Colonel George Reade Namesake of George Washington

Reade Pedigree

Reade COA

In 1691 the Town of York ( Yorktown ) was laid off by Laurence Smith, surveyor.  The king had issued orders for fifty acres of land to be purchased and laid off for a shire town (court-house town).  The land was to be paid for from the king’s treasury, tobacco.  The land was purchased from Benjamin Read, of Gloucester , and paid him 10,000 pounds of tobacco.
Robert Reade
Robert Reade , b. 1536, of Linkenholt Manor, Hants, England; m. ca. 1554, of Linkenholt Manor, Hants, England to Alice O’Pooley , b. 1536, of Linekenholt Manor, Hants, England.
Robert  & Alice (O’Pooley) Reade  had a son:
Andrew Reade
Andrew Reade , son of Robert  & Alice (O’Pooley) Reade , b. 1556, Linkenholt, Hampshire, England; d. Jul 1623, Faccombe, Hampshire, England; bur. 8 Jul 1623, Faccombe, Hampshire, England; m. 1550, of Kent, England to Alice Cooke  (? – Nfn), b. 1558, of Kent, England; chr. 12 Aug 1584, London , England ; d. 6 Mar 1605, Kent Manor , Linkenholt, Southamptonshire , England , bur. 6 Mar 1606.
Andrew  & Alice (Cooke) Reade  had eight (8) children:
1.       Henry Reade , b. 1566, Linkenholt, Hampshire , England ; d. 4 Apr 1647, Faccomb , England .
2.       Robert Reade , b. 1551, Linkenholt, Hampshire , England ; chr. Resident, Linkenholt Manor , England ; d. 10 Dec 1636, Faccombe, Hampshire , England .
3.       Henry Reade , b. 1574, Linkenholt, Harts, England ; d. 4 Apr 1647, Faccombe, Hampshire , England .
4.       John Reade , b. 1579, Faccombe, Southamptonshire , England .
5.       William Reade , b. ca. 1658, Of Linkholt, Hampshire , England .
6.       Andrew Reade , b. ca. 1566, Oflugershallhall, Hampshire , England .
7.       George Reade , b. 1570, Linkenholt, Harts, England .
8.       Thomas Reade , b. 1606, Linkholt, Hampshire , England ; d. 1669.
2.  Robert Reade, of Linkenholt Manor[i] , Hampshire, England; son of Andrew  & Alice (Cooke) Reade , b. 1551, Linkenholt Parish, Hampshire, England; d. 10 Dec 1636, Faccombe, Hampshire, England; m 1st Miss Unknown ; m 2nd 10 Apr 1588, Hampshire, England to Alice Pooley ; m 3rd 31 Jul 1600, St. Martin, Westminster, London, England to Mildred Windebank , daughter of Thomas  & Frances (Dymoke) Windebank , b. 21 Jul 1585, Hiene Hill, Berkshire, England; chr. 21 Jul 1585, Hiens Hill, Hurst , Bershire , England ; d. 1630, VA.
Robert  & Mildred (Windebank) Reade  had eleven (11) children:
2.1.        George Reade Esquire, b. 25 Oct 1608, Linkenholt Manor, Hampshire, England; d. October 01, 1674 in York County, VA; m. 1641, Yorktown, York Co., VA to Elizabeth Martiau . 2.2.        Andrew Reade , b. ca. 1608, Faccombe, Hampshire , England . 2.3.        Robert Reade , b. 25 Oct 1608, Faccombe, Hampshire , England ; d. by 1669.  Robert Reade was secretary to their uncle, Sir Franes Windebank , Colonial Secretary of State in London . 2.4.        William Reade , b. ca. 1610, Faccombe, Hampshire , England . 2.5.        Thomas Reade , b. 1606, Faccombe, Hampshire , England ; d. 1669, England . 2.6.        Benjamin Reade , b. ca. 1614, Linkenholt, Hampshire , England ; d. bef. 24 Jan 1693, York Co., VA. 2.7.        Child Reade , b. ca. 1616, Gloucester , VA   2.8.        Child Reade , b. ca. 1620, Gloucester , VA   2.9.        Child Reade , b. ca. 1622, Gloucester , VA   2.10.     Child Reade , b. ca. 1624, Gloucester , VA   2.11.     Child Reade , b. ca. 1626, Gloucester , VA.
Colonel George Reade , Esq.
2.1.  Colonel George Reade   Esq ., son of Robert  & Mildred (Windebank) Reade , b. 25 Oct 1608[ii] , Linkenholt Manor, Hampshire, England; chr. 1636, Yorktown, Virginia; d. 21 Nov 1671, Yorktown, York Co., VA[iii] or 1 Oct 1674, Yorktown, York Co., VA[iv] ; bur. Be. 20 Nov 1671[v] , Grace Episcopal Churchyard Yorktown, York Co., VA[vi] ; m. 1 Mar 1641, Yorktown, York County/Prince William Co[vii] , VA[viii] to Elizabeth Martiau , daughter of Nicholas  & Elizabeth (Berkeley) Martiau , .b. 1625, Elizabeth City, VA[ix] ; d. 10 Feb 1685, Yorktown, York Co., VA[x] ; will proved 24 Jan 1686/87[xi] , York Co., VA; bur. Grace Episcopal Churchyard[xii] .
George Reade  emigrated to Virginia in 1637, accompanying Governor Harvey  on the latter’s return to the colony.
Colonial Government Service
·         George Reade was attached to Harvey’s service in a secretarial capacity, and the letters to his brother show that he resided at the governor’s mansion for some time after his arrival in Virginia.
·         He arrived here on government business and in 1640-1641 he was made Secretary of the Colony.
·         In 1644 he was a Burgess for James City County.
·         From 1657 to 1660, he was a member of the Royal Council, enjoying the title of Colonel.
·         He attained the highest political office to which a Virginian of prominence could aspire — for the governorship was always filled by an appointee from England — Col. George Reade  was to hold the office of Councillor for eighteen years before his death in 1674.
George & Elizabeth (Martiau) Reade  attended the Grace Episcopal Church in Yorktown, York Co., VA.  During their latter years, the Reade’s resided at Yorktown, most likely on land inherited by Elizabeth from her father Nicholas.
Col. George  & Elizabeth (Martiau) Reade  had twelve (12) children:
2.1.1.        George Reade , b. 1640, Gloucester, VA; d. bef. 1686, VA.
2.1.2.        Mildred Reade , b. 2 Oct 1643, Warner Hall, Gloucester, VA; chr. Warner Hall, Gloucester, VA; d. 20 Oct 1686, Cumberland, VA or 1645, VA; d. 1694; bur. Oct 1686, Cumberland, VA; m. to “Speaker” Augustine Warner Jr .
2.1.3.        Francis Reade , b. 1650, Of Abingdon, Gloucester, VA.; d. 1694, James City, VA. 2.1.4.        Benjamin Reade , b. 1647, Gloucester, VA; d. 1731, Gloucester, VA.
2.1.5.        Margaret Reade , b. ca. 1654, York, VA; d. VA.
2.1.6.        Thomas Reade , b. 1649, Ware Parish, Gloucester, VA; d. 1720, Gloucester, VA. 2.1.7.        Andrew Reid , b. Nov 1636, England; d. 1697, Cople Parish, Westmoreland, VA 2.1.8.        Mary Reade , b. ca. 1658, VA
2.1.9.        Ann Reade , b. 1652, York, VA; d. VA. 2.1.10.     Elizabeth Reade , b. 1651, York, VA; d. 18 Nov. 1717, York, VA; m. to Thomas Chrisman .
2.1.11.     Thomas Reade , b. ca. 1671, Gloucester or York, VA.
2.1.12.     Robert Reade , b. 1644, Yorktown, York Co., VA; d. 30 Dec 1712, VA; bur. Bef. 16 Mar 1712
2.1.2.  Mildred Reade , daughter of Col. George  & Elizabeth (Martiau) Reade  founder of Yorktown},  b. 2 Oct 1643, Warner Hall, Gloucester, VA; chr. Warner Hall, Gloucester, VA; d. 20 Oct 1686, Cumberland, VA or 1645, VA; d. 1694; bur. Oct 1686, Cumberland, VA; m 1st “Speaker” Colonel Augustine Warner Jr ., of Warner Hall, son of Augustine  & Mary (Townley) Warner , b. 3 Jun 1642, Gloucester, VA; d. 19 Jun 1681. He m 2nd to Elizabeth Martian.
In 1658, Augustine Warner Jr was sent to England by his father to be educated at Marchant Taylor’s school in London.
Colonial Government Service
·         Augustine Warner II , served as a Burgess for York Co., VA in Apr 1652
·         Burgess for Gloucester Co., VA Mar 1658-59.
·         He served as Burgess for the Council of State Marc 1659-60.
·         In Mar 1675-6 and Feb 1676-7, he was the Speaker of the House of Burgesses during Bacon’s Rebellion.   During Bacon’s Bacon, used Rebellion Warner Hall as his headquarters, after the burning of Jamestown. He was a member to the Council of Virginia, 1677.

Col. Augustine & Mildred (Reade) Warner  had four (4) children:
2.1.2.1.     Mildred Warner , d. 1701. m. Lawrence Washington , b. 1659.
2.1.2.2.     Mary Warner , m.  17 Feb 1680 to Col. John Smith II  or “Purton”.
2.1.2.3.     Elizabeth Warner , b. 24 Nov 1672 at “Chesake”, m. “Councilor” John Lewis   2.1.2.4.     Robert Warner  never married.

In 1691 the Town of York ( Yorktown ) was laid off by Laurence Smith, surveyor.  The king had issued orders for fifty acres of land to be purchased and laid off for a shire town (court-house town).  The land was to be paid for from the king’s treasury, tobacco.  The land was purchased from Benjamin Read, of Gloucester , and paid him 10,000 pounds of tobacco.

[i] The Virginia Cowne Family:  From its Origin in the Isle of Man to England and America” by Jonathan Augustine Cowne  and Janna Lee  Gough  Cowne, June 1981, pp. 1-51   [ii] “Cemeteries of City of Poquoson, Virginia and Some Cemeteries of York County, Virginia”, p. 96, by Jessie Fay Forrest, edited by James H. Mero (published by Hugh S. Watson, Jr. Genealogical Society, Hampton, Virginia). [iii] AFN: 3GLM-J9 [iv] “Cemeteries of City of Poquoson, Virginia and Some Cemeteries of York County, Virginia”, p. 96, by Jessie Fay Forrest, edited by James H. Mero (published by Hugh S. Watson, Jr. Genealogical Society, Hampton, Virginia). [v] AFN: 3GLM-J9 [vi] “Cemeteries of City of Poquoson, Virginia and Some Cemeteries of York County, Virginia”, p. 96, by Jessie Fay Forrest, edited by James H. Mero (published by Hugh S. Watson, Jr. Genealogical Society, Hampton, Virginia). [vii] AFN: 3GLM-J9 [viii] “Marriage of York County, Virginia”, p. 50, compiled by Vincent Watkins (1986) Poquoson, Virginia.  I have found a second date of marriage as 1641, Yorktown, VA. [ix] “Cemeteries of City of Poquoson, Virginia and Some Cemeteries of York County, Virginia”, p. 96, by Jessie Fay Forrest, edited by James H. Mero (published by Hugh S. Watson, Jr. Genealogical Society, Hampton, Virginia). [x] AFN: 3GLM-KG [xi] “Cemeteries of City of Poquoson, Virginia and Some Cemeteries of York County, Virginia”, p. 96, by Jessie Fay Forrest, edited by James H. Mero (published by Hugh S. Watson, Jr. Genealogical Society, Hampton, Virginia). [xii] “Cemeteries of City of Poquoson, Virginia and Some Cemeteries of York County, Virginia”, p. 96, by Jessie Fay Forrest, edited by James H. Mero (published by Hugh S. Watson, Jr. Genealogical Society, Hampton, Virginia).

George Reade bio and Descendents

George Reade, a native of London, came to Virginia 1637 in Sir John Harvey’s party.  Harvey was returning to Virginia to assume the office of Governor of the Colony.  Reade was appointed Secretary of State, pro tem of the colony in 1640 and served as Acting Governor in the absence of Governor Harvey.  He was a member of the House of Burgesses and a member of the Colonial Council until his death.  His will, no longer extant, is documented in a York County 18th century land transaction.

York Co, VA Deeds & Bonds Book 5 pp 3 – 6 This Indenture made the sixteenth day of May in the fortieth year of the Reign of our Sovernge Lord George the Second King of Great Britain and in the year of our Lord Christ one thousand seven hundred & forty one between James Mitchell of the Town & County of York and Janet his wife of the one part and Richard Ambler of the same Town & county aforesaid . Whereas George Reade late of the sd county of York Esq decd being siezed in fee of a certain tract or parcel of land lying & being in the said County of York containing by Estimation Eight hundred & fifty acres did by his last Will and Testament in writing bearing date the twenty ninth day of September in the Year of our Lord One thousand six hundred & Seventy devise the same by the name of all that Tract of Land wherein he lived to his wife during life and after her decease to be equally divided between his sons, George & Robert and the heirs of their bodies but and fault of such heirs in either or both of them or in case either or both of them should dye during their minority then he gave and devises his and their parts of the land aforesaid to his sons Francis and Benjamin and the heirs of their bodies with other remainders over as by the said Will duly proved in the General Court of this Colony being thereunto had may more at large appear and whereas the said George Reade one of the sons of the Testator dyed many years ago without issue and after his death the said Francis & Benjamin Reade intend into one ninety or half part of this premises to as afore devised and afterwards the said Robert Reade, Francis Reade & Benjamin Reade by Deed bearing date the twelfth day of November in the Year of our Lord one thousand and six hundred & eighty eight made partition of the premises aforesaid ………

George Reade married Elizabeth Martiau, daughter of Nicolas Martiau (Father of Yorktown).  Their daughter Mildred, wife of Col. Augustine Warner, was the g-grandmother of George Washington.

George Read, the son of Robert Read of London and his wife Mildred Windebank, was one of the about one hundred colonists, who emigrated to the colonies from England and Wales before the end of the 17th century, known to have legitimate descent from a Plantagenet King of England.

The illustrious ancestry of George Reade is documented nicely in Colonial Records during the period of 18 January 1638/9 – 11 December 1641.  The file includes letters from the Colonial Governor, Secretary of State and George Reade to Sir Francis Windebank and/or Windebank’s personal secretary Robert Reade (George Reade’s brother.)  The correspondence file is quite interesting, alluding to the politics behind George Reade’s appointment as Secretary of State during Richard Kemp’s sojourn in England.  It also includes personal requests from George Reade to his brother for servants and money.  Earlier correspondence puts a personal face on George Reade’s life.  “Sir John Harvey to Robert Reade, 17 Nov. 1637.  Hopes to employ Reade’s brother against the Indians.  He is well and stays at the writer’s house.”  “George Reade to Robert Reade, his brother, 26 Febr. 1637/8.  Does not think much of Mr. Hawley.  Thanks to the support of the Governor and Mr. Kemp, the writer has survived.  Mr. Menephe has brought many servants.  Mr. Hawley has promised the writer that the next lot of servants coming to Virginia would be for him but he does not believe it as Hawley is in Maryland.”

“Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607 – 1624/5 and Their Families” published by the Order of First Families of Virginia, indicates in a footnote (pp. 419-420) the discrepancy between the dates inscribed on his Grace Church tablets and the filing of the wills for George Read and his wife Elizabeth as follows:  “His and his wife’s gravestones were discovered during street excavations in Yorktown in 1931.  The inscriptions on both were recut with errors.  George Reade’s stone now states he died Oct. 1674, “he being in the 66th yr of his age.”  Since the date should be 1671 (per his will), either the age shown, or his year of birth, is in error as well….The gravestone of Elizabeth (Martiau) Read now states she was born in 1625 and died in 1696, “being in ye 71st yeare of her age.”  Since the year of death should be 1686 (per her will), again the age or year of birth is in error.  Since Nicholas Martiau claimed…his daughter Elizabeth as headrights…it would appear Elizabeth was born prior to his arrival in Virginia in 1620…and that Elizabeth’s birth occurred in 1615 rather than 1625.”

The graves of George Reade and his wife Elizabeth were discovered while excavating on Buckner Street in Yorktown.  In 1931, descendant Letitia Pate Evans had the tablets restored and moved to the church yard of Grace Episcopal Church.   The Reade tablets sit adjacent to the plots of Gov. Thomas Nelson (Declaration of Independence signer), his father, and grandfather (who married a George Reade descendant.)

Descendants of Col. George Reade

Generation No. 1

1. Col. George1 Reade, Col. (RobertA, AndrewB) was born Bet. 1605 – 1608 in Linkenholt, Hampshire, England1,2, and died Bef. 21 Nov 1671 in York Co, VA3,4. He married Elizabeth Martiau Abt. 16415, daughter of Nicolas Martiau.  She  died Bef. 24 Jan 1686/87 in York Co, VA7,8.

Children of George Reade and Elizabeth Martiau are:

+ 2 i. Elizabeth2 Reade, died 18 Nov 1717 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA.

+ 3 ii. Mildred Reade, died 1694.

4 iii. George Reade.

+ 5 iv. Robert Reade, died Bef. 16 Mar 1722/23 in York Co, VA.

+ 6 v. Thomas Reade.

+ 7 vi. Francis Reade, died Abt. 1694.

8 vii. Benjamin Reade. He married Mary (Gwynn?).

 

Generation No. 2

2. Elizabeth2 Reade (George1, RobertA, AndrewB) died 18 Nov 1717 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA9,10. She married Captain Thomas Chisman, son of Edmund Chisman and Mary. He was born Abt. 1651 in Virginia11, and died Bef. 18 Jul 1715 in York Co, VA11.

Children of Elizabeth Reade and Thomas Chisman are:

9 i. Thomas3 Chisman, Capt., died 11 Dec 1722 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA12,13,14. He married Anne15.

10 ii. Mary Chisman, died 22 Jan 1719/20 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA16. She married Edward Athey.

11 iii. Mildred Chisman, born 19 Feb 1675/76 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA17,18,19. She married Lawrence Smith, Col; died 27 Feb 1738/39 in York Co, VA20,21.

12 iv. Elizabeth Chisman, born 08 Nov 1681 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA22,23. She married Unknown Lucas24.

13 v. Col. John Chisman, born 04 Mar 1682/83 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA25,26; died 19 Sep 1728 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA26,27. He married Ellinor Hayward28 22 Dec 1708 in York Co, VA29,30; born 25 Jul 1690 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA31,32; died 08 Feb 1767 in York Co, VA33.

14 vi. Jane Chisman, born 21 Mar 1686/87 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA34,35,36.

15 vii. George Chisman, born 05 Jan 1688/89 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA37,38,39; died 06 Oct 1710 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA39,40.

16 viii. Sarah Chisman, born 02 May 1690 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA41,42,43.

17 ix. Anne Chisman, born 20 Dec 1692 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA44,45,46.

 

3. Mildred2 Reade (George1, RobertA, AndrewB) died 1694. She married Col. Augustine Warner, son of Augustine Warner and Mary Towneley. He was born 03 Jun 164247, and died 19 Jun 168147.

Children of Mildred Reade and Augustine Warner are:

18 i. George3 Warner.

19 ii. Robert Warner.

20 iii. Mildred Warner, died 1701 in Whitehaven, England48,49. She married (1) Laurence Washington. She married (2) George Gayle.

21 iv. Elizabeth Warner. She married John Lewis.

22 v. Mary Warner.

23 vi. Isabella Warner, born 24 Nov 1672 in Chesake, Virginia50; died 06 Feb 1719/2050. She married John Lewis, Major; born 30 Nov 166950; died 14 Nov 172550.

 

5. Robert2 Reade (George1, RobertA, AndrewB) died Bef. 16 Mar 1722/23 in York Co, VA51,52. He married Mary Lilly53, daughter of John Lilly. She died Bef. 20 Nov 172254.

Children of Robert Reade and Mary Lilly are:

24 i. John3 Reade.

25 ii. Margaret Reade. She married Thomas Nelson; born 20 Feb 1677/7855; died 07 Oct 174555.

26 iii. Robert Reade.

27 iv. Thomas Reade, died 171956.

28 v. George Reade.

29 vi. Samuel Reade, died 20 Nov 175857. He married Mary Schlater.

30 vii. Mildred Reade. She married (1) James Goodwin Bef. 1719; died 16 Nov 1719 in York Co, VA57,58. She married (2) Lawrence Smith, Col Bef. 172059; died 27 Feb 1738/39 in York Co, VA60,61.

31 viii. Francis Reade.

 

6. Thomas2 Reade (George1, RobertA, AndrewB) He married Lucy Gwynn, daughter of Edmund Gwynn and Lucy Bernard.

Children of Thomas Reade and Lucy Gwynn are:

32 i. Thomas3 Reade, died 17 Apr 173962. He married Ann Booth; born 170662; died 09 Jan 177562.

33 ii. John Reade, Rev., born 169962; died Bef. 13 Mar 1743/4463,64. He married Frances Yates 02 Feb 1737/3865.

34 iii. Lucy Reade, died 22 Nov 173165. She married John Dixon.

35 iv. Mary Reade. She married Mordecai Throckmorton, Capt.; died Bef. 09 Nov 176765.

36 v. Mildred Reade. She married Philip Rootes, Maj..

37 vi. Joyce Reade, born 08 Mar 1701/0265; died 08 Aug 1771 in Caroline Co, VA65. She married Christopher Tompkins; born 17 Oct 1705 in Gloucester Co, VA65; died 16 Mar 1779 in Caroline Co, VA65.

 

7. Francis2 Reade (George1, RobertA, AndrewB) died Abt. 169466. He married (1) Jane Chisman, daughter of Edmund Chisman and Mary. He married (2) Anne Bef. 169366.

Children of Francis Reade and Jane Chisman are:

38 i. Mary3 Reade. She married Edward Davis67.

39 ii. Elizabeth Reade. She married Paul Watlington Bef. 170768.

Children of Francis Reade and Anne are:

40 i. George3 Reade.

41 ii. Anne Reade.

42 iii. Benjamin Reade. He married Lucy Bef. 169268.

Endnotes

1. Tombstone.
2. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 419.
3. Tombstone Picture.
4. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 420.
5. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 419.
6. Adventures of Purse and Person, Virginia, 1607-1625, FFV., 420.
7. Tombstone Picture.
8. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 420.
9. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 172.
10. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 208.
11. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 172.
12. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 97
13. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 173.
14. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 208.
15. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 97
16. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 208.
17. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 97
18. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 64.
19. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 173.
20. Colonial Americans of Royal & Noble Descent p. 108
21. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 173.
22. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 97
23. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 63.
24. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 97
25. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 63.
26. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 173.
27. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 208.
28. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 102.
29. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 98
30. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 173.
31. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 173-174.
32. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 102.
33. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 174.
34. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 97
35. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 63.
36. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 173.
37. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 97
38. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 63.
39. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 172.
40. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 208.
41. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 97
42. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 64.
43. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 172.
44. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 97
45. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 62.
46. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 172.
47. Tombstone.
48. Some Prominent Virginia Families by Louise Pecquet du Bellet p.9
49. Plaque – Warner Hall Graveyard.
50. Tombstone.
51. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 422.
52. York Co, VA Orders, Wills Book #14 pp 241-242.
53. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 90
54. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 422.
55. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 423.
56. Some Prominent Virginia Families by Louise Pecquet du Bellet p.9
57. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 423.
58. York Co, VA Deeds, Orders, Wills Book 15 p. 517.
59. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 423.
60. Colonial Americans of Royal & Noble Descent p. 108
61. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 173.
62. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 423.
63. William & Mary Quarterly Vol 3 p. 40.
64. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 423.
65. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 424.
66. William & Mary College Quarterly, Vol 3, 40.
67. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 3 1894-95, p 40.
68. William & Mary College Quarterly, Vol 3, 40.

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Waters Family Genealogical History Part 1

Origin of the Waters Family. — First Settlement of Virginia. — Historical.

“Footprints on the sands of time.” ~ Longfellow

The Waters name is one more common and the family much more numerous in America than any one who had not given the subject thought or study would imagine.Persons bearing this name are to be found living in every State and territory of the American Union. Waters emigrants from Great Britain settled at an early date in the English colonies of both Jamestown and Plymouth. In every instance the families of these Waters claim descent from ancestor emigrants from some part of the British possessions. They are found to have lived for some centuries,before the settlement of this country by Europeans, in England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales.

Family names came with the Norman conquest of England in A. D. 1066. Previously Englishmen had no surnames, and when for convenience another was needed, they were called by their occupations, estates, places of birth or from some personal peculiarity.

The origin of the Waters name has not been ascertained, and no fanciful theories or conjectures have been indulged in attempts to account for it. The family is not of the nobility, and had so little connection with affairs of the government that no mention of any of the name is to be found in any general history of the mother country. The name was not always spelled as at present, but varied as prompted by the idiosyncrasy or learning of the individual, like the quaint mode of spelling English words at an early period; and in England the name was spelled Wartyr, Warter, Watter and Waters, in public documents and records.

In “Gleanings from English Records,^’ by Henry P. Waters, published by the Essex Institute, from a note to an abstract of the will of Robert Watter, we condense the following reference to him:

Robert Watter of Crundal, an eminent merchant of York, was twice lord mayor thereof, viz., 1591, 1603. He entertained King James VI. of Scotland when he was on his way to London in 1603 to be crowned King of England. He was knighted by the king. He was said to be descended from Richard Wartyr, merchant in York, sheriff in 1431, lord mayor in 1436 and 1451, and member of Parliament in 1434. Richard Wartyr had a brother William Wartyr, who was prior of Water, County York, in 1424, and a brother Francis or Nicholas Warter, a vicar of St. Mary^s, York, in 1429. Abstracts of wills of others of the family follow, in which are recited bequests of real and personal estate, indicating that the testators were of the class of landed gentry. Knights were armed horse-soldiers or cavaliers, who had received their weapons and titles in a solemn manner. Only the wealthy and noble could, as a rule, afford the expense of a horse and armor, and chivalry or knighthood came in time to be closely connected with the idea of aristocracy. It was the custom for each knight to wear on his helmet a device called a “crest” also to have one called a coat of arms. This served to distinguish him. from others, and was of practical use not only to the followers of a great lord, who thus knew him at a glance, but it served in time of battle to prevent the confusion of friend and foe. Eventually these coats of arms became hereditary, and the descent and to some extent the history of a family can be traced by them. (Montgomery’s History of England.)

