that he made his first connection with railroad affairs. He became a large stockholder of the Utica and Buffalo Railroad Company, and was elected a director of that corporation. “When the direct line to Batavia was completed he took up his residence at that place, which continued to be his home for the remainder of his life, although the headquarters of his business was still retained at Buffalo. His acute business judgment and keen insight into the future gave him, far in advance of most of his contemporaries, a sound idea of what the infant railroad systems of the country would eventually become, and he early attached himself to this line of transportation development.

One of the most important events of his railroad career was his connection with the New York Central Railroad Company, a connection that was not less advantageous to the company than it was to him. When the Erie Railroad was finished to Lake Erie, and the Pennsylvania Central had completed its tracks, it was apparent that the several companies which afterward composed the New York Central could not successfully compete with those great lines unless they were consolidated and operated as one system and by one controlling mind. Seven distinct corporations were each managed independently of all the others, which the sub-roads were controlled each by a single board of directors. Consolidation became, therefore, a matter of imperative necessity, for the line could not be advantageously maintained otherwise. In 1853 the bill creating the New York Central Railroad was carried through the legislature against a most determined and virulent opposition. Nothing but the sagacity, address, and perseverance of Mr. Richmond could have prevailed against this opposition. In the “History of the New York Central Railroad” the following reference is made to his achievement in this connection:

“When the Erie and Pennsylvania railroads formed their coalition, Dean Richmond was one of those who most clearly perceived the necessity for consolidation of the railroads of central New York in order to meet the competition of this formidable combination. He thus became a leader in the movement to unite the seven railroad companies, which, as consolidated in 1853, constituted the New York Central Railroad Company. Himself already one of the most conspicuous and influential leaders of the Democratic party in the state of New York, it was principally the personal influence of Mr. Richmond which secured from the legislature the enactment of the incorporation of the New York Central. He was at once elected vice-president of the new corporation, holding this position from 1853 until 1864, when he succeeded Erastus Corning as president of the company. He remained in this office during the next two years, until his death. For many years he was also president of the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railroad.”

While connected with the New York Central, the company relied most implicitly on Mr. Richmond’s judgment, and never undertook any enterprise of importance without first submitting it to him for advice and approbation. His record as a railroad man is shown in the growth of that great property while under his control and the measures which he instituted or advanced for its improvement and enlargement. No matter what honor of labor or design may be given to others in the up-building of the great Central system, a large share properly belongs to Dean Richmond and is the monument of his railroad work. He labored at a time of uncertainty, discouragement, and difficulty, and his success was all the greater from the size and variety of the obstacles that he was compelled to confront. He was original, both in his ideas and methods. To him particularly belongs the credit of being the first American railroad man to adopt steel rails. Thoroughly convinced of their utility over the old iron rails, he met with much opposition when he proposed to introduce them, but was finally able to have a few laid on trial. He was so well pleased with the results that he placed in England what in those days was considered a large order. Unfortunately, however, he did not live to see his plans carried out, for the consignment did not arrive in this country until after his death.

Dean Richmond was not alone a railroad man. Actively connected throughout his exceptionally long career with many business enterprises, he was successful in everything that he undertook. A very considerable private business, to which he remained devoted throughout his life, was the shipping on the lakes, including the elevator system at Buffalo. At one time he owned large interests in the Western Transportation Company. In all business operations he had very decided views, and when once his mind was made up he adhered to his purpose with a persistence born of conviction and a firm belief in the surety of his judgment. Indeed, his judgment passed into a proverb among his associates, and was most implicitly relied upon, almost as if it had been infallible. His knowledge of business affairs was not merely intuition, although he possessed this faculty in a wonderful degree, but it was also derived from close observation and sound experience and through precision of reflection.

