A Relation of a Voyage to Sagadahoc by Captain James Davies / Davis (Complete)

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See also The Sagadahoc Colony by Reverend Henry Otis Thayer

See also The Popham Colony: Captain James Davis / Davies

See also the Davies of Gwysaney Hall

From repaskey.com notes Who we are

Captain James Davis

Notes 1:
Capt. James DAVIS, Birth: Gloucester, England, Death: 1624 in Jamestown, Virginia –
Original settler of Jamestown.  Captain James Davis was born between 1575 and 1580 in England. He was the son of Sir Thomas Davis. Captain James Davis married Rachel Keyes circa 1607/8. Adventurers of Purse and Person, page 238, Rachell’s name came from Patent Bk. 1, p. 17; CP I, p. xxxiv.

Captain James Davis died on 16 February 1622/23 in James City, Henrico, Nansemond County, Virginia; death noted by Hotten: “James Davis, dead at his plantation over the water from James City, Februay 16, 1623.” Whether he was killed by the Indians or not is not shown.

Captain James Davis has been mentioned as Gentleman, Captain, Captain of Fort Sagadahoc, Maine, Colony Governor; original settler of Jamestown, Virginia, and “Ancient Planter.” It appears that he spent a considerable amount of time sailing back and forth between England and Virginia, and Boddie notes he “was among the company of men assembled by Sir John Popham, 1607, to settle the region of Virginia which later was designated New England.”

In 1607 he first arrived in the northern colony of Virginia called Sagahadoc, Maine, which he helped establish. Captain James Davis was commander of the fort established at the mouth of Kennebec River 19 August 1607. He was also member of the Council of the New Colony.
Capt. John Smith mentions Capt. James Davis as among the leaders and councillors of the New Colony. Unfortunately the colonists at Sagahadoc had a very hard time of it and most returned home to England by 1610. At that point, Captain James sailed on to the southern colony in Virginia and made his home there.

In 1607, Capt. James Davis and Capt. Robert Davis, the sons of Englishman Sir Thomas Davis came to America.  James Davis was one of the original settlers of Jamestown, Virginia. He also was Captain of Fort Sagadahoc, the new, but short-lived English colony settled at the mouth of the Kennebec River in Maine where brother Robert was a Sergeant Major. James and Robert’s father, Sir Thomas, later followed them to America, coming over on “The Margaret” and settling in Jamestown in 1619.

Notes 2:
Fort Sagadahoc – An English Colony settled at the mouth of the Kennebec River in Maine — 1607

Following is an account of the voyage and expedition to build and colonize Maine in which our Davis ancestors had a part: Capt. James Davis who was Captain of Fort Sagadahoc, his brother Capt. Robert Davis was Sergeant-Major of the fort, and their brother John Davis is also briefly mentioned.

The Jamestown settlement was planted in Virginia in May, 1607. Less than three weeks later the Plymouth Company sent out an expedition which founded a colony at the mouth of the Sagadahoc, now known as the Kennebec River, in Maine. One of the chief sponsors of this expedition was Sir John Popham, Lord Chief Justice of England. His nephew George was a leader of the colonists.

This account, found in the “Second Book” of William Strachey’s History of Travel into Virginia Britania, describes the voyage in much more detail than it does the actual founding of the colony.

June 1607 – The late Lord Chief Justice would not for all his hard handsell and spanish mischief give over his determination for planting of a colony within the aforesaid so goodly a country upon the River of Sagadahoc. (The opening sentence refers to a previous expedition captured by Spanish pirates.) Against the next year he prepared a greater number of planters, and better provisions, which in 2 ships he sent thither, a flying boat (A flyboat was small, easily maneuvered, could sail in shallow water, ideal for coastal exploration) called the Gift Of God wherein a kinsman of his, George Popham, commanded, and a good ship called the Mary and John of London, wherein Raleigh Gilbert (Brother of Bartholomew Gilbert who was with Gosnold in 1602) commanded which with 120 persons for planters. They broke ground from Plymouth in June, 1607, the 25th fell with Gratiosa, and the 28th took in wood and water at Flores and Coruez, (Islands in the Azores) from whence they always kept their course to the westward, as much as wind and weather would permit. They ran 200 leagues from Flores, and in the Latitude of 42 degrees they found the compass to be varied one whole point.

July 1607 – From whence they stood still to the westward until the 27 of July being then in the latitude of 43 and 2/3 where they threw out the dipsing lead (The “dipsing” or deep sea lead was used to measure the ocean depth. It is referred to by other names in most of the journals) and had ground but 20 fanthom and 22 fanthom upon a bank, and here they fished some 3 hours and took near 200 of cod, very great fish and where they might have laden their ship in little time.

From hence they stood in for the main, the wind being at so-west, and as they ran in for the land, they always sounded from this bank, and having run some 12 leagues from the bank nor-west they sounded and had 60 fanthom, ooze ground black. The wind now growing scant, they were constrained to stand for the so-ward and sounded again the next day, being the 28 of July, and had 30 fathoms small stones and white shells, fishing ground.

29. They made a west way until noon and then sounding had 160 fathom black ooze.

30. In the morning they had sight of the land (Nova Scotia) and it bore off them nor-west. They sounded being 10 leagues from the shore and had 100 fathoms black ooze. They made towards the shore but could not recover it before the night took them for which they were constrained to bear off a little from the land and lie a hull all that night, where they found abundance of fish very large and great, and the water deep, hard aboard the shore, 18 or 20 fanthoms.

31. Standing in for the shore in the afternoon they came to and anchored under an island, for all this coast is full of islands but very sound and good for shipping to pass by them, and the water deep hard aboard them. They had not been at an anchor two hours when there came a Spanish shallop (It would be interesting to know from what expedition the Indians acquired these two boats, and how) to them from the shore, in her eight savage men and a little savage boy who at the first rowed about them, and would not come aboard notwithstanding they offered them bread, knives, beads, and other small trifles. Having gazed awhile upon the ship they made show to depart, howbeit when they were a little from them they returned again and bodily came up into the ship, and 3 of them stayed all night aboard. The rest departed and went to the shore, showing by signs that they would return the next day.

August 1607 – The first of August the same savages returned with three women with them in another Biscay shallop, bringing with them many beaver skins to exchange for knives and beads. The sagamo of that place, they told them, was called Messamot seated upon a river not far off which they called Emannet. The savages departing they hoisted out their boat, and the pilot Captain R. Davies, with 12 others rowed into the bay wherein their ship rode and landed on a galland island, where they found gooseberries, strawberries, raspices, hurts, (“Hurts” are whortleberries or huckleberries) and all the island full of huge high trees of divers sorts. After they had delighted themselves there awhile, they returned aboard again and observed the place to stand in 44 degrees and 1/3.

2. (These dates refer to the month of August) About midnight the moon shining bright and the wind being fair at nor-east, they departed from this place setting their course so-west, for so the coast lies.

(For the next few days the Mary and John sailed along the coast, crossing from Cape Sable in Novia Scotia to Maine. On the sixth of August they anchored in the Georges Islands, mapped by Waymouth in 1605. Here the other ship, the Gift of God, joined them in a remarkably skillful rendezvous, having been separated from them during the Atlantic crossing.)

7. They weighed anchor thereby to ride in more safely, howsoever the wind should happen to blow, howbeit before they put from the island they found a cross set up, one of the same which Captain George Waymouth in his discovery for all after occasions left upon this island. Having sailed to the westward they brought the highland (Camden Hills) before spoken of to be north. About midnight Captain Gilbert caused his ship’s boat to be manned with 14 persons and the Indian called Skidwares (brought into England by Captain Waymouth) and rowed to the westward, from their ship to the River of Pemaquid which they found to be 4 leagues distant from their ship where she rode. The Indian brought them to the savage’s houses, where they found 100 men, women, and children and their chief commander or sagamo, amongst them named Nahanada, who had been brought likewise into England by Captain Waymouth and returned thither by Captain Hanam setting forth for these parts, and some part of Canada the year before. (No one seems to have been surprised at meeting Indians who had been to England)

At their first coming the Indians betook them to their arms, their bows and arrows, but after Nahanada had talked to Skidwares and perceived that they were Englishmen, he caused them to lay aside their bows and arrows, and he himself came unto them and embraced them and made them much welcome, and after 2 hours interchangeably thus spent, they returned aboard again.

9. Being Sunday the chief of both the ships with the greatest part of all the company, landed on the island where the cross stood, which they called St. George’s Island, and heard a sermon delivered unto them by Mr. Seymour their preacher, and so returned aboard again.

10. Captain Popham manned his shallop and Captain Gilbert his ship’s boat with 50 persons in both and departed for the River of Pemaquid, carrying with them Skidwares. Being arrived in the mouth of the river there came forth Nahanada with all his company of Indians with their bows and arrows in their hands, they being before his dwelling houses would not willingly have all our people come on shore, being fearful of us. To give them satisfaction the captains with some 8 or 10 of the chiefest landed, but after a little parley together they suffered all to come ashore using them in all kind sort after their manner. Nevertheless after one hour they all suddenly withdrew themselves into the woods, nor was Skidwares desirous to return with us any more aboard. Our people loath to offer any violence unto him by drawing him by force, suffered him to stay behind, promising to return unto them the day following, but he did not. After his departure our people embarked themselves, and rowed to the further side of the river and there remained on the shore for the night.

11. They returned to their ships towards the evening, where they still rode under St. Georges Island.

12. They weighed anchors and set sail to go for the River of Sagadahoc. They had little wind, and kept their course west.

13. They were south of the island of Sequin, (Sequin Island lies at the mouth of the Kennebec. The river cannot be seen from the ocean easily) a league from it, but they did not make it to be Sequin, so the weather being very fair they sought that island further to the westward. At length finding that they had overshot it, they bore up helm, but were soon becalmed, by which means they were constrained to remain at sea, when about midnight there arose a mighty storm upon them, which put them in great danger, by reason they were so near the shore and could not get off. The wind was all the while at south and it blew very stiff so as they were compelled to turn it to, and again hard aboard the lee-shore, many rocks and islands under their lee hard by them, but God be thanked, they escaped until it was day, the storm still continuing until noon the next day. (A square-sailed ship being blown toward shore in a storm had very little maneuverability.)

14. So soon as the day gave light they perceived that they were hard aboard the shore in the bay that they were in the day before, which made them look out for some place to thrust in the ship to save their lives, for towing the long boat, it lay sunk at the stern 2 hours and more, yet would they not cut her off in hope to save her, so bearing up helm they stood in right with the shore, when anon they perceived two little islands to which they made and there they found good anchoring where they rode until the storm broke which was the next day after. Here they freed their boat and had her ashore to repair her, being much torn and spoiled. These islands are two leagues to the westward of Sagadahoc. Upon one of them they went on shore, and found 4 savages and one woman, the island all rocky and full of pine trees.

15. The storm ended and the wind come fair for them to go for Sagadahoc, the river whither they were bound to and enjoined to make their plantation in, so they weighed anchor and set sail and came to the eastward and found the island of Sequin and anchored under it, for the wind was off the shore by which they could not get to Sagadahoc, yet Captain Popham with the flyboat got in.

16. In the morning Captain Popham sent his shallop to help in the Mary and John which weighed anchor and being calm was soon towed in and anchored by the Gift’s side.

17. Captain Popham in his pinnace with 30 persons and Captain Gilbert in his long boat with 18 persons more went early in the morning from their ship into the River of Sagadahoc to view the river and to search where they might find a fit place for their plantation. (The location was recommended by Martin Pring who had investigated it the year before.) They sailed up into the river near 14 leagues and found it to be a very gallant river, very deep and of a good breadth, and full of fish leaping above the water, (The Sturgeon leaps out of the water and falls back with a spectacular splash.) and seldom less water than 3 fathom when they found least. Whereupon they proceeded no farther, but in their return homewards they observed many goodly islands therein, and many branches of other small rivers falling into it.

18. They all went on shore, and there made choice of a place for their plantation, at the mouth or entry of the river on the west-side, (for the river bendeth itself towards the northeast) being almost an island of a good bigness being in a province called by the Indians Sabino, so called of a sagamo, or chief commander under the grand Basshaba. (Champlain spelled this chief’s name Bessabez, and Waymouth, Bashabe.) As they were on shore, 3 canoes full of Indians came by them but would not come near, but rowed away up the river.

19. They all went to the shore where they had made choice of their plantation and where they had a sermon delivered them by their preacher, and after the sermon the President’s Commission was read with the laws to be observed and kept. George Popham, Gentleman, was nominated president; Captain Raleigh Gilbert, James Davies, R. Seymour (Preacher), Captain Richard Davies, Captain Harlow (the same who brought away the savages at this time showed in London, from the River of Canada) were all sworn assistants and so they returned aboard again.

20. All went to shore again, and there began to entrench and make a fort, and to build a storehouse, so continuing the 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27.

28. Whilst most of the hands labored hard about the fort and the carpenters about the building of a small pinnace, the president overseeing and applying every one to his work, Captain Gilbert departed in the shallop upon a discovery to the westward and sailed all the day by many gallant islands. The wind at night coming contrary they came to an anchor that night under a headland by the Indians called Semeamis, (Cape Elizabeth) the land exceeding goodly and great, most oak and walnut, with spacious passages between and no rubbish under and a place most fit to fortify, being by nature fortified on two sides with a spring of water under it.

29. They departed from this headland Semeamis lying in the height of 43 1/2 degrees and rowed along the shore to the westward, for that the wind was against them, and which blew so hard that they reached no further than an island 2 leagues off, where whilst they anchored two canoes passed by them, but would not come near them.

30. They returned homeward before the wind, sailing by many goodly and gallant islands, for betwixt the said headland Semeamis, and the River of Sagadahoc is a very great bay (Casco Bay) in the which there lie so many islands and so thick and new together, that can hardly be discerned the number, yet may any ship pass betwixt the greatest part of them, having seldom less water than 8 or 10 fathom about them. These islands are all overgrown with woods, as oak, walnut, pine, spruce trees, hazelnuts, sarsaparilla, and hurts in abundance, only they found no sassafras at all in the country. This night they arrived at the fort again.

September 1607

31. And the 1 of September 2, 3, and 4 nothing was done but only for the furtherance and building of the fort and storehouse to receive ashore their victuals.

5. About noon there came into the entrance of the River of Sagadahoc and so unto the fort as our people were at their work 9 canoes with 40 savages in them, men, women and children, and amongst them was Nahanada and Skidwares. They came up into the fort and the president gave them meat and drink and used them exceeding kindly. Two or three hours they remained there, and then they parted, Skidwares and another savage remaining, with whom at night Captain Gilbert, James Davies and Ellis Best went over to the furthest side of the river, whither all the rest had withdrawn themselves, and there remained with them all the night, and early in the morning, the savages departed in their canoes for the river of Pemaquid promising Captain Gilbert to accompany him in their canoes to the River of Penobscot where the Basshaba dwells.

6. and 7. The business of the fort only attended.

8. Captain Gilbert with 22 others departed in the shallop for the River of Penobscot, taking with him divers sorts of merchandise to trade with the Basshaba, but by reason the wind held easterly being contrary, it was 3 days before they got unto the River of Pemaquid.

11. Early in the morning they came into the River of Pemaquid there to call Nahanada and Skidwares to go along with them, but being arrived there, they found that they were all gone from thence unto the River of Penobscot before, wherefore they set sail for that river, and all that day as likewise 12 and 13 they sailed and searched to the eastward, yet by no means could find the river, for which they returned, their victuals spent and the wind large and good and in 2 days arrived again at the fort, having had a sight the 15th in the morning of a blazing-star to the nor-east of them.

The 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22 all labored about the fort and building up of the storehouse.

23. Captain Gilbert accompanied with 19 others, departed in his shallop to go for the head of the River of Sagadahoc. They sailed all this day, and the 24 the like until 6 of the clock in the afternoon, when they landed on the river’s side, where they found a champion land, (“Champion” refers to grassland – perhaps beaver meadows.) and very fertile, where they remained all that night.

25. In the morning they departed from thence, and sailed up the river, and came to a flat low island, (Evidently near Augusta. Old maps show an island there.) where is a great cataract or downfall of water, which runs by both sides of this island very short and swift. On this island they found great store of grapes both red and white, good hops, as also chiballs (“Chiballs” are onions) and garlic. They hauled their boat, with a strong rope through this downfall perforce, and went near a league further up, and here they lay all night. In the first of the night there called certain savages on the further side of the river unto them in broken English. (These upriver Indians probably learned their English during the time of year when they frequented the coast. They very likely also knew some French.) They answered them again and parlied long with them. Towards morning they departed.