Waters of Virginia Coat of  Arms

Waters of Virginia Coat of Arms

In “Fairbairn’s Crests” and ”Burke’s Armory” may be found the coat of arms and crest of the Waters, an engraving of which is shown as a frontispiece of this volume. The description is as follows:

Arms: Sa. on a fess wavy argent between three swans of the second two bars wavy azure.
Crest: A demi-talbot argent, holding in the mouth an arrow gu.
Motto: “Toujours Fidele”, (Always Faithful).

In the same works are described three others, viz.Waters of Saman, Carmarthen, a demi-griffin, arg. Honor fietas.

Waters — Ireland, an eagle rising regardent — ppr — spiro spero.

Waters, of New Castle, County Limerick, Ireland, a demi-heraldic tiger per pale indented argent, and azure, holding a branch of three red roses slipped, ppr.

The one first above described and shown in frontispiece is that of the American Waters of New England and of Virginia and Maryland.

It is not proposed to write a history of the European family, nor to include within the scope of this work the genealogies of the New England and Maryland branches. The history of the New England and Maryland Waters has been written, and for the first time that of the Virginia-Carolina family is here attempted.

FIRST SETTLEMENT OF VIRGINIA,

Virginia was the first permanent English settlement in America, and as that settlement was the cradle of nativity in America of the Southern branches of the Waters family, some brief account of the early history of that settlement, its people and their characteristics, is not out of place here, but necessary to understand many events with which the lives of the ancestors of this Virginia family were intimately connected.

On the 10th of April, 1606, a charter was issued under the royal seal of King James I. of England to a company formed by Gates, Somers and others, granting to them those territories in America lying on the seacoast between the thirty-fourth and the forty-fifth degrees north latitude. The petitioners by their own desire were divided into companies : one consisting of certain knights, gentlemen, merchants and other adventurers of the city of London, elsewhere called the London Company or First Colony, and was required to settle between the thirty-fourth and forty-first degrees of north latitude; the other, composed of similar classes of Bristol, Exeter and other places in the west of England, was called the Second Colony and ordered to settle between the thirty-eighth and forty-fifth degrees of north latitude. The intermediate region was open to both companies. At that time the whole country between the French settlements on the north and the Spanish settlements in the south was named Virginia, after Queen Elizabeth, the Virgin Queen of England. The patent also empowered the companies to transport to the colonies as many English subjects as should be willing to accompany them, who with their descendants were to retain the same liberties as if they had remained in England.

Having procured their charter, the patentees proceeded to fit out a squadron of three small vessels, the largest not exceeding one hundred tons burden, bearing one hundred men destined to remain.

This squadron was placed under the command of Captain Newport, and sailed from England on the 19th of December, 1606. Captain Newport pursued the old track by the way of the Canaries and the West Indies, and as he turned north he was carried by storm beyond Roanoke, whither he had been ordered, into Chesapeake Bay. Having discovered and named Cape Henry and Cape Charles, in honor of the king’s sons, he sailed up the noble bay. All the company were filled with admiration of its extent, the fertility of its shores, and the magnificent features of the surrounding scenery.

They soon entered the Powhatan River, which in honor of the king was called James River. About fifty miles above the mouth of this river a location for the colony was selected, which they called Jamestown, in honor of their king. A landing was effected on the 13th of May, 1607, a few huts were erected and a small fort built as a defense against the natives. After a month, Newport set sail for England, and then the difficulties of the colonist began to be apparent. Their provisions were spoiled, and the climate was found uncongenial to European constitutions. During the summer nearly every man was sick, and before autumn over half of their number died, and the colony would have been deserted had not Captain Smith, at the peril of his life, prevented. In this critical condition of affairs Newport returned from England with a reinforcement of one hundred men, a supply of provisions and implements of husbandry.

Thus far the hopes of the company in England had been disappointed, and in order to increase their funds, numbers and privileges, they petitioned for a new charter, which was granted on the 23d of May, 1609. The territory of the colony was extended from Point Comfort two hundred miles north and south along the coast and across the continent from sea to sea, including all islands within one hundred miles of the coast of both seas. The company was enlarged at the time the charter was granted by the addition of some of the first nobility and gentry, most of the companies in London, and a great number of merchants and tradesmen. A fleet of nine vessels and five hundred emigrants were sent out in June, 1609, under the new charter, commanded by Captain Newport, who, with Sir Thomas Gates and Sir George Somers, was empowered to supersede the existing administration and govern the colony till the arrival of Lord Delaware.

About the middle of July the ships, then passing the West Indies, were overtaken and scattered by a storm. One small vessel was wrecked and another, having on board the commissioners, a great portion of the provisions and one hundred and fifty men, was driven ashore on one of the Bermuda Islands, where the crew remained until April of the following year. The other seven ships came safely to Jamestown. The affairs of the colony, which in the spring was so prosperous as to indicate stability and growth, with the beginning of winter was face to face with starvation. In consequence of a severe wound Captain Smith in September had returned to England. Captain Percy was left in command and the most trying period in the history of the colony began, long remembered as the “starving time.” By the last of March, 1610, only sixty persons remained alive, and these, if help had not come speedily, could hardly have lived a fortnight. Meanwhile, Sir Thomas Gates and his companions, who had been shipwrecked in the Bermudas, had constructed out of the material of their old ship, with such additional timber as they could cut from the forest, two small vessels, and set sail for Virginia, where they arrived in time to save the famishing settlers from starvation.

The colonists had now fully determined to abandon forever a place which promised them nothing but disaster and death. In pursuance of their purpose they buried their guns and cannons, and on the 8th of June Jamestown was abandoned.

As they drew near the mouth of the river the pinnace of the escaping colonists met the ships of Lord Delaware, with a reinforcement of emigrants and abundant supplies of provisions. They immediately returned to Jamestown, and were prevailed upon to remain. On June 10, 1610, the colonists began life anew with renewed hope.

In the following year the number of the colonists increased to seven hundred and several new settlements were located up the James River. But the colony did not become firmly established until 1619. At that time the colony was in a flourishing condition and in the enjoyment of civil liberty, free commerce, peace and domestic happiness. The cultivation of tobacco, commenced in 1612, was greatly profitable. The introduction of African slavery, grants of land to colonists, and encouragement given by the company to female emigrants were events and measures that contributed in a marked degree to the permanency and progress of the colony. Last and greatest of all measures and reforms was that of admitting the people to a share in legislation by the institution of a Colonial Assembly. On the 19th of June, 1619, the first Colonial Assembly ever convened in America assembled at Jamestown. The members were elected by the different plantations or boroughs, and their body was called the House of Burgesses, a name which it retained 60 long as Virginia remained a colony of England. The London Company gave its sanction to the House of Burgesses by an ordinance July 24, 1621, which may be considered as the written constitution of the colony — the first of its kind in America.

The settlements extended for a hundred and forty miles along both banks of James River and far into the interior, especially northward toward the Potomac. The Indians had seen in all this growth and prosperity the doom of their own race, and secretly plotted to destroy foes before it should be too late. They continued on terms of friendship until the very day of the massacre. The attack was planned for the 22d of March, 1622, at midday. When the fatal hour arrived, men, women and children were indiscriminately slaughtered, until three hundred and forty-seven had perished under the knives and hatchets of their savage neighbors. Jamestown and the other leading settlements had been warned by a converted Indian, who revealed the fact to a white friend. The alarm was spread and thus the greater part of the colony escaped destruction, but the outer plantations were entirely destroyed. Of eighty settlements only eight remained.

In revenge parties of English soldiers scoured the country in every direction, destroying wigwams, burning villages and killing every savage that fell in their way, until the tribes were driven into the wilderness.

From that time, the population of the colony rapidly increased by constant arrivals of large numbers of immigrants, many of whom were men of rank and fortune. The soil of Virginia was fertile, the climate genial, the forests abounded in game, and the streams filled with fish. Staple crops, produced in great abundance with little labor and sold at greatly remunerative prices, made the colonist grow rapidly rich. Large grants of land were made to colonists and to favorite subjects, which, under the law of entails, stricter than in England, and the law of primogeniture, in time, as population increased, made the families of the proprietors wealthy. The Virginia colonists were all English, cavalier English. There was a marked difference between the gay, dashing, proud, high-spirited Virginian, unused to labor or self-denial, and his more thrifty, austere and practical neighbor of the North. They belonged to essentially different classes of men. The difference between the colonists of New England and those of Virginia was as marked as that between the Roundhead and the Cavalier, or that between the Churchman and the Puritan in the mother country, or rather the difference was the same. The vice-regal court, with its elegance and mimic form of royalty, infected the manners of the gentry and kept up social distinctions among the different classes of the colonists. The proprietors of the large estates lived in luxury and ease, and some of them emulated the style of the English nobility. In the absence of other excitement they amused themselves with company, hunting, horse racing and gaming.” The established religion was that of the Church of England. And it is said that the ministers conformed as much to the tone of society around them as to the injunctions of their faith.

The elegant writer from whom we quote says, “The feudal times and baronial manners of “Merrie England” seemed revived upon this continent. Indeed, looking down from his castle-like dwelling over a broad sweep of wood and water and patrimonial fields tilled by his hundreds of slaves, the old Virginian might well feel himself scarcely less of a lord than her Saxon Franklins, or her more modem dukes or earls. ‘Old times are changed — old manners gone.’ The revelry is silent in their halls; the halls gone to decay. The very site of their mansions is covered with stunted pines and sedges, and park and garden and fields and manor, long since worn out and deserted, are grown over with briars and the undergrowth of the returning forest, and never visited save by the solitary sportsman in quest of the small game which has taken shelter in the covert.”

Where there was so much leisure and wealth there was also opportunity and taste for intellectual culture, and much attention was given to education. The sons of the rich were educated in England and provision for the educations of all was not neglected. At the bar and in her public councils, Virginia, at the commencement of the Revolution, had a distinguished array of talent, and has justly been called the “mother of presidents and statesmen.

Who were the first Waters emigrants to Virginia, and who was the founder of the family of that name in the colony of Virginia, are pertinent and interesting inquiries. To accurately answer has required much thought, diligent and patient research, and all that could be authoritatively verified has been collated and stated, in connection with a chart elsewhere contained in this work.

The tradition that the Waters emigrated from England to the colony of Virginia at an early date in the history of that settlement has been known and handed down by every generation. Colonel Jonathan D. Waters and some others claimed that the Waters came over in the Mayflower and first settled in New England, and afterwards removed to Virginia. This is a mistake. No such name appears in the list of the Mayflower passengers, landed at Plymouth in 1620. Long after the time when it is certainly known that the ancestors of these Waters were living in the Virginia colony, the established religion was the Church of England, and stringent laws were enforced against dissenters. It is hardly therefore probable that either those who were driven by religious persecution to America, or their descendants, would have willingly removed to the southern colony, where most rigorous laws against their religious faith were rigidly enforced. The family has lived in Virginia quite from the beginning of its settlement, and was unknown in the New England colony until the latter part of the seventeenth century.

Land Patent Maryland for John Waters: “Partner’s Desire” Somerset County Circuit Court Land Survey, Subdivision, and Condominium Plats MSA S1599: (Patents , SO, Tract Index) Index by Reference Reference: Patent Record CD, p. 16 Date: 1697 Description: Partners Desire, 325 Acres; Patent Developer/Owner: Waters, John, and Richard and Charles Hall.

During the seventeenth and a part of the eighteenth century a record was kept under the direction of the government at all ports of entry on the English seacoast of emigrants to her colonies, and every subject before embarking was required to take the oath of allegiance to the king and the Established Church. These records have been preserved, and from them has been compiled, by John C. Hotten, a partial list of emigrants to the colonies, including those in America.

Edward Waters, gent., was born in England in 1584, came to Virginia and before 1622 married Grace O’Neil, who was born 1603. He held the rank of Captain; Burgess in 1625, and was Commander and Commissioner of Elizabeth City in 1628. He died in England, his will being made at Great Hornmead, Hertfordshire, 20 August, 1630, and proved the 18 Sept. of that year. He left to his son, William his lands in Virginia, mentions his brother John Waters of Middleham, Yorkshire; other legatees being his wife Mrs. Grace Waters, and his daughter Margaret. The son, William, was born In Virginia before 1624. He was Burgess for Northampton county in 1654, 1659 and 1660. He died about 1685, leaving issue, six sons, Richard, John, Edward, Thomas, Obedience and William. John and Richard settled in Maryland. John married Mary Maddox, and died in 1708, leaving a son, John. Richard Waters married Elizabeth, daughter of Col. Southey Littleton of Virginia. The Arms: Sable on a fess wavy argent between three swans of the second, two bars wavy azure. Crest: A demi griffin azure. Motto: Toujours fidele. (Always Faithful) are used by the Maryland branch of the family. (Virginia heraldica: being a registry of Virginia gentry entitled to coat of arms; edited by William Armstrong Crozier)

Hotten’s list of emigrants to America between 1600 and 1700 gives a census or “list of names of those living in Virginia February 16, 1623” (1624); also contains “The muster of the inhabitants of the College land in Virginia taken the 23d of January, 1624” (1625). “Edward Waters his muster” contains names of “Edward Waters, aged 40, in ship Patience, 1608; Grace Waters, aged 21, in the Diana, 1618; William Waters; Margaret Waters, born in Virginia.” Among the land patents issued in the corporation of “James Cittie” at its incorporation, one hundred acres were patented to Edward Waters. These are the only Waters found until 1635. In that year John Waters came over in the ship Transport, of London, Edward Walker, master. John Waters was then twenty-nine years old. His name is not mentioned elsewhere in the record; whether he remained in the colony is not known. These are all of the name Waters as shown by the index to Hotten’s list.

Of those who now bear the name of Waters in Salem, Massachusetts, three distinct families have been traced, viz. : one settled chiefly in Forth Salem, descended from William Waters, an early settler of Boston; another, in the east parish, whose ancestor, Lawrence Waters, settled first in Watertown but removed to Lancaster on the founding of that settlement; and a third family whose progenitor came from England in the last century. (Note to “Gleanings from English Records,” Part I., p. 122.)

Men of mark in Maryland: biographies of leading men of the state, Volume 2 By Bernard Christian Steiner, Lynn Roby Meekins, David Henry Carroll, Thomas G. Boggs

GENERAL FRANCIS E. WATERS, of Baltimore, lumberman, financier, and one of the most prominent men of his state, both in business and public circles, is a descendant of one of the very earliest settlers of Virginia. This progenitor was Lieutenant Edward Waters, who was born in Hertfordshire, England, about 1568. There is some confusion about the exact time of the arrival of Edward Waters in Virginia. There seems to be a common agreement that he sailed from England in the Somers and Gates Expedition of 1608, that the vessel was wrecked on the Bermuda Islands, and that they were detained there for some little time, and that he finally arrived in Virginia in 1610. Another authority says that he reached Virginia in 1608 on the ship ” Patience.” This much is certain: that he lived in Virginia in the early years of the colony’s existence; that he married Grace O’Neal, who was thirty-five years his junior, and of this marriage two children were born—William and Margaret. He died about 1630, and his widow later married Colonel Obedience Robins, who died in 1662, and she survived until 1682. Lieutenant Edward Waters was a prominent man in the early days of the colony, and was instrumental in bringing a large number of people into the new settlements. In his will, recorded in Somerset House, London, he left as his executor his brother, John Waters, then a resident of England. Wm. Waters, son of Edward, born about 1619, died about 1689, was a Burgess from Northampton county from 1654 to 1660; High Sheriff of his county in 1662; Commissioner to run boundary line of the county; was appointed Commander, a position which included among his official duties that of presiding Judge of the county. This position he held for many years. That he was the son of Lieutenant Edward Waters was proven by a patent issued to him in 1646 for a thousand acres of land, wherein it is stated that he was a son of Lieutenant Edward Waters, of Elizabeth county. He was married three times, the given names of his wives being Catherine, Margaret and Dorothy. He left six sons: William, Edward, Richard, John, Thomas and Obedience. During his lifetime Colonel Waters (who held the military rank of Lieutenant-Colonel under the Colonial government) had acquired land in Somerset county, Maryland, not far distant from his home county of Northampton, both being on the eastern shore of the Chesapeake bay. In his will his real estate was divided among these six sons, and the Maryland land was given to John. John married Mary, the daughter of Lazarus Maddux, and from certain data now in existence she appears to have been a second wife. There is no evidence as to who his first wife was, and it is apparent that that connection was a short one, and she probably left no children. The second son of this second marriage was William. William married, in 1739, a daughter of Colonel Geo. Harmanson. This Colonel Harmanson had married Elizabeth Yardley, who was a daughter of Captain Argall Yardley, who was the son of Colonel Argall Yardley, who was the eldest son of Sir George Yardley and Temperance West This Sir George Yardley was one of the earliest governors of Virginia, and spelled his name Yeardley. The second son of this marriage was George. George married Elizabeth Handy, daughter of Captain Robt. Handy, a prominent man of that day. The Handy family goes back to Samuel, who was the first American progenitor and settled in Somerset county, Maryland, in 1664. The second son of George and Elizabeth (Handy) Waters was John. John was born March 4,1777, and died March, 1823. He married Elizabeth Corbin, a daughter of William and Sarah (Pollitt) Corbin. There were eight children of this marriage. Richard T. Waters, born November 24, 1817, died April 21, 1900, was the sixth child and the fourth son. Richard T. Waters married on April 7, 1841, Hester Ann Hopkins, daughter of Benj. Burton and Mary King (Gunby) Hopkins. Of this marriage there were five children, of whom the subject of this sketch was the youngest, born on May 4, 1856. It would be of great interest, if space permitted, to trace out all the family connections through these various marriages in the different generations; but it is sufficient to say here that General Waters is connected with a large number of the most prominent families of Virginia and Maryland, and especially of Maryland.

Burke, the great English authority, makes this Waters family to be of royal descent, in this way: James Methold Waters, an English gentleman, married the granddaughter of Edward III and became the progenitor of this family. His grandson, John Waters, was York Herald under Richard II. As Edward Waters brought with him to Virginia as his family coat of arms what was practically the identical coat armor used by John Waters, the York Herald, and as the English families of those days kept accurate record of their descent, it is evident that this family of Waters comes down from the founder, James Methold Waters.

Many of the names above recited, like the Handys and Gunbys and Corbins, bore an honorable part in the Revolutionary struggles. Colonel Gunby, for example, commanded one of the famous Maryland Line regiments, either the First or Second regiment, in Greene’s famous Southern Campaign. One of the Handys commanded a militia regiment William Corbin was an officer in the Revolutionary army, and a member of the Maryland legislature in 1800. Richard T. Waters, father of General Waters, began his business career in Snow Hill, Maryland. He was one of the first to operate a steam sawmill in the United States. After years of success in that section, he moved, in 1865, to Baltimore, and established business as a lumber commission merchant. In 1866 he formed a partnership with the late Greenleaf Johnson, under the firm name of Johnson & Waters, who added to the lumber commission business the manufacture of North Carolina pine lumber. This firm purchased extensive forests in Virginia and North Carolina, and erected large mills at Norfolk, Virginia. In 1874 the firm of Johnson & Waters was dissolved, Mr. Johnson continuing in the manufacturing of lumber, and Mr. Waters associating with himself his young son, Francis E. Waters, under the firm name of R. T. Waters & Son, confining their operations to a commission business. The firm of R. T. Waters & Son, of Baltimore, and Richardson, Smith, Moore & Co., of Snow Hill, Maryland, were closely allied. Mr. R. T. Waters was a most capable man. He became one of the incorporators of the Lumber Exchange of Baltimore City; was a director in the First National Bank of Snow Hill from its organization up to his death; was president of the Surry Lumber Company and also of the Surry, Sussex & Southampton Railway. He was a man of alert and sound judgment, of rigid integrity, and possessed the absolute confidence of his business associates. He was of genial temperament, readily made friends, and these friends became strongly attached to him. He was generous, and dispensed charity with a liberal hand and kindly manner. Much given to hospitality, he was never happier than when entertaining his friends. Himself a man of strong attachments, especially for the friends of his earlier days, he never under any circumstances forgot an old friend. During life he was a communicant f the Presbyterian church. In his early life he was very active in politics, and did much to promote the interests of the Democratic party on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. Though he never forsook his early allegiance in politics, being a man of strong convictions and sound purpose, as the years passed by and his business interests became more pressing, he withdrew from activity in political matters and confined himself to a voting interest. He left an unblemished record, and few men of large affairs have ever been less subject to unfavorable criticism than was Richard T. Waters.

The family history and the reference to Richard T. Waters have been given at some length, because, to some extent at least, they shed light upon the temperament and character of the subject of this sketch.

In 1865 Francis E. Waters, a little boy nine years old, came to Baltimore upon his father’s removal to Baltimore, entered the public schools, and later completed his school training in the Pembroke School.

The wise father, having a prosperous and successful business, could easily have taken the boy into his own office, but he preferred for him to get his first training at the hands of others; so, at the age of fifteen, declining the college education tendered by his father, young Waters entered the wholesale hardware house of F. B. Loney & Company of Baltimore. He worked for them steadily for three years, and gained in the good graces of the firm. At the end of that time the old hardware house failed, and his father, recognizing the good qualities of the son and his business capacity, then invited him to come into his own office. This was in 1873, and the firm of R. T. Waters & Son, organized on January 1,1874, endured for more than a quarter of a century. It is worth while to stop for a moment and to consider the wisdom of the policy of R. T. Waters. He wanted the boy to learn how to stand alone. He wanted him to feel that he was making his own way, and was not dependent upon a rich father. The result of the experiment thoroughly justified it. The history of General Waters, from the time he entered the lumber business with his father in 1873, a period now of 37 years, has been one of steady growth and success. He has seen a business, which was then accounted large, grow to such proportions that what then appeared to be a large business now looks small indeed. The young man, though ambitious, took time to thoroughly master the eituation before venturing into new fields and after ten years of successful business he saw the way clear to establish a manufacturing plant, which was founded in 1885 in Surry county, Virginia, under the title of the Surry Lumber Company. The old Virginia farm of 1885 now shows what is considered by experts as the model lumber manufacturing plant of the United States, and the town of Dendrom with a population of 3000 has grown up around the mills and is maintained by the lumber plant. This plant now employs more than 2000 men and has an enormous output of the very best lumber. General Waters has given strict personal attention to every detail of this enterprise. Its largest stockholder and for many years its president, he is ably assisted in the management of its affairs by the vice-president, the Honorable John Walter Smith, ex-governor of Maryland and now United States Senator. It is probable that if the question was directly put to General Waters as to what feature of his work he would like to be judged by he would say the ” Surry Lumber Company,” for he has put the best of himself into this, has made it a marvel of efficiency as an industrial plant, paying good dividends to its owners and giving remunerative employment to a vast number of people. In addition to this he is president of the Cumberland Lumber Company, located at Wallace, Duplin county, North Carolina, at which plant more than one thousand people are employed.

For the past twenty years, with one break of a few months, General Waters has served as one of the Directors of the Maryland Penitentiary, and for a considerable part of the time has been president of the board. Often solicited to enter public life, though possessed of a large measure of public spirit, the sense of obligation to the business interests represented has compelled him to decline all public trusts or positions except those where he could render a useful public service without seriously interfering with nearer interests. Thus he served as one of the Commissioners of the State of Maryland at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis. He was appointed by Governor Jackson a member of his staff with the rank of Colonel. After the great fire in Baltimore he was one of the twelve citizens selected by Mayor McLane to recommend certain changes in the streets, and this committee so well discharged its duty that every recommendation made was accepted save one, and all men can now see that the committee was wise in that recommendation which was not accepted. General Waters is a Democrat both by inheritance and conviction. Upon the nomination of Mr. Bryan, he felt that he could not consistently support his silver ideas, and for that occasion voted against his party.

He is a member of the Maryland Club, Merchants’ Club, Baltimore Country Club and the Elk Ridge Kennel Club. His religious preferences lie with the Presbyterian church, with which his family has long been identified, and the First Presbyterian church has shown its esteem for him by electing him as one of its trustees. His diversions are travel and yachting, and his yatch “Priscilla” is one of the best-appointed upon the bay. He is a director of the Merchants’ National Bank, the American Bonding Company, the United Street Railway of Baltimore, and the Maryland, Virginia & Delaware Railroad. He is a stockholder and investor in many of the leading financial institutions of Maryland and Virginia. When the cruiser “Maryland” was launched, his daughter, Miss Jennie Scott Waters, was selected as the sponsor. When the Honorable John Walter Smith was elected Governor of Maryland, he also appointed General Waters on his staff, with the rank of Brigadier-General, Mr. Smith being the second Governor upon whose staff he has served. He enjoys the distinction of having been elected president of the Lumber Exchange before he was thirty years of age. He has also served as president of the Board of Trade of Baltimore.

On June 30, 1877, he married Miss Fannie Scott, of Toledo, Ohio, daughter of Wm. H. Scott, a public-spirited and cultivated gentleman. Her grandfather, Jesup W. Scott, was a prominent lawyer, who first lived in Bridgeport, Connecticut. He moved West to practice his profession, wisely invested his funds in lands, buying a large tract of land near Maumee, now Toledo, Ohio, and its rapid growth in value made him a very wealthy man. He was a man of fine character and pure life, and reared three sons who were exceedingly useful men in public affairs.

General Waters represents in his own person the Cavalier stock of Virginia, while his wife represents the Puritan stock of New England. The combination of these two strains of virile blood has always worked out in the later generations strong men and women, and the children of this marriage are fortunate in their racial inheritance, more than they possibly can be in any material possessions which may come to them. Mrs. Waters traces her descent in one line from that John Wakeman who came from Bewdly, England, to New Haven, Connecticut, in the year 1640; and the Wakeman genealogy published in 1900 shows that in the ‘two hundred and seventy years which have elapsed since John Wakeman became one of the pioneer settlers of Connecticut, the family has been connected with a large number of the families which have made New England great and enriched so much the civic life of the middle and western states of our country.

In so far as Francis E. Waters has had an ideal in business, that ideal may be said to be quality. He has always striven for quality first and then for enlargement. The result of this ideal is a business which is a model of organization in every department and the product of which compares favorably with that of any other concern in the country. His business associates and other men who personally know General Waters and have had dealings with him during many years bear willing testimony to his personal integrity and the absolute fairness of his business conduct. Certainly no man can live up to a higher standard than that of absolutely just dealings. The two Waters, father and son, have between them over one hundred years of successful labor in the lumber business. R. T. Waters passed away, leaving the reputation of an absolutely just man. Francis E. Waters, though of more venturous temperament than his father, has the same moral qualities, and is treading faithfully in the footsteps of his honored father.