Mr. Richmond’s devotion to business did not lead him to ignore public affairs. He considered it a duty that every man owed to his country to interest himself in the national welfare, and held that it was especially important that business men should not lose sight of the gravity of national affairs as affecting their private interests. Although never forgetting that his private interests were of paramount importance and that his duty to his associates in business was the first demand upon his time and energy, he gave close attention to politics. His political convictions were strong and were steadfastly maintained, the marked characteristics of the man being displayed in this connection as conspicuously as they were in the business relations of his life. Possessed of great capacity for work, he gave careful attention to political affairs, no matter how absorbing were his business duties. In his earlier days he led the democrats of Onondaga County to victory, and in subsequent years entered into each new campaign in state and national politics with a zest and enthusiasm that inspired all who came in contact with him. Although a strong Union man during the Civil War, he always remained a democrat, and throughout his career held the fullest confidence of the state leaders of his party by virtue of his political acumen and sound judgment in matters of public and party policy. His successful organization of the democrats of Onondoga early brought him recognition, and his ability soon made him the leader of his party in the state. His motives were so sincere and honest they were never questioned, and his views, to a large extent, were unhesitatingly adopted by his associates and shaped their policy. For many consecutive years, from about 1857 until his death in 1866, he was chairman of the Democratic state central committee, and during that period exerted a greater influence in the Democratic party than any other man in the state. His success in dominating the Democratic party in New York State has become traditional, and his name is one of the most conspicuous in the annals of the party.

The prominent and unique relation to his party that Mr. Richmond held has been nowhere more clearly or forcibly shown than in the tribute offered to his memory by his intimate personal friend, the Hon. Samuel J. Tilden. In the Democratic state convention of September, 1866, Mr. Tilden, at the request of several prominent Democratic leaders, made an address upon the life work of Mr. Richmond. In the course of that address he said: “It is rare in any country or in any age that the death of a private citizen, holding no public office, never having held a public office in his whole life, connected with great business interests, it is true, connected more than any other individual with the organization and administration of a great party, composed of nearly four hundred thousand American citizens—it is rare that the death of an individual so unobtrusive in his life, so quiet in his demeanor, should have sunk the people of an entire state under a sense of a great calamity, almost as if the first magistrate of the nation had died. A private citizen, largely endowed by nature with those qualities superior to anything that can be taught in the schools of learning, those great endowments of judgment—clear, decisive, comprehensive, of a will firm, decisive, and nicely balanced, of a caution and circumspection rarely to be found; with a man of this character and these rare qualities, a man of the people, untaught in the schools, it is surprising that he should acquire that extraordinary degree of influence which was possessed by our lamented friend. I remember very well in 1864, when the nation was anxiously looking for a candidate for the highest office in its gift, public opinion turned very generally to this gentleman. He was modest— modest in his estimate of his own capabilities and powers beyond what any of us who had happened to have opportunities of larger training in the schools would have thought necessary, for the things he possessed least he valued highest, and, as men have thought, too high. I remember when it was said, with every appearance of possibility, that he could be nominated for that high office with the concurrence of a very large number of the Republican party, with a tender of support from gentlemen as eminent as any in the country, but whose names it would be indelicate now to mention. Mr. Richmond firmly and persistently refused to entertain the idea. It is my firm conviction that except for that refusal his nomination was entirely possible and his election extremely probable. I remember he said with characteristic modesty on that occasion, ‘I know what I am fit for and what I am not.’ He formed a judgment, founded on his idea of what a man should be to undertake the duties of a chief magistrate in respect to the habit, training, and manner of life and education. He firmly and persistently refused all these tenders because he did not deem himself adapted to that station. Yet with his rare powers of discernment and judgment, his great skill in the selection of agents, for whatever purpose he chose to apply his faculties to, there can be no doubt that he greatly overrated his own deficiencies and greatly overvalued those opportunities which he had not himself, in his early career, enjoyed. So happily endowed by nature, and perhaps largely taught by the experience of his long and varied life, I think he was one of the best-formed and ablest men whom I ever had the opportunity to know, although it has been my opportunity to see some of the ablest men this country and state have produced for the last generation.”

The Norman blood of the de Richmond’s, commingling with the strenuous blood of the Deans of Scotland in the veins of Mr. Richmond, was preeminently the source of his quenchless energy and mental vigor and masterly physique. These combined to make him one of the foremost men of his age in his chosen avocations and in the political world.