26. In the morning there came a canoe unto them, and in her a sagamo and 4 savages, some of those which spoke to them the night before. The sagamo called his name Sabenoa, and told us how he was Lord of the River of Sagadahoc. They entertained him friendly, and took him into their boat and presented him with some trifling things which he accepted. Howbeit he desired some one of our men to be put into his canoe, as a pawn of his safety, whereupon Captain Gilbert sent in a man of his.

Presently the canoe rowed away from them, with all the speed they could make up the river. They followed with the shallop, having great care that the sagamo should not leap overboard. The canoe quickly rowed from them and landed, and the men made to their houses being near a league in on the land from the riverside and carried our man with them. The shallop making good way, at length came unto another downfall which was so shallow and so swift that by no means they could pass any further. Captain Gilbert with 9 others landed and took their fare, the savage sagamo, with them and went in search after those other savages whose houses the sagamo told Captain Gilbert were not far off. After a good tedious march they came at length unto those savages’ houses, where they found near 50 able men very strong and tall, such as their like they had not seen, all new painted and armed with their bows and arrows. Howbeit after the sagamo had talked with them, they delivered back again the man and used all the rest very friendly, as did ours the like by them, who showed them their commodities of beads, knives, and some copper of which they seemed very fond, and by way of trade made show that they would come down to the boat and there bring such things as they had to exchange them for ours.

So Captain Gilbert departed from them and within half an hour after he had gotten to his boat, there came 3 canoes down unto them and in them some 16 savages, and brought with them some tobacco and certain small skins which were of no value, which Captain Gilbert perceiving and that they had nothing else wherewith to trade, he caused all his men to come aboard. As he would have put from shore, the savages perceiving so much, subtly devise how they might put out the fire in the shallop (Fire was needed in order to set off the musket charge), by which means, they saw they should be free from the danger of our men’s pieces. To perform the same, one of the savages came into the shallop and taking the firebrand which one of our company held in his hand thereby to light the matches, as if he would light a pipe of tobacco, as soon as he had gotten it in his hand, he presently threw it into the water and leapt out of the shallop. Captain Gilbert seeing that, suddenly commanded his men to betake them to their muskets, and the targeteers to form the head of the boat, and bade one of the men before, with his target (A “Target” was a shield.) on his arm, to step on the shore for more fire. The savages resisted him and would not suffer him to take any, and some others holding fast the boat rope that the shallop could not put off, Captain Gilbert caused the musketeers to present their pieces, the which the savages seeing presently let go the boat rope and betook them to their bows and arrows and ran into the bushes, nocking their arrows but did not shoot, neither did ours at them. So the shallop departed from them to the further side of the river, where one of the canoes came unto them and would have excused the fault of the others. Captain Gilbert made show as if he were still friends and entertained them kindly and so left them, returning to the place where he had lodged the night before, and there came to an anchor for that night.

The head of this river stands in 45 degrees and odd minutes. Upon the continent they found abundance of spruce trees such as are able to mast the greatest ship his Majesty has, and many other trees, oak, walnut, pineapple. (“Pineapple” refers to white pines.) There were fish in abundance and great stores of grapes, hops and chiballs. Also they found certain pods in which they supposed, the cotton wool to grow, (Milkweed) and also upon the banks many shells of pearl.

27. Here they set up a cross and then returned homeward, in the way seeking the by-river of some note called Sasanoa. (This tidal connection to Sheepscot Bay retains the name Sasanoa River) This day and the next they sought it, when the weather turning foul and full of fog and rain they made all haste to the fort, before which the 29 they arrived.

October 1607

30. and the 1 and 2 of October, all busy about the fort.

3. There came a canoe unto some of the people of the fort as they were fishing on the sand, in which was Skidwares who bade them tell their president that Nahanada with the Basshaba’s brother, and others were on the further side of the river and the next day would come and visit him.

4. There came 2 canoes to the fort, in which were Nahanada and his wife and Skidwares and the Basshaba’s brother, and one more called Amenquin, a sagamo, all whom the president feasted and entertained with all kindness both that day and the next. Being Sunday the president carried them with him to the place of public prayers, which they were at both morning and evening, attending it with great reverence and silence.

6. The savages departed, all except Amenquin, the sagamo, who would needs stay amongst our people a longer time. Upon the departure of the others the president gave unto every one of them copper, beads, or knives, which contented them not a little, as also delivered a present unto the Basshaba’s brother to be presented unto the Basshaba, and another for his wife, giving him to understand, that he would come unto his court in the River of Penobscot and see him very shortly bringing many such like of his country commodities with him.

You may please to understand how whilst this business was thus followed here soon after their first arrival, that had dispatched away Captain Robert Davies in the Mary and John to advertise both of their safe arrival and forwardness of their plantation within this River of Sagadahoc, with letters to the Lord Chief Justice importuning a supply for the most necessary wants to the subsisting of a colony to be sent unto them betimes the next year.

After Captain Davies’ departure they fully finished the fort, trenched and fortified it with 12 pieces of ordinance, and built 50 houses therein, beside a church and a storehouse, and the carpenters framed a pretty pinnace of about some 30 ton, which they called the Virginia, the chief shipwright being one Digbe of London.

Many discoveries likewise would have been made both to the main and unto the neighbor rivers, and the frontier nations fully discovered by the diligence of Captain Gilbert had not the winter proved so extreme unseasonable and frosty. For it being in the year 1607 when the extraordinary frost was felt in most parts of Europe, it was here likewise as vehement, by which no boat could stir upon any business. Howbeit as time and occasion gave leave, there was nothing omitted which could add unto the benefit or knowledge of the planters. When Captain Davies arrived there in the year following, set out from Topsam, the port-town of Exeter, with a ship laded full of victuals, arms, instruments and tools, etc., albeit he found Mr. George Popham the president and some others dead, yet he found all things in good forwardness, and many kinds of furs obtained from the Indians by way of trade, good store of sasparilla gathered and the new pinance all finished. But by reason Captain Gilbert received letters that his brother was newly dead and a fair portion of land fallen unto his share which required his repair home, and no mines discovered nor hope thereof, being the main intended benefit expected to uphold the charge of the plantation, and the fear that all other winters would prove like this first, the company by no means would stay any longer in the country, especially since Captain Gilbert was going to leave them and Mr. Popham as aforesaid dead, wherefore they all embarked in this new arrived ship and in the new pinance the Virginia and set sail for England, and this was the end of that Northern Colony upon the River of Sagadahoc. Note: “Sir John Popham, Lord Chief Justice of England in the year 1606 procured means and men to possess it.” He sent, among others, Capt. Robert Davis to act as Sergeant-Major and Capt. James Davis to be Captain of the fort. John Davis also is mentioned among the “noble captains” on the expedition.

Notes 3:
Children of James Davis and Rachel Keyes are:
John DAVIS b: 1610, Isle of Wight, Virginia (our line)
Nathaniel Davis
Thomas DAVIS b: Abt 1613 in Henrico, Nansemond, VA, Death: BEF 30 Sep 1683 in Nansemond, Virginia ~ Maj. Thomas Davis was born in 1612/13 in Jamestown (Chuckatuck), Nansemond County, Virginia. He was the son of Captain James Davis and Rachel Keyes. Maj. Thomas Davis married Mary Bowers circa 1639/40. Maj. Thomas Davis died before 20 September 1683 in Nansemond County, Virginia.

Thomas was one of the Virginia settlers on Herring Creek.

An affidavit in the Admiralty Court in London in 1639 was made by Thomas Davis, born 1613, son of Captain James Davis, in which he stated he was “A Merchant of Chuckatuck in Virginia, aged 26 years.”

He is known to be the son of Captain James Davis because he received a grant of land in Isle of Wight, as follows:

“Sir John Harley to Thomas Davis, 300 acres, Mar 6, 1633 page 128. Son and heir of James Davis, Gentleman late of Henrico, abutting east on Warwicksqueicke Creek about 2 miles from the mouth. In right of his father, an ancient planter, and for the transportation of George Cooke and Alice Mulleines who came in the “George” in 1617, and in the right of his mother, Rachell Davis, an ancient planter.”

The Virginia Asssembly had decreed that planters who came at their own cost before the coming away of Sir Thomas Dale, that is prior to April 1616, should have on the first division of land, 100 acres for their own personal adventure and also the same for every single share, amounting to the sum of 12-10-0 paid into the London Company of Virginia. This was the reason that Captain Thomas Davis received this grant of land, as the heir of his father. His mother Rachell Davis was probably dead long before 1633. Thomas Davis had many other land grants, deeds and patents.

He was a Justice of Nansemond in 1654. He acquired lands in Somerset County, Maryland in 1662 and probably resided in Maryland for several years thereafter but returned to Virginia prior to his death.1

A Thomas Davis was Burgess for Warwick in 1655-58. This Thomas Davis, as “Major Thomas Davis,” patented 500 acres in Warwick the 18th of March, 1662, 100 acres was at the head of his patent granted 10th of September, 1645, and adjoined 300 acres granted him 20th January, 1655 – land lay on Reedy Swamp at the head of Walter’s Creek. In 1663 Thomas Davis was sheriff of Warwick. In 1671, land of Major Thomas Davis in Warwick was reported deserted. The question arises: Is this Major Thomas Davis of Warwick one and the same as Major Thomas Davis of Nansemond?4

Returning to Thomas Davis of Nansemond, in 1660, the General Assembly dismissed Mr. Thomas Davis from the Commission of Nansemond at his request. In 1674, Major Thomas Davis and Mr. Barneby Kearney were summonded to the grand jury and paid 200 pounds of tobacco as a fine for not appearing.5

Children of Maj. Thomas Davis and Mary Bowers:
Unknown Davis b. c 1639/40, d. ?unknown
James Davis+ b. 1641/42, d. a 1687/88
Richard Davis d. 1695/96
Thomas Davis+
William Davis d. b 24 Nov 1684

The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland by J.D. Warfield.
Brown’s “First Republic”, pp. 128, 318.
Nugent’s Abstracts.
Council Journals, Vol. I, p. 283.
Burgess Journals, Vol. II, 1659-95, p. 9.

“Adventurers of Purse and Person” by First Families of VA; pg 221… patent issued to Thomas Davis, 10 Aug 1644, for 300 acres in Nansemond Co. notes that it adjoined the land of Thomas Jordan dec’d. – “Caviliers and Pioneers” pg 266 record of DEED James Davis 141 acres Nansimund Co. on Chuckatuck Cr. 20 Sep 1683 p 310 adj his brother Thomas Davis; Thomas Chutchin and William Thompson. Being 1/3 of land his father Major Thomas Davis dyed seized of, who devised sd James – DEED: pg 55 18 Mar 1668 Isle of Wight Co. 100 acres upon Pagan point Bay land of Maf Thomas Davis and Mr. Jno Mohoone – DEED: Richard and John Sanders 350 acres in the W. Br. in the Up Par. Nansemond 30 Oct 1689…300 acres granted to Thomas Davis 11 Mar 1664 and now in possession of said John and Richard – BIRTH-RELATIONSHIP: to parents 1988 IGI Va. Batch #8609103 SS24 relationship that the Thomas Davis born to James and Rachel was the same Thomas Davis who was father of James who married Margaret Jordan time and place only.

Marriage 1 Rebecca or Elizabeth CHRISTIAN b: ABT 1615, Married: ABT 1635
James DAVIS b: ABT 1643 in Nansemond, Virginia
Thomas DAVIS b: 1658 in ,Surry, Virginia
Richard DAVIS
William DAVIS
Mary DAVIS b: ABT 1647,Nansemond, Virginia

Marriage 2 Mary BOWERS

Birth: ABT 1643 in Nansemond, Virginia
Death: AFT 1688 in Virginia
Note: One account has James Davis’s parents as Major Thomas Davis and Mary Bowers.

Marriage 1 Margaret JORDAN b: 1636 in Warrasquioke, Nansemond, VA
Married: 1660 in Virginia
Sarah DAVIS b: 5 Apr 1662 in Chuccatuck, Virginia
Thomas DAVIS b: 7 Aug 1666 in Isle of Wight, Virginia
Thomas DAVIS b: 28 Jan 1668 in Manokin, Somerset, Maryland
Rachell DAVIS b: 2 Jan 1673 in Manoakin, Virginia
Mary DAVIS b: 2 Dec 1689 in Chester, PA

Major Thomas Davis (1613-1683: Land Grants, Deeds & Patents
Following are land grants, deeds and patents which have been found for Thomas Davis:
22 May 1637 – 300 acres – Upper county of New Norfolk later Nansemond upon south side of East branch of Elizabeth River.
23 Nov 1637 – 100 acres – Oyster Bank Neck, Isle of Wight. bordered by Thomas Poole – 100 acres – 27 Nov 1637 and Thomas Jordan.
It was also noted he was a neighbor to:
1638 – Richard Bennett – 600 acres – Bay behind Ambrose Point.
21 Aug 1637 – Peter Hays – 350 acres – Pagan Creek.
1642 – John Moon – 1,250 acres – Pagan Creek, Isle of Wight. He was bordered by Tom Sayer and later John Gary, 250 acres in 1639.
10 Aug 1644 – 300 acres – Branch of Newton Haven River called Beverly Creek bordered by Thomas Jordens.
On May 22, 1637 Thomas Davis received a grant of land in the Upper County of New Norfolk, later Nansemond (Nugent’s Abstracts, p. 82), as follows:
“Sir John Harvey to Thomas Davis, 300 acs. in the Upper Co. of New Norfolk, May 22, 1637, page 424. Upon the S. side of the eastern branch of Eliz. Riv. opposite Thomas Sawyer, 5 or 6 mi. up the river Easterly to the head thereof. Due for the trans. of: Joane Jobb, Ann Griffin, Geo. Tabott, Susanna Bony, Robert Pearse, Wm. Pett.”
One Peter Hays received a grant of 350 acres August 21, 1637 upon Pagan Creek adjoining the land of Thomas Davis.
Thomas Davis received another grant of land in Isle of Wight County, as follows (Nugent’s Abstracts, p. 111):
“Thomas Davis, 100 acs. Isle of Wight Co., November 23, 1637, page 502. Called Oyster banke Neck, adj. Thomas Jorden. Trans. of 2 pers. Names not given.”
In 1638 John Moon received a grant of 400 acres on the South Side of Warwicksqueicke River North upon Thomas Davis’ land, and in 1638 Richard Bennett received a grant of 600 acres upon the bay behind Ambrose Meders Point and upon Thomas Davis’ land.
Thomas Davis had land in Upper Norfolk County (later Nansemond) which has been in the possession of Thomas Dew and was by him assigned to Thomas Davis, for John Gary received a grant of 250 acres in that county in 1639 between the land “late in the possession of Thomas Dew and by him assigned to Thomas Davis” and the land of other persons.
Thomas Davis deeded fifty acres to Ambrose Meader in Isle of Wight County, July 18, 1636 (Va. Mag. 5, p. 403). He also deeded to John Moon 200 acres of the 300 granted March 6, 1643 (Va. Mag. 6, pp. 33, 113, 344). John Moon received a grant of 1,250 acres on Pagan Creek in Isle of Wight near the land of Thomas Davis in 1642.
Thomas Davis received a grant of land of 300 acres in Upper County of Norfolk in 1644, as follows (Nugent’s Abstracts, p. 232):
“Thomas Davis, 300 acs. Up. Norf. Co., Aug. 10, 1644, Page 21. Upon a br. of Newtown haven river alled Beverley Cr., adj. Thomas Jordens, dec’d. & Thomas Poole, 100 acs. by patent dated Nov. 27, 1637 & the residue for trans. of: Attwell Bestwicke, Richd. Goffe, Michael James & Jno. _______. Marginal note: This patent was falce in the old records and entered true in the 56th page of the said Booke.”
There are two grants in Nugent’s Abstracts, pages 238-239, one under the other, the first for land in Nansemond, and the second for land in Isle of Wight, which leads us to believe that these grants were for the same Thomas Davis, the subject of this sketch, and they are as follows:
“Thomas Davis, 300 acs. Nansemond Co., Aug. 10, 1646, Page 70. On Beverley Cr. a br. of Newtown haven Riv., adj. Thomas Jordan, dec’d. & Thomas Poole. 100 acs. by former patent & 200 acs. for trans. of 4 pers.
“Thomas Davis, 200 acs. Isle of Wight Co., Nov. 12, 1646, Page 71. About 2 Mi. up a cr. formerly called Warrasquiack. Due by purchase of a patent from Benjamin Harrison & ack. in court for James City Co., June 8, 1646.”
Anthony Fulgham received a grant of 100 acres of land upon Pagan Point Bay, October, 1643, adjoining land of Thomas Davis and John Moon and again, in 1668 he received a grant of 150 acres adjoining the land of Thomas Davis and John Moon.
On the 6th of November, 1653, Thomas Davis patented 100 acres in Nansemond for the transportation of two persons. The land patented was formerly granted Richard Preston and by him deserted.
2.  William Strachey, “Historie of Travaile Into Virginia, Second Book”
This document was mostly researched by Ralph Marquart of Centreville, Maryland
3.The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland by J.D. Warfield.
Brown’s “First Republic”, pp. 128, 318.
Nugent’s Abstracts.
Council Journals, Vol. I, p. 283.
Burgess Journals, Vol. II, 1659-95, p. 9.