Richard Waters of Somerset County, Maryland, Planter. Will 21 April 1720

Proved 13 November 1722. To my son William that land called Waters Rivers. To my cozin John Waters a Marsh in joynt tenancy of me and my Brother John Waters deceased and Charles Hall deceased. To my sons William, Richard, and Littleton, all the marsh being on Manokin. To my brother William Water my sloop called “Elizabeth.” To my wife Elizabeth Waters four Negroes, Scipio, Aleck, Hager, and Major, and one-half of my remaining estates. If any of my children shall marry or be married without the approbation of the Monthly meeting of the People called Quakers at West River, Mr. Robins, Richard Hill, and Thomas Chalkley of Philadelphia to have charge, etc. To daughters Elizabeth and Ester a Negro each. To my sons Richard and Littleton £250 each out of property in England left me by Uncle William Marriott, Late of Towcester, now with lands of William Cooper. John Hyde Senior, Merchant, trustee in London. Executors: Son William and Wife Elizabeth. Witnesses: John Brown, William Pearson, Edward Harper, Thomas Fairclo. Marlborough, 227.
[Proved in Maryland 12 July 1720, and recorded in Liber 16, fol. 201.]


Baltimore: Biography (Baker Waters)
By Lewis Historical Publishing Co.A man who may be aptly styled a typical Baltimorean, inasmuch as he combines the characteristics of a scion of an ancient race with the attributes of a progressive business man of the present day, is Baker Waters, manager of the lubricating oil department of the Standard Oil Company. Mr. Waters is a representative of a family of English origin, distinguished “on both sides of the sea”.

The history of the Waters family of England, Maryland and Virginia is traced back to the little town of Middleham, Yorkshire, chiefly noted for Middleham Castle, called “the fairest castle of Richmondshire”, where the white roses of the York faction nodded defiance to the red roses of Lancaster, during the famous Wars of the Roses. The fortress castle was built by Robert Fitz-Rolph, upon whom all Wensleydale was bestowed by Canan le Petit, Earl of Brittany and Richmond, and it was afterward the seat of the Earl of Salisbury, father of the great Earl of Warwick. King Richard the Third frequently resided here, and in this fortress his son Edward was born.

James Methold Waters is said to have married the granddaughter of Edward the Third of England, and John Waters, grandson of James Methold Waters, was the York herald at the court of Richard the Second. The family is said to have continued in royal favor until the reign of Charles the Second. From the branch of the family to which belonged John Waters, the York herald, are descended the Maryland and Virginia representatives of the race. It appears that there is a New York branch, descended from T. Leeds Waters, but the coats-of-arms are different.

The arms, crest and motto borne by the branch of the family which included John Waters, York herald at the court of Richard the Second, are as follows: Arms: Sable, on a fesse wavy, argent, between three swans of the second; two bars wavy, azure. Crest: A demi talbot, argent; in the mouth an arrow, gules. Motto: Toujours fid&le.

The Waters family, so prominent on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, is descended from John Waters, brother of Lieutenant Edward Waters, the immigrant ancestor of the Virginia family. There is a John Waters mentioned in connection with the earliest history of Montgomery county, Maryland, and the Waters name continues to this day one of the most prominent in that section of the state. It is claimed that John Waters, who settled in Maryland had five sons: William, mentioned below; Richard, who settled in Montgomery county; Joseph, who settled in Somerset county; Edwin; Samuel.

(II) William Waters, son of John Waters, lived at Belmont. Montgomr ery county, near the present site of Brookeville, and was the owner of much land in that neighborhood. The homestead has ever since remained uninterruptedly in possession of the family. William Waters married, in 1747i in St. Mary’s county, Mary, daughter of Thomas and Sarah (Offutt) Harris, of Tudor Hall, in that county, and they were the parents of eight children, including Ignatius, mentioned below. William Waters and his wife were buried on the homestead, and the will of the former is on file at Rockville, Maryland.

(III) Ignatius Waters, son of William and Mary (Harris) Waters, married Elizabeth, daughter of Captain Eli and Sallie (Worthington) Dorsey, and fourteen children were born to them, among them Washington, mentioned below.

(IV) Washington Waters, son of Ignatius and Elizabeth (Dorsey) Waters, was born in Montgomery county. He was a member of the medical profession. He took a prominent part in public affairs, being three times elected to the State Senate and twice to the Legislature, and serving as amember of the Constitutional Convention in Maryland. He married (first) Mrs. Anne Dorsey Williams, by whom he had three children: Washington D., mentioned below; Eliza; Harriet. Dr. Waters married (second) Mary MacCubbin Waters, and (third) Eleanor Madgruder Briscoe. There were no children by the second and third marriages. Dr. Waters died in 1882.

(V) Washington D. Waters, son of Washington and Anne (Dorsey) (Williams) Waters, was born in Montgomery county. He followed the calling of a farmer. He married Virginia, daughter of Z. M. Waters, of Maryland, and their children were: Baker, mentioned below; Ann Elizabeth, married William Penn Savage, of Alabama; Lillian, died in 1890; Washington, married Lillian Keener, of Baltimore; Harriet A., married Percy Wilson, of Staunton, Virginia; William B., married Ellen Brewer, of Rockville, Maryland. Washington and William B. Waters are both employed in the sales department of the Standard Oil Company, Washington, D. C. Mr. Waters, the father of the family, is now leading a retired life at Rockville, Maryland.

(VI) Baker Waters, eldest child of Washington D. and Virginia (Waters) Waters, was born May 13, 1862. on his father’s farm, near Gaithersburg, Montgomery county, Maryland, where he passed the first eighteen years of his life, assisting his father in the care of the estate. From 1878 to 1882 he attended the Randolph Macon College, at Ashland, Virginia, receiving in the latter year a scholarship to the Maryland Agricultural College, which he entered in the autumn of 1882, remaining until 1884. He was then obliged to leave on account of the recent death of his grandfather, and entered at once upon a business career, becoming eastern contract and settling agent for the William Deering Company, now part of the International Harvesting Company. He quickly gave evidence of his aptitude in grappling with details and of his accurate perception and judgment, and these qualities, aided by his sturdy will, steady application, tireless industry and sterling integrity, laid the foundation of his present high reputation as a business man. After representing the concern for about two years he associated himself, in 1888, with C. West & Sons, who were engaged in the oil business, their establishment being situated on Lombard street, Baltimore. In October, 1888, in consequence of the death of William West, the firm went out of existence, and Mr. Waters then entered the service of the Standard Oil Company, beginning in the sales department, where he remained until 1890, when he was promoted to his present position of manager of the lubricating oil department. This office he has filled continuously to the present time, and has for many years been recognized as a man of influence in business circles, possessing a weight of character and a keen discrimination which make him a forceful factor among his colleagues and associates. In business transactions he exhibits the quick appreciation and prompt decision which are as necessary to the successful merchant as to the victorious general, and in discussing commercial affairs, his manner, however keen and alert, is tempered with a courtesy which never fails to inspire a feeling of friendly regard in conjunction with the respect which his reputation and personality invariably command.

While assiduous in business affairs, Mr. Waters is moved by a generous interest in his fellow-citizens, promoting every suggestion for the welfare of the city of Baltimore and the State of Maryland, and is a quiet but potent factor in many political and social movements. His family has always been identified with the Democratic party, but notwithstanding the force of tradition Mr. Waters does not ally himself with any political organization, but reserves the right to cast his vote, irrespective of partisan ties and party platforms, for the man whom he deems best fitted to serve the interests of the commonwealth. He is a member of the Baltimore Chamber of Commerce, and in private life his amiable and generous disposition has endeared him to hosts of friends. He is a gentleman in every sense of the word, fine-looking, courteous and dignified, kindly in manner and speech and, though quick and decisive in character, always considerate of others and exceedingly generous. He is a member of the Patapsco Hunt Club, the Zeta Chapter of the Kappa Alpha Fraternity and the Baltimore Yacht Club, having formerly served as chairman of the house committee of the last-named organization.

Mr. Waters married, October 20, 1886, in Baltimore, Lillian Wilmer, daughter of Jasper M. and Lydia (Emory) Berry, the latter a daughter of Judge Hopper Emory, and they have been the parents of two children: Wilmer Berry, born July 23, 1887, now attending Johns Hopkins University; Lydia Duke, born in 1889, died June 1, 1890. Mrs. Waters is one of those women who combine with perfect womanliness and domesticity an unerring judgment, a union of qualities of great value to her husband, making her not alone his charming companion, but also his confidante and adviser.

Mr. Waters’ advice in regard to attaining success is well worthy the serious consideration of all young men beginning life. He says: “Stick right to whatever you have undertaken to do until it is accomplished. It is necessary for one to select a line of business for which he is best fitted, and that is in the direction that will be a pleasure rather than a bore.” These conditions, Mr. Waters, as his record bears witness, has strictly and most successfully complied with, and in all relations, both as business man and citizen, his rule of life has been the motto of his ancient house, “Toujours Udele”.

Waters of Somerset County, Maryland tax assessment of 1783

Edward Waters. W. Addition to Timber Tract, 626 acres. SO Dividing Creek p. 117
Edward Waters. Addition to Back Hole, 246 acres. SO Dividing Creek p. 117
Edward Waters. Fortunes Folly, 66 acres. SO Dividing Creek p. 117
Edward Waters. Hog Yard, 50 acres. SO Dividing Creek p. 117
George Waters. Suffolk, 446 1/2 acres. SO Dividing Creek p. 117
George Waters. Hop At A Venture, 75 acres. SO Dividing Creek p. 117
George Waters. W. Enlargement, 165 acres. SO Dividing Creek p. 117
George Waters. Waters’ Addition, 11 acres. SO Dividing Creek p. 117
John Waters. Salem, 490 acres. SO Great Annamessex p. 107
John Waters. New Rumney, 43 acres. SO Great Annamessex p. 107
John Waters. Jones’ Chance, 100 acres. SO Rewastico p. 58. MSA S1161-9-11. 1/4/5/52
John Waters. Tubmanns Lott, 37 1/3 acres. SO Rewastico p. 58. MSA S1161-9-11. 1/4/5/52
John Waters. Quantico, 27 acres. SO Rewastico p. 58. MSA S1161-9-11. 1/4/5/52
John Waters. Dormans Delight, 250 acres. SO Rewastico p. 58. MSA S1161-9-11. 1/4/5/52
John Waters. Shiles’ Choice, 220 acres. SO Rewastico p. 58. MSA S1161-9-11. 1/4/5/52
John Waters. Downs Chance, 60 acres. SO Rewastico p. 58. MSA S1161-9-11. 1/4/5/52
Littleton Waters. Envy, 408 acres. Notes: Heirs. SO Great Annamessex p. 109
Littleton Waters. Partnership, 125 acres. Notes: Heirs. SO Great Annamessex p. 109
Richard Waters. Flat Land, 840 acres. SO Great Annamessex p. 107
Richard Waters. Friends Kindness, 116 acres. SO Great Annamessex p. 107
Richard Waters. Waters River, 525 acres. SO Great Annamessex p. 107
Richard Waters. Conveniency, 80 acres. SO Great Annamessex p. 107
Richard Waters. London Gift, 50 acres. SO Great Annamessex p. 107
Richard Waters. Security, 52 acres. SO Great Annamessex p. 107
Richard Waters. Envy, pt, 70 acres. SO Great Annamessex p. 107
Richard Waters. Millers Choice, 70 acres. SO Great Annamessex p. 107
Rose Waters. Waters’ Addition, 136 acres. SO Great Annamessex p. 107
Rose Waters. Waters’ River, 352 1/2 acres. SO Great Annamessex p. 107
Sarah Waters. SO Great Annamessex p. 109
Spencer Waters. Cager Island, 700 acres. Notes: Heirs. SO Great Annamessex p. 107
Spencer Waters. Teagues Addition, 78 acres. Notes: Heirs. SO Great Annamessex p. 107
Spencer Waters. TD in the L: Choice, 26 acres. Notes: Heirs; Tract name is difficult to read. SO Great Annamessex p. 107
Thomas Waters. Last Purchase, 300 acres. SO Wicomico p. 76
William Waters. Walterton, 97 1/4 acres. SO Great Annamessex p. 107
William Waters. Wilsons Lott, 20 acres. SO Great Annamessex p. 107
William Waters. Beach & Pine, 50 acres. SO Great Annamessex p. 107
William Waters. SO Great Annamessex p. 109

Crawford Family History Part 1

We have run numerous articles on “Tusculum,” the fine old home built by David Crawford in Albemarle (later Amherst) County, Virginia. David was the father of Elizabeth Crawford, who married Nicholas Clayton Davies. Nicholas Clayton was a son of Henry Landon Davies and the grandson of Nicholas Davies (Old Nick). Many of our readers may have read these articles about Tusculum and our family’s efforts to make a significant contribution to save this piece of American history without knowing much about the history of this interesting and accomplished family. We will try to resolve this with a series of articles on our line of Crawford’s of Virginia.

Crawfords of Kilbirnie

                    Crawford’s of Kilbirnie

Composing this series is a daunting undertaking. There are several difficult problems in dealing with this family. First, the ancient origins of the family are only known as legend and there are competing legends about its early Scottish origins. Second, as was the custom among many Southern families, the same given names were given to children generation after generation. The second problem is compounded by the third, which is that generally the Crawford’s enjoyed longevity. Therefore, we have to deal with the uncertainty of always knowing which Crawford a specific court or church record is referring to. Despite these obstacles to achieving a complete understanding of Crawford history, we will proceed to tell their story as we understand it.

Perhaps the posting of these articles published in this newsletter on the Davies web site will attract other descendants of the Crawford’s of Virginia who can add to or correct the information offered in these articles. Genealogy is always a work in progress. It is fairly certain that our Crawford ancestors immigrated to Virginia from Scotland. Beyond this, little else is known with certainty about the Old World origins of the Crawford’s of Virginia. Much has been written on the ancient and noble forbearers of our Crawford’s, yet it all is based on family legend and theories that have little basis in verifiable facts.

Crawford Clan

                                                                  Crawford Clan

The surname “Crawford” is not uncommon in Scotland . It may or may not be Gaelic in origins. Some suspect that the surname originates from two Gaelic words: cru meaning “the pass of blood” or bloody and ford, “a crossing or passage.” An opposing theory is that the name is of Norman origin, coming from Crodh meaning “cattle” and port meaning “a place of shelter.” The Norman conjunction of these two words would be crofort.

(Crawford Family) The author also came across another translation of the Norman conjunction cro-ford to mean “where crows roost at a river crossing.” Many of the early researchers of our Crawford family, who tie it to noble and royal families in Scotland, trace its origins to Medieval Scotland. Mr. George Crawford in his family sketches found in his “History of Renfrewshire” claims that the earliest use of the surname he discovered was in 1189 when a Galfridus de Crawfurd was a witness to the declaration of independence of the Abbey of Kelso from the Episcopal See. The problem with this statement is that in the 12th century surnames had not yet come into common use. The use of surnames tended not to become prominent in Europe until an area became urbanized. Urbanization was a slow process, especially in Scotland. Surnames did not become prevalent until the late 13th century (J. N. Hook, p. 10).

Therefore, what often appears to be a family surname among the more ancient people we examine is an identifier rather than a true surname, although these last names were a precursor to surnames. In other words, in the example given the “Galfridus” referred to is identifies him as the Galfridus residing at a stream crossing where either crows roost or a place where cattle are sheltered. If Galfridus had a son also named Galfridus, but who operated a mill downstream from the crofort, he may have been known as “Galfridus de Molis,” the Galfridus who owns the mill. Most researchers believe that the surname Crawford is of Norman origin. It is entirely likely that the name Crawford as we know it today evolved into a common pronunciation from all three of the possible original Norman and Celtic words discussed above.

The history of Scotland is as fascinating a study as that of England, but it is one that is beyond the scope of this article. Nevertheless, a brief understanding of its ancient origins may be helpful in the understanding of the difficulty determining the origins of our Crawford line. There is a very good reason why both a possible Gaelic and Norman meaning of the surname is discussed above. Unlike Wales and Ireland, Scotland was not populated by a single ethnic group from its earliest times. Both historical and archeological evidence shows that “Alban” the Gaelic name for the Scottish people were formed by an amalgamation of two tribes, the Albanaig (men of Alban) and Picts. The name “Scotland” comes from the Latin name of the people who drove Hadrian to build his famous wall, “Scotti.” The Scotland of Roman times through the 12th century was much smaller in extent than we see it today. It extended between the Forth, the Spey and the highlands. In the far north the province of Caithness was Norse.

The people who resided in Galloway were known as the “Galwegians.” Anglo-Saxons lived in Lothian, the area between the Tweed and the Forth. Running from the Clyde to the southern edge of the Lake District was inhabited by Cumbrians, a Celtic tribe that once occupied the whole of Cumbria in England. In the early 12th century King David of the Scots also refers to “Moray and Scotland” in a charter, so there must have been yet another ethnic group that the King viewed as being distinct from the Scots. To add further complexity to the cultural mix existing in Scotland, King David invited the “new French” nobility to Scotland in an effort to civilize his country. This so-called French nobility were of Norman and Norman-Anglo descent from Normandy and England. Despite the wide range of tribal groups that comprised early medieval Scotland, by the 13th century the various people came to recognize themselves as Scottish. This was accomplished without warfare and without political coercion from within. The people of what became Greater Scotland unified in response to a common enemy, the Normans of England. This included those Normans who settled in Scotland.

The possible ancient origin of the Crawford family is the subject of legend. There is very little found documentation to verify or deny the legends. Yet the claim that the family descended from Sir William Wallace and was a member of the Douglas clan has been persistent through many generations of Crawfords. The exploration of the possible ancient ancestry of our Crawford line will be explored in detail in a future article. Our concern here is to pick up the history of our Crawford line where documentation exists to prove it.

The progenitor of our Crawford family in Virginia was John Crawford from Kilburney, Ayrshire, Scotland, who together with his son, David, settled in James City County. The evidence that does exist suggests that John was a widower when he left Scotland for Virginia with his young son. The name of John’s wife has not been found. John and David arrived in Virginia about the year 1643. John Crawford was born in Scotland about the year 1600. Lost to us is the explanation for his leaving the comfort of the civilized environment of Scotland and venturing to a Virginia, which was still very much a wilderness outpost in the mid-17th century. Some 19th century family researchers perhaps caught up in the desire to find an ancestor with noble heritage, offered theories of his motivation for leaving Scotland. The most persistent among them was that he was the youngest son in a wealthy family and as the youngest son, he was not in line to inherit the family estate. It is more reasonable to assume that after losing his wife, John nothing holding him in Scotland and decided to seek his fortune and his son’s future prosperity in the New World. This latter scenario certainly was common among commoners and gentry alike in England, Wales, and Scotland. Not everyone immigrating to the Colonies did so because they were disinherited, or to escape political or religious persecution. Many simply came to make their fortune.

Little documentation survives regarding the life of John, either in Scotland or Virginia. Most of what we know is found in Crawford family bibles written after the times of John and through family oral legend. It should be recognized, however, that simply because information comes to us by oral legend or from less than authoritative written sources themselves based on oral legend, it does not mean that the information is incorrect. The family maintains that John Crawford prospered in his new home as a planter of tobacco until the fateful year of 1676. Confronted by adverse weather, the low price of tobacco in England, mounting debt to English mercantile houses, unrest among the native tribes in reaction to English incursions in their territory, taxation imposed on Colonists by Parliament to fund the protection of the Virginia frontier and possibly the incompetent administration of Governor Sir William Berkeley all lead to rebellion against the Crown in 1676. This attempted revolution against the rule of Great Britain has come down to as “Bacon’s Rebellion” after its political leader, Nathaniel Bacon. Throughout the 18th and 19th centuries Bacon’s Rebellion was viewed by historians as the precursor to 1776. Nathaniel Bacon was portrayed as a freedom fighter struggling against the tyranny of a despotic King and Parliament.

The cry of “Taxation without representation” was first raised in Virginia in 1676, only to be echoed again in the years leading to 1776. In the 20th century historians have developed a more balanced view of the causes and motivations for Bacon leading many a Virginian to war against the Mother Country. The causes general remain the same, but the interpretation of the reasons for reacting to them differs. The drop in the price of tobacco, the principal cash crop of Virginia, quickly caused prosperous planters to fall into debt to the mercantile houses for which they depended on for most of their manufactured goods, the desire to move west into Indian territory where vast estates could be founded on virgin land was being thwarted by the obstinateness of the indigenous people to peacefully vacate their ancestral lands, and over being taxed by Parliament to cover the cost of the military protection on the frontier that they demanded. So, in the 18th and 19th centuries we see those involved in Bacon’s Rebellion as the first heroes of American independence from the despotism and tyranny imposed by London, while in the 20th century we see that those involved among the colonists may have been motivated by self-interest and, in the case of Nathaniel Bacon himself, perhaps by megalomania. A careful consideration of the possible causes and motivations on both sides of the conflict is a study in and of itself. It shall be left up to the reader to pursue a study of Bacon’s Rebellion to decide for his or herself which, if either, interpretation of the conflict is correct. What we are interested in is John Crawford’s role in Bacon’s Rebellion.

It is said that although at an advanced age in 1676 (probably about 76 years old) John took to his horse and joined the revolt with Bacon, serving under Bacon’s chief military officer, Giles Bland. It is further said that in reaction to what John perceived as the senseless and unwarranted slaughter of so many British settlers by the tribes on the frontier and seeing the Crown apparently incapable of dealing with the threat, “…the stern, unyielding determination to volunteer for the defense of the community, and, if need be, to offer his life as a sacrifice for the protection of other lives no more valuable that his own,” prompted him to join the Rebellion. (Crawford Family) There are two accounts of John’s death. One has it as John rode west part of a small troop to protect the frontier; he and his men were ambushed and murdered to the man by an overwhelming number of Native Americans. The other account has it that John was shot from his horse in a charge against Sir William Berkeley’s soldiers. The earliest written accounts of John’s service in Bacon’s Rebellion appear at the height of the Victorian Age, when romanticizing history and the players who made it was endemic in Western Europe and the United States. During this time history was often presented as fact without any substantiating documentation merely because it fit into the author’s image of those who lived in the noble past. In our more cynical and analytical times, many of the histories written from the mid-19th century through the early 20th century are laughable in their naivety. Yet, placing aside the flowery Victorian language and the zealous patriotism they unabashedly display, there may be a kernel of truth in these histories. Although unproven and probably unprovable, John’s possible participation in Bacon’s Rebellion should not be discounted out of hand. His having done so would fit into the character of the Crawford family both before and after John. They have a demonstrated interest in politics and law. It also fits into the noble class that John and his family is believed to have belonged.

The Code of Chivalry that found its origins during the time of the Norman Conquest persisted among the nobility of Europe into the first decades of the 20th century. Therefore, it is not inconceivable that despite his advanced age John felt an obligation to take up arms to defend fellow British citizens, even if doing so meant taking up arms against an agent of the Crown. Our next encounter with our Crawfords in Virginia is with John’s son, born circa 1625 in Kilburney, Scotland when he purchased 86 acres on August 7, 1667 in the Parish of Martyns Hundred in James City County from Mrs. Anne Loveing. This land transaction was approved by the Royal Governor, Sir William Berkeley. (Land Patents for James City County, VA, Book 6) The grant of land that David acquired was made to him directly by Governor Berkeley in 1672, securing to him 1,000 acres in New Kent County “lying in yee branches of Mattedegun Creeke.” David received this land for bringing twenty people to Virginia to settle and develop the land. It was at this time that David relocated to New Kent County. David’s land acquisitions continued in 1676, the year of Bacon’s Rebellion, with 1,350 acres, 375 acres, 1,300 acres, 277 acres, and 196 acres all in New Kent County. Each of these land acquisitions were either purchases approved by the Royal Governor or direct grants made by the Governor.

What is interesting is that prior family researchers have not addressed the apparent cooperation that David got from the Royal Governor while his ancient father was off fighting in open rebellion against the Governor’s administration. There are plausible explanations for this, including but limited to John Crawford not having participated in Bacon’s Rebellion, not holding a son accountable for the sins of his father, and wanting to keep David loyal to the Crown.

On October 28, 1681 David Crawford purchased 1,300 acres from Mr. William Taylor in St. Peter’s Parish in New Kent County and he received another land grant from the government on November 4, 1685 for an unspecified acreage that appears to have adjoined his earlier purchase from Taylor. The government granted David the land for bringing six people into the Colony to settle. It was at this site that David built his final plantation that he named “Assiskins Run” (also known as “Assassquin”). In 1693 David deeded this land over to his grandson, William Meriwether. Also, on May 12, 1697 David deeded 200 acres to his grandson, David Meriwether, with all appurtenances. This property was located in Kent County, which afterward became Hanover County. Because of the widespread destruction of public records during the Civil War we will never know the full extent of David’s landholding or how much of it he gave to his family during and upon his death. We can safely assume, however, that for the time and place in which David lived that he was a major landowner. As a Gentleman of means in Colonial Virginia David answered the call to public service. On April 2, 1692 David was elected to the House of Burgesses as one of two representatives from New Kent County. The other representative was Captain John Lyddall. David took his seat in the House on Monday, April 4, 1692. The only piece of legislation that could be found that was introduced by David was an Act requiring that County Clerks maintain an office in their respective County Courthouse. This Act passed. (H. R. McIlwaine, p 380) No doubt that David either introduced or sponsored other pieces of legislation during his two years of service in the House, but a thorough search of the Journals of the House of Burgesses was not performed.

Unfortunately, the name of David’s wife is lost to us. Based on various sources, however, we can identify all or most of his children. His children are as follows:     1) Elizabeth, b. about 1650-54; married Nicholas Meriwether     2) Judith, b. 1658; married Robert Lewis and removed to the South     3) Angelina, b. 1660; married William McGuire and removed South     4) Captain David, b. 1662; d. September 1762; married Elizabeth Smith in 1695     5) John b. ? ; d. December 13, 1689; wife unknown. In subsequent articles we will explore the next generations of this fascinating family that contributed immensely to the growth and success of the Commonwealth of Virginia and to the United States during its critical formative years. We will also follow this family west to Amherst County where Captain David Crawford constructed “Tusculum,” as well as taking the occasional detour to examine the lives of those not of our direct line who settled in the deep South.

The Terrell Family by Thomas L. Justice

THE TYRELL FAMILY

By Thomas L. Justice

Managing the Grand County of Essex

The Tyrell family, located primarily in Essex, played an important and integral role in the governing of feudal England. The Tyrells, were located primarily in Essex with some property in other adjoining counties. They are well known as the lords of Heron Hall, in the parish of East Thornton, located in Essex. Members of the family throughout the generations were called upon to serve their King. The king saw fit to call upon the Tyrells for matters of law and order, warring, the maintenance of the infrastructure, economic activities, the welfare of the state, record keeping, finances and even public policy. In each of these areas members of the Tyrells were commissioned by the king to maintain the realm for the greater good of Feudal England.