In private life he displayed marked qualities of character that distinguished him quite as well as in his business and political relations. His goodness of heart was well known to all who came intimately in connection with him, and was especially remembered by many who had particular occasion to have personal knowledge of his disposition in this way. He was benevolent in a quiet way, and frequently, without being appealed to, would relieve distress in the most substantial manner. His acts of philanthropy were numerous, disinterested, and generous, and his name became as well known in New York for kindness of heart as it was for business ability and political astuteness and sagacity. In his social relations he was a good friend, kindly and genial, while in the privacy of the family circle his noblest qualities shone with a brightness that only those who came in contact with him there could best appreciate.

He died in New York City, August 27, 1866. He had been living for the summer at the seashore with his family, and left there in company with his intimate friend, the Hon. Samuel J. Tilden, to attend the democratic convention at Saratoga. After the convention, in company with Mr. Tilden, he went to Philadelphia and Washington and returned to New York August 18. At Mr. Tilden’s city residence in Gramercy Park, on the following day, he was taken seriously ill and died in a little more than a week.

Married, February 19, 1833, in Troy, N. Y., Mary Elizabeth Mead. Mrs. Richmond was born in Troy, N. Y, June 21, 1813, and died in Batavia, N. Y., April 6,1895. Her father was Hathaway Mead and her mother was Electa Danchey or Danchier, of an old French family of distinction.

Mrs. Richmond was a woman of sterling qualities of character and developed very marked business ability. After the death of her husband, she managed skillfully and successfully the large properties that were left by him.


1 Alfred William Richmond, b. October 1, 1836, in Syracuse, N. Y, d. November 17, 1881. M., 1st, in May, 1857, Mary L. Soper of Batavia, N. Y., who d. in September, 1874; 2d, in December 1875, Rosalind C. Morse. By his first wife Alfred William Richmond had, i. Catherine Richmond, b. November, 1858, d. September, 1859. ii. Dean William Richmond, b. February 19, 1860, m. Carrie Gale of Pontiac, Mich. By his second wife he had, iii. Rosalind A. Richmond, b. September, 1875; an accomplished pianist, violinist, and musical composer.

2. Harriet Richmond, b. October, 1838, d. August, 1839, at Saratoga Springs, N. Y.

3. Henry Augustus Richmond, b. August 3, 1840, in Syracuse, N. Y. He was at one time a civil service commissioner for the state of New York.

4. Adelaide R. Richmond, b. June 7, 1845, in Syracuse, N. Y. She resided in the old Richmond homestead at Batavia, N. Y., where she d. February 7, 1905. M., February 2, 1869, Dr. W. J. C. Kenny, who d. June 1, 1873. He was treasurer of the Buffalo Courier Company.

5. William Eugene Richmond, b. August 12, 1848, at Attica^ N. Y., a resident of Buffalo. M., February 2, 1872, Clara Nuns” of Buffalo. Issue: i. Watts Lansing Richmond b. April 29,1873.

11. William Eugene Richmond, Jr., b. April 29, 1875. iii. Adelaide K. Richmond, b. January 24, 1877. iv. Harold Richmond, b. September 19, 1878. v. Clara Richmond, b. April 24, 1880, d. May, 1883. vi. Francis Nims Richmond, b. September 9, 1887. vii. Dean Richmond, b. February 20, 1895.

6. Edward Gould Richmond, b. October 29, 1851, at Attica, N. Y.; graduated from the Racine College in 1874, and from the law department of Columbia College in 1878; became a banker and a widely known manufacturer and was president of the Chattanooga (Tenn.) Oil Company and of other large manufacturing interests. He was known throughout the south as one of the leading manufacturers and as a philanthropist, and was a gentleman of rare culture, nobility of character, and generosity of heart. D. November 29, 1903. M., June 19, 1889, Carrie Pfau of Cincinnati, O. Issue: i. Edward Dean Richmond, b. April 7, 1892. ii. Ruth Dean Richmond, b. February 12, 1896.

7. Edward Dean Richmond, b. October 29, 1851, in Attica, N. Y., d. September, 1852.

8. Dean Richmond, b. October 30, 1853, in Batavia, N. Y., d. February 2, 1885, in Batavia. Unmarried.