More Notes For Captain James Davis:
Notes 4:
Captain James Davis, 1580 – 1623
The early settlement of New England & Virginia

The following account is pieced together from many sources of the life, voyages and expeditions of Captain James Davis throughout the years of the earliest settlement of New England and Virginia before the Pilgrims arrived in 1620. (Go here to see more about Fort Sagahadoc)

The accounts begin when he was 27 years old and set sail on 1st June 1607 from Plymouth, England to Virginia, and go up to his death “at his plantation over the water from James City” on February 16th 1623. Captain Davis was a founder and builder of the first English colony in New England (Sagahadoc, Maine) which was considered to be a northern Virginia colony in those days. After the remaining members of that colony gave up and returned in discouragement to England in 1609, he sailed for the southern Virginia colony where he became one its earliest settlers and one of the “ancient planters.” Boddie says that “his [Capt. James Davis’] descendants in the South can claim to be the oldest New England family, ante dating the Mayflower by 13 years!”

London, 1606, King James Grants Charters to Colonize Virginia

Boddie writes:

“King James I on the 10th of April 1606 granted charters for two companies to colonize Virginia. Strachey in his “Historie of Travaile Into Virginia,” says that “one consisted of divers knights, gentlemen, merchants, and others of the City of London, called the First Colony (the London Company) and the other of sundry knights, gentlement, and others of the City of Bristoll, Exeter, and the towne of Plymouth and other places, called the Second Colonye (the Plymouth Company).”

“Sir John Popham, Lord Chief Justice of England, had obtained the charter to colonize northern Virginia for the Second Colony and in 1606 sent out a ship under Captain Henry Callons, containing 100 or more persons. This ship was captured by the Spanish and the persons taken to Spain and “made slaves in their galleons.”

Strachey says “Howbeyt, the aforesaid late Lord Chief Justice would not for all this Spanish mischief give over his determinacion for establishing a colony within the aforesaid so goodly a country, upon the river of Sachadehoc; but againe the next yeare prepared a greater number of planters, and better provisions, which in two shipps he sent forth.”

The Voyage from England to Sagahadoc, Maine in 1607

The “two ships sent forth” by Sir John Popham were the “Gift of God” commanded by Capt. George Popham and the “Mary and John” by Captain Raleigh Gilbert. (Capt. Raleigh Gilbert was a son of Sir Humphrey Gilbert who lost his life in the “Squirrel” on the voyage to Newfoundland in 1583.)

Captain James Davis was master of the “Mary and John” and he wrote an account of the voyage called “The Relation of a voyage unto New England begun from the Lizard, ye first of June 1607.” Note: The author of this Ms. is not shown, his name being left blank on the title page, but The Rev. Henry Otis Thayer in his account of the Sagadahoc Colony (p. 19) gives his reason for believing that the author of the “Relation” was Captain James Davis, which seems conclusive.

Mr. Thayer further says, “both James and Robert Davis were assigned to office in the colony administration. It must be that the two under the designations of ‘Captain Davies and Master Davies’ were officers in command of the ‘Virginia’ in a voyage in 1609, to the Southern Colony. In the next year, Captain James Davis is reported from there in command of Algernon Fort at Point Comfort. Robert Davis of Bristol, had been master of Sir Walter Raleigh’s vessel, the barke ‘Rawley’ which sailed in Sir Humfrey Gilbert’s expedition of 1583. Captain John Smith mentions among ‘these noble captains’ connected with the planting of Sagadahoc, ‘Robert Davis, James Davis and John Davis.’ A family of master mariners seems to be indicated.”

Monday, 1st June 1607 – Departure from Plymouth, England

Capt. James Davis, in his “Relation” says, “Departed from the Lyzard [Plymouth, England] the first day of June 1607, being Monday about 6 of the clock in the afternoon and it bore me then northeast by north eight leagues.

“From thence directed our course for the Islands of Flores and Corvo (Azores) in the which we were 24 days attaining all of which time we never saw but one saile, being a ship of Salcombe (Village of Devonshire) bound for Newfoundland. The first day of July being Wednesday we departed from the Island of Flores for ten leagues S. W. of it. From hence we kept our course to the westward until the 27th of July during which time we oftentimes sounded but never found grounds until the 27th day of July early in the morning we sounded and had ground in 18 Fathoms, beinge then in latitude 43 degrees 40′ fished three hours and tooke near two hundred of Cods, very great and large fyshe, bigger than which comes to the Banke of Newfoundland (They passed some twenty miles S. W. of Sable Island.)

“From this point the course was set S. W.” James Davis evidently was navigating the ship for he says “6th of August I found the ship to be in 43 d and 1/2 by my observation and from thense seth our course and stood away due weste and saw three other islands.”

Wednesday, 19th Auguste 1607 — Arrival in Maine

“Wednesday being the 19th Auguste we all went to the shore where we made choice for our plantation and there we had a sermon delivered in by our preacher.”

19 Aug 1607 – Established Fort at mouth of Kennebec River in Maine. The colony was called the “Sagadahoc Colony.” This colony preceded the “Mayflower” landing at Plymouth, Mass. by 13 years.

Captain John Smith says the officers of this colony by “That honorable patron of virtue Sir John Popham were: Captain George Popham for president. Captain Raleigh Gilbert for admiral. Edward Harlow, Master of the Ordinance, Captain Robert Davis, Sergeant Major, Captain Ellis Bert, Marshall, Mr. Leaman, Secretary, Captain James Davis, to be Captain of the Fort, Mr. Gome Carew to be searcher, all these were of the Counsel.” The preacher was Richard Seymour.

John Bennett Boddie also says: “Captain James Davis was Commander of the Fort established at the mouth of the Kennebec River, August 19, 1607 (o.s.) by that New England Colony called the “Sagadahoc Colony. After that colony returned to England, Captain Davis sailed for Virginia.”

6 October 1607 — Return to England

6 October 1607, James Davis sailed for England as Captain of the “Mary and John”. His narrative in “Relation” suspends on the 6th of October 1607 and Mr. Thayer concludes from this that it was because James Davis sailed away for England. This vessel arrived in England December 1st after a voyage of 53 days. A plan of Fort St. George at Sagadahoc inscribed “taken out on the 8th of October 1607” was found in later years with the narrative.

The “Gift” also sailed from Sagadahoc Colony to England on 15 Dec 1607 and arrived at Plymouth 7 February 1608. These ships on arriving found that Sir John Popham (President) The Chief Justice, had died 10 Jun 1607, ten days after they had sailed away from England to Northern Virginia.

After these ships had left Sagadohoc, the last one carrying 45 persons who wished to return to England, the settlers who remained Began to build a ship with their limited means in the winter time in this bleak country and when this ship was finished, they called it the “Virginia” and it seems to have been a staunch trust-worthy vessel.

May 1608 Return to Sagadahoc

Captain James Davis again set sail for Sagadahoc and arrived, it is supposed, about the month of May 1608. He found the colonists had been through a severe winter. George Popham, the first president, had died, and Raleigh Gilbert was now the president. Sir John Gilbert, eldest son of Sir Humphrey Gilbert and the brother of Raleigh Gilbert, had also died in England and left his estate to his brother Raleigh Gilbert to settle. Raleigh Gilbert desired to return to England to settle his brothers estate and the experience the colonists had been through, determined them to abandon the enterprise before the coming of another winter.

17 October 1608 The Colony Gives Up & Returns to England

In the newly arrived ship, and in the “Virginia” which they had built (of which Captain James Davis was aboard), they embarked for England 17 Oct 1608, and the colony in North Virginia, on the River Sagadahoc came to an end.

In his “Conquest of Virginia, the Second Attempt,” p. 567, Sams says:

“The failure of this Northern Colony is to be regretted. Had it succeeded, the United States would have been settled by two companies, organized under the same Charter, sympathetic with each other, and sympathetic with England. The failure of this colony in the North, left that region to be settled, some years later, by another Colony, the Pilgrims, who were not in sympathy with England, while the southern Colony on the other hand, was typically English.”

Captain Davis Returns to Virginia from England in 1609

Apparently undaunted, Captain James Davis again sailed for Virginia on the “Virginia” on June 8th 1609 from Falmouth, England, the largest fleet ever sent over to Virginia, full of people and provisions. He, James Davis, was in command of the “Virginia” one of nine vessels of the fleet known as the “Third Supply” which assembled at Falmouth and proceeded to Virginia by way of the Azores. It carried with it the new Charter of the Virginia Company, which had been drafted by Sir Francis Bacon and signed by King James I on May 23, 1609, granting a vast extension of territory and larger powers were given to the Company. Sams says (p. 579) “It was a force strong enough to put the Colony on its feet, had not misfortune awaited it.”

After passing the Canary Islands the fleet encountered a great hurricane. The vessels were scattered and the “Virginia” arrived among the last. The ship the “Sea Adventure” carrying the fleet commanders, Sir James Somers and Sir Thomas Gates, was wrecked on Somers Island, now called Bermuda. The “Catch” one of the vessels, foundered with all on board.

The ships of the Third Supply and their Captains were as follows:

“Unite” – Captain Wood – Departed England 8 (18) Jun1609 and arrived Jamestown, Virginia 21 Aug 1609.

“Blessing” – Captain Gabriel Archer – Departed England 8 (18) Jun 1609 arrived Jamestown, Virginia 21 Aug 1609.

“Lion” – Captain Webb – Departed England 8 (18) Jun 1609 and arrived Jamestown, Virginia 21 Aug 1609.

“Falcon” – Captain John Martin – Departed England 8 (18) Jun 1609 and arrived Jamestown, Virginia 21 Aug 1609.

“Diamond” – Captains Ratcliffe and King – Departed England 8 (18) Jun 1609 and arrived Jamestown, Virginia Aug 1609.

“Swallow” – Captain Moone – Departed England 8 (18)Jun 1609 and arrived Jamestown, Virginia Aug 1609.

“Catch” – Master Matthew Fitch – Departed England 8 (18) Jun 1609 and was lost at sea with all aboard.

“Virginia” – Captain James Davis – Departed England 8 (18) Jun 1609 and arrived Jamestown, Virginia 3 Oct 1609.

“Sea Adventure” – Captain Christopher – With Sir Thomas Gates and Sir James Somers on board with the new Charter of the Virginia, Company, which had been drafted by Sir Francis Bacon and signed by King James I on May 23 1609. This ship wrecked on Bermuda during hurricane. The “Deliverance” and “Patience” were built from the wreck of “Sea Adventure” and these two ships then left Bermuda 20 May 1610 bound for Jamestown, Virginia and arrived there May 1610.

There were two factions at this time opposing one another in the Virginia Company of London, and the Smith faction apparently did not receive this fleet with any great joy. This may account for the fact that Captain Percy, the Governor, mentions Captain James Davis very frequently in his “True Relation” whereas the Smith faction mentions him very little.

Sams quotes first from the writers belonging to the Smith faction as follows: (p. 688)

“The first incident recorded is the arrival of the ‘Virginia,’ which had formed one of the great fleet of nine which left England on the eighth of June 1609. It was October when she at last reached her destination, as the ‘Catch,’ one of the vessels, was known to have foundered with all on Board, the arrival of the ‘Virginia’ left only the ‘Sea Adventure,’ the most important of all still to be accounted for. They thought she was certainly lost.

“The rather unimportant way the arrival of the ‘Virginia’ is recorded was probably due to the fact that the Smith faction looked upon all these vessels and their crews with little sympathy. There is no note of rejoicing over this sheep which was lost, being now found alive and safe; they merely say: ‘The day before the ships departed, C. Davies arrived in a small pinnance with some sixteen proper men more.’ To these were added a company from James Town, under the command of Captain Ratcliffe, to inhabit Point Comfort. Martin and Master West having lost their boats, and near half their men amongst savages, were returned to James Town. For the savages no sooner understood of Captain’s Smith’s loss, but they all revolted, and did murder and spoil all they could encounter. Nor were we all constrained to leave only of that which Smith had only for his own company for the rest had consumed their proportions.”

Fort Algernon, The Luckless Captain Ratcliffe & The Indians

Captain John Ratcliffe was Commander of the “Discovery,” one of the three ships which came over with the first colonists to Jamestown. He is often referred to in narratives of those times as the “Luckless and Ill-fated Captain Ratcliffe.” It seems that Captain Ratcliffe commanded the fort at Point Comfort called “Fort Algernon,” a favorite Christian name in the family of Percy, Earls of Northumberland. The Luckless Captain Ratcliffe was killed by the Indians, and Captain James Davis succeeded him as Commander of the fort.

Note: Robert Davis, brother of James Davis, sailed to North Virginia with Captain James Davis and was one of the councilors for the North Virginia Colony (Brown’s “First Republic,” p. 16). He was also Master of “The Virginia” when this vessel arrived at Jamestown in 1609.

Captain Percy’s account of this in his “True Relation” is as follows (Tyler’s Magazine, Vol. III, p. 266):

“I sent Captain Ratcliffe to Powhatan to secure victals and corne by way of commerce and trade, but Powhatan, the sly old king at a fitting time surprised Captain Ratcliffe whom he caused to be bound to a tree naked with a fire afore him and by women his flesh was scraped from his bones, with muscel shells and before his face thrown into the fire wherefrom he miserably perished.”

“Captain William Phetiplace who remained in the Pinnace escaped with only sixteen men out of fifty.”

The Starving Time 1609/1610

Captain Percy’s account continues:

“Upon wch defeate I sentt Capte James Davis to Algernowe foarte to comanwnd there in Capts. Ratliefes place and Capte West I sent to Potoamack with aboutt thirty sixe men to trade for maize and grayne where he in short tyme loaded his pinesse sufficyently yett used some harshe and crewell dealinge by cutteinge of two of the savages heads and other extermetyes and [when they left they came by] comeinge by Algernowns foarte Capteine Davis did call unto them acquaintinge them with our Great wants [they were starving] exhortinge them to make all the speded they cowlde to Releve us upon wch reporte Capte: Weste by the persuasive or rather by the inforcement of his company hoisted upp Sayles and shaped their course directly for England and lefte us in that extreme misery and wante.”

Captain Percy during “Starving Time” nearly died of starvation along with the others but during this “Starving Time” he undertook a trip to Fort Algernon, and of this trip he says (p. 268):

“By this Tyme being Reasonable well recovered of my sickness I did undertake a jorney unto Algernowns foarte bothe to understand how things weare there ordered as also to have bene Revenged of the Salvages att Kekowhatan who had treacherously slayne dyvers of our men. Our people I fownd in good care and well lykenge haveinge concealed their plenty from us above att James Towne.

“Beinge so well stored thatt the Crabb fishes where-with they had fede their hoggs would have bene a greate relefe unto us and saved many of our Lyves But their intente was for to have kept some of the better sorte alyve and with their towe pinnesses to have Retourned for England nott Regardinge our miseries and wants at all; wherewith I taxed Capt: Davis and tolde him thatt I had a full intente to bringe halfe of our men from James Towne to be there releved and after to Retoourne them backe ageine and bringe the reste to be susteyned there also and if all this woulde nott serve to save our mens Lyves I purposed to bring them all unto Algernowns foarte Tellinge Capt: Davis that another towne or foarte mighte be erected and buylded butt mens lyves once Loste colde never be recovered.”

These Virginia Colonists became discouraged. Only 60 men were left out of 500 and they decided to embark for England, Captain Davis again commanded his old ship the “Virginia.”

August 1610 Expedition Against the Indians

Percy’s account of this proposed return is as follows (p. 270):

“Then all of us embarking ourselves, Sir Thomas Gates in the “Deliverance” with his company, Sir George Somers in the “Patience”, Percy in the Discoverie (Discovery), and Captain James Davis in the “Virginia.” All of us sailing down the river with full intent to have proceeded upon our voyage for England when suddenly we spied a boat making toward us wherein we found Captain Bruster sent from my Lorde La Ware (Lord Deleware) who was come unto us with many gentlemen of quality, and three hundred men besides great store of victewles municyon and other privisions whereupon all returned to Jamestown.”