Tyrells of Essex

While the Tyrells were commissioned to handle affairs in all of the areas above, they were most commonly called upon to maintain law and order. This in part was because several members of the family were versed in the law. This ability also led them to participate to a large extent in the record keeping of the realm.

The family saw many ranks throughout the generations, including knight, sheriff, steward, treasurer and eventually a member of parliament as a knight of the shire. Throughout their history they were called upon by many kings. The family at first received only a few commissions from Edward III and Richard II but received numerous commissions from both Henry V and Henry VI.

Throughout their role in feudal England the family represented themselves with a simple coat of arms pictured here. Some second and third sons chose to vary this slightly but most members of the family kept this original family crest intact.

The Tyrells, were a family that played an important role in the governance of feudal England. Through them the king dealt with many issues both in their home county of Essex and throughout his realm. Below you will find a rough outline of the generations of the family as can be pieced together from the patent rolls and other various sources. Also a description of the property they held. Following that will be a brief description of the families religious affiliations and the churches they supported. This will then be followed by a detailed description the Tyrell’s service to the realm as documented in the Patent Rolls. Finally a brief summary of the importance the Tyrell family had on the governing of feudal England will be presented.

The Family

The Tyrells are an old family that dates back prior to the Norman conquest. The Focus of this research is on the Tyrells located in the area of Essex particularly those known as the Tyrell’s of Heron. The family leading up to this group is unclear as little documentation exists. Even after this group which began with James Tyrell, sources disagree about the correct lineage. The research available spells Tyrell in several different ways including Tyrrell, Tirel, and Terrel, depending on who the researcher is which further casts doubts upon the legitimacy of these records.

Using the source material available and the information from the patent rolls the family descended from James Tyrell of Essex. James was born in the late thirteen century and died around 1343. During his life he married Margret Heron who stood to inherit Heron Hall after the tragic death of her only brother John. This began the line of the Tyrells of Heron Hall. At this time a Thomas Tyrell also resided in the area and some scholars speculate that he and James were brothers.

The family grew with the sons of James and Thomas. This included Walter who is believed to be the son of James and Thomas the younger who was either a son of James or of the Thomas Tyrell that was believed to be a brother to James. Walter is believed to have married Jane Swynford and had a son also named Walter. This Walter then had a son with the family name of Thomas. Thomas married Eleanor Flambard and is believed to have had several children. Among these children was John Tyrell.

John became sheriff of both Essex and Hertsford in 1423. He served as the treasurer for the household of Henry VI and was present at the battle of Agincourt. Eventually he became the speaker of the House of Commons and served as a Knight of the Shire. John married Anne Marney and is believed to have has 4 children. Two sons and a daughter. The sons were named Thomas and William and the daughter Margaret.

John’s son Thomas would also go on to become Sheriff of Essex and of Herts in 1460 and became Camberlain of the Exchequer. During his second marriage to Anne Marney he would leave behind two sons Humphry and William.

Unfortunately very little primary source material is available in tracing the family lineage of the Tyrells. This has caused the genealogy to be based largely on location and dates along with a good deal of speculation. In many of the best sources there are inherent contradictions and entire generations are still believed to be missing. However, the people listed above did exist and most likely existed in that order.

The Tyrell Family Holdings

The Tyrells were an influential family in feudal England that throughout history has held or governed several pieces of land. Originally the hereditary lords Langham the Tyrells inherited that title during the Norman Invasion. The family has also held land in the areas of Avon and throughout the county of Southhampton. The Tyrells then went on to hold land throughout Essex and in several of the surrounding counties. This land included farming holdings, prebends and bridges and dikes. From this land along with vast amount of territories overseen by the family for the king, the Tyrells developed a wealthy income and became a very influential family in the governing of feudal England.

Tyrells of HeronTyrells of Heron2

Before inheriting Heron Hall the family is believed to have resided around Buttsbury in Essex. Despite their long history of land ownership, he family is most well known as the inhabitants of Heron Hall in Heron Essex in the Parish of East Horndon. When James Tyrell married Margret Heron he inherited the manor known as Heron Hall. The family would inherit this manor for the next several generations. Unfortunately all that remains of Heron Hall now is a few ruins pictured below

Heron Hall

Church Affiliation

The Tyrells like most all of the people of feudal England were religious people. As a part of their role in governing feudal England the family was responsible for the maintenance and upkeep of several religious locations and also drew income from a few.

The Tyrells were members of the parish of East Horndon located in the county of Essex. There local church that they both attended and supported was the All Saints Church located in Heron. In fact this church still has brass rubbings of one of the Thomas Tyrells, and his wife Alice.

Tyrell Chapel East HorndonTyrell Chapel West Horndon2Tyrell Chapel West Horndon3

Other than all saints, the family also maintained a small family chapel known as Tyrell Chapel located near Brentwood approximately twenty-two miles from London. Here mounted high within the chapel remains the helm of Thomas Tyrell alongside a bronze crest of the Tyrell family.

Another church with which the Tyrells were associated was the church of Stowmarket near Gipping in Sulfolk. Here the remains of many of the Tyrells remain to this day.

Stowmarket Church

                                                     Stowmarket Church

Included amongst these remains are the remains of Margret Tyrell

Margaret Tyrell Tomb

                 Margaret Tyrell Tomb

Service to the Realm

The Tyrell Family has served the realm in a variety of ways throughout the history of feudal England. Below the many ways the Tyrells served the nation have been broken into eight categories. These categories display the important role that not only the Tyrells, but all of the leading families played in governing the realm.

1. Law and Order

The Tyrells primary service to the realm came in the form of law and order. Of the many commissions issued to the Tyrells, the vast majority were for matters concerning the maintenance of law and order within the realm. The law and order commissions fell into three main categories for the Tyrell Family. These categories were commissions of oyer and terminer, pardons, and legal inquisitions.

For the Tyrell family, the majority of these commissions were commissions of oyer and terminer. The commissions of oyer and terminer often dealt with responding to trespassers. In the first commission of oyer and terminer, Thomas Tyrell was commissioned by Edward III to address a matter in which a number of men had trespassed, including hunting and harvesting lumber on property that belonged to the king’s daughter Isabell.

The second such commission called for Thomas to respond to the aide of Elizabeth Durant, a widow who had been assaulted and robbed. He and several other nobles in the area were ordered to respond to this incident in the form of this commission. A later commission was issued to William Tyrell the elder, concerning all treasons, felonies and insurrections on the 8th of July.

These commissions required members of the Tyrell family to respond to a situation which threatened the order of the realm. During this period 5 such commissions were issued by Edward III and 6 by Henry VI.

Another way the Tyrells were involved in matters of law and order was through commissions of inquisition. These commissions required those they were issued to, to inquire into events by interviewing those involved. Throughout the generations the Tyrells received several of these commissions.

One such commission, required John Tyrell and others to enquire into complaints made by several men that undue favor was shown toward Scotland in a legal case involving the mistreatment of a Scottish prisoner. Other commissions required them to respond and get to the bottom of complaints made by other nobles and landowners concerning damage to property and other trespasses. Other occasions required members of the Tyrell family to determine who had caused damage, or the extent of the damage done to different properties in the kings care.

The other major way, in which the Tyrells found themselves involved with the law, is through pardons. Pardons were issued to many members of the family for all sorts of reasons. Some pardons were issued for trespasses members of the family committed on lands. Others were issued like the one to John Tyrell, for failure to appear when required. In some cases pardons were given for buying or selling land without permission. In one instance a pardon was issued to Katherine Tyrell. After her husband Hugh had died, she was taken into the Kings protection. Unfortunately, she did not seek the King’s permission before choosing to marry again.

The most interesting instance of a Tyrell being called to service in the name of law in order occurred when both Thomas Tyrell and William Tyrell along with others were called forth to gather all of the kings lieges of all estates and rank to go against traitors and rebels within Essex and the adjoining counties. This revolt is consistent in time with Jack Cade’s rebellion. In May of 1450 Jack Cade led a kentish rebellion against Henry VI. On July 12 that rebellion was crushed and Jack Cade slain. I believe due to the timing of this event that this is the revolt Thomas and William Tyrell were called upon to put down.

The Tyrells found other ways than commissions of oyer and terminer, inquisition and pardons. In many instances members of the family were lawyers, or executors for those unable to appear or who had died. In each of these ways the Tyrells, used their influence to respond to the needs of law and order within the realm.

2. Warring and the Defense of the Realm

The Tyrell family was not only involved in defending the order of the realm but also the security of the realm at home and abroad. The king often called upon his men when the realm was threatened by foreign powers. In these cases the king often issued commissions of array to his men, requiring them to raise troops and come to his aide in a war against his enemies.

This occurred several times including when John Tyrell was called upon in a commission of array to prepare for the arrival of the Spanish Armada being sent by the kings of Spain and Aragon. Other instance occurred when the King called upon John Tyrell to prepare the musters of troops and accompany them to France. John Tyrell as stated above, was present at the battle of Agincourt. In total, the Tyrells only served one specific commission of array but were ordered multiple times to accompany, muster or move troops.

Warring was a way in which the Tyrells grew in both prestige and fortune. John Tyrell was awarded a grant by Henry VI of 100 marks a year for his service in the French Wars. He was also made treasurer of the household for Henry VI. Warring was another way in which Tyrells were called upon to serve the realm.

3. Infrastructure

Aside from law and war, families were called upon often in order to serve the well being of the realm. One such way was to maintain the infrastructure of the realm. In order to do this the Tyrells received only a few commissions. Richard Tyrell was called upon to requisition supplies for the building a palisade to protect a town from brigands and other dangers. Another instance, required Thomas Tyrell to help in the maintenance of a road that was a footpath but that the King requested be made suitable for carriages.

Through these methods the Tyrells contributed to the maintenance of the infrastructure of the realm. While they were not called upon very often for this task, they were not overlooked for this necessary part of the maintenance of the realm.

4. Regulating Economic Activity.

This area of governing the realm required the families of the realm to maintain the economic order of the realm. In these instances commissions were granted to hold markets, purchase goods, and manage other areas of England’s economy.

For the Tyrells this meant several commissions requiring the use of crops. Edward III required Thomas Tyrell to seek out those who were withholding grains from market and arrest them. Another commission required Thomas Tyrell to purchase large wheat and malt in the counties of Essex. In extreme cases the Tyrells were required to protect and escort goods during times of war. There were also cases where the Tyrells, were required to make sure that certain goods arrived when the king granted a special license for goods to enter the country without customs. A specific example of this occured when a three merchants in the realm, from a town in Essex that had recently been destroyed, were granted license to to ship 2,000 woolen cloths of assize or grain to foreign ports without payment of customs. The money that should have gone to customs was to be used to build a wall around the town. All this was to occur under the watchful eye of Thomas Tyrell.

5. Welfare of the Realm

The families of the realm were often responsible, for the welfare of the realm. This included the maintaining the hospitals, caring for the poor, maintaining the spiritual needs of the people, and the duty of taking care of both the widowed and orphaned when a lord died with no heirs of age to take over his duties. In these instances the king turned to families like the Tyrells for assistance.

The first instance of this was a commission from Edward III for Thomas Tyrell and others to visit the king’s hospital of Neuton in Holdernesse, which the King’s daughter Isabell had recently been granted. Their job was to check into the state of the hospital for which there were reports of negligence.

The king also relied upon his men for the spiritual needs of the people of the realm. For this the King asked, John Tyrell, to help found a chantry of two chaplains for service in the Chapel of St. John and provide land for the income and maintenance of the chaplains. Edward Tyrell and long time friends of the Tyrell’s the Darcy’s along with others also founded a chaplain for the chapel of St. Mary the Virgin in Danbury in the county of Essex. In a final instance of this Thomas Tyrell, was granted the patronage of the parish church of East Thorndon, in the county of Essex and licenses to him and his brother William Tyrell the younger to celebrate certain divine services. Through these acts the Tyrells were able to maintain the spiritual needs of the people of the realm.

Another way the Tyrell’s were able to help in the maintenance of the realm was to oversee the stewardship of those left behind by fallen lords. In one instance John Tyrell was appointed steward of Clare and Thatksede along with Richard duke of York during Richard’s minority after the death of Thomas duke of Exeter.

6. Record Keeping and Land Transactions

One of the major ways in which the Tyrells were involved in the maintenance of the realm was through record keeping and land transactions. These were often in the form of inspeximus and confirmation which were official copies issued to people by order of the king. Other dealings with land dealt with grants of property to people. In many of these instance the Tyrells found themselves as either the grantees or grantors of property. Often however, the records reflect the changing of property from one hand to the other which needed to be approved by the king. Occasionally the Tyrells bore witness to documents requested in inspeximus and conformation.

An example of the grants is one in which Edward III granted to Walter Tyrell the keeping of the passage over the water of the Twede at Berwick on Twede for good service to the king. This is one of the many examples of the type of grants made both from the king to his men and between the families of the realm.

Other dealings the Tyrells had with Record Keeping were commissions of inquiry to determine who owned or occupied land and they helped settle disputes in land. Throughout their history the Tyrells were involved with all types of land transactions as can be viewed in the patent roll entries.

7. The Kings Finances

The King’s finances were often left in the hands of the governing families of the realm. It was to them that the king turned when he needed financing for public works and most importantly war. The Tyrells found themselves involved in this process through the collection of debts and taxes and meeting to determine loans.

William Tyrell was particularly involved in the collection of debts as a citizen tailor of London. There are several entries in the patent rolls in which people are ordered to make a payment to William. . John Tyrell, on the other hand, was involved in the many of the decisions to make loans to the king and the collection of taxes. One such commission required John Tyrell and others to meet with and persuade others to make a loan to the king in order to pay for his voyage to his property in France to make a quick end to his wars. Thomas was also asked treat with people to discuss a loan to the king so that Henry VI might travel to France for a meeting for peace with his Uncle Franco in order to end the war and the costs associated with it.

This type of action was common. Whenever the king needed financing he would turn to his men in order to finance his expeditions. After the Magna Carta it became increasingly more difficult for the King to finance his wars without the permission of his people. By ordering the ruling families of the realm to discuss the matter he was able to gauge support for and encourage his men to support the defense of the realm.

Along with these actions, John Tyrell served as the Treasurer to the Kings Household for Henry VI. Through these means and others the Tyrells did their part to maintain the finances of the feudal England.

8. Public Policy

Public Policy was an important concern of the governing families of feudal England. In order to shape public policy the Tyrells became involved in politics. Both John Tyrell and Thomas Tyrell became sheriffs of Essex and Hertsford. John also became a Knight of the Shire and represented the county of Essex in that capacity in parliament. Eventually John went on to become speaker of the House of Commons.

  Summary

The Tyrells were an important and active family in maintaining the governance of the realm. Through all sorts of service to the realm the Tyrells left their imprint on feudal England. Their biggest impact was in the field of Law and Order however they also provided substantially for the welfare of the realm both by providing the means for spiritual guidance and stewardship of the widows and orphans of the realm. The family also contributed to both the maintenance of the infrastructure, finances and policies of the realm. Throughout the generations the Tyrells of Essex were a key ingredient to governing feudal England.

Patent Roll Entries for The Tyrells,
These entries include all of those mentioned with the last name Tyrell, Including those that may not be directly related to the Essex branch.
Law and Order
Entry 2
John son of Waryn Tyrell, staying in England, has letters nominating Thomas son of James le Petit and Robert son of Roger Tyrell as his attorneys in Ireland for two years.
David de Wollore received the attorneys.

pg 31 EDWARD III.— PART I. 535
(May 6) (John son of Waryn Tyrell, and Roger Tyrell) ( Ireland)
Entry 3
John son of Warin Tyrell, staying in England, has letters nominating Thomas son of James le Petit and Robert son of Roger Tyrell as his attorneys in Ireland, for one year.
David de Wollfore received the attorneys.
pg 25 Edward III volume 10 page 97
(Aug 9) (John son of Warin Tyrell, and Roger Tyrell)
Entry 6
Commission of oyer and terminer to William de Skipwyth, Thomas Tyrell, Thomas de Ingelby, William de Rise, William de Estfeld and Thomas de Wythornwyk, on complaint by the king’s daughter Isabel that John de Halton, Thomas son of Ralph de Marton, Stephen Colynsoii de Marton, Reynold de Bilton, Thomas son of Thomas Grayve of Witherwyk, John By the water, forester of Wodhall, John son of William Palmer, Thomas Faucomberge, Thomas Ibotson, John Lawe of Ellardy, Hugh Maresshal of Ellardby, Richard Berier, John son of Simon de Marton, William Grayve of Burton, John de Framton, Thomas Hikeman, Hugh Lanware, Thomas Mapelton, Robert Douson of Neuton, Robert son of Thomas Prestman of Ryse of Skirlagh, John de Halsham, John Wulf, Simon Erne, Thomas Elynson, Richard de Ravenser of Carleton, Robert West of Burton, John Prestman of Marton, Richard de Retford, John Fotoft, clerk, Thomas Proctour of Preston and others, entered her free warren and broke her parks at Brustwyk, co. York, hunted in these, fished in her free fisheries there, felled her trees, and carried away those trees, fish from the fisheries, deer from the parks, and hares, conies, pheasants and partridges from the warren, and trod down and consumed with cattle her grass there. By K.
Edward III volume 12 pg 539 and 540
(April 30) (1363) (Thomas Tyrell) (Comission of Oyer and Terminer)
Entry 10
The like to John de Moubray, John de Ferers, Robert Cornewe, Henry Percehay and Thomas Tyrell, on complaint by Elizabeth late the wife of Henry Durant that Ralph de Shillyngford and others broke her close and houses at Malstone, co. Devon, inhumanly assaulted her as she lay in her bed grievously oppressed as well because of childbearing as of divers infirmities and detained her imprisoned until she by a writing released the right of herself and her heirs in three messuages, a mill, four carucates, one virgate and 30 acres of land, 20 acres of wood and 100s.. of rent, in Malston, Estwogwill, Churleton, Northbovy and Thurelston, drove away 16 oxen of hers and carried away her goods.
Edward III volume 12 pg 206 (Commission of Oyer and Terminer)
(Feb 10) (Thomas Tyrell) (Malestone in Devon Co.)
Entry 11
Commission to John Moubray, Thomas Tyrell, Nicholas Carreu, Westminster. Thomas Morys and John de Estbury to find by inquisition in the county of Oxford, the names of those who, with Robert de Tuwe, master of the hospital of St. John without east gate of Oxford, John de Ichendenne, his confrere, William Hamond and William Cook, imprisoned and ill-treated John Glovere, servant of Ingelram de Coucy, earl of Bedford, at Oxford, took 201. in money which the earl had delivered to him for expediting his business, and compelled him, before he could leave prison, to be condemned in 100Z. to the said William and William before the chancellor of the university of Oxford, and to be bound to them in another 100Z. before the mayor of Oxford and the clerk of the recognizances at Oxford, whereby the earl’s business remained undone.
Edward III volume 13 pg 447
(July 6) (Thomas Tyrell) (Commission for inquisition) ( Oxford County, Oxford)
Entry 13
Pardon, for 44s. paid to the king by Thomas de Hungerford and Thomas his son, to them for acquiring in fee from Thomas Tyrell messuage, two carucates of land,15 acres of meadow and 60$.of rent in Berford, co. Wilts, held in socage of the king and others, and entering therein without licence; and licence for them to retain the same.
Edward III volume 13 pg 311
(Oct 13) (Thomas Tyrell) (Berford)
Entry 14
Ingram de Coucy, knight, going beyond the seas, has letters, nominating William de Wykeham, clerk, and Thomas Tyrell, ‘chivaler’ as his attorneys in England for one year.
The chancellor received the attorneys.
Edward III volume 13 pg 183
(Nov 21) (Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 15
Commission to Thomas Tyrell, Matthew de Clyvedon, John Bekynton and John de Mersshton to make inquisition in the county of Somerset touching an information that wastes, sales and destruction of lands, houses, woods and gardens of the manor of South Cadebur now in the king’s hands by the nonage of the heir of Thomas d Courtenay, ‘ chivaler,’ who held in chief, and expulsion of tenant thereof have been done by Nicholas de Cadebury, farmer of that mane by demise of the king’s daughter Isabel to whom the king committee the wardship of the lands of the said Thomas ; that many other trespasses and grievances against the men and tenants of the manor have been done by him; and that many of the said men and tenant have withdrawn and concealed their rents and services from him and have many times inflicted damages on and threatened him and his servants.
Edward III volume 13 pg 136
(Feb 1) (Thomas Tyrell) (Commission of Inquisition) (Manor of South Cadebur in Somerset County)
Entry 17
Ingram de Coucy,earl of Bedford and count of Soissons, going beyond the seas with the king’s license, has letters nominating Johnde Estburyas his attorney in England for one year. The chancellor received the attorney. He has other letters nominating William, bishop of Winchester, and Thomas Tyrell, knight, as his attorneys as above. David de Wollore received the attorneys.
Edward III volume 14 pg 271
(1369 June 11) (Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 18
The like to John Moubray, Thomas Tyrell, Edmund de Chelreye, Nicholasde Carreu and John de Estbury, on complaint by Ingram de Coucy, earl of Bedford, that Robert de Tuwe, master of the hospital of St. John without the east gate, Oxford, John de Ichendennheis confrere, William Hamond, William Cook and others imprisoned and ill-treated John Glovereh, is servant, at Oxford took and carried off 201. of the earl’s money delivered to the said John for the earl’s business, compelled the said John, before letting him go, to be condemned to the said William and William in 1002. before the chancellor of the University of Oxford and to be bound to them in another 1001.before the mayor of Oxford and the clerk of the recognizances of debts there, so that the earl lost the service of his servant for a great time and his business remained undone. ByK
Edward III volume 14 pg 48
(July 26) (Thomas Tyrell) ( Commission of Oyer and Terminer)
Entry 19
Commission of oyer and terminer to William de Skypwyth, John Kyppok, Robert de Preston and John Tyrell, touching evildoers who broke the closes, houses, parks, and stone-walls of the manors at Swerdes, Tallagh, Balymore, Dublin, Baliboght, Clondolk, Arduoth, Coloigne and Fynglas, co. Dublin, and other closes and houses of the other manors and places in the county of Kyldare of the temporalities of the archbishopric of Dublin, while these were in the king’s hand in the last voidance of the archbishopric, and entered the free warrens of the archbishopric and hunted in these and the said parks, felled trees and underwood there, tore out the lead from the gutters of some of the houses, vessels of lead and brass in the kitchens, brew-houses and other houses of the manors and places aforesaid in the furnaces, iron bars in windows and iron fastenings (ligamina) and locks in the doors of the houses, carried away the locks, fastenings, bars, vessels, lead, trees and underwood, the timber from some of the houses, stories from the walls and other goods of the temporalities, deer from the parks, and hares, conies, pheasants and partridges from the warrens, and burned the timber of the rest of the houses; and with others, after restitution of the temporalities had been made to Thomas, now archbishop of the said place, committed like trespasses. Mandate to the sheriffs of Dublin and Kildare to cause jurors to come before them at such days and places as they shall make known to them. Et erat patens.
Edward III volume 15 pg 309
(Feb 27) (John Tyrell) ( Dublin) (Commission of Oyer and Terminer)
Entry 21
Commission to John do Foxle, Hugh Tyrell, Walter Haywod, Michael Skyllyng and John do Welton to make inquisition in the county of Dorset touching an information that in the king’s castle of Corf, through default of keeping and good rule, a dangerous state of things exists at the present time, and that through like default many trespasses are done in his warren of Purbik ; also to find what the detriments in the castle and the trespasses in the warren are, and by whom these have been caused, how they can best be corrected and to what sum they amount, and to certify the king there of in Chancery.
Edward III volume 16 409-410
(1376 Sept 10) (Hugh Tyrell) ( Dorset County) ( Castle of Corf)
Entry 22
Commission of oyer and lonniwth Toiyde, Brian Robert Bealknap, Robert Filz Payn, Hugh Tyrell, Homy Pcrcehay, William de Lucy and Walter de Clopton, on complaint by Hubert Knolles that, whereas he freighted a ship called the Welfare of Dertmouth in the port of Plymmouth with goods for London, and on the voyage the ship was driven by the violence of the sea to Kymerych in Purbyk,co. Dorset, Thomas Coupe, William Colle of Lutton, William Bouche, Robert Renaud, Thomas Renaud, Honry Pepere, John IVpere, John Hore, Emma, his wife, William Horc, JohnPyk of Egleston, Robert Jolyf, Nicholas C’hubbo, Hugh Wetherman, Robert Chubbe, William Nywoman, Henry Nywoman, John Adam, Alice Haukynes, John Culle, Juliana Spore, Robert Swanlond, John de Estynham, clerk, Stephen Gone,the younger, Thomas Lonedrym of West Tynham, John Cartere of West Tynham, Nicholas Boys, William Frenssh, Robert Paulyn,Stephen Paulyn, Kchvurd le Duk, Robert Randolf, John Chapeleyn, John son of John Sparwe of Estlulleworth William son of William Hegeman of Stuple, John Kyngof Blakerneston, William Baghe of Stuple, Robert Clerk of Harpeston, John Aliam, William Dofreman, John Aiityoch of Warham,4 taillour,’ John Burcy of Dertemouth, Richard Blakeman of Dertemouth, John Jay of Langeton, the younger, Robert Corf, clerk, William Chyke, William Clavyll, the elder, John Remyston, parson of the church of Crychill, Andrew Chyke, William Colneye of iVrUMiumth, John Ramestonv the person vsbrother of Corf/ Thomas Stokys, William Wildero, John Ewan of Warham, John Forstor, Nicholas Smyth of Warham, John Hakes, John Chapman of Wynlmrn, Roger Presse of Warham, wwebbe,’ Alan Bakere, Robert (jydemey of Kymerich in Purbyk, William Chaldecote, William Culle of Lutton, Nicholas Wetherman, Nicholas Freyn, John Lovehater, John Neweman, William Pepe, Edward Pypere, William Waleys of Kymerych, John Swanlond, Roger Taillour of Corf, John Morland of Povyngton, John Anderbode of Brynnescombe, Thomas Gerard of Corf Castell, William Wyot of Kymerych, the elder, John Russel of Tynham, John Kyggel, Edward Maundeware of Purbyk, William Pach of Tynham, Thomas Maskell, chaplain, Robert Sendelove, John Hordere,’ Jones servant Shot,’ John Wetherman, Thomas Chaldewolle, John Chaldewolle, Henry Prest, William Wyot, the younger, John Pepe, Henry Pepe, Nicholas Dyngere, William Blachenwelle, Robert Bledewyne, John Prest of Westynham, William Prest of Westynham, John Godynch of Westynham, John Beaugraunt,John Pyperwhyt,Adam Denys,Robert Vikairs of Byre,William Kemere of Byre and others, entered the ship at Kymerych,carried away his goods and assaulted his men and servants. Because sealed at another time.
Edward III volume 16 408 – 409
(Sep5 1376) (Hugh Tyrell)
Entry 23
Grant that Alexander, bishop of Ossory, treasurer of Irelands, hall take by his own hands at the exchequer of Ireland the accustomed wages and fees for six men at arms and twelve archers whom the king has granted that he shall have of his retinue while he be in the office. [Foedera. Ex originali.] By C.
Appointment, during pleasure, of John Tyrell to be one of the justices to hold pleas following the justiciary of Ireland. By K. & C.
Edward III volume 16 303
(1376 Aug 6) (John Tyrell) ( Ireland)
Entry 26
Pardon for 20s. paid to the king by Margaret wife of Hugh de Badewe, knight, deceased, of the trespasses in the acquisition by Thomas Tyrell and Thomas Maundevill, knights, Roger de Bradeleye, Geoffre Cyolvill, the elder, and John Hoppere of two messuages and sixty acres of land in Great Badewe, called ‘ Mareseallestenement,’ held in chief, from the said Hugh and Margareint, the re-acquisition of the premises by the said Hugh and Margaret in tail male, with remainder to the right heirs of the said Hugh, and in the successive entry thereon by all without license.
Richard II Volume 1 494
(June 5) (Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 29
Protection with clause volumus, for one year, for John Cope, going to Ireland on the king’s service in the company of John de Bromwych, justiciary of Ireland. By bill of p.s.
The like for the following persons going in his company:Thomas Baudre. By bill of p.s.
George Rapole. John Trypon. John Tykill. By bill of p.s William Caton of Lancastre.
Alexander Tyrell of Preston in Amondernesse. By bill of p.s. Richard de Denne of Estpekham. By bill of p.s. Richard Gloveree,squire. By bill of p.s.
Richard II volume 1 pg 384
(Alexander Tyrell) ( Of Preston in Amondersnesse)
Entry 30
Inspeximus and confirmation, in favour of John Tyrell of Lyouns, of letters patent of the late king, scaled with the great seal in use in Ireland, dated Clonme1l2l, April 4,0 Edward III., tcste Lioned Duke of Clarence, supplying the king’s place there, being an exemption from being made mayor, bailiff, sheriff, escheator, guardian of the peace, coroner, collector or other officer or minister of the king there against his will, from bring put upon assizes, juries or recognizance’s in any courts in Ireland, and from being compelled to take the rank of knighthood. For 13s. 4e/,paid in the hanaper.
Richard II volume 1 pg258
(John Tyrell) of (Lyouns)
Entry 32
Grant— after recital of numerous grants by divers letters patent of the late king— in favour of Isabella, daughter of Edward III., the king’s aunt, on her petition in Parliament, praying that as all her castles, manors, lands,<fcc., with all her goods, are forfeited to the king on account of the surrender of the homage of her husband, Ingelram de Coucy, and his adhesion to the king of France, adequate provision may be made for her. In consideration of her noble birth and for her honourable maintenance whilst in England, the king, with the assent of the prelates and other nobles in Parliament, grants to Alexander, archbishop of York, William, bishop of London, Ralph, bishopof Salisbury, Guyde Briene, Roger de Beauehamp, Hugh de Segrave and Thomas Tyrell, knights, the manors, hamlets honors, lordships, towns, lands and tenements named in the aforesaid letters patent, and which have been seized into the king’s hands for the reason aforesaid, with the exception of the castle, manors and lands in the Isle of Wight, the farms of the city of Rochester and of the castle there with its wards, and of the towns of Scarborough and Waterford, 39 marks 10*. Yearly from the issues of the county of Nottingham 20, 1.yearly from those of the county of Bedford, the manors of Tremworth and Vanne [co. Kent], Haselbere, co. Somerset, and Somerford Keynes, co. Wilts;10/. rent in the suburb of Canterbury and 200 marks yearly receivable at the Exchequer, and 200/. yearly granted in aid of her danghier Philippa’s maintenance ; which lands hereby granted the said archbishop and the rest are to hold together with the knights’ fee?a,dvowsons, parks, woods, forests, chaces, warrens, liberties, &c.,as fully as the said Ingelram and Isabella held them before forfeiture, for her life, with this condition that as long as she stays in England the profits there from shall be kept for her use arid paid to her or her attorneys to be expended in the realm on her maintenance without account rendered to the king or his heirs, all collations and presentations to benefices being made to fit persons nominated by her. If during the said war she voluntarily, or otherwise by her husband’s command, pass beyond the realm, or under his compulsion send him lin rents, revenues and profits aforesaid, or any other goods, beyond the realm, the premises are to be reseized into the kings hands. The kii.fr also grants to the said feoffees nil revenues accruing from the premises from thr time of the cause of seisure there of, all arrears of rent, all corn, hay, sheep, animals and stock belonging to the said Ingelram and Isabella upon the premises, all custodies of lands and heirs, and all other their goods at the date aforesaid, to the use of the said Isabella under the same conditions. Byp.s. [159.]
Richard II Volume 1 pg 174 – 175
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 33
Westminster July5. Appointment of William Lvtey, John Mautravers, William Latymer and John Tyrell to arrest and deliver to the keeper of the Marshal sea prison William. “Hridport. indicted for having broken the lodging of the bishop of Bath and Wells in the parish of St” Clement Danes without the bar of the Old Temple, London, wherein Master Walter Skirlawe, keeper of the privy seal, was lodging, and taken silver plate of the said Walter, viz. dishes, chargers, saucers, bowls, cups and plates to the value of 600 marks.
Richard II volume 2 pg 495
(John Tyrell)
Entry 34
Thomas Tyrell. for not appearing when sned with John Riskelistvn, Thomas llerry, John Gay, AVilliain Maggy,Roger Felnor, John Junan, John IL^rryand John Scot to render to John Tewyn chattels to the value of 12l. London.
Richard II Volume 2 pg 431
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 35
William Maggy, for not appearing when sued with John Riskelistyn, Thomas Herry , John Gay, Roger Felnor ,John Junan, John Herry, John Sent and Thomas Tyrell to render to John Tewyn chattels to the value of 12l. London.
Richard II Volume 2 pg 430
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 36
John Riskelistyn,for not appearing when sued with Thomas Kerry, John Gay, William Maggy Roger Felnor John Innan (or Iinian), John Herry, John Scot, and Thomas Tyrell to render to John Tewyn chattels to the value of 121.
Richard II volume 2 pg 393
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 42
Westminster April 26. Appointment during pleasure, of John Tyrell as chief justice of the King’s Bench of Catherlaigh for pleas therein, with the usual fee. ByK. &C
Richard II volume 3 436
(John Tyrell)
Entry 43
Pardons of outlawry to the following: John Tyrell, chaplain, for not appearing to answer John Wyket, Touching a trespass. Cornwall.
Richard II volume 3 pg 333 – 335
(John Tyrell)
Entry 46
Commission to Ralph baron of Greystok, Richard Redman, knight, and William Lancastre, knight, to arrest and deliver to the sheriff of Westmorland, for reasons declared before the king and council by the abbot and convent of the abbey of Heppin that county, the patronage whereof by the death of Thomas de Clifford, knight, tenant in chief, is in the king’s hand by the minority of his heir, the following persons, viz. Roland Vaux, Hugh Salkeld the elder, Roland de Threlkeld, Thomas Nicholson of Thornshapp, William do Bethom, Hugh de Bethoin, Robert de Bethom, Thomas de Bethoin and Hugh Salkeld the younger, and to instruct the said sheriff to bring them up to Westminster to answer before the king and council what is charged against them by the said abbot ; also to cause John do. Bethom,John dol Ri^ the younger, Adam do Morethwayt, Thomas de Dysford, William de Bolton, John de Melsyngby, Thomas de Haryngton, Thomas Hertson William Tournour, Andrew de Haryngton, Peter Holebankman, Thomas Robynson of Neuby, John de Kendall, William Lyghtlepe, John de Ascome, Robert de Tyrell, Adam Hebson, Robert Hebson, Robert Nicholson, William, son of Robert Tayllour of Morland, Thomas Hoteblake, Richard Donker, Thomas de Chestre, Matthew de Chestre, Thomas Walker of Little Strykland, William Bakhousof Neubyand Thomas Bryan of Thryneby, who are continually threatening the lives and limbs of the abbot and his canons, tenants and servants, and to burn their houses, to appear before them, the commissioners, and find mainpernors, in a sum to be fixed by the commissioners, not to do any damage to the said abbot and the rest. By C.
(Robert de Tyrell)
Richard II volume 5 pg 654
Entry 49
Westminster, April 16. Commission to Henry, earl of Northumberland, Ralph, baron of Greystok, Richard Rodman, knight, sheriff of Cumberland, William de Lancastre, knight, William Culwen, knight, John de Crakenthorp, sheriff of Westmorland, and John de Lancastre of Rydale, for reasons proposed before the -king and council by the abbot and convent of Hepp, co. Westmorland, of which abbey the patronage is in the king’s hand by the death of Thomas de Clifford, knight, tenant in chief, and the minority of his heir— to arrest and commit to the custody of the said sheriffs, to beby them brought before the king and council at Westminster the following persons, viz. John Ryg the older, William de Kondalo, John de Bethum, William de Bethum, Thomas de Bethum, Robert de J-ethum, Hugh de Bethum, Thomas de Haryngton, Adam de Morthwayt, John del Ryg the younger, John de Kendale, Adam Hebson, Thomas Bryan and Robert de Tyrell ; and to compel Thomas Disseford, William de Bolton, John de Melsyngby, Thomas Hertson,William Tournour, Andrew de Haryngton, Peter Hellebankema, Thomas Robynson of Neweby, William Lightelope, John de Ascum, Robert llobson, Robert Nicolson, Williams, on of Robert Taillour of Morland, Thomas Hotblake, Richard Donker, Thomas Chestre, Matthew Chestre, Thomas Nicolson of Thornshapp,Thomas Walker of Little Stirkeland, William de Bakhous of Nowebanyd Richard Raa, who threaten the lives and limbs of the abbot and his canons, tenants, men and servants, and to burn their houses- -to find mainpornors in a sufficient penalty to do them no damage,with power to imprison the said persons,
Richard II volume 6 pg 157 – 158
(Robert de Tyrell)
Entry 52
Whereas in the account of Nicholas Usk, late treasurer of Calais, rendered at the Exchequer by John Usk John Appelby and Richard Tyrell, executors of his will, the said Nicholas was found to be indebted to the king in 1,047/. 2.s. 8|W. ; and the executors in part payment have delivered 300 marks to the king in his chamber for the expenses of the same, and have offered certain obligations and other evidences amounting to the sum of 400 marks due to the said Nicholas in his lifetime to the treasurer and barons of the Exchequer and the king’s chamberlains, and have given the king to understand Unit certain persons to whom the kings indebted in large sums arc willing to Accept the greatest part of the same obligations mid evidences; the king, because all the goods of the said Nicholas at the time of his death are insufficient to satisfy him, And becausethe treasurer has personally appeared before him in Chancery and verbally acknowledged the deliveryof the said obligations and evidences, pardons to the said Nicholas and his executors and others the said sum of 1,047£. 2s. 8^/. and other charges against the said Nicholas.
Henry IV volume 3 pg 6 – 7
(Richard Tyrell)
Entry 55
Pardon to John Gyffard, ‘ webbe,’ Robert JPagge,Walter Maynard, William Pulle, Henry Capron, Nicholas Port-Key, John Snelle the elder,William Spekke, Walter Hugges, Robert Clene, ‘ taillour,’ Walter Stoby, Walter Wykyng, John Billebury, Richard Smale, David Carpenter, Robert Sadeler, Richard Warde, William Pagge, Thomas Estcote, John Freke, Robert Byrche, John Lacy, Walter Shorewey, John Holwey, John Malverne, William Wawe, John Badecok, John Snelle the younger, William Wyggeput, John Stoke,’ webbe,’ William Damysell, John Delle, John Hardyng, John Leche, John Grendon, Stephen Baker, William Irmonger, Thomas Sporyour of Cirencestre, Edward Smyth of Cirencestre, John Hebber of Cirencestre, John Hosyer of Cirencestre, John Toky the elder, John Paradys,Thomas Straunge, Richard Stanys, John Coston, Thomas Broun,’ webbe,’ John Swyft, Nicholas Bathe, Thomas Gage, John Louekyn, Thomas Oxenford, John Caproun, William Nywelond, William Calke, John Sprynge, John Lye, Ralph ate Halle, Henry Esmond, Richard Draper, Thomas Calbrygge, Thomas atte Welle, John Gage, Robert Benet of Cirencestre, John Evesham, ‘ webbe,’ John Grey, John Paber, Thomas Hore, Robert Wodeward, Henry Northcote, William Draper, John Shildesley, Thomas Dyer of Cirencestre, Thomas Smyth of Cirencestre, Robert Bernard, Robert Avenell, John Stileman, Henry Glover, John Draper, William atte Mille,’webbe,’ Thomas Sheddeworth, Henry Veysy, Richard Derlyng, William Kyng, John Terlyng, William Dene, William Bristowe, ‘glover,’ John Waterton,’ taillour,’ John Forthey, Robert Young, John Metebourne, John Spencer, Thomas Hawardyn, John Tyrell, Robert Taillour of Chepyngstrete, John Norys, John Bray, Richard Sporyour of Cirencestre, John Adams,’ glover,’ – William Brasyer, WilliamSmale, James Webbe, William Notyngham, John Archer,’ webbe,’ and Thomas Coryour, men of the town of Cirencestre, for all treasons, insurrections, felonies, trespasses, inobediences, rebellions, negligences, misprisions, maintenances, contempts, councils, abetments, conventicles, confederacies, extortions, oppressions, offences, impeachments and other evil deeds. By K. and for 201. paid in the hanaper.
Henry V volume 1 pg 168 – 169
(John Tyrell) Cirencestre
Entry 61
John earl of Oxford being within age and in the king’s ward, married without licence, Elizabeth, daughter of John Howard the younger, knight, after refusing a competent marriage proposed him bythe kingwho had 1,OOOZ offered him for the same. But on the said John’s petition for grace, in consideration of his service about thie king’s person, by advice \\.’ L of the council, and for 2,000?.the king has pardoned these trespasses. Iij The 2;OOOZ are. to be paid as follows, viz. 1,OOOZ at. the Exchequer at j.j the rate of 200?. a year for the next five years, -ait Christmas and Mid-summer; for which payment John Hotoft,treasurer of the household, John Feateby of the county of Surrey, esquire, Thomas Rolf of the county of Essex, John Tyrell of thie same, esquire, Richard Baynard of N the same, esquire, Robert Darcy of the same, esquire, William Haute of Kent, Edward Tynell of Essex, esquire, John Sad, parson of Laven- j; ham,co. Suffolk,and Robert Wrytele of Essex, have become sureties I each in 100/. Payment of the other 1,OOOZis. respited until the king he of such age as to desire it or give further respite or show grace to the said earl in the matter. Byp.
Henry VI Volume 1pg 543
(John and Possibly Edward Tyrell)
Entry 68
Commission to Henry, lord Fitz Hugh, Ralph, lord Cromwell, John Colvyle, knight, Richard Leyot, Thomas Brous, John Stokes, doctors of laws, David ap Rees, licentiate in laws, clerks, and to Geoffrey Louther and John Tyrell, esquires, or to any two or more of them, to enquire into the complaint of Hugh Story, Thomas Bewyk and William Karre, the elder, of Ogle, thait undue favour was shown by Henry Percy, earl of Northumberland and warden of the East March towards Scotland, to William, baron of Hilton, plaintiff, and erroneous judgment given in his favour against them, being defendants in a case arising out of the alleged despoiling a certain William Karre, a Scotch prisoner.
Henry VI volume 1 pg 78
(John Tyrell)
Entry 78
Robert Louth of Hertfordyngbury, co. Hertford’ ,gentilman,’ for not appearing before the same to answer John Moungomery, knight, Maurice Bruyn, knight, Nicholas Dixon, clerk, John Hotoft, Thomas Frowyk, John Fray, Lewis John, John Tyrell, Eichard Baynard, Robert Darcy, Richard Fox, Richard Wentworth and Thomas Phylyp touching a plea of debt of 20/. Hertford.
Henry VI volume 2 pg 318
(John Tyrell)
Entry 80
The like pardon to Anne, wife of John Cumbyrlowe, for acquiring for life by grant of Lewis Johan, Richard Baynard, John Tyrell, Robert Darcy, Richard Fox, Robert Molynton, William Faukes, well and Richard Duryvall, and entering without licence all those lands, tenements, rents and services called ‘le Newesshepen,’ with a field called *Manfeld’ and three parcels of land called ‘ Curleighmerssh, Fordecroft,’ and « Beryhall* in Wodeham Wautier and TJltyng, parcel of the manor of Wodeham Wautier. The like pardon, for — paid in the hanaper, to Walter Asshe of Bekton. co. Suffolk, for acquiring for life from John Tyrell and Robert Molynton, and entering without licence, a field called *le Westfeld’ with a pasture called * le Fanne,’ the profit of the aftermath of two meadows called, respectively, * le Holemed’ and ‘ le Curleighmead,’ and a tenement with all its lands, meadows and pastures, called « Heywardes,’ in Wodeham aforesaid. Vacated because unexecuted.
Henry VI volume 2 pg 208
(John Tyrell)
Entry 83
Pardon, for 20?. paid in the hanaper, to William Carent, Thomas Hody, John Hody, Thomas Husee, John Tyrell, Robert Hunte, John Grene, Robert Squybbe, Gilbert Wyke and Robert Colyngbourne for acquiring to themselves and their heirs from John Stourton, knight, and entering, without licencethe manor of Estanes ad montem, alias Eston atte Mountealias Eyston atte Mounteco,. Essex, and the advowson of its church, which are held in the king in chief, license for them to retain the same.
Henry VI volume 2 pg 119
(John Tyrell)
Entry 85
Richard Bakere of Wodebastwy co, Norfolk, ‘yoman,’ for not appearing beforethe same to answer John Tyrell, esquire, Peter Payn and NicholasWaterman touching a plea of debt of 20 marks. Essex.
Henry 6 volume 2 pg 10 (pardon)
(John Tyrell)
Entry 87
John Tyrell alias John Tyret of Olney, co. Buckingham. yoman.’ For not appearing before the same to answer Nicholas Chyld. Touching a plea of debt of 14l. 10s.
Henry VI volume 3 pg 331
(John Tyrell)
Entry 93
Because the King has understood by a petition presented to him by Thomas Tyrell of Hertford gaol late servant of the king’s mother, that where Granted by her letter patent to the said Thomas the office of Feo***** in the counties of Hertford and Essex for her life to the value of 100s yearly and the king after her deceaseby letters patent ***** said office to Nicholas Bohnell yeoman of the crown, the **** **** the ****** Thomas service to the said queen for fourteenyears and more, granted to him tho said of Bcc of gaolar for life, and though diyers persons, byan inquisition taken before John Frayand others at Hertford, co. Hertford, on Wednesday after the Kpiphany List, presented that on 10 Maich, 10 HenryVI, Thomas Tyrell then heir sheriff of the county, one William atte Wodc\ late of Hertford ynirbury, co. Hertford,’laborer,’ indicted of felony, broke prison, not withstanding that .the said Thomas Hulle paid 100s. therefore to the king. servant John Korster, yeoman of the saddle, born before the taking of the inquisition and that he had letters of pardon for the escapes of John Derbarn, chaplain, and John Thomas, yet, on the ground that the said pardon was invalid through the inquisition,they further presented in the time of the said Thomas Tvrell that on (> June, 10 Henry VI, Robert Clerk of New market, co. Cambridge, chaplain, and ‘Thomas C’ouper, taken at Ohesthunt by information of the said presenters for suspicion of felony, broke prison, whereas really there were no such men in the prison, and that on the said (>June one ‘Thomas Kverton of Norfolk, taken at Stondon for suspicion of felony, broke prison, whereas he was not imprisoned save for surety of the peace, and that on (>August, 20 Henry VI, Ralph Astelev then behu>’ sheriff, William Taverner of Knebworth,co. Hertford, ‘laborer,’ taken for suspicion of felony,broke prison, whereas he did not break prison, but was delivered to bail byJohn Hotoft,justice of the peace in the county, and that on Sunday before St. Pionisius the Hishop, 21 Henry VI, In the time of the said Kalph, William Sabyn <///'</> William Taylour of Knebworth, ‘ taylour,’ taken for suspicion of felony, broke prison, whereas he was delivered to bail as above, and that on the same dayJohn OutYeld bite of llerffordyn^bury, ‘labourer,’ taken for the like, broke prison, whereas he was not then imprisoned save for surely of the peace, and that on the same dayPeter Starky, late of llertfordyn^bury, ‘yoman,’ John Starky, Lite of the same, ‘yoman,’ and John Wawen of London, dwelling in Holhorn, *carpenter,’ taken for the like, broke prison, for which escapes the said sheriffs are chargeable and the said Thomas Hulle is chargeable to them, lor which cause he is under arrest and has a dayto appear in the Kxchequcr on the morrow of All Saints’ Dayand on his appearance is to be committed to the Klete prison : the kin;;1 has pardoned the said sheriffs a.nd Thomas llulle the said escapes, and has further pardoned Thomas Tyrell 20/. adjudged upon him for the escapes of William ate Wode, Robert Clerk, Thomas Couper and Thomas Everton. Byp.
Henry VI volume 4 pg 230-231
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 95
Commission of oyer and terminer to Nicholas Ayssheton,Walter Moile, Philip Courteney, knight, John Colshull, knight, Roger Champernoun and William Holondin, Cornwall, touching all felonies, trespasses, misprisions, offences, riots, routs, congregations, extortions, oppressions, assaults and other misdeeds committed therein by Richard Tregoys of Tregoys, co. Cornwalle, squire, Edmund Kendale, clerk, Richard Kendale,’ gentilmari,’ William Hurde, c gentilman,’ Robert Tyrell, ‘ yoman,’ Martin Barbour,’ yoman,’ William Leylond, chaplain, Edward Costard,’yoman,’ John Lacy,’yoman,’ William Gom,chaplain, Stephen Olyver,’ yoman,’ Roger Ilcombe, 4 yoman,’ Robert Cornu,’ yoman, William Ilcombe, ‘ yoman,’ Thomas Gurde,’ yoman,’ Richard Costard,’ taillour,’ Roger More,chaplain, John Gom,c yoman,’ John Lynam,the younger, ‘ yoman,’ John Gibbe the younger, ‘ yoman,’ John Baker,’ yoman,’ and Thomas Peauterer, ‘ yoman,’ all of Lostwithiellco,. Cornwall.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 585
(Robert Tyrell)
Entry 96
Commission of oyer and terminer to Henry, duke of Exeter, John, earl of Oxford, John, earl of Shrewsbury, John, earl of Worcester, John Talbot of Lysle, knight, Nicholas Wyfold, mayor of London, John Eortescu, knight, John Prisot, Peter Ardern, William Yelverton, John Markham, Richard Byngham, John Portirngton, Nicholas Asshton, Robert Danvers, Thomas Tyrell, knight,” Henry Frowyk, Stephen Broun, John Atherley, Simon Eyre, John Olney and Thomas Byllyng, appointing them to proceed in Chancery on an indictment of Thomas Danyell late of London,esquire, before Thomas dial ton, late mayor of London, and his fellows, justices of oyer and terminer in London,for treasons and felonies.
(Thomas Tyrell)
Henry VI volume 5 pg 532
Entry 99
Pardon, for 40,5. paid in the hanaper, to Thomas Coke, Thomas Tyrell, knight, John Noryce, esquire. Philip Malpas, William Venour, John Everton, esquire, William Hille, clerk, and Ralph Josselyn, for acquiring in fee from Reynold, bishopof Chichester, Walter, bishop of Norwich, John Broddes wortcihtizen, and mercer of London, John Somerseth, John Fray, Roger Birkes, William Wangford, William Selman,Geoffrey Fildyng, Thomas Steel and Robert Gayton,and John Wilton and John Penne,citizen and mercer of London, deceased, a manor or messuage called ‘ Erles,’ 100 acres of land, 15 acres of wood and 5 acres of meadow in Haveryng,co. Essex,and an acre of meadow in the meadow called ; Brightmares made’ in Haveryng marsh and 2 acres of meadow called ‘ Hassok ‘ in the said marsh, and all lands and meadows in Haveryngheld in chief, and for entering therein without licence ; and grant that theymay hold the premises in fee.
Henry Vi volume 5 pg 517
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 100
Commission of oyer and terminer to John, duke of Norfolk, John, earl of Oxford, Henry, viscount of Bourghchier, William Yelverton, John Markham, Robert Danvers, Richard Waldegrave, knight, William Tyrell the elder, John Clopton, John Denston and Thomas Higham, in Suffolk, touching all treasons, felonies, insurrections, riots routs congregations and tresspasses since 8 july last.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 477
(William Tyrell)
Entry 101
Commission to William Tyrell the younger, Thomas Skargyll, Thomas Stokdale and John Rand, appointing them to arrest and bring before the king and council Robert Broun, chaplain, Robert Ufford, geniilman,’ John Wetyng,’ gentilman,’ John Buston,’ gentilman,’ William Botyll,’ waterman,’ ThomasVale,’ taillour,’ all of Berkyng, and William Payne alias Bocher to answer certain charges.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 443
(William Tyrell the Younger)
Entry 102
Westminster, Commission to John, duke of Norfolk, John, earl of Oxford, Henry, viscount of Burghchier, Peter Ardern, William Yelverton, John Markham, Robert Danvers, Thomas Tyrell, knight, John Poreward the elder, William Tyrell the younger, John Godmanston, Geoffrey Rokell,John Grene,William Buryand Matthew Hay, appointing them to make inquisition in Essex touchingall heretics and lollards.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 440
(William Tyrell the Younger)
Entry 103
Feb. 18. Commission to the said duke, earl and viscount, William Yelverton, John Markham, Robert Danvers, Robert Corbet, knight, Richard Waldegrave, knight, and William Tyrell the elder, appointing them to make inquisition in Suffolk,touching all treasons, felonies, riots and insurrections committed therein since 8 July last.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 440
(William Tyrell the elder)
Entry 104
Commission to Richard, earl of Warwick, John, earl of Worcester, Henry, viscount of Bourghchier, Thomas de Roos, knight, John Prisot, Peter Ardern, Robert Danvers, John Fastolf, knight, Thomas Tyrell, knight, and Richard Haryngton, knight, appointing them to make inquisition in Kent touching all treasons, felonies, trespasses, rebellions, insurrections, misprisions, congregations, unlawful gatherings and other offences committed by Robert Spenser late of Feversham, co. Kent, ‘ sopemaker,’ John Mortymer late of Meydeston, co. Kent, ‘sowedeour,’ William Vernoii late of Chalkwell in the parish of Milton, co. Kent,’ tyler,’ Simon Skryveiier late of Herne, co. Kent, ‘ theccher,’ Geoffrey Kechyn late of Dertfordco, Kent,’ servaunt,’ and Thomas Andrewes late of London, laborer.’ By K.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 437