Captain James Davis was sent soon thereafter on an expedition against the Indians and concerning this expedition Percy says (p. 273):

“Their sayleigne some two myles down the River I sent Capt. Davis A shoare with moste of my Sowldiers, myselfe being wearyed before and for my owne part, but an easie foote man was Capt: Davis. At his landeinge, he was approached by some Indyans who spared nott to send their arrowes Amongste our men but within A shorte Tyme he putt them to flighte and landed withoutt further opposity on marcheinge About fowrtene myles into the country cutt downe their corne, burned their howses, Temples and Idolles and amongste the reste A Spacyous Temple cleane and neattly keptt A thinge strange and seldome sene amongste the Indyans in those partes. So havinge performed all the spoyle he cowulde Retourned aboarde to me ageine and then we sayled downe the River to James Towne.

“My Lord Generall not forgetting old Powhatan subtell treacery sent a messanger unto him to demand certain Armies and Dyvrs men who we supposed might be living in his country but he returned no other then proud and distainfull answers. Whereupon my Lorde being much incensed caused a commission to be drawn wherein he appointed me Chief Commander over seventy men and sent me to take revenge upon the Paspaheans and Chiconamians and so shipping myself and my soldgiers in two boats I departed from James Town the 9th of August 1610 and the same night landed within three miles of Paspahas town then drawing my soldiers into Battalio placing a Captain or Lieutentant at every file we marched towards the town having an Indian guide with me named “Kempes” whom the Provoste Marshall led in a hand lock.

This subtell savage leading us out of the way I bastinaded him with my truncheon and threatened to cut off his head whereupon the slave altered his course and brought us the right way near unto the town so that then I commanded every leader to draw away his file before me to beset the savages houses that none might escape with a charge not to give the alarm until I were come up unto them with the colors. At my command I appointed Captain William West to give the alarm the which he performed by shooting of a pistol. And then we fell in upon them put 15 or 16 to the sword and almost all the rest to flight, whereupon I caused my drum to beat and drew all my soldiers to the Colors. My Lieutentant bringing with him the Queen and her children and one indian prisoner for the which I taxed him because he had spared them his answer was that having them now in my custody I might do with them what I pleased.

“Upon the same I caused the indians heads to be cut off. And then dispensed my files appointing my soldiers to burn their houses and to cut down their corn growing about the town, and after we marched with the Queen and her children to our boats again, where being no sooner well shipped my soldiers did begin to murmur because the Queen and children were spared. So upon the same council being called it was agreed upon to put the children to death the which was affected by throwing them overboard and shooting out their brains in the water yet for all this cruelty the soldiers were not pleased and I had much to do to save the Queens life for that time.

“My Lord General not being well did lie a shipboard to whom we rowed, he being joyfull of our safe return yet seemed to be discontent because the Queen was spared as Captain Davis told me and that it was my Lords pleasure that we should see her dispatched. The way he thought best to burn her. To the first I replied that having seen so much bloodshed that day now in my cold blood I desired to see no more and for to burn her I did no hold fitting but either by shot or sword to give he a quicker dispatch. So turning myself from Captain Davis he did take the Queen with two soldiers ashore and in the woods put her to the sword and although Captain Davis told me it was my Lords (Delaware) direction yet I am persuaded to the contrary.”

An explanation of the above quotations from Percy’s “True Relation” might be made by saying that Captain James Davis was in command of Fort Algernon on May 31, 1610 and Govenor Gates decided to abandon the colony and sent the “Virginia” to Point Comfort to take on Captain Davis and his men at Fort Algernon, and while they were in the James River preparing to leave, Lord Delaware came into the river 15 Jun 1610 with three ships (Brown, pp. 126, 128). Lord Delaware was the new govenor appointed to succeed Govenor Gates.

Fort Algernon May 1611 to Henrico 1616

We next find mention of Captain Davis when Sir Thomas Dale arrived 22 May 1611 and found Davis in command at Fort Algernon (Brown, p. 149). The two forts, Henry and Charles, which were located on the capes bearing those names, had been abandoned and Sir Thomas Dale ordered Captain Davis to repossess them and put him in command of all three forts.

On 27 June 1611 some Spanish vessels arrived opposite Fort Algernon and according to Brown (p. 152) requested the surrender of Captain Davis. Davis said to the Spaniards “Go to the Devil.” In Captain George Percy’s account of this (Tyler III, p. 278), it seems that when the Spaniards came to the fort, Captain Davis lay in ambush on the shore and when they came ashore he captured their leader Diego Malina and some of his men. After parleying with the Spaniards about their leader, he gave them a pilot to sail to James Town, but when the pilot arrived on board, they hoisted sail and went out to the ocean, leaving their leader in Davis’s hands.

Captain Percy says that Fort Algernon burned to the ground and “whereupon Captain Davis fearinge to receive some displeasure and to be removed from thence the same being the most plentifulleste place for food, he used such expedition in rebuilding of the same again that it was almost incredible.”

This is about the end of Captain Percy’s “True Relation” as he sailed on his return trip to England in 1612, so Captain Davis’ activities after that time did not receive very much mention. However, at the close of Dale’s administration in 1616, Captain James Davis had command of the colonists in Henrico (Va. Mag., Vol. III, p. 411).

Brown (p. 228) says that Captain Smaley commanded at Henrico the latter part of 1616 in the absence of Captain James Davis, who may have gone on an expedition against the Indians or have sailed for England.

James City, Virginia 1623
Captain James Davis died in Virginia, at his plantation over the water from James City, February 16, 1623 (Hotten, p. 236). Whether he was killed by the Indians or not is not known.

1. Emigrants by Hotten, p. 236.
2. 17th Century Isle of Wight County, VA, by John Bennett Boddie, 1938, Chapter XXIII, Captain James Davis of New England and Virginia; pp. 434-49.
3. Historie of Travaile Into Virginia by William Strachey.
4. “Sagadahoc Colony,” by The Rev. Henry Otis Thayer, The Georges Society Pub., Vol. IV.
5. True Relation by Captain George Percy, written circa 1607, Tyler’s Magazine, Vol. III.
6. Conquest of Virginia, the Second Attempt, by Sams.
7. The Relation of a voyage unto New England begun from the Lizard, ye first of June 1607 by Captain James Davis, The Georges Society Publication, Vol. IV.
8. Some Southern Colonial Families, III, David A. Avant (Tallahassee, Florida, 1989), pp. 205-52.

Rachel Keyes

Captain James Davis married Rachel Keyes circa 1607/8. Adventurers of Purse and Person, page 238, Rachell’s name came from Patent Bk. 1, p. 17; CP I, p. xxxiv.
Children of James Davis and Rachel Keyes are:
John DAVIS b: 1610, Isle of Wight, Virginia (our line)
Nathaniel Davis
Thomas DAVIS b: Abt 1613 in Henrico, Nansemond, VA, Death: BEF 30 Sep 1683 in Nansemond, Virginia ~ Maj. Thomas Davis was born in 1612/13 in Jamestown (Chuckatuck), Nansemond County, Virginia. He was the son of Captain James Davis and Rachel Keyes. Maj. Thomas Davis married Mary Bowers circa 1639/40. Maj. Thomas Davis died before 20 September 1683 in Nansemond County, Virginia.

The Popham Colony: Captain James Davis / Davies

John Hunt Map Ft St GeorgeA map of Fort St. George, drawn by colonist John Hunt in 1607/08 but not discovered for more than 250 years. Public Domain image.

“The Founding of America” is boggy ground to cover, since 19th-century Americans mythologized the New England colonies to the exclusion of other people who were at the roots of their country too. The 20th century has seen Jamestown and the Virginia Colony surge forward to equal footing, but there are others still searching for recognition. The city of St. Augustine, Florida has been making noise recently—mostly tourism-related publicity stunts—but there’s no denying that it’s the oldest continuously inhabited settlement in the continental US.

But even St. Augustine’s claim to fame is heavily laden with weasel words, mostly to avoid having to deal with San Juan, Puerto Rico. It’s also carefully designed to exclude a couple of other places, not to mention one entire region. So, OK: founded in 1541, St. John’s, Newfoundland is the oldest city anywhere north of the Rio Grande, as well as the oldest English settlement in the New World—Newfoundland just had the bad grace to not be part of the Thirteen Colonies and so it’s forgotten by the large majority of people who don’t even realize there were sixteen British American colonies in 1776 (besides Newfoundland there was also Nova Scotia, St. John’s Island AKA Prince Edward Island, and that’s not counting the peculiar case of Québec). Even if you want to avoid offshore islands, Annapolis Royal in Nova Scotia is also three years older than Jamestown.

Some historians even think that the Portuguese got to Newfoundland before John Cabot in 1497—ever notice that the names of several of Newfoundland’s geographical features are bastardized Portuguese? Cape Spear is Cabo da Esperança, Cape Race is Cabo Raso. Conception Bay is Baia de Conceicao, and tiny Baccalieu Island in Conception Bay is Ilha do Bacalhau, which is especially interesting since that name was first used by João Vaz Corte-Real in 1474 after a nebulous mission of his that (if you look at it the right way) might have been to Newfoundland. The Portuguese connection to North America only faded when two of Corte-Real’s three sons disappeared after exploring what was definitely the Newfoundland area, the Portuguese looked at their choices—Newfoundland? Or Brazil?—and made the obvious decision.

And then there’s the whole 11th-century Viking thing in the Great Northern Peninsula…one can see why the afore-mentioned 19th century Americans washed their hands of the whole mess, cried “Pilgrim forefathers!”, then sat down for turkey and corn at Thanksgiving.

Fort Popham Perspective

Still, all fame aside, the Mayflower expedition was not even the first English settlement in New England. The Plymouth Colony wasn’t founded until 1620. Jamestown was founded in 1607 by the Virginia Company of London, while a second, complementary effort the same year was made by the Virginia Company of Plymouth and targeted the mouth of the Kennebec River in Maine. This was the Popham Colony, sometimes called the Sagadahoc Colony.

Region of Popham Colony and Fort Saint George

Region of Popham Colony and Fort Saint George

As the names of the two companies suggest, at the time “Virginia” applied to a much larger area than it does in the present day. This is almost entirely due to the success of the southern effort and the failure of the northern, which opened up the north to further charters. The initial plan was somewhat different: King James I deliberately created two overlapping grants, to inspire competition between two rival Virginia Companies. “Of London” received the coast from 34° to 38° north, “Of Plymouth” received 41° to 45° north, and the land in-between would go to whichever group was strong enough to get to it first. The Dutch, not incidentally, used the ambiguity of this no-man’s-land to found their own trading settlement at 40° 42´—which is to say, the southern tip of Manhattan Island in modern-day New York City.

Fort Overlay

Fort Overlay

That neither Virginia Company managed to claim the middle area says volumes. Jamestown’s Virginia was a relative success, but it’s rightly notorious for being a typhoid- and dysentery-ridden deathtrap in its early years. It almost certainly would have been abandoned if not for the immense profits from tobacco, which was only introduced five years after the first settlement and largely by luck at that. Popham Colony, by contrast, had less of a problem with mass death and more with money.

The effort to colonize Maine started in 1605 when Sir Ferdinando Gorges sponsored  on a voyage to explore the area. On his return, Weymouth gave his destination a passing grade (and, incidentally, brought the Patuxet Indian Tisquantum to England where he wGeorge Weymouthould learn English, be returned to New England, be kidnapped into slavery by another Englishman, serve John Smith for a while, return to his village to discover everyone in his sub-tribe dead from virgin-field epidemics, and famously help to feed the Plymouth Colony during their first winter). On the strength of Weymouth’s recommendation, Gorges became one of the main shareholders in the Virginia Company of Plymouth. The other important shareholder was Sir John Popham, the Lord Chief Justice of England. While Gorges sent a second exploring ship in 1606 with instructions to look for a colony site, Popham’s son George was selected to lead the colony. The next year he and two ships—Gift of God and the Mary and John—left for Maine with 120 settlers and their equipment.

Unfortunately for them, they set out late in the year and didn’t land until August 18th, 1607. Even in late summer coastal Maine’s temperature drops below ten Celsius some nights; by October it’s regularly pushing freezing. With no reason to suspect this, the colonists went ahead, made tense-but-peaceful contact with the local natives, and founded Fort St. George at the mouth of the Kennebec River; it was finished by mid-October. They then sent the Mary and John back to England with news of their success and for more supplies.

James-Popham and the Indians

Popham, James and the Indians

While it was gone winter set in. Accounts are that it was quite bad, and half the colonists took the remaining Gift of God back home rather than try to wait it out, but it’s worth noting that as far as anyone can tell only one colonist died—quite the contrast with Jamestown, where 70% of the population died during “The Starving Time“. Unfortunately, that one was George Popham himself on February 5th, 1608. He was somewhere between 55 and 60 in 1608, so it’s not too surprising that he wasn’t able to stand up to the stress, but his death was the first in a series of blows to the colony.

The colonists selected another of their number, Raleigh Gilbert, as their new leader. Both parts of his name are worth noting, as he was the second son of explorer Sir Humphrey Gilbert (of the famous last words from the deck of his foundering ship, “We are as near to Heaven by sea as by land!”) and his half-uncle was Sir Walter Raleigh. Raleigh was, of course, the man who founded Roanoke in Virginia; the early English colonization of the Americas was an incestuous affair.

Fort St. George made it through to the spring before Mary and John returned. When it did, there was news: their patron, George’s father, had died just ten days after they had cleared The Lizard on their outbound journey the previous summer. Their influence at home was crumbling.

Compton Castle, Devon England

Compton Castle, Devon England

The ship sailed home again, and returned again with more supplies and more news. As the second son, Raleigh Gilbert hadn’t inherited much from his father. Now he found out that his elder brother John had died childless and he’d become the heir to Compton Castle in Devon. He decided to leave Maine and return home.

Disheartened at losing two leaders in quick succession, and staring down a second winter in Maine without enough support on the other side of the Atlantic, the other colonists decided to leave with him. But before embarking they came up with a load of sassafras harvested from trees in the area, as they had done in the spring for the first trip of the Mary and John. The leaves were worth something as they were boiled down for use as a topical painkiller at the time (and also make excellent filé powder), but couldn’t hold a candle to the money that tobacco brought, or hope to cover the costs of the Popham Colony. So in the end, despite the relative success of the Plymouth Company as compared to the London Company, the winner of King James’ competition was the one that had the will to hang on until they came up with a way to make serious money.

More than a decade later Sir Fernando Gorges regrouped, reclaimed his moribund charter rights, and helped to finance the Mayflower expedition. With its success, he was able to establish a permanent grip on Maine, getting sole land patent to it in 1629. The modern-day state of Maine sprung from this recapitulation of the Popham Colony.

The Popham Colony itself disappeared so thoroughly from history that it took until the latter part of the 19th century for New England’s historians to even be sure that it had existed. The sole evidence was a second-hand account in a book entitled Historie of Travaile into Virginia Britannia, which was written by Jamestown settler William Strachey in the 1610s but published in 1625; it remained notable not only as one of the prime sources of Jamestown history but also because it contained an eyewitness account of the wreck of the Sea Venture which is believed by Shakespeare historians to be the source material of The Tempest. The Popham Colony portion of it was more controversial, though, and by the mid-19th century the whole thing had degenerated into a heated war of New England town-boosterism disguised as an academic argument about whether the northern portion of King James’ 1607 Virginia charter had been acted on at all, or if Strachey was just relaying a tall tale.

Enter a document entitled Relation of a Voyage to Sagadahoc. The Relation was apparently among Sir Fernando’s papers when he died in 1647, and fell into the keeping of one William Griffith (about whom nothing else is known) before eventually ending up in the library of Lambeth Palace, where it was found in 1875.  It was immediately clear that this was the source of Strachey’s story, and that it matched up. His Historie even had something to add, as the Relation was missing its final few pages describing Gilbert and the remaining colonists’ decision to abandon Maine but Strachey’s retelling continued on to the end. By the 1890s there was a pretty good idea where Fort St. George was based on both the description of it in the Relation and the sketch map shown at the top of this article: it had been found in the Spanish archives in 1888. Though obviously drawn by an Englishman, it had apparently been taken by a spy and given to the Spanish ambassador to England, Pedro de Zuniga, who was somewhat obsessed with keeping tabs on non-Catholic colonists ignoring the papal Tordesillas Line. But it wasn’t until 1994 that archaeologists from the Peabody Essex Museum located Fort St. George’s physical remains in the shoreline backyard of a house in Phippsburg, Maine.

See also Captain Davies catches spy in Chesapeake bay

Captain James Davis Governor and Commander of Forts in VA

Captain James Davis Governor and Commander of Forts in Virginia

Genealogical history of the Lewis Family

Taken from: “Some prominent Virginia families: Volume 2 – Page 620″ by Louise Pecquet du Bellet, Edward Jaquelin, Martha Cary Jaquelin


Motto translated means”Every land is a brave man’s country.”

It is a question very often discussed of late as to whether the hour makes the man or the man the hour. To a student of the history of Virginia an answer is very soon given, for since the settlement of Jamestown, in 1607, which was virtually the birth of this country, there has never arisen a crisis of any kind when Virginia, our mother State, has not had one or more of her sons ready to meet it. When the hour arrives the man appears. We may search the pages of history in vain for a nobler or as noble a group of men as Washington and his patriot Virginians in 1776.

The Lewis family of Virginia is one of the most distinguished families in the State. It is connected by marriage with many of the best-known names, such as Washington. Marshall, Fielding, Merriweather, Daingerfield, Taliaferro and others. The men of the family from the time when they first settled in the colony, about the middle of the seventeenth century, have been men of action and distinction; they have won for themselves the most remarkable record as soldiers. It is recorded on the tombstone of “Pioneer John” that he furnished five sons for the Revolution. There were five colonels in the Revolution—Colonel Nicholas, Colonel Fielding, Colonel William, Colonel Charles and Colonel Joel—and quite a number of majors and captains. The Lewises also won a gallant record in the War of 1812, the Mexican War and in the Confederate States Army.

The Lewis family were originally French Huguenots, and left France after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, 1685. Three brothers—namely, William, Samuel and John—fled to England. (See “History of the Huguenots.”) Shortly afterwards William removed to the north of Ireland, where he married a Miss McClelland; Samuel fixed his residence in Wales, while John continued in England. Descendants of each of these three brothers are supposed to have settled in Virginia.

About the middle of the seventeenth century four brothers of the Lewis family left Wales.

I. Samuel Lewis, went to Portugal; nothing is known of him.

II. William Lewis, d. in Ireland.

III. General Robert Lewis, d. in Gloucester Co., Va.

IV. John Lewis, d. in Hanover Co., Va.

1. I. William Lewis1, one of the Welsh brothers; d. in Ireland. Married Miss McClelland and left one son:

2. I. Andrew Lewis3. Married Miss Calhoun.
They had Issue:

3. I. John Lewis2, b. 1678, in Ireland. Married Margaret Lynn.

4. II. Samuel Lewis2, b. 1680. ‘No issue.

III. John Lewis3 (Andrew2, William1). In 1720 John Lewis left Ireland a fugitive, having stabbed Sir Inango Campbell, his Irish landlord, who attempted in a lawless and brutal manner to evict him from his premises, of which he held a freehold lien, and had slain an invalid brother, before his eves. He first took refuge in Portugal, and later fled to America and settled in Pennsylvania; then in Augusta Co., Va. In Campbell’s “History of Virginia” he is styled as Pioneer John Lewis. He is described as being tall and of great muscular strength, and was one of the best backwoodsmen of his day. He built his house with portholes in it, so that he could successfully contend with the savage tribes that infested the country. When Augusta County was organized he was the founder of Staunton, the county seat, and was one of the first magistrates appointed by the Governor. John Lewis died in 1762. On his tombstone it is recorded that he gave five sons to fight the battles of the American Revolution.

John Lewis and Margaret Lynn, his wife, had issue:

.”>. I. Samuel Lewis4, served with distinction as a captain in the war between the English and French colonists. His brothers, Andrew. William and Charles, were members of his company, and all four were at Braddock’s defeat, and three of them were wounded. Samuel was afterwards conspicuous in the defense of Greenbrier County and the border settlements from the Indians. He was born 1716: d. unmarried.

6. II. Thomas Lewis4, b. in Ireland, 1718.

7. III. Andrew Lewis4, b. in Ireland, 1750.

8. IV. William Lewis4, b. in Ireland, 1724.

9. V. Margaret Lewis4, b. in Ireland, 1726.

10. VI. Anne Lewis4, b. in Ireland, 1728.

11. VII. Charles Lewis4, b. in Virginia, 1736.

Alice Lewis4. Married Mr. Madison.

IV. Col. Andrew Lewis4 (John”, Andrew2, William1), son of John Lewis (Pioneer) and Margaret Lynn, daughter of the Laird of Loch Lynn, chieftain of the once powerful Clan of Loch Lynn: b. in Ireland, 1720. He emigrated with his father to America, and settled in Augusta Co., Va. He took a very active part in the Indian Wars. In 1754 he was twice wounded in the battle of Fort Necessity, under General Washington, by whom he was appointed major of hie regiment. General Lewis was, with four of his brothers, in a company of which the eldest was captain, at Braddock’s defeat, in 1758. “General Andrew Lewis was several times a member of the Colonial Legislature.

An Indian war being anticipated, Lord Dunmore appointed General Lewis commander of the Southern forces. September 11, 1774, General Lewis, with eleven hundred men, commenced his march through the wilderness. After a march of one hundred and sixty miles they reached Point Pleasant, at the junction of the Great Kanawha and Ohio rivers, and there on October 10, 1774, he signally defeated the Shawnee Indians. He is known as the hero of Point Pleasant. His strikingly majestic form and figure never failed to remind me of the memorable remark made by the Governor of the colony of New York, when General Lewis was a commissioner on behalf of Virginia at the treaty of Fort Stanwix, in New York, in 1768, that “the earth seemed to tremble under him as he walked along.” His statue is one of those around that of the father of his country, in Capitol Square, Richmond, Va.; it is marked with the name of Andrew Lewis, the “Hero of Point Pleasant.”

General Washington, under whom Lewis had served in various capacities, had formed such a high estimate of Lewis’s character and ability, it is said, that when the chief command of the Revolutionary army was proposed to Washington, he expressed a wish that it had been given to General Lewis. General Lewis died in 1781.

General Andrew Lewis married (1749) Elizabeth Givens, of Augusta Co., Va., and left issue:

12. I. Captain John Lewis5, who was an officer under his father at Grant’s defeat, when he was made prisoner and carried to Quebec and thence to France. Married Patsy Love of Alexandria, Va. Issue:

13. I. Andrew Samuel Lewis5. Married Miss Whilby.

14. II. Charles Lewis5. Married daughter of Gen. Abraham Trigg, of Virginia.

15. III. Elizabeth Lewis5. Married, second, Mr. Ball; third,

Mr. Marshall. (Her first husband was Mr. Luke, of Alexandria, Va.)

16. II. Thomas Lewis”. Married Miss Evans, of Point Pleasant, Va.

17. III. Colonel Samuel Lewis5, U. S. A.; d. unmarried in Greenbrier Co., Va.

18. IV. Colonel Andrew Lewis”, V. S. A. of the Brent

Mountain, b. 1759. Married Eliza, daughter of John Madison, of Montgomery Co., Va.; d. 1844.
They had Issue:

19. I. Charles Lewis5, d. unmarried.

20. II. Thomas Lewis5, a distinguished lawyer who killed and was killed by Mr. McHenry in a duel with rifles at the distance of thirty yards, the first duel at close quarters ever fought with rifles in Virginia. Left no issue.

21. III. — Lewis8, d. young.

22. IV. . Lewis5, d. young.

23. V. Agatha Lewis”, b. 1778. Married Col. Elijah McClanahan, of Botetourt Co., Va.

24. V. Annie Lewis”. Married Roland Madison, of Kentucky.
They had Issue:

25. I. John Madison”.

26. II. Eliza Lewis Madison”. Married Mr. Worthington of Maryland.

27. III. Andrew Lewis Madison”, d. captain in U. S. A.

28. IV. Roland Madison”, Jr., lived (1873) in Rushville, Indiana.

29. VI. William Lewis”, b. 1764. Married, first, Lucy, daughter of John Madison; second, Nancy McClenahan.

1. 1. General Robert Lewis1^ brother of William Lewis1, with his wife and two sons came to Virginia in 1645, in the good ship “Blessing.” The names of the sons were:

2. I. Colonel John Lewis2, Sr.

3. II. William Lewis2, of Chemokins, St. Peters Parish. New Kent Co., Va.

I. Colonel John Lewis2 Sr. (General Robert Lewis1). Married Isabella Warner, daughter of Augustine Warner, of Warner Hall, Gloucester Co., Va., Speaker of the first House of Burgesses.
They had issue:
4. I. Major John Lewis3, Jr., of Gloucester Co., Va., ii member of the Virginia Council, b. Nov. 30, 1669. Married Frances Fielding. She d. 1731; he d. 1754.

5. II. Warner Lewis3. Married Eleanor, widow of William Gooch, son of Sir William Gooch, Governor of Virginia, and daughter of James Bowles, of Maryland.

0. III. Lewis3. Married Col. Willis, of Fredericksburg, Va.

7. IV. Lewis3. Married Francis Merriweather.

8. V. Major John Lewis3.

9. VI. Isabella Lewis3.

10. VII. Anna Lewis3.
III. Major John Lewis3 (John2, Robert1), of Gloucester Co., Va., member of the Virginia Council, b. November 30, 1669. Married Frances Fielding: d. 1731. He d. 1754. Issue:

11. I. Colonel Robert Lewis4, of Belvoir, Albemarle Co., Va.

12. II. Colonel Charles Lewis4, of the Byrd.

13. III. Colonel Fielding Lewis4. Married, first, Catherine; second, Betty Washington.

IV. Warner Lewis4 (Warner3, John2, Robert1), son of Warner Lewis3 and Eleanor Gooch. Married, first. Mary Chiswell; second, Mary Fleming.

Issue by first marriage:

14. I. Warner Lewis”. Married Courtenay Norton. Issue: I. Courtenay Warner Lewis5. Married Mr. Selden, of Gloucester, Va.

IV. Colonel Fielding Lewis4 (Major John Lewis3 Sr, Col. John Lewis2 Sr-, General Robert Lewis1), second son of Warner Lewis and Eleanor Gooch. Married Agnes Hanvood. They lived at Weyanoke, on the James River. Fielding Lewis held a high place in society, and was considered one of the fathers of Virginia agriculture. His portrait, with that of John Taylor, of Caroline, and other distinguished agriculturists, may now be seen in the rooms of the Agricultural Society of Richmond, placed there by order of the society. Issue:

15. I. Margaret Waddrop Lewis”.

16. II. Frances Fielding Lewis”.

17. III. Anne Lewis””.

18. IV. Frances Lewis7′.

19. V. Eleanor W. Lewis”.

Margaret W. Lewis5 married Thomas Marshall, eldest son of Chief Justice Marshall. Their descendants are given in Volume I, Chapters V, VI, VII.

Eleanor Warner Lewis”. Married Robert Douthat. Their descendants now living in Baltimore are:

I. Mr. Montgomery 0. Selden, his children Allen and Elizabeth Selden.

II. Mr. Bolling Selden, his children Mrs. Swope, Susan P.
Selden, Agnes Lewis Selden and Alice Selden.

The descendants of Mrs. Courtenay Warner Lewis, who married Mr. William Selden, of Gloucester, are:

Mrs. Charles Dimmock, Mrs. William Dimmock, and Mrs. Loyd Tabb. This branch of the family inherited Warner Hall in Gloucester.

V. Frances Fielding Lewis5 (Fielding4. Warner’1, John2, Robert1), daughter of Fielding Lewis and Agnes Harwood, his wife. Married Archibald Taylor, of Norfolk, Va. Issue:

20. I. Fielding Lewis Taylor”, a colonel in the Confederate army, who was killed in a battle. Married Farley Fauntleroy. Issue:

21. I. Archibald Taylor7. Married Martha Fauntleroy.


22. I. Archibald Taylor”.

23. II. Thomas Taylor8, served under Gen. Robert E. Lee

in the Confederate army. He was killed at the Battle of Shiloh. V. Eleanor Warner Lewis8 (Fielding4. Warner3, John2, Robert1), daughter of Fielding Lewis and Agnes Harwood, his wife. Married Robert Douthat, of Weyanoke. Issue:

I Robert Douthat5. Married, first, Mary Ambler Marshall; second, Betty W. Wade. Issue Vol. I.

The issue of William H. Selden and Jane Douthat, were:
I. Robert Selden..
II. Eleanor Selden.

III. William Selden.

IV. Bolling Selden.
V. Agnes Selden.

VI. Montgomery Selden.
VII. Lewis Selden.

IV. Col. Robert Lewis4 (Major John Lewis2, John2, Robert1), of Belvoir, Albemarle Co., Va. Married Jane, daughter of Nicholas Merriweather; d. 1757. His will is recorded in Albemarle Co., Va.

IV. Col. Charles Lewis4 (Major John Lewis3, John2, Robert1), of the Byrd. Married Lucy, daughter of John Taliaferro, of the Manor Plantation, of Snow Creek, Spottsylvania Co., Va., about 1750.

IV. Colonel Fielding Lewis4 (Major John Lewis3, John2, Robert1), son of Major John Lewis and Frances Fielding, his wife. Married (1746) Catherine Washington, a cousin of General Washington; second, Betty Washington, sister of General Washington.

Col. Fielding settled near Fredericksburg, Va. He was a member of the House of Burgesses, a merchant and vestryman. There is in the possession of a descendant of Col. Fielding Lewis and his wife, Betty Washington, an old family Bible, a hereditary relic for five generations, having been given by Mary Ball Washington to her only daughter, Betty (Mrs. Fielding Lewis), and transmitted directly to her descendants. During the Revolution, in 1776, Col. Fielding Lewis was an ardent patriot and did special service by superintending the manufacture of arms for the use of the army.

Col. Fielding Lewis and Catherine Washington, his first wife, had issue:

24. I. John Lewis5, b. 1747. Married five times.

25. II. Francis Lewis5, d. young.

26. III. Warner Lewis5, d. young. Issue by second wife:

27. IV. Fielding Lewis”.

28. V. Augustine Lewis”.

29. VI. Warner Lewis”.

30. VII. George Washington Lewis”
31. VIII. Mary Lewis”. married William Lyons

32. IX. Charles Lewis”.

33. X. Samuel Lewis”.

34. XL Bettie Lewis”.

35. XII. Lawrence Lewis”.

36. XIII. Robert Lewis”.

37. XIV. Howell Lewis5, b. 1771. Married Miss Pollard, and

left issue.

V. John Lewis5 (Fielding4, John1, John2, Robert1), son of Col. Fielding Lewis and Catherine Washington, his first wife, b. 1747. He was a graduate of Oxford. England, and died in Logan County, Kentucky. Married five times, first, Lucy Thornton: second, Elizabeth, daughter of Gabriel Jones; third, Miss Jones; fourth, Mary Ann Fontaine, widow of Bowles Armistead; fifth, Mrs. Mercer, nee Carter.

V. Fielding Lewis5 (Fielding4, John2, John2, Robert1), fourth son of Col. Fielding Lewis. Married and died in Fairfax Co., Va., leaving no male issue. Issue:

38. I. Catherine Lewis8. Married Henry Chew Dade. 3!l. II. Lucinda Lewis5. Married Gilson Foote.

V. George W. Lewis5 (Fielding4, John2, John2, Robert1), seventh son of Col. Fielding, b. June 24, 1755. He was a captain in Colonel Baylor’s regiment of cavalry, during the Revolutionary War, and commander of General Washington’s life-guards. It is said that General Mercer expired in his arms at the battle of Princeton. Married Miss Daingerfield and lived in Clarke Co., Va.; died at his county seat, Marmion, in 1871. He enjoyed the highest confidence of General Washington and was sent by him on a secret expedition to Canada.

George Washington Lewis and Miss Daingerfield, his wife, had issue:

40. I. Mary Lewis”. Married Col. Byrd Willis. (See Willis Family, Chapter IX.)

41. II. Daingerfield Lewis”.

42. III. Samuel Lewis”.

43. IV. Bettie Lewis”, b. 1765. Married Charles Carter.

(See Carter Family, Chapter VII.)