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 105
Commission of oyer and terminer to John, earl of Oxford, Henry Westminster, viscount of Bourglichler, William Yelverton, Thomas Tyrell, knight, John Doreward the elder and John Godmanstonin, Colcestre, touching all treasons and felonies committed therein since 8 July last.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 436
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 106
Commission of oyer and terminer to Richard, duke of York,Henry, viscount of Bourghchier, John Prsot, Nicholas Ayssheton, Robert Danvers, John Fastolf, knight, Thomas Tyrell, knight, and Richard Waller, in Kent and Sussex, touching all treasons,insurrectionsre,bellions, felonies,riots, routs, congregations, associations, gatherings, unlawful leagues, concealments, trespasses,oppressions, extortions, misprisions, offences, maintenances, usurpations, champerties, conspiracies, excesses, injuries,grievances and other misdeeds committed therein since 8 Julyl ast.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 435 1451
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 107
Westminster. Commission of over and terminer to Master Andrew Huls, clerk, keeper of the privy seal, Master Robert Stilyngton, clerk, Master John Derby, clerk Thomas Tyrell, knight, Richard Waller, esquire, and Geoffrey Fildyng and William Cantelowe, aldermen of London, reciting that whereas a hulk called le Saint Georgeof Bruges, whereof Segier Parmentier and other merchants of Bruges were possessors and merchants, laden with their goods and merchandise, was taken and spoiled near Portesmouth by certain the king’s subjects in a ship called le Nicholas del Tour,in a ship of Henry,duke of Exeter, whereof John Norton was master, in a barge of HenryBruyn,esquire, whereof John Yong was master, in a vessel called le Carveil of Portesmouth, whereof Clais Stephen was master, in a barge of the mayor of Wynchelse, whereof Robert Bawedewyn was master, and in a barge of William Cook of Portesmouth,wherof John Amigo was master, and in other ships and vessels, contrary to the truce between the kingand Philip, duke of Burgundy :— the said commissioners are appointed to receive and examine any petitions and complaints of the said possessors and merchants and to commit to prison the guilty herein, until they make restitution.
Henry VI Volume 5 pg 434-435
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 108
The like of Henry, viscount of Bourghchier, Thomas Cobham, knight, Thomas Tyrell, knight, Thomas Flemmyng, knight, John Doreward the elder, John Godmanston, John Grene and William 9 Buryas justices to deliver the gaol of Colcestre castle of John Netlyngton, Thomas Pewterer, WilliamHeyward, John West, John Harry Thomas Howell, Richard Gardyner, John Sharpand, Walter Adycok.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 433
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 109
The like of John, earl of Oxford, Henry, viscount of Bourghchier, William Yelverton, Thomas Cobham, knight,Thomas Tyrell, knight, Thomas Flemmyng, knight, John Doreward the elder, John Godmanston and Matthew Hayas justices to deliver the gaol of Colcestre castle, as above [last entry but one],
Henry VI volume 5 pg 433
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 110
Commission to John, earl of Oxford, Henry, viscount of Bourgchier, Thomas Grey of Richemond, knight, Thomas Cobbeham, knight, Thomas Tyrell, knight, Thomas Flemyng, knight, John Fitz Symond, knight, John Doreward the elder, Robert Darcy, William Tyrell the younger, John Godmanston, Henry Langley and the sheriff of Essex, appointing them to call together all the king’s lieges of whatsoever estate, rank and condition to go with them against all traitors and rebels in the said’ county and counties adjacent and arrest and imprison the same.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 431
(Thomas and William the younger Tyrell)
Entry 113
Commission to the treasurer of England or his deputy, Thomas Tyrell, knight, Richard Waller, esquire, and the chamberlains of the Exchequer, appointing them to arrest all goods and sums of money brought with him by one calling himself John Mortymer and to put the same in safe keepingand to dispose of the same to such persons as they think fit for the capture of John and his adherents. Byp.s. etc.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 387
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 114
General pardon to John Mortymer, at the request of the queen, though he and others in great number in divers places of the realm and specially in Kent and the places adjacent of their own presumption gathered together against the statutes of the realm to the contemt of the king’s estate; and if he or any other wish for letters of pardon, the chancellor shall issue the same severally. By K. The like to the following: William Tyrell the younger, esquire, Matthew Hay, esquire, John Batell, esquire, Richard Shodewell, gentilman,’ Roger Wyke of Colchestre and Richard Stace the elder, in Essex and Middlesex. By K.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 338
(William Tyrell)
Warring and the Defense of the Realm
Entry 27
Commission to Edward Conrtenay, earl of Devon, Guyde Brien, Philip Courlena-y, John Pomeray, William Bonevill,Richard Stapilton and William Asthorp, knights, Martin Forrers, James Chuddele, and the sheriff of Devon, to array and equip all the men of that county between the ages of 1Cand 60,and to keep them, the mun-at-arms, hobelers and archers, in readiness to resist foreign invasion; with power to arrest and imprison the clisolx3(iient. B7C-in Parl. The like to the following persons in the places named :
William Bottereux, knight, Ralph Cannynowe, knight, Ralph Cicrgeux, knight, John de Kentwodek, night, William Fitz Wauter, knight, Thomas Peverell, John Whalesburg Whilliam Talbot, John Benvill, and the sheriff, in the county of Cornwall. Edmund, earl of Cambridge, constable of Dover castle, warden of the Cinque Ports and the king’s lieutenant John de Cobeham, Robert Bealknap, Stephen Valens, Thomas Fog, Thomas Cobham, Jamos de Pekham, John do Fremyigham William Hornand the sheriff in the county of Kent. William de Ufford, earl of Suffolk, John de Cavendish, John de Sutton, Richard de Waldegrave John Shardelowe, William Wengefeld, Robert Corbet and the sheriff, in the county of Suffolk. William de Ufford, earl of Suffolk, William Bardolf of Wyrmegeye, John de Clifton, Robert Howard, John Harsyk, Stephen Hales, John Holkhanin and the sheriff, in the county of Norfolk. Robert de Wylughby. Philip Darcy, John de Welle, Ralph de Cromwell, Thomas de Kydale, William Hauley, William Belesby, William de Wylughby John de Boys and the sheriff, in the parts of Lyndesey, co. Lincoln. Gilbert de Umframvill, earl of Angos, Andrew Luterell, Anketin Malore, William Bussy, Thomas Claymon, Edlias Middelton, William Boston and the sheriff, in the parts of Kestevenco,. Lincoln. Philip Spenser, William de Thorp, Robert Roos of Gedeneye, John de Rocheford Andrew de Leek, Simon Symeon, William Spaigne, Roger Toup, and the sheriff in the parts of Holand, co. Lincoln. Roger de ScalesH,ugh la ZoucheJo,hn de Brune,John de Burgh, the elder, John de Grauncestre, Thomas Haselden, William Castelacre, William Bateman and the sheriff, in the county of Cambridge. Gilbert Umframvill, earl of Angos, HenryPercy earl of Northumberland, John de Nevill of Raby, Henry Lescrope, John Dychaud, Thomas de Ilderton, Alan de Strother William Hesilrig Walter Heron and the sheriff, in the county of Northumberland.
Roger de Clifford,Ralph,baron of Greystok, Matthew Redman, Christopher de Lancastre, Adam Blencowe, Robert Hormesheved and the sheriff, in the county of Cumberland. Roger de Clifford Thomas de Musgrave, Thomas de Roos, Gilbert de Culwen, Hugh de Louther, Thomas de Staunford and the sheriff, in the county of Westmoreland. Henryde Braylesford Robert de Twyford, Samson Strelley, Edmund Cokayn, Oliver de Barton, William de Sallowe and the sheriff, in the county of Derby. John Cressy, John de Loudham the elder, Hugh de Husee, Simon de Leek, Robert de Morton, Elias de Thoresby and the sheriff, in the county of Nottingham. Roger de Clifford, Roger de Pulthorp, William de Melton, James de Pikeryng, William Mirfeld, Robert de Morton, William de Gairgrave, Henryde Pudesey, John de Preston and the sheriff, in the West Riding. Henry Percy, earl of Northumberland, Richard Lescrope, Henry Fitz Hugh, Donald de Hesilrig, Robert Roos of Ingmanthorp, Thomas de Boynton, Richard de Richemond, John Lokton, John Laton and the sheriff, in the North Riding. Henryde Percy, earl of Northumberland Peterr de Maulay, William de Aton, Ralph de Hastynge, Joshn de Sancto Quintino, Robert de Hilton, John Conestable of Halsham, John Bygot, William Percehay, William Risseby, John de Ask, William de Holm and the sheriff, in the East Riding. Roger Belera, Ralph de Ferrers, John Talbot, James Belers, Thomas de Hertyngton, John Burdet, John Hauberk, William Burgh, and the sheriff, in the county of Leicester. Tliomtis de Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, John de Clyntou, Baldwin Frovill, Thomas Bermyngeham, John Dodyngseles, John Rous, Thomas de Meryngton and the sheriff, in the county of Warwick. William la Zouche of Haryngworth, John de la Warre, William de Thorp, Thomas de Preston, Thomas de Greiie, Henryde Grene, John de Tyudale and the sheriff, in the county of Northampton. Thomas le Despenser, John Basynges, Thomas de Burton, Laurence Hauberk, John de Wittelesbury and the sheriff, in the county of Rutland. William Moigne, William Russeby, John Wauton, Robert Bevill, Simon de Burgh, John Lovetoft, John de Hemyugford and the sheriff, in the county of Huntingdon. Reginald Grey of Ruthyn,Thomas Peyvcre, Gerardde Braibrok, John de Malyns, Ralph son of Richard, Ralph de Walton and the sheriff, in the county of Bedford. William de Molyns, Thomas Sakevill, John de Ailesbury, John de Bermyngeham, John de Tiryngham, John Neirnuyt and the sheriff, in the county of Buckingham. Thomas Fitlyng, Walter atte Lee, William de Hoo, John Henxteworth, Robert Turk, John Westwycombe, John Lodewyk and the sheriff, in the county of Hertford. Thomas de Hungerford, Laurence de Sancto Martino, Hugh Tyrell, John de la Mare, Ralph Cheyne, Edward Cerne, John Dauntesey, Michael Skillyng, Nicholas Bonham and the sheriff, in the county of Wilts.
Richard II volume 1 page 471 – 473
(March 20) (Hugh Tyrell)
Entry 28
Commission to John de Arundell, marshal of England, Thomas de Percy, admiral of the north, Hugh do Calvyle. admiral of the west, John de Monte Acuto, Thomas West, Bernard Brocas, Hugh Tyrell, William de Klinhnm, William de Farndon, Maurice de Bruyn, Ralph de Norton, Walter Hnywode and John <!<> P.ittcslliorn, sheriff of Southampton, enquire touching diverse trespasses in that county committed against the people by men-at-arms, archers and others on the king’s service in the company of the said marshal and admirals in the present expedition to Brittany, in taking without payment horses, oxen, cows, cocks, hens geese, victuals and other goods. ByC.
Richard II volume 1 pg 420 -421
(1379) (Hugh Tyrell) (Southhampton)
Entry 59
Commission of array to William Sturmy,’ chivaler,’ William Cheyne, ‘chivaler,’ Thomas Bonham, Edmund Daundeseye, John Stourton the younger, John Westbury and the sheriff in the county of Wilts, on information that the king of Castile and Leon and the king of Aragon have prepared a great armada of ships and vessels of Spain with no small number of the king’s enemies and propose to burn and destroy the king’s ships and the shipping of the realm and invade the realm. By C.
The like to the following and the sheriffs in the counties named :— John Arundell, * chivaler,’ Robert Hill, Justice, William Talbot, * chivaler,* and Thomas Arundell, * chivaler,’ in the county of Cornwall. William Coggeshale, ‘ chivaler,’ John Tyrell, Robert Teye, Reginald Malyns, Philip Englefeld and Lewis John, in the county of Essex.
Henry V volume 2 pg 323
(John Tyrell) ( Essex)
Entry 70
Commission to Walter Hungerford, knight, Ralph Botiller, knight, and John Stopyndon, king’s clerk, and two of them, to take at Sandwich on Friday next the muster of Humphrey, duke of Gloucester and, of the men at arms and archers who are going in his retinue to the rescue of Cales. By C. The like to the following: John Tiptoft, knight, Master William Lyndewode, keeper of the privy seal, and John Bate, clerk, for the muster of John, earl of Huntingdon and, his retinue. By C. John Tyrell, knight, Geoffrey Louther and John Brekenok, for the muster of Richard, earl of Warwick, and John de la Veer, earl ofOxford, and their retinues. ByC.
Henry VI volume 2 pg 611
(John Tyrell)
Entry 81
Grant, by advice of the council, to John Tyrell, king’s knight, treasurer of the household, for good service to the last and present kingsin their French wars, of 100 marks a year out of the fee-farm of the city of Lincoln, as John Hotoft, late treasurer of the household, had, during the nonage of Thomas, son and heir of the lord Eoos who last died, and from heir to heir, or until he be otherwise provided for. By p.
Henry VI volume 2 pg 155
(John Tyrell)
Entry 82
Commission to Ralph Crumwell, Knight, John Typtoft, knight, Stephen Popham, knight, John Tyrell, John Uvedale, William Burgh and William Soperto take at Portesdouneon Monday next, the musters of William Clynton, knight, and ThomasTunstall, knight, and of the men at arms and archers who are about to proceed to France in their retinue; the same commissioners omitting Typtoft and Tyrell, are at the same time and place to take the musters
Henry VI volume 2 pg 133
(John Tyrell)
Infrastructure
Entry 7
Commission de wallis et fossatis to Thomas Morice, Thomas Frowy and John de Brikelesworth, in the towns of Stebenhithe and Bram beleye, co. Middlesex, by the shore of the water of Thames from the Tower of London to the hill called La Leye. The like to Thomas Tyrell, William de Estfeld, Thomas Wythornwyk, and William de Hoton, in the parts of Holderness, co. York.
Edward III volume 12 pg 534
(March 30) (April 26) (Thomas Tyrell) (Holderness)
Entry 53
Commission to Robert Oxenbrigge, Richard Aylard, John Salarne, the elder, John Fisshelake, Richard Tyrell and John Anton, on information that divers woods for a palisade which the kinghas caused to be made for the defence of the base court of the castle of Guynes by the king’s esquire John Norbury, late captain of the Castle, at ‘ le Bataill,’ co. Sussex, made and shaped at’ the ports of Wynchelse and Rye and divers other places within the counties of Kent and Sussex have been stirred by the How of the sea and carried off by divers lieges of the king, to seize all such and carry them to the castle and compel restitution to be made, and take carpenters, labourers and workmen for the palisade and carriage for the same.
Henry IV volume 4 pg 65
(Richard Tyrell)
Entry 117
Commission to John Fortescu, knight, John Markham,Thomas Tyrell, knight, Matthew Hay, esquire, and William Laken, setting forth the complaint of the abbot and convent of the monastery of St. Mary,Stratford Langthorn, co. Essex, that they have been long seised of certain lands in the parish of Estham, co. Essex, whereto a water called Hamthorowedyche is adjacent, and though a foot way for the passage of men from London to Berkyngby a wooden bridge,which they caused to be built, has been long used, James Hacche of Berkyng,co. Essex,’ yoman,’ and others, imagining to make thereof a way for horses,carts and carriages, broke the bridge bynight and threw into the water the timber thereof and the stones whereby both ends of the bridge were supported, so that the water, obstructed and hindered from its right course, has flooded the lands and marsh of the abbot and convent, who have lost the profit thereof for a great while ; and appointing them to make inquisition in the county touchingthe evildoers guilty herein with James.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 136
(Thomas Tyrell)
4 Economic Activity
Entry 16
Commission to John de Cobeham,Thomas de Lodelow Aedam de Bury, Simonde Burghand Edmuud de Tettesworth to make inquisition touching the names of all those in the county of Kent who have presumed to embrace, forstal or buy wheat, malt or other grain whereby the dearth of com in those parts is daily growing, and to arrest all those who have embraced or forstalled any grain in granges or heaps before it was brought to fairs or markets and exposed there for sale, after the proclamation lately made at the king’s command by the sheriff of Kent. The like to the following: Thomas Tyrell, William de Mulso, Henry Snayth, John Wroth and John de Henxteworthin, the counties of Essex and Hertford. Emeryde Shirland, Nicholas Styuecle and John de Ellerton, in the counties of Cambridgeand Huntingdon. John de Aylesbury,William de Mulso,William de Risceby, Adam de Hertyngdon and Walter Walsh, in the counties of Bedford and Buckingham. Thomasde Fulnetby, William Engil, mayor of. Lincoln, William Brayand Walter de Kelby, in the county of Lincoln.
Edward III volume 14 pg 474-475
(Oct 10) (Thomas Tyrell) ( Essex)
Entry 20
Commission to Stephen de Valence, William Pympe, sheriff of Kent, William de Apuldrefeld, Robert de Notyngham and John Colepepre to buy500 quarters of wheat in the said county for the king’s money to be promptly paid by them, hire threshers and winnowers for the same, bring the wheat to the nearest possible sea place and take carriage for the same, so that the wheat be there by the first Sundayin Lent at latest for delivery by indenture to those the king shall depute to receive it, to be by them taken thence to Calaisfor the munition of that town and of the other towns,castles and fortresses there, and arrest and commit to prison until further order all who are contrariant in the matter. ByK. & C. The like to the followiningthe counties named: John Waleys, William Neudegate, sheriff of Sussex, Eoger Dalyngrug, John Leg, John de Clyfton and Thomas de Grymesby 500 quarters in the county of Sussex. Edmund de Thorp, sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, Eichard Holbech, John de Bernay, John de Wesenham, William Eedenesse and John Haukyn; 1,000 quarters of wheat and 2,000 quarters of malt in the counties of Norfolk and Suffolk. Thomas Bassyngbourn, sheriff of Essex, Thomas Tyrell, Eoger Keterich, Thomas Wetewang and Adam de Chestrefeld; 500 quarters of wheat in the county of Essex. Nicholas de Styuecle, sheriff of Cambridge and Huntingdon, Thomas de Swafham, Edmund de Tettesworth, Thomas Hunte, John de Olneye and Thomas Faknam, king’s serjeant-at-arms; 1,000 quarters of wheat and 1,000 quarters of malt in the counties of Cambridge and Huntingdon. By bill of the treasurer.
Edward III volume 15 pg 98-99
(1371 Feb 2) (Thomas Tyrell) (Essex)
Entry 86
Licence for Thomas Tyrell, esquire, who has given bond in 40 marks not to carry the corn in question elsewhither, to buy140 quarters of wheat, barleyand malt in the counties of Norfolk and Suil’olk and to carry them byland or water to Essex to be spent in his household.
Henry VI volume 3 pg 348
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 88
Commission, at the supplication of Humphrey, duke of Gloucestetor to John Tyrell, Thomas Remes and John Aleynson to take carpenters, masons, labourers and other workmen for repairing the duke’s manor or inn of Grenewiche and the enclosure of the park of Grenewichaned, put them to the work; and to provide horses,carts, timber, lead, iron, stone, lime,nails, palings, piles and other necessaries.
Henry VI volume 3 pg 264
(John Tyrell)
Entry 90
Commission to Richard Walleree, squire, Richard Wydevylee, squire, John Bamburgh, Thomas Broun and Richard Veer, to make inquisition in the county of Kent as to goods said to have been sent abroad from thence uncustomed. The like to Henry Bourghchier knight, John Doreward, Edward Tyrell, Westminster. Thomas Rolf,Thomas The like to Henry Bourghchier, John Doreward, Robert Darcy, Edward Tyrell, Thomas Rolf, Thomas Broune,Thomas Stokdale,Geoffrey Rokell and the sheriff of Essex.
Henry VI volume 3 pg 146
(Edward Tyrell)
Entry 97
Whereas the town of Herwich, co. Essex, was spoiled of late suddenly and by night by the king’s enemies of France and Normandy for lack of enclosure and walls, and the king’s lieges of the town, though impoverished propose to enclose the town with stones and lime for the exclusion of the king’s enemies and have begun the part of the town nearer the sea and have made petition for the king’s aid :— the king has granted licence for William Hervy,Thomas Prudman, Henry Brooke and Richard Felawe, their deputies, attorneys or factors, to ship 2,000 woollen cloths of assize or grain in the port of Ipswich to foreign parts by indentures to be made between them and the customers in that port, without payment of customs and subsidies, and to apply such money from the customs for the walling of the town by the survey of John, earl of Oxford, and Thomas Tyrell, knight to whom alone they shall render account.
Henry Vi volume 5 pg 528-529
(Thomas Tyrell)
5. Welfare
Entry 5
Commission to the abbot of Meaux, Richard de Ravenser, provost of Beverley, Thomas Tyrell, William de Estfeld and Thomas de Wythornwyk, to make a visitation of the king’s hospital of Neuton in Holdernesse, the patronage of which the king has granted to his daughter Isabel for life; as the king is informed that the hospital is in a greatly decayed state through the negligence of the masters and wardens thereof.
Edward III volume 12 pg 540
(May 6) (Thomas Tyrell) (Neuton in Holdernesse)
Entry 39
May 27. Pardon to Katharine late the wife of Hugh Tyrell, knight, late a widow in the king’s custody (vidue nostre), for her trespass in marrying Bernard Brocas, knight, without permission.
Richard II volume 2 pg 131
(Hugh and Katherine Tyrell)
Entry 56
Licence for 50l .paid in the hanaper, for Robert Neuport John Tyrell, Ralph Chaumberley Jonhn Broke, parson of the church of Polstede, John Mary, parson of the church of Stanford in le Hope,William Sautre,William Pecok,vicar of the church of Bryghtlyngesey Johen, son of John de Boys, Thomas Martell, Richard Byrlee and John Sweyn, chaplain, to found a chantry of two chaplains to celebrate divine service in the chapel of St. John the Baptist in the parish church of Wyvenhoo for the souls of RichardWalton, esquire, and Isabel his wife, and to grant in mortmain to the chaplains a messuage, 240 acres of land,12 acres of meadow, 26 acres of pasture, 4 acres of wood and 2Ss. Sd. rent in Wyvenhoo, StapelfordAbbot’s, Navestoke and Lamburn, not held of the king]
Henry V volume 1pg 151
(John Tyrell)
Entry 63
Appointment of John Tyrell, to be steward of the honour and lordship of Clare and That ksede in, the king’s hands by reason of the death of Thomas duke of Exeter, and of the minority of Richard duke of York, kinsman and heir of Edimund late earl of March, from the date ol the death of the said duke until the full age of the said Richard, with the usual fees and wages. Bybill of the treasurer.
Henry VI volume 1 pg 401
(John Tyrell) (Governance)
Entry 64
Feb. 13. Appointment during pleasure, of John Tyrell to be steward of the honour and lordship of Clare and Thakstede, in the king’s hands by the death of Thomas duke of Exeter, and by reason of the minority of Richard duke of York, kinsman and heir of Edmund earl of March, to date from the death of the said duke of Exeter. By bill of the treasurer.
Henry Vi Volume 1 pg 395
(John Tyrell)
Entry 94
Licence for William Babyngton, knight, Robert Darcy, esquire, Edward Tyrell, esquire, and Richard Valdryan, clerk, to found a perpetual chantry of one chaplain to celebrate divine service in the chapel of St. Mary the Virgin in the church of Danburyco,. Essex,for the good estate of the king and tin- said foundersan,d for their souls after death,and for the souls of Gerard Braybi’okkn, ighta,nd of his ancestors, and of the said founders ; and grant that the chaplain and his successors be called chaplains of the chantryof St. Mary the Virgin of Danbury, and that theyhave a perpetual succession and be capable of pleading and of beingimpleadedin any court; licenceal so for the chaplain to acquire in mortmain of the founders, their heirs or assigns, and of others, lands and rents to the value of 10 marks yearly not held in chief. Byp.s. Be it rememebred that on the 4 November 26th year Richard Valdryan, chaplain of the chantry, acquired lands to the ssame value in full satisfaction.
Henry VI volume 4 pg 112
(Edward Tyrell)
Entry 98
Grant to the king’s knight, Thomas Tyrell, his heirs and assigns, of the patronage or advowson of the parish church of East Thorndon, co. Essex, and licence for him and William Tyrell the younger, his brother, John Poynes, esquires, and Robert Hotofte to grant in mortmain to Walter Martyn, rector of the church, lands and rents to the value of 10Z.a year, not held in chief, to celebrate certain divine services and other charges and works of piety. ByK. etc.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 529
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 118
Commission to Thomas Tyrell, knight, to make inquisition in the view of Wytham, co. Essex, touching the value of the lands in the towns of Rewenhale and Wytham. co. Essex, late of Bartholomew Page of Elyngham,co. Norfolk, deceased, and of the issues thereof from the death of Robert, his son and heir, till 10 August last
Henry VI volume 5 pg 39
Thomas Tyrell
Record Keeping and Land Transactions
Entry 1
Impeximw and confirmation of a charter of Queen Philippa, witnessed, by Andrew Aubrey, then mayor of London, Sir John de Grey, knight, then steward of the king’s household, John Wroth, then sheriff of London, Edmund Plambard, Thomas Tyrell, Robert William, Eoger Belet and many others, and dated at Havering atte Bower, on 9 April, 26 Edward III, granting to her damsel Lucy de Geynesburgh and her heirs and assigns, all the land in Lambourn, Theydene Boys and Chigewell as well as in Fifhide and Eothyng Beauchamp, co. Essex, which the queen lately had of the gift and feoffment of Sir Eobert de Hagham, knight; granting also to her 20 marks Sd. of rent in London, to hold for the life of the said Sir Eobert, to wit 10 marks out of a tenement in the parish of St. Mary le Bow, London, which he and Idonia, his wife, now deceased, leased to one John de Abyngdon, for their lives, by an indenture which the queen has delivered to the said Lucy, 5 marks Sd. out of tenements contained in an indenture made between Edward le Blount of the one part and the said Eobert and Idonia of the other part, likewise delivered to Lucy, and 5 marks of rent out of a tenement lately leased by Eobert and Idonia to one John de Grantham by an indenture, likewise delivered to her: and granting to her also for the life of the same Eobert all that rent of 62.14s. contained in a writing of William de la More, ‘chivaler,’ to the same Eobert and Idonia, likewise delivered to the said Lucy. By p.s.
pg 26 EDWARD III.—PABT II* 319
(Aug 28) (Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 4
Commission to Thomas Tyrell, Edmund de Chelreye, Walter de Haywode and John de Estbury, to make inquisition in the county of Southampton touching a claim by the bondmen of the manor of Stratfeld Say, the wardship whereof the king, by letters patent, lately granted to his daughter Isabel, that by colour of an indenture made between Thomas de Say, sometime lord of the manor, and them, which indenture is void in law and of none effect because it was never delivered to them in the lifetime of the said Thomas but was sold to them long after his death by Robert de Sancto Manifeo, they are free, on which account they refuse to do the bond services which they used to do of ancient time.
Edward III volume 12 pg 540
(May 1) (Thomas Tyrell) (Commission of Inquisition) ( County of Southhampton)
Entry 8
Licence for Thomas son and heir of Henry Peverel to enfeoff Thomas Sheen. Tyrell, chivaler,’ of the manors of Northavene and Suthavene, Manesbrigge, Lyndhurst and Penyton, co. Southampton, and Bereford, co. Wilts, said to be held in chief. By p.s,
Edward III volume 12 pg 472
(Feb 12) (Thomas Tyrell) (Northhavene Suthavene, Manesbrigge Lyndhurst and Penyton, in Southampton and Bereford countys)
Entry 9
Commission to Thomas Tyrell, William Ryse, John Faucomberge, and Thomas de Wythornwyke to make inquisition within the liberty of Holdernesse touching any information that very many wards, marriages and escheats which pertained to the king by reason of his lordship of Brustewyk before he granted that lordship to his daughter Isabel and ought to pertain to her after the grant have been concealed and withdrawn from them.
Edward III volume 12 pg 444
(1363) (July 16) (Thomas Tyrell)(Holdernesse) (Commission of Inquisition)
Entry 12
Grant, for life, to Walter Tyrell, for good service to the king and to Joan and Margaret, deceased, the king’s daughters, of the keeping of the passage over the water of Twede at Berwick on Twede, to hold with all profits, as Richard de la Panetrie, deceased, held, without rendering anything to the king. By p.s.
Edward III volume 13 pg 384
(Feb 15) (Walter Tyrell) (Held Passage over the water at Berwick on the Twede)
Entry 24
Commission to Thomas Tyrell, William atte Broke and John ate Welde to find by inquisition in the county of Essex whether John Bataill and John Dargentem,tenants of certain lands in Chishull, co. Essex, held of Kdimmd de Ufford,’ le cosyn/ or any other tenant of the said Edmund, have attorned to Thomas Savage and others to whom Edmund alienated the lands in fee in his lifetime together with the fees and advowsons, or not, and who have made such attornmeiits and to whom ; as the said lands are held of the king as of the honour of Boulogne
Edward III volume 16 pg 159
(Aug 3) (Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 25
Inspeximus and confirmation, in favour of Henry Dounhame squire of westminster. Isabella daughter of Edward III., of letters patent (in French) at her request, of Alexander archbishop of York, William bishop of London Ralph, bishop of Salisbury, Guy de Brien Roger de Beauchamp, Hugh de Segrave and Thomas Tyrell, nights,(feoffees, by ordinance of the said king and his council, of lands to her use,) dated London, 8 April,2 Richard II., confirming to him the custody of the park of Swalfeld at a rent of 4 marks yearly, sold to him for the term of the said Isabella’s life by John Fourbour, to whom it was granted by the late king, who subsequently granted Swalfeld manor with the said park to the said Isabella, who confirmed the said custody of the park to the said John; and enlargement into a grant thereof to the said Henry for his life, if he survive her. Byp.s. and fine of £mark.
Richard II volume I pg 601
(Jan 23) (Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 31
Westminster, March 20. Inspeximus and confirmation, in favour of Robert Makkeny, yeoman of the poultry and chief buyer of victuals of the late king, retained, of letters patent dated i March,50 Edward III., being a grant to him for life of 10Z. yearly at the Exchequer. By the Great Council. The like in favour of John Goldewell, of letters patent dated 7 June, 51 Edward III., being a like grant to him of 100s. yearly at the Exchequer. By the Great Council. The like in favour of William Percell, esquire of the late king, of letters patent dated 27 April,51 Edward III., being a grant to him for life of the 10l. 6s. 3d. which the abbot and convent of Halesowoyn co,. Salop, Pay yearly at fee-farm for the manor of Rouleye, co. Stafford. J>ythe Great Council. The like in favour of Walter Tyrell, of letters patent dated 28 June, 35 Edward III., being a like grant to him of 10/. yearly at the Exchequer. Bythe Great Council.
Richard II volume 1 page 177
(Walter Tyrell)
Entry 37
Grant to Alice, late the wife of Peter de Preston, executrix of his willl, of the custody (together with the marriage) of the land and heir, during his minority, and until she obtain the marriage of such heir, of John Talbot of Richard’s Castle, tenant in chief, without rendering aught to the king therefor, as granted by the late king to his daughter Isabella by letters patent 23 May, 40 Edward III. ; the then heir having died unmarried and the custody (together with the marriage) of two thirds of the said John’s lands in the counties of Worcester, Hereford and Salopand in Wales and the Welsh March (excepting [knights’] fees, advowsons, wardships and marriages) having been granted by indenture dated 1 October, 49 Edward III.., by Thomas Tyrell, chief steward and general attorney of Ingelrun husband of the said Isabella, to the said peter at a specified rent.
Richard II volume 2 pg 190
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 38
Westminster Oct. 12. The like, in favour of John Parker, of a yearly rent of 10 marks from The manor of Cosham, co. Wilts, granted to him for the same term by Alexander archbishop ot York, William, late bishop of London, Ralph, bishop of Salisbury, and Guy de Briene and Hugh de Segrave, knights, to whom with Roger Beaucfmmandp Thomas Tyrell, knights, deceased, the king granted the said manor inter alia for the life of his aunt Isabella, now deceased, by letters patent 27 November1, Richard II. Mandate in pursuance to the keeper of the manor.
Richard II volume 2 pg 190
(Thomas Tyrell) Deceased?
Entry 40
March 22. Licence for Alexander, archbishop of York, William, late bishop of London, and Ralph, bishop of Salisbury, and Guy de Payne and Hugh de Segrave, Knights to, grant to Isabella de Feye, Frenchwoman and damsel of the king’s aunt Isabella, countess of Bedford, their interest in the manor of Benham, co, Berks, and two messuages, two carucates of land, forty acres of meadow and twenty of wood in Holbenham and Westbroke, in the same county, lately granted inter alia to them and Roger de Beauchamp and Thomas Tyrell, knights, now deceased for the life of the said countess of Bedeford and, grant to the former of the same for life, without rent, if she outlive the said countess and reside in England. By p.s.
Vacated by surrender and cancelled because fin king granted the same for life to the said Richard (sic) and Isabella 18 June, 15 Richard II.
Richard II volume 2 pg 105
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 41
Westminster, Licence, with the assent of Council, and for the increase of the clergy, of England, for the alienation in mortmain by William de Wikeham, bishop of Winchester, to the warden and scholars of • Seinte Marie College of Wynchestre,’ lately founded by him in Oxford, of the manor of Heyford Waryn, co. Oxford, and the advowson of its church, held in chief as of the honor of Walyngford ; the manor of West wittenham called * La Douncourt,’ co. Berks, formerly John Mautravers’, held in chief as of the fees of the honor of the former earl marshal or of the manor of Hampste de Mareschall, which was taken into the king’s hands by forfeiture of lugelram do Coney, late earl of Bedford, who married the king’s aunt Isabella, and which was granted by the king, for her life, to William, archbishop of Canterbury, Alexander, bishop of York, Ralph, bishop of Salisbury, and (inydo Brieue, Roger de Beauchamp, Huirh de Segrayo and Thomas Tyrell, knights; the, manor of Drayton by Abyndon, late Gilbert Eiesfeld’s, held of the king as earl of Chester; the manor of Great Wittenham co,. Berks, formerly John Plccy’s, held in chief; three messuages, 100 acres of wood and 40.v.rent in Stnnlake, co. Oxford, with a fourth part of the manor and a moiety of the advowson of its church, held in chief as of the honor of the earl de Tlsle and Albemarlo; the manor of West wittenham, co. Berks, formerly John Lok’s, tin* manor of West wittenham (.v/r) in the same county, formerly, lobn Louehes’ of Uarsyudou ; the manor of Kengham, co. Oxford, formerly (Jilbert Chastelleyn’s,seventeen messuages, two tofts, seven carncates of land, 121 acres of meadow, and 7<tof pasture, pasture for twenty cows and KHV. rent in Keyngh;un, Brideeote, West Wiiloiihani, Stanlake, Briulithaiupton, Hrnnesnorton, Bnidewell, Aston, Drayton and Sutton, and an acre of land. oO.v. rent and the advowson of the church in Swalclyve, co. Oxford, not held iu chief; and in reversion, the manor of Aston, co. Berks, not held in chief, after the death of Robert alto Wodeand Joan his wife, the manor of Clifton and three messuages, a carncate of laud and eight acres of meadow in Clifton, not held in chief, after the death of llobert Mauudcvilland Cicely bis wife, and two messuages, forty acres of land and four of meadow in est wittenham, not held in chief, alter the death of John Stokker and Alice his wife; and further, licence for the alienation in frank almoin by him to the abbot and convent of Hide by Winchester of the manor of Combe Biset, late of John Plescy, held in chief, in exchange for the advowsons of the churches of Colynghuru Abbots, IVueseve and ChisulclenCO, . Wilts, which he has licence to grant to the said warden and scholars. Byp.s. [1J)«”>1}!.
Richard II volume 2 pg 63
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 44
Westminster June 9. Ratification of the estate of William Bragan as vicar of St. Peter’s. Droghdian, Ireland. June 11. Revocationof the preceding, becausea plea touching the said vicarage, is pending before John Tyrell, justice of the Common Bench in Ireland.
Richard II volume 4 pg 44
(John Tyrell) ( Ireland)
Entry 47
Presentation to R. bishop of Chichester, of John Birston, vicar of Eltham in the diocese of Rochester, for admission to the church of St. Giles, Wynchelseon, an exchange with William Tyrell.
Richard II volume 6 pg 488
(William Tyrell)
Entry 48
Inspeximus and confirmation of an indenture dated 20 December in the twentieth year, between William de Sancto Vedastopr,ior of Okebourne, farmer under the king of all the possessions of the priory, and proctor general of the abbot and convent of Bee Horlewin, of the Benedictine order, in the diocese of Ronen, of the one part, and Robert Braybrok, Bishop of London,of the other part, whereby the said prior grants to the said Robert and his assigns, for GO years from Christmas of that year the manor and advowson of Pounton Weylate, a yearly pension of 4 marks issuing out of the church, payable by the parsons or rectors, and the whole portion of tithes within the bounds of Wodeham Ferers, together with all other lands and tenements in those towns in Essex, lately held for life by Alice, late the wife of Thomas Tyrell; at the yearly rent of a rose to the said abbot or his proctor general, and doing the usual services to the chief lords of the fee,and notwithstanding that the premises are parcel of the said priory or were in the hands of John Pikeman to hold for life. By p.s. For 40s. paid in the hanaper.
Richard II volume 6 pg 401
(Alice and Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 50
Grant to William Tyrell of the prebend which Andrew Neuport, deceased, lately had in the king’s free chapel within the palace of Westminster. ByK.
Henry IV volume 3 pg 300
(William Tyrell)
Entry 51
Presentation of William Tyrell, parson of the church of Wodchcrch. In the diocese of Canterbury, to the church of St. Thomas the Martyr. Wynchclsion, the diocese of Chichesteorn, an exchange of benefices with Hugh Setour.
Henry IV volume 3 pg 165
(William Tyrell)
Entry 54
Licence, for 20 marks paid in the hanaper for Thomas Pever of county of Bedford, esquire, to release to John Risseby, John Me] sale, John Hertishorn, Ralph Gerveys, clerk, and John Stanford right in two parts of the manor of Caynho, co. Bedford, held of King in chief, and the third part of the manor which William Pai and Juliana his wife hold in dower ; for Alice Dakeney kinswomen and heiress of Walter Dakeney, John Broun, chaplain, and the John Risseby and others to enfeoff Salamon Fresthorpe, He Harburgh, John Martyn and Richard Tyrell of Rouceby : for tr to grant two parts of the manor and the reversion of the third on the death of Juliana to Alice for life ; for the same Henry, Martyn and Richard to release to Salamon and his heirs all righl the manor ; and for him to grant the remainders of the said two p? and third part to Reginald de Grey,lord of Ruthyn,and his h< under the condition of paying to Salamon, his executors and assigns in the church of St. Nicholas, Colde Abbey, in Oldefysshestrete, don, 200Z.at Michaelmas next or within fortydays and 220?. Michaelmas following or within fortydays,so that if the paymi be not made or if the manor of Hollewelgrey co,. Hertford, or parcel thereof be afterwards recovered against Salamon, his heirs assigns or they be expelled from the same by any title originat; before the present date the grant of the reversions to Reginald Salamon shall be null and void and Salamon and his heirs may enter on the two parts after the death of Alice and the third part after deaths of Juliana and Alice.
Henry V volume 1 pg 304
(Richard Tyrell) (Rouceby)
Entry 57
Westminster , Grant to William Jakis, clerk of the king’s kinsman R. archbishop of Canterbury, of the canonry with a prebend in the king’s freechapel of Westminster vacant by the death of William Tyrell. By p.a Mandate in pursuance to the dean and chapter.
By the same writ
Henry V volume 1 pg 16
(William Tyrell)
Entry 58
Revocation of letters patent dated 10 May last granting to Owin Martyn the office of gaoler of the gaol of Notyngham. Henry IV by letters patent dated 16 July,6 Henry IV, granted the office to John Slifhurst for life ; and afterwards at the suit of the latter, complaining that he had obtained possession and continue it until he was removed By the said Owin by colour of the said letters patent, the king directed the sheriff to summon Owin to appear before him in Chancery at a certain day now past to show cause why the letters should not be revoked, and the sheriff returned that he summoned him by John Padley, Thomas Eston, John Bower and Richard Hunt, and Owin appeared by Richard Colman his attorney and John Slifhurst by Richard Selby his attorney and Owin asserted that he had the office of the king’s grant and on that account ought not to answer without the king and sought aid from the king, which was granted, and John was told to sue the king for licence to proceed in the suit and afterwards on the morrow of the Purification he appeared by his said attorney and produced a writ of privy seal dated 3 February in the present year directed to the bishop of Durham, the chancellor, to proceed in the suit, so that judgement be not given without consulting the king, and Owin did not appear and John was told to sue the king for licence to proceed to judgement and subsequently on another day in the same term by his said attorney he produced another writ of privy seal directed to the chancellor to proceed to judgement, and Owin did not appear and judgement was given against him. Commission by mainprise of John Tyrell of the county of Essex and Roger Hunt of the county of Bedford and for 400 marks paid in hand at the receipt of the Exchequer by the king’s knight John Tiptoft, to the same John Tiptoft of the keeping of all lordships, manors and lands in the king’s hands by the death of Thomas de la Pole,* chivaler/ and by reason of the minority of Thomas his son and heir, except the manor of Mersshco,. Buckingham the keeping of which the king committed to John Iwardby by letters patent from Michael maslast during the minority of the said heir for III. yearly, and two parts of the manor of Norton under Hamedon, co. Somerset, the keeping of which the king committed to Richard Skelton by other letters patent from Michaelmalast, Henry V, during the minority of the said heir for 111. 17s. 6f<2.yearly, to hold with the said farms from Christmas last during the minority of the said heir with his marriage without disparagement, maintaining the houses, enclosures and buildings and supporting all charges. By bill of the treasurer.
Henry V volume 2 pg 412 – 413
(John Tyrell) ( Essex)
Entry 62
Oct. 30. John Hertwell, citizen and mercer of London, on 16 May, 3 Henry VI before Nicholas Wotton, then mayor of the staple of Westminster for acknowledgments of debts, acknowledged himself to owe to John Pidmyll, citizen and mercer of London, 100Z. payable on 10 May then following. The day not being kept,a messuage called ‘ le Maudeleyn,’ with a garden and an orchard in Northberkhampsted within the liberty of the honour of Berkhampsted, a dovecot there, 80 acres of arable land’,divers fields of arable land,viz. — two fields called * Denefeldes,’ and fields called, respectively, * Hylfelde,’ ‘ Mad’amfeld,’ ‘ Milfeld,’ Eldefeld and ‘ Pristcroft,’ a croft called * Merlyng,’ certain pasture called ‘ Kyngeshill,’ two meadows called ‘ Chapelcroftes three acres of meadow at Lollesley 30, acres of wood and underwood and six vivaries there,and a rent of 9«. 2d. from certain; free tenants and tenants at will, stated to constitute the manor of Maudelyn, which belonged to the said John Hertwell, on the dayof the said acknowledgment, but had been seised into the king’s hands by pretext of a certain extent on the 13th of July last, were delivered to the said John Pidmyll, according to the ordinance. How ever it:, was found by inquisition taken ex officio before Edward Tyrell, eschieiator in the county of Hertford, on Tuesday before St. Margaret last, and returned before the treasurer and barons of the exchequer, that one William Strete, being seised of the manor of Maudelyinn, the said county, held in chief, in his demesne as of fee bythe service of l-20th of a knight’s fee,eranted it to Humphrey, duke of Gloucester, Walter Hungerford, knight, John Escudemore, knight,Andrew SperlyngT,homas Knollys, John Bacon, Thomas Basset,and! to the heirs and assigns of the five last named!. The said grantees entered without licence, thie manor was taken into the king’s hands,and! the said John Pidmyll put out. Now the king,for 20s. paid in the hanaper, has pardoned the above-named trespass,and licencesthe said John Pidmyll to have again and to hold the premises in fee simple as Ms freeholda,ccording to theform of the aforesaid ordinance and execution
Henry VI volume 1 Pg 445
(Edward Tyrell) (Escheator)
Entry 69
Licence, by advice of the council and without fine, for Richard, duke of York, Walter Lucy, ‘ehivaler,’ and Richard Wyggemore to enfeoff William Alnewyk, bishop of Norwich, Richard, earl of Warwick, Walter Hungreford, knight, John Beaumond, knight, John Tyrell, knight, Ralph Boteler, knight, John Merbury, esquire, Richard Dixton, esquire, and William Wolston, esquire, of the castles and lordships of Raydre, Kenlles, Radenore and Knoklas, the town of Radenore, the lordships of Melenyth, Pullyth, Knyghton, Worthreignon, Comotoidore, Norton and Prestheinde, in Wales and its marches; the manors of (Meton, Kyngeslane, Pembrugge, Malmeshullacy, Nethewode, Mawardyn, Worforlowe, two thirds of the manor of Much Marcle, co. Hereford; the castle, manor and town of Ludelowe, the manors and lordship of Stauntoun Lacy, Cletton and Farlowe,co. Salop; the manors of Brymesgrove and Norton, co. Worcester; Whaddon and Stepulclaydon, co. Buckingham; Stratfeld Mortemer and Waghfeld, co. Berks; two thirds of the manor of Thaxestede, co. Essex; the manors of Worthy Mortemer, co. Southampton ; Swannescombe and Erhithe, co. Kent; Cranburum, Pympern, Tarent, Gundevile, Weymouth, Wyke, Portland,Warham, Stuple and Crich, co. Dorset; the castle of Bruggewater and the manors of Odycombe and Milvertocno., Somerset; the manors of Charleton, Wynston and Brymmesfeld co. ,Gloucester; and one third of the lordship of Bruggewater, co. Somerset; all which are held of the king in chief. By p.s.
Henry VI volume 2 pg 514-515
(John Tyrell)
Entry 71
Licence, by advice of the council, for John de Veer, earl of Oxford Canterbury, enfeoff John Tyrell, knight, John Doreward, esquire, Edward Tyrell esquire, Robert Darcy, esquire, John Symond, apprentice of the late William Bolton and John Wayte of the manors of Hengham at Castle,Overyeldham, Kensyngton, Great Bentelegh, Earl’s Co. Stanstede Mounfychet, Caumpes, Saxton and Great Hormede in counties of Essex, Hertford, Cambridge, Middlesex and Buckingham held of the king in chief, and for the feoffees to enfeoff the earl of _____ to hold to him and his heirs.
Henry VI volume 2 pg 602
(Edward Tyrell)
Entry 72
Inspeximus of a writing of John Curteysthe, abbot, and the convent of St. Mary’s, Tilteye, co. Essex, dated in the chapter houseat Tilteye, January, 8 HenryVI, being a grant for twenty-five years from Michaelmas then following to,Sir Thomas Banastre, clerk, arch deacon of Bangor, and Robert Banastree, squire, lord of Chikeneye, of, a yearly rent of 20/. Out of the manors or granges of Stepul alias Stepul grange, aytrop Rothinge alias Rothinge Grange and Cressale Grange, co. Essex, and Ryngmere alias Ryngmere Grange co,. Suffolk, quarterly; with a clause of distraint should payment be fifteendays in arrear and a penalty of 10 marks if in arrear for a month. The grantees have been put in possession of the rent by the payment of 12d. Witnesses, John Tyrelle, Lewis Johan, Robert Hunte, John Symondand Thomas Langeley
Henry VI volume 2 pg 512
(John Tyrell)
Entry 74
It has been found by inquisition taken beforeThomas Stokdale, escheator in the county of Essex, that Richard Baynard held on the day of his death conjointly with. Grace his wife, who survives him, the manor of Messyng which is held of the king as of the honour of Reymes by knight service, fr demise made to them forlife by Robert Warener of London and RogerRy< of the county of Kent, with remainder to John Martyn of the county p. Kent,one of the justices of the Common Bench,William Coggeshale knight, Maurice Bruyn, knight, Lewis John, esquire, John Tyrell, Robert Darcy of Maldon,William Rookwode of Acton, John Burgoyne Drayton, Thomas Campes, W,alter Gawtron of London, John Bederendei of the same, Thomas Martelle, squire, Richard Wakefeled, squire, Roben Wrytele, John Symond of Toppisfeld, Richard Fitz Nichol of Halstede, John Becheof Colchestre, John Ewell, esquire, Roger Racheham, esquire. John Marlere and Henry Stampe the younger, their heirs and assigns The king’s licence had not been obtained and the manor was taken into his hands,but now for 5 marks paid in the hanaper he has pardoned the trespass and granted licence for the said Grace to have the manor again for life,with remainder as aforesaid.
Henry VI volume 2 pg 368
(John Tyrell)
Entry 75
Commission de kidellis pursuant to the statute of 25 Edward [stat. 3,c. 4],and subsequent statutes for the water called ‘le Leye* the counties of Essex, Hertford and Middlesex, from the bridge of Wa to the water of Thames to, John Tyrell, knight, Henry Barton, Jot Gedney,William Estfeld, John Fray, Thomas Rolf, Henry Some Thomas Gloucestre, Alexander Aune, Walter Grene, William Rokesburg and John Kirkeby, and to two or more of them, including either Fra; Rolf, Aune, Rokesburghor Kirkeby.
Henry VI volume 2 pg 356
(John Tyrell)
Entry 77
Commission de kidellis, pursuant to statute 25 Edward III [stat. 3, c. 4] and subsequent statutes, for the water called *’le Leye’ in the counties of Essex, Hertford and Middlesex, from the bridge of Ware to the water of Thames, to John Tyrell knight, Henry Barton, John Gydney, William Estfeld, John Fray, Thomas Rolf, Thomas Gloucestre, Thomas Stokdale, Walter Grene, Alexander, Aune, William Rokesburgh, William Kirkeby, and Richard Aired, and to two or more of them, including either Fray, Rolf, Aune or Kirkeby.
Henry Vi volume 2 pg 350
(John Tyrell)
Entry 79
June 5. By inquisition taken before John Barley, escheator in the county of Essex, it has been found that Walter lord Pitz Wautier, knight, deceased, was seised of the manor of WodehamWautierc,o. Essexi,n his demesne as of fee,and bythe name of Walterlord Pitz Wautier and of Wodeham, lord of Hardepuysand Bochettessonin Normandy, granted the same manor, except * Brian stenement,’ to Lewis Johan, Richard Baynard, John Tyrell, RobertDarcy, Richard Pox,William Neulondor Neuland, Robert Molynton, William Faukes well and Richard Duryvall and their heirs, and afterwards WilliamNeulond died, and Johan, Baynard, Darcy, Fox, Faukeswell and Duryvall released all their right in the premises, except Brians tenementle, Newshepton, Manfeld, Curleigmerssh, Pordecroft and Beryhall, in Wodehamand Ultyng,in fee simple to the said Tyrell and Molyntonw,ho granted the manor with the foregoing exceptions, except also ‘le Westfeld,le Panne,’ the aftermath of ‘le Holemede,’ and of *le Curleighmead,’ ‘ Heywardes, Stubbardes,’ and ‘ Bradmed,’ to the said Darcyand Pox and their heirs,who granted, subject to all the ore going exceptions, to the said Walter and Elizabeth his wife, still surviving, for life, without impeachment of waste [and to the heirs male of his body] with remainder to the heirs of his body, with remainder over to his right heirs. Alsohe was seised in his demesne as of fee of the manor of Lexedenwh,ich he granted, except ‘Praunceys tenement, to the said Lewis Johan, RichardBaynard, John Tyrell, Robert Darcy, Richard Pox, William Neulond, Robert Molynton, William Paukeswell and Richard Duryvall and their heirs; and after the death of Neulond, Baynard released to his co-feoffees all his rights saving his life interesting ‘ Praunceystenement,’ which he had bygrant of the said Walter. Then their remainingco-feoffees released to Tyrell and Molynton, who enfeoffed the said Walter and Elizabeth, and the heirs male of his body, with remainder to the heirs of his body, with remainder over to the said Darcy, Pox, Molynton and Paukeswelaln,d to John Dorewardand William Robbessonand their heirs. Also the same Walterwas seised of the manor of Burnhamand, granted it to the same nine original feoffees and, their heirs, who enfeoffed thereof Thomas Wenlok, and his heirs, .who enfeoffed of the same, except the courts, wards, marriages, reliefs, escheats, warren and mill thereto belonging, John Chedyokk, night, Maurice Berkeley, Henry Grey, Oliver Groos and Adam May and the said John Doreward, Robert Darcy and Richard Pox,and their heirs; after which Doreward, Darcy and Fox released to their said five co-feoffees,who granted the manor, except as beforeexcepted, to the said Walter and Elizabeth, with remainders to the heirs male of his body,and the heirs of his body, and remainder over to the said Darcy, Doreward, Fox, Molynton, Faukeswelland Bobbessonand their heirs. Alsothe same Walter, being seised of the manors of Henham and Little Dunmowein his demesneas of fee, enfeoffed thereof the said Lewis Johan,and his eight first named co-feoffees, and their heirs ; and after Neuland’s death, Duryvall released to Johan, Baynard,Tyrell, Darcy, Fox and Faukeswealnld, they released f; to Baynard and Molyntonand their heirs,who granted the premises,f;: except the tenement which once was of Richard Chirchegaatned, the tenements called ‘ Turnoures’ and ‘ Appultonnes,’ to the said John Chedyok, Maurice Berkeley, Henry Grey, John Doreward, Robert Darcy, Oliver Groos, Richard Fox and Adam, May, and their heirs. Then Doreward, Darcy and Fox released in fee simple all their right to their five co-feoffees, and they granted the premises, except « Staceysaleyn’ and ‘Hefdes,’ to the said Walter and Elizabeth with remainders to the heirs male of his body and the heirs of his body, and remainder over to Darcy, Doreward, Fox, Molynton, Faukeswell, Bobbesson and their heirs. Furthermore Philippa, III i; duchessof York,held in dower by endowment of Walter Fitz Wautier,knight late her husband the manors of Wymbysshand Sheryng,a Essex,with the advowsons of their churches, with reversion to Walter Fitz Wautier,knight,son and heir of her said late husband; and this ill i Walter Fitz Wautier, the son, by the name of Walter lord Fitz Wautier and of Wodeham granted the reversion of the premises to Alexander Walden, knight, William Bourchier, knight, Bobert Newport, Richard Baynard of Messyng, John Basset of Chishull, Alexander de la Garderobe and Simon Cisternec,lerk, and their heirs,to whom the said Philippa, by the name of Philippa, lady Fitz Wautierat, torned. Now this Walter, the son, had issue the said Walter, late lord Fitz Wautier, and died, and after his death the said Richard Baynard and Simon Cisterne, their co-grantees being dead, granted the reversion to the said Walter, late lord,and Elizabeth, with remainders to the heirs male of his body, and to the heir of his body, and remainder over to Darcy, Doreward, Fox, Molynton, Faukes well and Bobbesson and their heirs; and Philippa, by the name of Philippa, duchessof York, attorned to Walter and Elizabeth, and afterwards died,after whose death the same Walter and Elizabeth were seised. That the said manors of Wodeham Wautier, Burnham, Henham, Little Dunmow Weymbyssh and Sherynarge held of the king in chief, and the said manor of Lexeden is held in free burgageas all the town of Colchesteris. More over by an inquisition taken before Henry Gray, late escheator in the county of Norfolk it, was found that Bichard Sutton,knight, Richard de Upston, clerk, John Bataill and John Stowe,being seised in their demesne as of fee of the manors of Hemen hale and Dysse, together with the hundred of Dysse, co. Norfolk, and with knights’ fees, wards, marriages, reliefs, escheats and other appurtenances, except the advowson of Dysse, which manors and hundred are held in chief by knightservice as of the barony of Fitz Wautier,granted the premises, except as excepted, bylicenceof Bichard II, to the before named Walter Fitz Wautier,knight and Philippa his wife, and the heirs male of his body, with remainder over to his right heirs. He had issue Walter, as before mentioned, and died seised, and the said Walter, Msson, granted the reversion of the premises, after the death of Philippa, to the said Alexander Walden knight, William Bourchie, Brobert Newport, Richard Baynard, John Basset, Alexander de la Garderobe and Simon Cisterne in Membranes 12 and 11— cont. fee simple, to whom Philippa attorned. The said Walter son of Walter had issue the said Walter late lord Fitz Wautiears, aforesaid, and died, and after his death the said Baynard and Cisternet, heir co-grantees being dead, granted the said reversion, without the king’s licence to, the said Walter, rate lord, and Elizabeth for life, with remainders to the heirs male of his body, and the heirs of his body, and remainder over to the said Darcy, Doreward, Fox, Molynton, Faukes, well and Robbessonin fee simple. Philippa attorned to them, and after her death the said Walter and Elizabeth were seised.
Also by another inquisition taken before the said Henry Gray in the county of Suffolk it, was found that the same Philippa held in dower on the dayof her death by endowment of the said Walter Fitz Wautier her husband the manor of Shymplyantteg Thorne co, Suffolk, with reversion to the said Walter, son of her said husband, and his heirs. This Walter, the son, granted the reversion of the same manor and the advowson of its church to the said Alexander Walden, William Bourchier, Robert Neuport, John Basset, Alexander de la Garderobre, Richard Baynard and Simon Cisternean,d their heirs, to whom Philippa attorned. This Walter had issue Walter, the above-named late lord, and died, as aforesaid, and after his death, Baynard and Cisterne,as surviving feoffees as abovesaid, granted the reversion to the said Walter, late lord, and Elizabethf,or life,with successive remainders to the heirs male of his body,and the heirs of his body,and remainder over to the said Darcy, Doreward, Fox, Molynton, Faukes well and Robbesson in fee simple. Philippa attorned to Walter and Elizabeth, and died, and after her death they were seised. Now the manor of Shymplyng is held of the king in chief, and byvirtue of all these settlements Walter was seised conjointly with her and died so seised, but the king’s licence not having been obtained in these matters, the manors and advowson aforesaid were taken into his hands on the death of Walter. But now, for 1001.paid in the hanaper,the king has pardoned these trespasses and licences the said Elizabeth to have the premises again, except as before excepted, and to hold them for life as aforesaid.
Henry VI volume 2 pg 209-211
(John Tyrell)
Entry 92
Signification to Laurence Cheyne, William Alyngton the younger and William Cotton, that, whereas divers debates, controversies and discords arose between Edward Tyrell, son of Edward Tyrell, esquire, and others, feoffees to his use, and Thomas Tyrell, esquire, on the title to certain manors and lands late of Edmund Flambard in the county of Cambridge, entailed on Thomas byfine, which title has been put under the judgement of Humphrey, earl of Stafford, and becauseon behalf of Edward and his feoffees it is alleged that a feoffment thereof was made to divers persons by Eleanor daughter of the said Edmund, grandmother of the said Thomas, whereby the entry of Thonms therein was void, the king assigned the said commissioners by letters patent to enquire in the county whether the said feoffment was made and all things relating there to,— the said letters issued by sinister suggestion and are hereby revoked. The like to John Somerset, Henry Frowyk and Thomas Haseley, touching the title to lands late of Edmund Flambard in Middlesex as above
Henry VI volume 4 pg 296
(Edward and Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 116
Westminster. Commission to William Bourghchier, knight, Nicholas Ayssheton, William Bonevyle, knight, Philip Courtenay, knight, John Dynham, knight, John Arundell, Robert Burton, James Chuddelegh,Walter Raynell,Thomas Bodulgate, Thomas Bere,Thomas Gille and the sheriff of Devon to make inquisition in the county touching all wards, marriages, reliefs, escheats and forfeitures therein due and concealed from the king and touching all things concerning the same, and all alienations and purchases in mortmain without licence, escapes, concealments, sureties of the peace not observed, liveries of cloth given and received contrary to Statute and goods and merchandise shipped uncustomed and uncocketed. The like to the followining the following counties ; Thomas Tyrell, knight, John Doreward, John Basset, John Godmestoii, John Greiie, HenryAsteley, Ralph Grey, William Grey and the sheriff. Essex and Hertford
Henry VI volume 5 pg 138-139
(ThomasTyrell)
Kings Finances, Taxes and Loans
Entry 45
Licence, for Ox. paid in the hanaper by Thomas Harbour of Leomynstre, who was born in Ireland, for him to remain for life in England, not withstanding the proclamation requiring all men born there to return, under penalty of forfeiting all they June, by the next feast of the Assumption. By The like for k20/. paid in the hanaper by Walter Seymour of Bristoll, merchant, born in 1reland. William Tyrell, chaplain, for 40s.
Richard II volume 5 pg 451- 452
(William Tyrell)
Entry 60
Commission to Simon Felbryggec, chivaler, John Pyllyngton,’ chivaler,’ Thomas Wodevill, ThomasWake, John LongvyU, Thomas Mulsoand John Catesby to treat among themselves about a loan to be paid to the king for the resistance of the malice of his enemies and the conservation of the rights and safe-keeping of the realm and to induce all other sufficient secular lieges of the king of the county of Northampton to pay the loan, any ecclesiastical persons who will provide the king with greater sums on the Purification next excepted, and to certify thereon to the treasurer of England or his deputy before 24 January next. It is ordained in the last Parliament that a third part of a tenth and a fifteenth fromlaymen payable at Martinmas, 1420-1,shall be assigned for the payment of this loan and the chancellor shall make letters patent, writs and other warrants necessary for the payment without charge. [Foede William Coggeshale, ‘ chivaler/ Lewis John, John Tyrell, Richard Baynard, Robert Teye, Reginald Malyns, William Loveney and Robert Darcy, in the county of Essex.
Henry V volume 2 pg 249 -250
(John Tyrell) ( Essex)
Entry 61
Arthur Ormesby alias Ormesbi alias Ormysby of the county of Lincoln, esquire, for not appearing before William Thirnyng and his fellows, justices of the Bench of Henry IV, to answer William Tyrell, citizen and ‘ taillour,’ of London, touching debts of 40s. and 10 marks, John Croucher, citizen and vintner of London, touching a debt of 19?.,John de Yerburgh touching a debt of 40s.,John Edmond, citizen and goldsmith of London. Touching a debt of 10?.,James Overton, citizen and draper of London, touching a debt of 10?. and Thomas Multon, citizen and tailor of London, touching a debt of 106s. Sd.
Middlesex. London.
Henry V volume 2 pg 224
(William Tyrell) (Justice of the bench)
Stephen Kendale of Cornwall for not appearing before William Thirnyng and his fellows, justices of the Bench of Henry IV, to answer William Tyrell,’ taillour’ touching a debt of 40s. and William Savage touching a trespass committed by him and others. London. Middlesex.
Henry V volume 2 pg 95
(William Tyrell) (Taillour)
Entry 65
1424. Westminster Dec. 18. It has been shown to the council by John Tyrell that Henry earl of Northumberland owed 10,000£. on a recognisance to Henry V, of which sum 3,000l. were assigned to the administrators of that King who, assigned over 1,000marks, in tallies, to the said John Tyrell and Catherine his wife, executrix of John Spenser, late keeper of the great wardrobe, in part payment of the surplus due to him from the said late king, on his account in the Exchequer; But, at the instance of the council, it was agreed between the said John Tyrell and the said earl that the said 1,000 marks should be paid to the said John bythe treasurer and chamberlains of the Exchequer in half-yearly instalments of 100 marks, as a discharge of certain tallies levied at the receipt of the Exchequer in favour of the said earl, as security for the payment of the arrears due to him for the custody of the East march towards Scotland. The king, therefore, by advice of the council, has ordained, that if the said John do not receive full payment of the said 1,000 marks as aforesaid, he may have recourse to the council and to the said administrators according to the form of the Act of the king’s first parliament, relative to the sum of 40,000 marks granted1 to the said administrators to satisfy the said late king’s creditors. By p.s.
Henry VI volume 1 pg 267 – 268
(John Tyrell and Catherine Tyrell)
Entry 66
William Bray, vicar of Lanhaueranco,. Cornwall, for not appearing before Richard Norton and his fellows, justices of the Bench of Henry, to answer William Tyrell, touching a plea of debt of 40s. Cornwall
Henry VI volume 1 pg 152
(William Tyrell)
Entry 67
Thomas Frome of Frome Bowechirchore,Frome Vcghchirche, co. Dorset,’ gentilmain for not appearing before Richard Norton and his fellowsju,stices of the Bench of HentryV, to answer William Tyrell,touchinga plea of debt of 69s. 2d. nor to answer JohinRoland, clerk, touching a plea of debt of 25l. 16s.
Henry VI volume 1 pg 147
(William Tyrell)
Entry 76
(Commission to meat to treat as to a considerable loan for the kind people in several counties inlcuding:) John Tyrell,knight, Lewis Joban, Robert Darcy, and the sheriff of Essex.
Henry Vi volume 2 pg 353, 354
(John Tyrell)
Entry 84
Westminster , Commission by advice of the council, to Henry archbishop of Canterbury, the prior of Christ church Canterbury, John Darell, Loutherand the sheriff of Kent, to convoke the parsons, knightse, squires and other notable persons of the county and also the bailiffs, good men arid commonalties of the city of Canterbuarnyd of the boroughs in the said county, and to move and persuade them to lend to the king a notable sum of money for the voyage which he proposes to make in person in April to his realm of France,to make a speedy end of his wars there. Thecommissioners are to give surety for repayment out of the fifteenth payable on the octaves of Martinmas by grant of the commonalty of Englandin the last Parliament. [Fcedera.] Byp.s. The like to the following the following counties and places : Surrey and Sussex.— Henry, archbishop of Canterbury, Robert de Ponynges, knight, the abbot of Battle, Roger Fienes, knight, Thomas Leukenore, knight, Thomas Haseley and the sheriff. Essex and Hertfordshire.— William, bishop of London, John, earl of Oxford, John Tyrell, Bobert Darcy, Bichard Baynard, John
Henry 6 Volume 2 pg 49-50
(John Tyrell)
Entry 89
Commission to R. bishop of Chichester, Robert Ponynos, knight, Reginaldde la Warre, knight, Roger Kienles, knight, and Sydeney,’ the younger, to treat with one another and with other persons of Sussex, for a notable loan to the king in his present necessity, and to convey the money lent, with all speed to the Receipt of the Kxcluspier. with full power to promise lenders all necessary security, out of the customs, subsidies and other royal revenues, and out of tho jewels and other moveables of tho kingand his crown : tho kingengaging that all needful letters patent, writs, tallies and other warrants shall be issued in their behalf in accordance wilh the Act of the last Parliament at “Westminster.
The like to the following in the following counties: W. bishopof Coventry and Ijichiield, Humphrey, earl of Stafford, Roger Aston, knight. Hugh Krdeswyk. Stafford. John, duke of Norfolk, the prior of Norwich, Robert Wylughby, knight, John Radelyf. knight. Norfolk. The abbot of St. Albaus, PhilipThorn bury, knight, John Hotoft, John Fray. Hertford. The abbot of Perley, Richard Yernon, knight, Thomas Grysley, knight,Thomas Blount, knight,. .John Curson. Derby. R. bishop of London, John, earl of Oxford. HenryBourghchier, GeoffreyRokoll,K Edward Tyrell. Essex. John Basyng, knight. -John Braunspath, knight, John Boyyyll, Hugh Boyvyll. Rutland.
Henry VI volume 3 pg 249
(Edward Tyrell)
Entry 91
Commission to Thomas Wesenham, Robert Stoneham, Richard Caudray, and the sheriff of Cambridge and Huntingdon to treat with divers persons in those counties touchinga loan to the king and to bring the same to the Receipt of the Exchequer before the octave of Midsummer if, possible, and in any case before the quinzaine of Midsummer, with power to give security from the customs, subsidies and other royal revenues, and from the jewels and goods of tin 1 crown ; the king having promised to be in France in October next to confer with bis uncle of Franco for a final peace, desiringto avoid further bloodshed and to remove other expenses, charges and irreparable losses sustained in supporting the war. By C. The like to the followiningthe following counties :Henry, earl of Northumberland, William Fit/Hugh,’ chivalor,’ the dean of the cathedral church of St. Peter,York,William Kure, knight,and the sheriff. York. John Lescropof Masham, knight, Thomas Tyrell, knight, John Fray, Robert Darcyand the sheriff. Essex and Hertford. Vacated because otherwise before Th. bishopof Hereford, James do Audoley,knight, Walter Deveros, knight,and the sheriff. Hereford. Philip Courteney, knight, John Denhamk, night, Walter Collos, Clerk, Robert Burton and the sheriff. Devon and Cornwall. The abbot of Notley, Roger Hunt, John Enderby, John Hampden and the sheriff. Bedfordand Buckingham. Walter Hungerford, knight,James Ormond,knight, Edward Hull, knight,William Staffordes,quire, John Seintlo,William Caraunt and the sheriff. Somersetand Dorset. The dean of the cathedral church of Salisbury,Robert Hungerford, knight,John Stourton,knight,John Baynton and the sheriff. Wilts. The abbot of Hyde, John Popham, knight, William Warbelton, Thomas Ovedale, Richard Holt and the sheriff. Southampton. The abbot of Shrewsbury William Burley, Thomas Hopton, John Vynnesbury, Thomas Corbet of Lye and the sheriff. Salop. W. bishop of Coventry and Lichfiold, Robert Whitgreve, Thomas Arblastre, William Cumberforde and the sheriff. Stafford. The abbot of Chrrtcsoy John Boiirgfhiekr, night, Henry Norbnry, knight, John Arderne, Nicholas Cjirrowe and the sheriff. Surrey. A. bishoopf Chichester, William, earl of Arundell, John Pelleham, knight, Richard Dalyngrygge, Edmund Mille and the sheriff. Sussex. William Mountford, knight, Thomas Bate, Thomas Hyggeford, William Ponyngton and the sheriff. Warwick. William Ferrariis of Groby, knight, Bartholomew Brokesby, Thomas Palmer and the son IV. Leicester. John, earl of Oxford, the abbot, of St. Albans, the abbot of St. John, Colo.estre, John Fray, Thomas Tyrell, knight, John Dortvsvard, Robert Darcy, Henryhungley, Thomas Baudo HIM! the sheriff.
Henry VI volume 4 pg 430
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 111
Commission to John Parre, esquire for the body, Thomas Brewes, Westminster. William Tyrell, John Clopton,William Harleston and Gilbert Debenham, esquires, appointing them to assist Andrew Grigges, receiver of Alice, duchess of Suffolk, in levying a sum of 3,500 marks, lent byAlice to the kingfor the transmission of an army to Gasconanyd Aquitaine, from certain her jewels, and the farms, issues, profits, rents and revenues of certain manors, lordships,lands and fees in the possession or keeping of the duchess in Norfolk, Suffolk, and Essex, to be paid at Michaelmas next; and to bring Andrew under their safe-conduct to the Receipt of the Exchequer at Westminster with all speed.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 431
(William Tyrell)
Entry 112
Commission to William Lucy, esquire, setting forth that whereas on 8 July last the king appointed William, bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, Richard, earl of Warwick, John Talbot, knight, lord of .Lysle, John Beauchamp, knight, lord of Beaucharrip,William Mountforth, knight, Thomas Erdyngton, knight, William Bermyncham, knight,Thomas Burdet, Thomas Higford,Thomas Bate, John Rous and the said William Lucy to examine all persons in the county of Warwick chargeable with a subsidy granted by the commons of England in the parliament held at Westminster then last with the assent of the lords spirtual and temporal in the same for the defence of the realm, and to certify their names to William Lucy, knight, Thomas Tyrell, knight, James Strangways, knight, and Richard Waller, and the king appointed William Lucy, esquire, to levy the subsidy: — the king, because William has levied a great part thereof and certain persons in the county have not yet been examined, has appointed him to levy the residue and deliver the whole sum to the aforesaid William Lucy,knight, Thomas Tyrell, James Strangways and Richard Waller. The like to the same, setting forth the appointment of the abbot of Leycestre, John, viscount of Beaumont,’ chivaler Edward de Grey, knight, lord of Groby, Henry Gray, knight, Leonard Hastynges, knight, John Bellers,esquire, Thomas Palmer, William Eyton, Richard Neel, Richard Hotoft and the said William Lucy, esquire, to levy the subsidy in the county of Leicester.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 412
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 115
Commission to William, duke of Suffolk, Ralph Botiller of Sudeley, knight, Edmund Hampden, knight, John Hampden and Edmund Reade to treat with spiritual and secular persons in the county of Buckingham for a loan to maintain the war against the king’s adversaries who cease not to wage war on England, Normandy and other places of the king’s obedience by land and sea, by captures, robberies, murders and slaughters of the king’s lieges and captures of castles, towns and places in the said duchy and other places ; with full power to allow such persons to have security according to the sum so lent from grants in the last parliament and convocation of the clergy of the province of Canterbury. By K. & C. The like to the followining the following counties and places Humphrey, duke of Buckingham, John, earl of Oxford, Henry de Burghchier, knight, Richard Veer, knight, Thomas Tyrell, knight, John Doreward the elder, Geoffrey Rokell and John Godmanston. Essex
Henry VI volume 5 pg 297-298
(Thomas Tyrell)
Public Policy
Entry 73
The vicar general of R. bishop of London, in the absence of the bishop abroad, John earl of Oxford and Henry Bourchier’ ,chivaler,’ also John Tyrell,’ chivaler’ one of the knights of the shire for the county of Essex commissioners to receive the oath of the following John Moungomer chivyaler.’ , John Fitz Symond, ‘chivaler.’ NicholasThorle, ‘chivaler.’ WilliamGoldyngham/chivaleir MauriceBruyn,’ chivaler.’ Lewis Johan,esquire. Edmund Benstede chivaler.’ John Doreward ,esquire.. Etc….
Henry VI volume 2 pg 400
(John Tyrell)