V. Lawrence Lewis5 (Fielding4, John3, John2, Robert1), twelfth son of Colonel Fielding Lewis, b. 1767. He lived on his estate, Woodlawn, near Mount Vernon. He was the adopted son and executor of the will of General “Washington. Married Eleanor Parke Custis, daughter of Washington Parke Custis, adopted child of Mrs. Washington. They had issue:

44. I. Lorenzo Lewis”.

45. II. Lawrence Lewis”.

46. III. Frances Parke Lewis”.

47. IV. Washington Lewis”, lived in Clarke Co., Va. His descendants own many of the old family portraits, among them those of Col. Fielding Lewis and his second wife, Betty Washington. V. .Robert Lewis3 (Fielding4, John2, John2, Robert1), thirteenth son of Col. Fielding Lewis and Betty Washington, his second wife; was private secretary to General Washington during his presidential term. Married Miss Brown and settled in Fredericksburg, Va. Issue:

48. I. Daughter Lewis5. Married Rev. Edward McGuire of Fredericksburg, Va.

49. II. Daughter Lewis”. Married George W. Bassett, of Richmond, Va.

From Bishop Meade’s “Old Families”.we quote the following account:

Among the families who belonged to Pohick Church was that of Mr. Lawrence Lewis, nephew of General Washington. He married Miss Custis, the granddaughter of Mrs. Washington. In many of the pictures of the Washington family she may be seen as a girl in a group with the General, Mrs. Washington, and her brother. Washington Parke Custis. There were two full sisters, Mrs. Law and Mrs. Peter. Mrs. Custis, the widow of Washington Parke Custis, married second. Dr. David Stuart, first of Hope Parish and then of Ossian Hall, Fairfax Co., Va. One of the sons of Lorenzo Lewis married a daughter of Beverly Johnson, of Baltimore, Md.

John Lewis, Sr., one of the original brothers, who emigrated from Wales to America, was born about 1640. He lived with the Mastyns, an ancient and wealthy family of Denbighshire, Wales. He died in Hanover Co., Va., 1726, where his will can be found on record. This John Lewis, Sr., was the great-great-grandfather of William Terrill Lewis, of Louisville, Winston Co., Miss., author of the Lewis genealogy, from which the dates of this article have been largely drawn. In his will John Lewis mentions the names of his children:

2. I. Rebecca Lewis3.

3. II. Abraham Lewis3.

4. III. Sarah Lewis3.

5. IV. Angelica Lewis’2.

6. V. David Lewis3.

7. VI. John Lewis2.

II. David Lewis2 (John1), Sr., fifth son of John I/iwis, Sr., was born in Hanover Co., Va., about 1685. Married, first, Miss Terrill, by whom he had eight children.

William, James and John Terrill were brothers of AngloNorman descent. They came to America about 1660, as huntsmen for King James II, of England, and settled in Gloucester Co., Va. For their dexterity in hunting they wire awarded by the King fifteen hundred acres of land, to be selected by themselves. The Terrills are of Anglo-Norman origin and descend from Sir Walter Tyrell, a Norman knight who came into England with William the Conqueror, A. D. 1066. David Lewis, Sr., fifth child of the emigrant, moved from Hanover Co., Va., and settled in Albemarle. Co., Va., about 1750, where he died in 1779. He married twice and left eleven children. William Terrill Lewis3, the eldest child of David Lewis, Sr., b. 1718, Hanover Co., Va., moved to Albemarle Co., Va., and was the third settler in that county. William Lewis, Sr., was one of the first men who volunteered their services in Albemarle Co., Va., to resist the high-handed measures of Lord Dunmore in 1774.

IV. Col. Robert Lewis4 (John3, John2, Robert1), of Belvoir, Albemarle Co., Va., son of Major John Lewis3 and Frances Fielding Lewis, his wife. Married Jane, daughter of Nicholas Meriwether. He died in 1757, leaving five children. Issue: I. Robert Lewis”. II. John Lewis”.

III. Charles Lewis”.

IV. Nicholas Lewis5.
V. William Lewis”.

V. William Lewis5 (Robert4, John2, John2, L’obert1) was captain in the State line during the Revolution. Married Lucy Meriwether, daughter of Thomas Meriwether, by whom he had three children:

I. Meriwether Lewis”.
II. Reuben Lewis”.
III. Jane Lewis”.

VI. Meriwether Lewis” (William5, Robert4, John2, John2, Robert1), generally called the “Oregon Explorer,” son of Captain William I.ewis, b. August 18, 1774. His father died when he was very young and he grew up under the care of his uncle, Col. Nicholas Lewis. Thomas Jefferson gives a very interesting sketch of Meriwether Lewis, who was for two years his private secretary. He says: “He was remarkable, even in infancy, for enterprise, boldness and discretion. When only eight years old he habitually went out in the dead of the night alone with his dogs into the forest to hunt the raccoon and opossum. At the age of thirteen he was put to the Latin school and continued until eighteen.”

At the age of twenty he engaged as a volunteer in the body of militia called out by General Washington for service in the western part of the United States. At twenty-three he was promoted to a captaincy. In 1792 Thomas Jefferson proposed to the American Philosophical Society that they should set on foot a subscription to engage some competent person to explore the region by ascending the Missouri, crossing the Stony Mountains and descending the nearest river to the Pacific. Captain Lewis, being then stationed at Charlottesville, warmly solicited Jefferson to obtain for him the execution of the expedition, although it was explained to him that the person engaged to go should be accompanied by a single companion only, to avoid exciting alarm among the Indians. This did not deter him, but the proposal did not succeed. In 1803 Congress approved the plan and voted a man of money to carry it into execution. Captain Lewis, who had been private secretary for Jefferson for two years, renewed his solicitations to have the direction of the party. His request was granted, and as it was necessary that he should have some competent person with him, in case of accident to himself, William Clarke, brother of General Rogers Clarke, was selected and approved, receiving a commission as captain. In April. 1803, a draft of his instructions was sent to Captain Lewis, and on the 5th of July, 1803. they left Washington and proceeded to Pittsburg. The two explorers. Lewis and Clarke, returned to St. Louis on the 23d of September. 180(>. having been gone a little over three years. The old accounts of the expedition tell us, “Never did a similar event excite more joy throughout the United States.” Captain Lewis was soon after appointed Governor of Louisiana and Captain Clarke a general of its militia, and agent of the United States for Indian affairs in the department. Captain Meriwether Lewis died October 11. 1809, aged 35.

The Virginia ‘Heraldry gives (February 11, 1906): “There seems to have been some doubt for a time as to which of Col. Robert Lewis’ sons married Catherine Fauntleroy. Some genealogists stated that it was Robert, but it has been proved that he married his cousin, Frances Lewis.”

I believe that there is now a record of the marriage of John Lewis- and Catherine Fauntleroy in Washington. However that may be, there seems to be no doubt that John is the Lewis who married Catherine.

V. John Lewis5 (Robert4, John2, John2, Robert1), son of Col. Robert Lewis and Jane Meriwether, his wife. Married Catherine Fauntleroy, daughter of Col. William Fauntleroy, of Naylor’s Hole (he mentions his daughter Catherine Lewis in his will, dated 1757), and his wife, Apphia Bushrod, and great-granddaughter of Col. Moore Fauntleroy, who emigrated to America before 1C43. and who was the twenty-first generation of descent from Henry I, of France (Browning’s “Americans of Royal Descent”).

In Deed Book No. 5, of the Albemarle County Records (pp. 191, 192 and 299), he describes himself as “John Lewis, of Halifax Co., Va., in three separate deeds, in which his wife Catherine joins as party to same. He qualified as executor to his father’s will in 1766 (Albemarle records). He left Halifax and went to reside on the Dan River, in North Carolina.

John Lewis and Catherine Fauntleroy, his wife, had issue:
I. Sallie Lewis”, b. 1761. Married (Aug. 10, 1780) Philip
Taylor. Mr. Williams, of Asheville, N. C., has an old
prayer-book that belonged to Philip Taylor, an ancestor of his, which contains the record of the marriage and the fact of her being the daughter of John and Catherine Lewis.

II. Apphia Fauntleroy Lewis”. Married David Allen, who lived on the Dan River, five miles from Danville, Pittsylvania Co., Va. A great-aunt, who died only a few years ago, by name Apphia Lewis Hightower, gave the facts to my cousin, with the names of the children. She spent much of her time at the old plantation on the Dan River with her grandparents. Apphia Fauntleroy Lewis and her husband, David Allen, had issue: I. Lewis Buckner Allen7, b. 1773; d. July 20, 1835, at Hickory Flat, near Florence, Ala. Married Mary Catherine Jones, daughter of Richard C. Jones and Elizabeth Crowley Ward, of Amelia Co., Va.

II. Julius Allen7, a bachelor, who inherited the old home on the Dan River and afterward left it to his nephew. David Allen.

III. Fauntleroy Allen7.

IV. Felix Allen7. Married Margaret White.
V. Christian Allen7. Married Sallie Fortson.

VI. Sallie Fauntleroy Allen7. Married Joseph Woodson.
VII. David Bushrod Allen7, moved to Mississippi.
VIII. Marv Meriwether Allen7. Married John Ross.

VII. Lewis Buckner Allen7 and Mary Catherine Jones left issue:

I. Elizabeth Crowley Allen”, b. 1817; d. March 5, 1849,
Alabama. Married (April 3, 1834) Captain Clinton

II. William Ward Allen”. Married and moved to Texas.

III. Ann Catherine Allen”. Married John Donalson; descend

ants live in Aberdeen, Miss.

IV. John Lewis Allen8. Married Josephine Middlebrook.

V. Apphia Lewis Allen”. Married John Hightower; descendants live in Texas. VI. Richard Allen”, d. single. VIII. Elizabeth Crowley Allen” was b. 1817: d. March 5, 1849. Married (April 3, 1834) Captain Clinton Heslep, b. December 10, 1810, in West Calm, Pa., and was the son of Joseph Heslep and wife, Susan Kendig. Joseph Heslep moved to Kentucky in 1813 and then to Alabama. He was very wealthy, having developed the first iron works in that part of the country. His sister Hanna married Bernard Van Leer, and they were the ancestors of the Van Leers of Nashville, Tenn.

Elizabeth Crowley Allen and her husband, Captain Clinton Heslep. left issue:

I. Mary Cornelia Heslep”, b. 1835. at Hickory Flat, near
Florence, Ala.: d. at Florence, 1902. Married John
Hood. Issue:
I. James Hood1″.
II. Lizzie Hood1″. Married Harris.

III. John Hood1″, of the United States Navy.

IV. Chalmers Hood1″.
V. Cole Hood1″.

VI. Clinton Hood1″.
VII. Mary- Hood1″.
II. Christian Heslep”, b. 1837, Alabama; d. 1890, St. Louis.

III. Lewis Buckner Heslep”, b. June 22, 1838, Alabama; d. June 1, 1905, St. Louis. Mo. Married (Nov. 22, 1860) Griselda A. Seat, in Trenton, Tenn., a daughter of Capt. Pobert Seat, and his wife, Martha Gilchrist. Martha Gilchrist was a daughter of Dr. Allen Gilchrist, whose father, Thomas Gilchrist, married Martha Jones, sister of Gen. Willie Jones and Gov. Allen Jones, of Revolutionary fame, in North Carolina. Dr. Allen Gilchrist’s sister, Griselda Gilchrist, married Col. William Polk, of Tennessee, who was the father of Gen. Leonidas Polk, of Civil War fame.

IV. Joseph Heslep”, b. May 1, 1842, Florence, Ala.

V. Clinton Heslep”, b. Sept. 11, 1843, at Brown’s Port.
Perry Co., Tenn.; d. in Florence, after Civil War.

IX. Lewis Buckner Heslep” and Griselda A. Seat, his wife, had issue:

I. Cornelia Sallie Heslep1″, b. March 1, 1862, Trenton,
Tenn. Married (Sept. 22, 1880, St. Louis. Mo.)

Robert G. Hogan, b. in England and nephew of Hon. John Hogan, of St. Louis, who represented that city in Congress, and was known by the sobriquet of “Honest John.” II. Vernon Benton Heslep1″, b. April 15, 1864, in Columbus. Ky.

III. Lewis Buekner Heslep1″, b. Feb. 4. 1867, Trenton. Tenn.

X. Cornelia S. Heslep1″ married Robert G. Hogan, and had issue:

L Reginald R. Hogan11, lieutenant in United States Marine
Corps, b. Dec. 21, 1881, St. Louis, Mo.
II. Hazel Heslep Hogan11, b. June 28, 1883, St. Louis.
Married (April 5, 1903, in St. Louis) Ephraim Brevard Cockrell, son of former United States Senator
Francis Marion Cockrell.

III. Robert Cecil Hogan11. b. July 26, 1S85, St. Louis.

IV. Gladys Griselda Hogan11, b. March 7, 1889, St. Louis.
V. George Vernon Hogan11. b. March 10, 1895, in Webster

Grove, St. Louis Co., Mo.


Thomas Lewis2, the second son of the founder, was born in Donegal, Ireland, April 27, 1718; died January 31, 1790. He was a man of strong and cultivated mind, of spirit and enterprise, and during the colonial period and the Revolutionary War rendered important services to the country. In 1746 he was appointed colonial surveyor of Augusta, and much of Washington’s great wealth was acquired by surveys of land under his authority and in common with him. He and Col. John Wilson represented the county in the House of Burgesses almost uninterruptedly from 1745 to 1767, and they voted in 1765 for Patrick Henry’s celebrated resolutions declaring that “this general assembly have the only exclusive right and power to lay taxes and impositions u;:on the inhabitants of this colony; that any efforts in an opposite direction are illegal, unconstitutional and unjust, and have a manifest tendency to destroy British as well as American freedom.”

In 1775 he was unanimously elected delegate to the Colonial Congress, and was one of the first to enroll his name among the “Sons of Liberty.” He was commissioner of the old confederacy of the thirteen colonies in 1778, to treat with the Indian tribes at the battle of Point Pleasant. He was a member of the convention which ratified the constitution of the United States.

After the Revolution, Gen. Washington made him a visit at Lewiston, in Rockingham, and there arranged their land claims. His descendants still own and reside upon his estate, Lewiston, near Port Republic, in the present county of Rockingham. He had a literary taste, and when not engaged in business was generally to be found in his library. He died at his residence in Rockingham County, on the Shenandoah River, three miles from Port Republic, January 31, 1790. In his will he fixed the place on his own estate where he wished to be buried, and desired that the burial service might be read from the Book of Common Prayer by his friend Peachy Gilmer. Married (January 26, 1749) Jane. the daughter of William Strother, Esq., of Stafford Co., Va., whose estate, opposite to Fredericksburg, joined the residence of the father of Gen. Washington, with whom (Gen. W.) she was a schoolmate and nearly of the same age.

Hon. Thomas Lewis2 and Jane Strother, his wife, had issue:

14. XII. Sophia Lewis3, b. 1775. Married John Carthrae, of Rockingham Co., Va.; removed to Missouri. Issue unknown.

15. XIII. William Benjamin Lewis2, b. 1778. Married Miss Hite, and at’ his death, 1842, left issue:

16. I. William H. Lewis4. Married Elizabeth, daughter of Capt. John Lewis, of Bath Co. Issue unknown.

17. II. Gen. George Lewis4. Married Miss Effinger.

18. III. Mary Jane Lewis4.

III. Margaret Ann Lewis3 (Thomas2, John1), b. 1751. Married MeClenahan. of Staunton, Va., by whom she left one child:

19. I. John MeClenahan4.

Her husband dying, she afterwards married Col. Wm. Bowyer, of Staunton, by whom at her death, in 1834, she left issue:

20. II. William C. Bowyer4.

21. III. Strother Bowyer4.

22. IV. Luke Bowyer4.

23. V. Peter C. Bowyer4.

24. VI. Matilda Bowyer4.

III. Agatha Lewis3 (Thomas-, John1), daughter of Col. Thomas Lewis and Jane Strother, his wife, b. 1753; d. 1836, aged 83. Married, first, Capt. Frogg, d. leaving one daughter; she left one daughter.

Agatha Lewis married, second, Col. John Stuart, of Greenbrier Co., Va., by whom she left issue:

25. 1. Elizabeth Frogg4, b. 1773. Issue by second marriage:

26. II. Charles A. Stuart4, b. 1775.

27. III. Lewis Stuart4, b. 1777.

28. IV. Margaret Stuart4, b. 1779.

29. V. Jane Stuart4, b. 17—.

I shall complete the Stuart lineage before taking up Charles Lewis’s branch:

IV. Elizabeth Frogg4 (Agatha3, Thomas-, John1), daughter of Agatha Lewis and Capt. Frogg. .Married Major Isaac Estill, of Monroe Co. and left issue.
30. I. Wallace Estill’.

31. II. John Estill”.

32. III. Estill”.

33. IV. Agnes Estill”.

IV.- Charles A. Stuart4 (Agatha Lewis2, Thomas2, John1), son of Agatha Lewis and John Stuart, of Greenbrier Co., Va. Married Miss Robertson, of Augusta Co., Va., and had following issue:

34. I. Robertson Stuart5. Married Miss Bradford, of Orange, Va.

35. II. James Stuart”. Married Margaret Lewis. Issue unknown.

36. III. Elizabeth Stuart5, single.

IV. Lewis Stuart4 (Agatha Lewis2, Thomas2, John1), son of Agatha Lewis and Col. John Stuart, b. 1777. Married Sarah Lewis and had issue:

37. 1. Rachael Stuart”. Married Gen. Davis, Mississippi.

38. II. Jane Stuart5. Married Samuel Price.

39. III. Agnes Stuart”. Married Charles L. Peyton.

40. IV. Charley Stuart5, unmarried.

41. V. Margaret Stuart”. Married James Davis.

42. VI. Lewis Stuart5, unmarried.

43. VII. Henry Stuart5, unmarried.

44. VIII. Andrew Stuart5, unmarried.

[V. Margaret Stuart4 (Agatha Lewis2, Thomas2, John1), daughter of Agatha Lewis and Col. John Stuart, b. 1779. Married Col. Andrew Lewis,* of Point Pleasant, 1802; he d. 1833, leaving issue:

45. I. Agnes Lewis5, b. 1805.

46. II. John Lewis5, b. 1807 ; d. 1811.

47. III. Elizabeth Lewis5, b. ;d. 1812.

48. IV. Mary J. Lewis5, b. 1811. Married Charles R. Baldwin in 1833; d. 1835.

49. V. John Stuart Lewis”.

50. VI. Margaret Lewis5, b ;d. 1819.

*note.—Col. Andrew Lewis3 (Charles3, John1) was son of Col. Charles Lewis and Sarah Murray.

51. VII. Sarah Frances Lewis5, b. 1817. Married Dr. Creigh.

of Lewisburg, W. Va. Issue unknown.

52. VIII. Elizabeth Lewis5, b. 1819.

53. IX. Andrew Lewis5, el. young.

IV. Jane Stuart4 (Agatha Lewis2, Thomas2, John1), daughter of Agatha Lewis and Col. John Stuart, b. 17—. Married Major Robert Crockett, of Wythe Co., W. Va., and left the following

Maria Crockett5. Married Judge James E. Brown.
Agatha Crockett”. Married James McGavoc, and
left issue.

Charles Crockett”. Married Mary Bowyer, of Botetourt and left issue.
Stuart Crockett”. Married Margaret Taylor, of Smyth Co., and left issue.

Frank Crockett”. Married .

Gustavus Crockett”. Married Eliza Erskine.
Augustine Crockett3, d. unmarried.

V. Agatha Estill5 (Elizabeth4, Agatha Lewis2, Thomas2, John1), daughter of Elizabeth Frogg and Major Isaac Estill. Married Henry Erskine of Greenbrier and had issue:

Elizabeth Erskine8. Married Gustavus Crockett.
Margaret Lewis Erskine”. Married Charles S. Gay, of Richmond, Va., who removed to Augusta Co.,
Va., and had issue:
Charles Gay7, killed in battle Malvern Hill.
Fanny Gay7. Married Richard M. Catlett, a lawyer of Staunton, Va.
Elizabeth Gay7.
Erskine Gay7, unmarried.
Agatha Gay7.
William Gay7.

Carrie Gay7. Married W. M. Allen, of Staunton, Va.
Margaret Gay7, d. young.
William Lewis Gay7, d. young.
John Robertson Gay7, d. young.

Jane Erskine8. Married William Boyd, a lawyer of Buchanan, in Botetourt Co., Va., and had issue

“4. I. Henry Boyd7.

75. II. Alice Boys Boyd7.

76. III. William Boyd7.

77. IV. Andrew Boyd7.

V. Rachel Stuart5 (Lewis4, Agatha Lewis3. Thomas2, John1), daughter of Lewis Stuart and Sarah Lewis, his wife. Married Gen. Davis, of Mississippi, and had issue:

78. I. Runnels Davis5.

79. II. Charles Davis5.

80. III. Sarah Davis”.

81. IV. Mary Davis”.

82. V. Alfred Davis”.

83. VI. Davis”.

84. VII. Davis”.

V. Jane Stuart5 (Lewis4, Agatha Lewie3, Thomas2, John1), daughter of Lewis Stuart and Sarah Lewis, his wife. Married Samuel Price, of Lewisburg, W. Va., formerly Lieutenant-Governor of Virginia and in 1876 United States Senator for West Virginia, and at her death, in 187:I. left issue:

85. I. Margaret Price”.

86. II. Mary Price”.

87. III. John Price”.

88. IV. Sally Price”.

89. V. Jennie Price”.

90. VI. Lewis Price”.

V. Agnes Stuart5 (Lewis4, Agatha Lewis2, Thomas2, John1), daughter of Lewis Stuart and Sarah Lewis, his wife. Married Charles L. Peyton, son of C. Peyton and a great nephew of President Jefferson, of Greenbrier Co., W. Va., and had issue:

91. I. Thomas Peyton”.

92. II. Elizabeth Peyton”.

93. III. Lewis Peyton”.

94. IV. Charles Peyton”.

95. V. Harry Peyton”.

96. VI. Caroline Peyton”.

V. Maria Crockett” (Jane Stuart4. Agatha Lewis2, Thomas2, John1), daughter of Jane Stuart and Major Robert Crockett, of Wythe Co., Va. Married Judge James E. Brown, by whom she had issue:

97. I. William Brown”, d. unmarried.

98. II. Jane Brown”, d. unmarried.

99. III. Fanny Peyton Brown”. Married Col. Joseph F.

Kent. She d. 1861, leaving issue: I. Betty Kent7. Married George M. Harrison.

II. John Kent7, unmarried.

III. Jane Kent7. Married Howe Peyton Cochran.

IV. Emma Kent7. Married Jno. 0. Yates.
V. Alexander Kent7, d. unmarried.

After the death (1861) of Mrs. Kent, Col. Joseph F. Kent
married, second, Virginia Frances Peyton, b. 1841. Issue:
I. Joseph Kent7.
II. Susan Peyton Kent7.

III. Mary Preston Kent7.

II. Susan Peyton Kent7. Married (6th of January, 1904) by Rev. Mercer P. Logan, D. D., at St. John’s Episcopal Church, Wytheville, Va., to Mr. Edmund Fontaine Broun, of Charleston, W. Va.*

IV. Alexander Brown, fourth child of Judge Brown, was a most promising young man, who, after graduating with distinction at the University of Virginia, commenced the law practice in Wythe, hut died soon after.

The Baltimore Sun of August 13, 1905, has the following article on:


Of the many old Colonial Homes in Virginia which are still in a splendid state of preservation, perhaps none can claim greater historical interest or more pleasing associations than does old Woodlawn Mansion, the

‘Being in Wytheville that winter I (L. Pecquet du Bellet) was at the wedding. I was at the reception and handed all the telegrams of congratulations to the bride and groom. A lovelier bride I have never seen. The parlors were crowded with guests from various States of the Union. The presents were very handsome, costing several thousand dollars.

The mother of the bride is a very dear friend of mine. I receive some very interesting letters from her. (Peyton Family, Hayden’s Virginia Genealogies, pp. 461-566.)

original home of Mrs. Eleanor Custis Lewis, nee Nelly Custis, the adopted daughter of General George Washington. Since Woodlawn was built one hundred years have rolled into the great abyss of the past, yet it stands to day a complete and solid result of fine old-time architecture, in no respect reduced from its ancient splendor or magnificence.

Woodlawn is located in lower Fairfax County, lying directly on the road known as the Alexandria pike, and an hour’s drive from that old city of Alexandria, where centers so much of history, sentiment and anecdote concerning America’s greatest general, the illustrious Washington. The commanding site upon which this mansion is built was formerly a part of the Mount Vernon estate, but, with the acres surrounding it. was given by General Washington to his adopted daughter, Nelly Custis, upon her marriage to his favorite nephew, Lawrence. Lewis, afterwards Major Lewis of Woodlawn. Its architecture is of Colonial date, being one of the finest specimens of that period and better known as the Georgian architecture. Within the long drawing-room of that historic mansion, on the last anniversary of the birthday of her devoted foster-father. Nelly was made the bride of Lawrence Lewis, Washington himself giving the blushing young beauty away to the beloved nephew, afterwards Major Lewis, of Woodlawn. This event took place on the 22nd of February. 1799. Mrs. Eleanor Custis Lewis sleeps to-day beneath the marble shaft that marks her grave at Mount Vernon, only a few feet away from the tomb containing the honored dust of her beloved hero and foster-father. Upon this monument the noble traits of this gentlewoman are thus written:

“Sacred to the memory of Eleanor Parke Custis. granddaughter of Mrs. Washington and adopted daughter of General Washington. Reared under the roof of the Father of His Country, this lady was not more remarkable for her beauty of person than for the superiority of her mind. She lived to be admired and died to be regretted, July 15. 1852, in the seventyfourth year of her age.”

Woodlawn has changed owners many times, and is the property to-day of Mr. Paul Kester, the popular young playwright.

Since writing the above I am the happy recipient of the following extract from Mrs. Penrose N. Ions, of San Angelo, Texas, taken from the “History of Huguenots,” by Samuel Smiles:

Jean Louis was forced to flee from France, during the persecutions of the Huguenots, which followed the revocation of the “Edict of Nantes.” He came of a Protestant family of wealth, position and influence, of the town of Castred. He made good his escape to England, and as the English were in need of experienced officers in Flanders, he was gladly weleomed and given a commission as Captain in Queen Anne’s Army in the “Low Countries.” For his gallantry and valuable services he was made Field Marshal, Earl of Ligenter and Baron of Greniskilin.

He was with Marlborough in Flanders, and attracted his attention at the storming of Liege. At Blenheim he was the only captain of hisregiment who survived. At Kenice (or Menice) he led the grenadiers in storming the counters. He fought at Malplaquet. where he was made Major of Brigade. He was in all of Marlborough’s battles, and at Dettingen as Lieutenant-General, he won still higher distinction. The intrepidity with which he led the British Infantry won the battle of Fontenoy. Placed in command of the British forces in Flanders, he was taken prisoner at the engagement of Sanfield. Restored to England he was made Commander-in-Chief, and Colonel of the Fort Guards. During his career, he was in nineteen battles and twenty-three sieges.


The first General John Lewis had a son- named :he was the eldest and died early. He had rented in fee simple, for a hundred years, the estate of Lord Dunraven, in Ireland. John Lewis, the eldest son of the dead man, succeeded to the titles and estates and settled in Ireland. That John Lewis went to Scotland and married Margaret, the daughter of Lord Lynn, who lived on Loch (Lake) Lynn.

John Lewis, then an earl, and his wife lived happily for a few years. Then the profligate Earl of Dunraven wanted to give (rent) the estate to a boon companion. He came with an armed hand to drive John Lewis away. He fired into the house and killed a brother of Lewis, who was ill in bed. John Lewis, who had been absent, returned, and, seeing the armed Earl, he shot him dead. English soldiers were sent to arrest John Lewis for killing the Earl of Dunraven, but the Irish of the whole country arose and helped him to escape to the west coast. All the landlords near John Lew-is armed their followers and escorted him to the coast, and he escaped to France. Feeling unsafe in France, he made his way alone and on foot over to the mountains in Spain. Relatives knelt to King George and begged a pardon for John Lewis. As he was safe in Spain and the King could not get him, he thought to make good use of him and try to get the Indians to kill him, so he (the King) said John Lewis should lose titles and property, but if he would go to Virginia, and go far beyond all of his good subjects, he (the King) would forgive and rent him a tract of land, 100,000 acres, provided he built a fort and became a shield to all of his good and loyal subjects. So, as he could not help himself, John Lewis came to Virginia. His brother brought over the family of John Lewis and a shipload of tenants—MeHughs (now called MeCuea) and McLungs and many other Valley families, all Presbyterians. As soon as they got to Virginia they were on a level with John Lewis.

John Lewis had the following children: Samuel, Thomas, Andrew, William, Margaret Anne, Charles and Alice. Alice married Mr. Madison and was the mother of Bishop Madison. Mr. Madison was the first and only member of the family to belong to the Protestant Episcopal Church.

Thomas Lewis married Jane Strother. His sketch has been given above.

II. Col. Charles Lewie2 (John1), the youngest son of the founder, John Lewis, and Margaret Lynn, his wife; was killed October 10, 1774, at the battle of Point Pleasant. Married Sarah Murray, an English lady, half-sister of Col. Cameron, of Bath Co., Va. She was a near relative of Linlev Murray, who wrote the grammar.

Col. Charles Lewis left following issue:

3. L Elizabeth Lewis2, b. 1762 : d. single.

4. II. Margaret Lewis2, b. 1765.

5. III. John Lewis2, b. 1766.

6. IV. Marv Lewis2, b. 1768.

7. V. Thomas Lewis2, b. 1771.

8. VI. Andrew Lewis2, b. 1772.

9. VII. Charles Lewis2, b. 1774.

III. Col. John Lewis3 (Charles2, John1), son of Col. Charles Lewis and Sarah Murray, his wife, of Bath Co., Va. Married Rachel Miller, of Augusta Co., and left at his death, 1843. the following issue:

16. VII. John Lewis4. Married Mary J.’Lewie, daughter of

William Benjamin Lewis, of Rockingham Co., Va., and Miss Hite. W. B. Lewis’ was youngest son of Thomas Lewis2 and Jane Strother. Issue unknown.

17. VIII. Elizabeth Lewis4. Married Wm. H. Lewis, son of

Wm. Benjamin Lewis and M. Hite. Issue unknown.

18. IX. Hannah Lewis4, unmarried.

19. X. Rachel Lewis4, d. unmarried.

III. Charles Lewis3 (Thomas3. John1), son of Thomas Lewis2 and Jane Strother, his wife; b. 1772; d. 1832, near Port Republic. Rockingham Co., Va. Married Anne Hance. of the Eastern Shore of Maryland. PTe inherited the homestead on the Shenandoah River in what is now Rockingham Co., Va. Charles Lewis and Anne Hance had issue:

I. Thomas Lewis4. Married Delia Fletcher. Issue:
I. Anne Lewis”.
IF. Samuel Hance Lewis4.

III. Charles Chambers Lewis4. Married Mary Allen and had
following issue:
I. Charles Chambers Lewis”.
II. James Lewis”.

III. Andrew Lewis”.

IV. Mary Lewis”.

V. Henry Clay Lewis”. VI. William Lewis”. VII. George Kemper Lewis”. IV. Mary Lewis4. Married Dr. Nusco Chambers, of Clinton Co., Ohio.

V. Margaret Strother Lewis4. Married Rev. C. B. Tippett, of Maryland.

IV. Gen. Samuel Hance Lewis4 (Charles2, Thomas2, John1), son of Charles Lewis3 and Anne Hance, a prominent citizen of Virginia, was a graduate of Washington College (now Washington and Lee), a man of great literary tastes, profoundly religious, of high moral worth, and beloved friend of Bishops Meade and Cobb. While exceedingly genial among his intimate friends, he was a man remarkable for his strict religious observances, for his stern deportment in the presence of frivolity, and for his iron will and high integrity, both in private as well as in public life. He represented his county in the Legislature for many years, and his name is dear to the church in Virginia, in whose councils he was so long a ruling spirit. He died at his home, Lewiston, Rockingham Co., of cancer of the neck, in 1868.

He married, first, Nancy Lewis, the granddaughter of Col. Charles Lewis, killed at the battle of Point Pleasant; second. Anna Maria Lomax, daughter of Judge J. T. Lomax, of Fredericksburg, Va.; third, Mrs. Fry. No issue by this marriage.

Issue by first marriage:

I. Charles H. Lewis”, United States Minister to Portugal. 1873. Married a daughter of Judge Lomax and had issue of one daughter. TI. John Francis Lewis”.