Stained glass window Thornton Hall 1Stained glass window Thornton Hall 2

Stained Glass Window featuring Tyrell Arms in Thornton Hall

The so-called Italian Window In the old small dining room (room 42) – now a music room – is a stained-glass window dating from part of it dating from c.1700. This window shows a straight-sided “bluntly pointed” shield with helmet crest and mantling, and is done in enamel colours which are still amazingly sharp. The crest of a boar’s head erect argent with three ostrich plumes in the mouth covers the quarterly of nine achievement of either Sir Edward Tyrell (d.1605) or his son. 1. “Argent two chevrons azure within a bordure engrailed gules” (Tyrell). J.H. Round in “Feudal England” suggests that the chevrons were derived from those of Clare – Sir Walter Tyrell (who is reputed to have accidentally slain King William Rufus with an arrow in the New Forest on 2nd October 1100), having married Adeliz, daughter of Richard de Clare. 2. “Paly of six argent and sable” (Burgate). Six generations later Sir Edward Tirrel married Maud (or Anne) Burgate. Sir Edward’s son, Sir Hugh, was governor of Carisbroke Castle in 1378 when he defended it against the French. 3. “Argent a cross between cockleshells (escallops) sable” (Coggeshall). Sir John Tirrell, Sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire in 1423 and treasurer to Henry VI, married Alice, the co-heir of Sir William Coggeshall, Kt., of Little Stamford Hall. Alice died in 1422. 4. “Quarterly 1 and 4 argent, 2 and 5 Or fretty gules over all a bend sable thereon three escallops argent” (Hawkwood). (As this achievement stands it is identical with that of Spencer which is used to bolster the claim of pedigree from Despencer). In this context it is the arms of Sir John Hawkwood brought in by the marriage of Sir William Coggeshall and Antiocha Hawkwood. (see Dictionary of National Biography; Chester of Chichely (Lester Waters); and Round’s Peerage Studies). 5. “Azure a cross moline Or” (Bruyn). Sir Thomas Tirrel of South Ockendon and Thornton, Knight Banneret, Master of the Horse to Katherine Queen Consort to Henry VIII, was the second grandson of Sir John Tirrell and married Elizabeth, the daughter and co-heir of Sir Humphrey Le Bruin of South Ockendon, Essex. Their son, Sir William, married Elizabeth Bodley, the daughter of Sir Thomas Bodley, founder of the Bodleian library. 6. “Lozengy ermine and gules” (Rokele). The coat of this family is often quartered with that of Prideaux-Brune. It is also worth noting that the family of Rockley or Roclay of Essex and Suffolk has the same achievement, with the coat of Tyrell in the second quarter and Hawkwood in the third. The fourth quarter is “Ermine an inescutcheon azure”. 7. “Argent a chevron sable between three tar barrels sable their bungs flaming proper” (Ingleton). The arms of the Ingleton (or Incledon) family, from Bampton in Devon come in through the marriage of Jane Ingleton to Humphrey Tyrell (see above). It is reported that Thornton was one of the 50 manors brought in by the marriage settlement. 8. “Argent crusily fitchee three griffins heads erased azure” (Ingleton). This is the second Ingleton coat (see above). 9. “Argent a bend between six fleur de lys gu1es” (Fitzelys). Lipscombe in his “History of Buckinghamshire” (Vol. 4, p.119) states that this is Fitzellis, whereas Burke gives this coat to Fitzelys of Waterpirie, Oxford. In Waterpirie church is a monument with Fitzelys quartered with that of Tyrell. Greening Iambourn in an article in “Bucks Archaeology” states that Robert Fitzelys, who died in 1470, had a daughter and heir, Margery, who married Thomas Billing and was the mother of Sybil, wife of George Ingleton, the son and heir of Robert Ingleton.

Davis Family History Part 1

INTRODUCTION
THE Davis family is among the forty-nine “best families” selected by the American Historical-Genealogical Society for whom the Society has published family histories during the past few years. The Davis family has been prominent in the British Empire and in the United States, its members having played important roles in war and in peace. Family pride is a commendable trait and should be cultivated. All Davises have just cause to be proud of their family history and traditions.

Davis is a Welsh surname, and the family is among the most numerous
in England and Wales. This is due to the fact that there are so many variations of the name. The original name was David — which signifies well- beloved — popular in Biblical days and a favorite among the Scottish kings.

Though of ancient standing in Wales, David scarcely appears in England
before the Conquest. Modified in various forms, it has produced many
family names such as Davis, Davidson, Davies, Daves, Dawson, Dawes,
Day, Dakin, etc. The Irish form is M’Daid; the French, Devis.

Battle Hymn of the Davises