III. Samuel H. Lewis5. Married a Miss Dabney.

IV. Elizabeth Lewis5. Married Rev. J. C. Wheat.
V. Mary Lewis5, d. unmarried.

VI. Anne Lewis5, d. unmarried.
VII. Margaret Lynn Lewis5, d. unmarried.
VIII. William Meade Lewis5, d. unmarried.
Issue by second marriage:

IX. Charlotte Lewis5. Married Beverly Botts and has issue.

X. Lunsford Lomax Lewis5.
XL Cornelia Lewis5, d. unmarried.
XII. Anne Maria Lewis5, d. unmarried.

V. John Francis Lewis5 (Samuel4, Charles’, Thomas2, John1), second son of Gen. Samuel Hance Lewis and Nancy Lewis, his first wife. He inherited all of his father’s sterling qualities, and was one of the leading men of his day in Virginia. Of magnificent physical proportions—six feet three inches tall—his mental attributes were quite as remarkable. He was especially noted for his reckless bravery, his impulsive denunciation of wrong, and his utter disregard for public opinion when he considered it to be in error. His first appearance in public life was when he was sent as delegate to the convention at the outbreak of the Civil War, which was to decide whether Virginia would secede from the Union or not. He was a strong Union man and went there instructed to vote against secession, which he did to the bitter end, saying they might hang him, as they threatened to do. but he would never sign the ordinance. He was the only man in this convention who did not sign it. There were several of the West Virginia members, who did not sign, but they left at once for their homes within the Northern line. A hundred times the ordinance was thrust into his face, but he invariably replied, “I will die first.” That he was not killed seems almost a miracle. Many of the best and staunchest Union men gave way to the pressure and signed the ordinance. Samuel McDowel More was burned in effigy, Jubal A. Early was threatened with mob law, yet they both yielded to the overwhelming excitement. John F. Lewis alone remained at his post, true to the last to his firm conviction that to do so would bring trouble and ruin to his State. His integrity and honesty of purpose were so well known and so well appreciated that they seemed to be a shield to his open and often reckless Union utterances, and while others were imprisoned, or shot down on the roadside, he was spared to save his State from the internal strife which so long retarded the happiness and prosperity of many of the more southern states. In 1869 he was elected Lieutenant Governor, and in November of that year was elected to the United States Senate. To quote from Rev. 0. S. Bunting, late of Petersburg, Va., and a dear friend: “From heel to crown he was every inch a man—brave, true, sincere, courteous in the truest sense, generous, positive. Agree with him some did not, but admire him all must. All over the State he was honoured as extremely few public men ever were.” He was born 1818. Married (October 26. 1842) Serena Helen Sheffey. b. 1823, daughter of the Hon. Daniel Sheffey, of Staunton. Va. They had issue:

I. Daniel Sheffey Lewis”, b. Oct. 17, 1843. Married Isabella Botts, daughter of Hon. John Minor Botts, of Richmond, Va. Issue:
I. Minor Botts Lewis7.
II. John F. Lewis7.
III. Daniel Sheffey Lewis7.
IV. Beverley Lewis7.

V. Lunsford Lewis7.
VI. Archie Lewis7.
II. Nannie Lewis”, b. 1845. Married Hon. John Ambler Smith, of Dinwiddie Co., Va. Their descendants are in Volume I, Chapters VI and VII.

III. Maria Hanson Lewis5, b. 1848. Married Penrose N. Ions,

of Fairfax, Va. No issue. Mr. Ions, agent Insurance Co., Hartford, Conn. They reside San Angelo. Texas.

IV. Serena Helen Lewis5, b. 1850. Married Lewis Stuart Davis, of Greenbrier. W. Va. No issue.

V. Mary Louise Lewis5, b. Sept. 16, 1857. Married Dr. Edwin Gibbs, of Lexington, Va. Issue:
I. John Lewis Gibbs7.
II. Nannie Lewis Gibbs7.

VI. John Francis Lewis”, b. Sept. 6, 1860. Married (Jan. 10,
1883) Anna Harnsberger, b. Dec. 1, 1861. They reside at Lynwood, Va., and have issue:
I. Helen Lewis7, b. Sept, 8, 1888.

II. Hanson Lewis7, b. May 11, 1893.

III. Anna Lewis7, b. May 4, 1896.

IV. Katherine Stuart Lewis7, b. April 26, 1898.

VII. Samuel Hance Lewis5, b. March 9, 1869. Married Editha Clay, of Lynchburg, ATa. Issue: 1. Samuel Hance Lewis7.

Daniel Sheffey Lewis5, oldest son of the late Hon. John F. Lewis5 and Serena Helen Sheffey, his wife, b. October 17, 1843, graduated from the Law Department of the University of Virginia in the year 1867. Married Isabella McLaine, youngest daughter of the late Hon. John Minor Botts. In 1876 he was the Republican candidate for Congress in the Fifth Congressional District of Virginia and was defeated by the Hon. George G. Cabell, of Danville, Va. In 1882 was appointed by President Arthur United States District Attorney for the Western District of Virginia, which place Mr. Lewis held until President Cleveland came into office, when he was removed to make way for the Hon. H. C. Allen, of Woodstock.

In 1886 he bought the Spirit of the VcUley, a newspaper published in Harrisonburg, Va., which he has published up to the present date (1906). For sixteen years he held the position of treasurer of the town of Harrisonburg and was reelected on June 14, 1904.

V. Samuel Hance Lewis5 (Samuel4. Charles8, Thomas3. John1), third son of Gen. Samuel Hance Lewis and Nancy Lewis. his first wife. Married Louisa Dabney. Issue:

I. Lucy Lewis”.
IL. Sal lie Lewis”.

III. Elizabeth Lewis”.

IV. Ellen Lewis”.

V. Samuel Hance Lewis”. Married (Dee. 1900) Agnes

de Leon Moses. Issue: I. Margaret Lynn Lewis7.

VI. John E. Walter Lewis”.
VII. Charles Lewis5.

VIII. Harry Lewis”.
IX. Sue Lewis”.

V. Elizabeth Rachel Lewis5 (Samuel4, Charles2, Thomas2, John1), duaghter of Gen. Samuel Hance Lewis and Nancy Lewis, his first wife. Married Rev. James Clinton Wheat. They have issue:

[. Dr. Samuel Lewis Wheat5, d. Dec., 1903. Married (1886)

Ella Rutherford. She came from Scotland. Issue: I. Elizabeth Lewis Wheat7, b. Oct, 27, 1887. I [. James Clinton Wheat7, b. Feb., 1888.

III. Frances Rutherford Wheat7, b. , 1889.

II. John Wheat”.

III. Eleanor C. Wheat5. She lives at the old home of Gen.

Samuel Hance Lewis, Lynwood, Rockingham Co., Va.

IV. James Clinton Wheat5. Married (June, 1895) Gertrude

Ross, daughter of J. M. Ross, of U. S. A. Issue:
I. Clarence Ross Wheat7. Mr. Wheat resides in Atlanta,

Issue by second marriage, Anna Maria Lomax:
V. Charlotte Thornton Lewis”, daughter of Gen. Samuel H.
Lewis. Mamed Beverley B. Botts, son of Hon. John
Minor Botts.

VI. Lunsford Lomax Lewis5.

VII. Cornelia J. Lewis”, b. 1847; d. 1871.
VIII. Anna Maria Lewis5. Married Charles Maurice Smith,
of Richmond. Va. (Descendants Volume I, Chapters
VI and VII.)

V. Charlotte Thornton Lewis5 (Samuel4, Charles2, Thomas2, John1), daughter of Gen. Samuel H. Lewis and Anna Maria Lomax, his second wife. Married Beverley B. Botts, son of Hon. John Minor Botts. They have issue: I. Anna Lewis Botts”. II. Mary Beverley Botts”, b. Nov. 7, 1869, Culpeper Co., Va. Married (June 28, 1899, in Washington, D. C.) John Minor Botts Hoxey, b. April 17, 1869, Paterson, New Jersey. Issue: I. John Minor Botts Hoxey7, Jr., b. April 25, 1900, Brooklyn, N. Y.

II. Dorothea Douglas Hoxey, b. Jan. 26, 1903, Brooklyn, N. Y.; d. Feb. 6, 1903. V. Judge Lunsford Lewis5 (Samuel4, Charles3, Thomas2, John1) , son of Gen. Samuel Hance Lewis and Anna Maria Lomax, his second wife; he was Republican nominee for Governor of Virginia during the fall of 1905. Married, first, Rose Botts. daughter of John Minor Botts; second, Miss Jane Looney, of Memphis, Tenn.

I met Mrs. Lewis in Richmond, Va., June, 1904. To her kind and gracious invitation I am indebted for spending a delightful evening at the Woman’s Club. I had the pleasure of meeting Mrs. Stonewall Jackson the same evening. I met Mrs. Lewis several times during my visit in Richmond, and she was always as courteous as any lady I had the pleasure of meeting at the Capital City of the Old Dominion.

At the Woman’s Club I was introduced to Mrs. Willford. She pressed my hands and remarked: “You must be the daughter of Catherine Ambler Moncure. 1 visited her during my wedding tour in Paris, France, and remember seeing you as a child.”

Judge Lunsford Lomax Lewis and Rose Botts, his first wife, have issue:

I. Minor Lewis”. II. Mary Willer Lewis”. I have had some very interesting letters from Miss Lewis. III. Samuel Hance Lewis”.

The Davis Family of Maryland, Virginia, and Wales

Davis’s of Maryland Coat of Arms from Side Lights of Maryland History 1904

Arms — Sable, three nag's heads, heads erased argent
Crest — A wolf salient argent

My modernized version of the Coat of Arms

The Welsh Davises derive their descent, according to the best authorities, from the Prince of Powis, the opponent of Ethelfrid, King of Northumberland, at the battles of Chester and Bangor, about the commencement of the seventh century. Nineteenth in descent from Prince Brachwel of Powis was Meilir Gryg, direct ancestor of David, son of John ap David of Llivior, who, according to the Welsh custom, assumed the modern surname of Davies in the year 1637 when signing a deed of family settlement.

Note: I will add the connecting genealogy when I get the time.

English authorities, claim that this Welsh line can be traced back to those brave Britons who lined the coast of Kent to oppose the landing of Julius Caesar, but the record as given starts a few centuries before the Norman Conquest, beginning with Prince Rhodri “Molwynog,” the cognomen meaning ” Welsh blood being up.” He settled on the north of the Severn after his removal from Cambrian Wessex, where many of the Britons who preferred liberty to the foreign yoke followed their chief.

His great-grandson, Rhodri Mawr, or “the great,” divided Wales into three distinct royalties for his three eldest sons, Cadell, Avarawd and Mervyn,

The Davises of Welsh origin, of Hope and Marsh, in Shropshire, England, bear the following arms :
Arms — A goat argent, horned or, standing on a child of the same, swaddled gules, and feeding on a tree eradicated vert, a crescent for difference.

Crest — On a mount vert a goat couchant argent, under a tree proper.

This line descends from David, whose son Hugh ap David (Davis) of Hope had a son William ap Hugh, whose heir Jeuan ap William of Hope married Alson, daughter of John Hewes.

He was succeeded by David ap Jeuan, of Marshe, in com. Salop, who married Eliun, daughter of John Williams.

Reynold Davys, the son and heir, married Ellen, daughter of James Morris, who had sons Edward and James Davis. Of these, James married Miss Martyn and had a son, John Davis.

Although the late George Lachlin Davis stated in his account of the early emigrants that the Davises of Mount Hope did not leave the principality of Wales until after 1720, we find an early Davis, with the very suggestive Welsh name of Evan Davis, receiving a patent for 200 acres of land on the Severn in the year 1672.

The similarity of the names of their estates would suggest that the Davises of Hope in Great Britain were forebears of the Davises of Mount Hope in Maryland. This is an interesting point for further investigation.

Whether or not the various original settlers of this name came from Wales originally does not concern us.

The Davis name has been prominent in the annals of Maryland ever since the days of the first notable assembly whose records have been preserved to us, for in the year 1637 John Davis sat as a representative for St. Marie’s Hundred, while the several successive years Thomas Davis contributed his services in molding the foundations of our government.

These early members of the Davis family in Maryland were from Virginia, and probably sons of James Davis, of Henrico, Gentleman, who came to Virginia in the good ship George in the year 1617. The records show that several of the Davises came from the Old Dominion into Maryland, and were perhaps kinsmen of Sir William Davis, of Bristol, England, to whom letters from Virginia are still extant.


After the resurvey between Maryland and Virginia, lands in Somerset county were granted these two brothers by the Lord Baltimore, their estates being previously on the Accomac side. His Lordship’s rent rolls show that 7,000 acres in Somerset county alone were patented to members of the Davis family.

On both sides of the Chesapeake members of this distinguished name were large landholders and lived in the lavish way peculiar to the Colonial gentry. The Davis men were from earliest times conspicuous in the military affairs of the Province. In the year 1667 we find Capt. Hopkins Davis commanding a company of foote (soldiers) in Choptank and Miles river, Talbot county, and Capt. John Davis, of the same county, martialling his men against attack. Among the men of this name who were paid by the Assembly of Maryland for public services to the Province prior to 1685 were George Davis, Griffith Davis, John Davis, Thomas Davis, William Davis, Samuel Davis and Jonas Davis.

In the year 1694 John Davis was appointed commissioner and justice of the peace for trial and cause for Talbot county, of which he was also a military officer.

While it has been claimed that the Western Shore Davises did not arrive in Maryland until much later than those on the Eastern Shore, the Colonial records disprove this, as above shown. As early as 1694 John Davis was a justice of Prince George’s county. The names of Samuel and John Davis appear in a list of loyal subjects in Somerset county in 1689, in which year a petition for a Protestant government was addressed to the King. While the Davis men filled with fidelity many civil offices of importance and served their government on the Colonial field, including the French and Indian wars, it is especially notable for the large number of commissioned officers in the Revolutionary service.

Among these were Col. Richard Davis, 1778 ;
Capt. John Davis, Snow Hill Battalion 1777 ;
Capt. Phillip Davis, Thirteenth Battalion, Kent county, 1778 ;
Capt. Richard Davis, of Washington county ;
Capt. John Davis, of Wicomico Battalion ;
First Lieutenant Nixon Davis,
First Lieutenant Jesse Davis, of Worcester county, 1776 ;
First Lieutenant Amos Davis, of Washington county, 1778 ;
First Lieutenant Lodowich Davis and Second Lieutenant Griffith Davis, Middle Battalion, Montgomery county ;
First Lieutenant James Davis, of Dorchester county ;
Philemon Davis, a sergeant in the mounted company that marched from Queen Anne’s county February 3, 1776 ;
Lieut. Col. Richard Davis, of Frederick county troops, 1776 ;
Ensign Rezin Davis, of Frederick, 1776 ;
Second Lieutenant Richard Davis, Baltimore county, 1776 ;
Ensign Alexander Davis, commissioned second lieutenant August, 1777 ;
Ensign William Davis, Baltimore Battalion, 1777 ;
Richard Davis, of Washington county, appointed to purchase provisions for the United States Army, 1778 ;

Robert Paine Davis, ensign of Capt. Thomas Watkins’ company, on West river, in Anne Arundel county, 1779. There were other officers and no less than 50 privates by the name of Davis who served in the Maryland troops during the War of Independence.

While from the foregoing we can have no doubt as to the patriotic blood of the Davis men, yet more than once the name is enrolled among those who held the scales of justice, and while so many of the family were giving their lives to their country’s service Samuel Davis, of Kent, and Richard Davis, of Washington county, were filling the honorable and important office of justice of the county courts in the year 1778.

In the journal of the Council of safety reference is made to Captain Davis as “sea commander.” While one of the early rectors of William and Mary Parish was Thomas Davis, we find Rev. Samuel Davis preaching to the early Presbyterian flock in Somerset county, where his name is still revered as one who helped to plant the vine in the virgin soil of the New World.

The various branches of the Davis family in Maryland intermarried with the other representative Colonial families, and particularly is this the case in the branch in Anne Arundel county. Here we find Richard Davis marrying Ruth Warfield, daughter of John Warfield and his wife, Ruth Gaither, whose ancestors first settled in Virginia and took part in the affairs of that colony. The children of this marriage of Richard Davis and Ruth Warfield were Richard, John, Thomas, Caleb, Elizabeth and Ruth Davis. Caleb Davis arrived at man’s estate, like others of his family, in time to fight in the Revolutionary War. He married Lucretia Griffith, daughter of Orlando Griffith and his wife, Katharine Howard, daughter of Capt. John Howard, Jr., and Katharine Greenbury. Ruth Davis, sister of Caleb Davis, married Joshua Warfield, the son of Benjamin. Elizabeth Davis married John Marriott.

Other marriages of Davises with well-known families was that of Ephraim Davis to Elizabeth Howard ; Allen Bowie Davis and Rebecca Comfort Dorsey, daughter of Chief Justice Thomas Beadle Dorsey and his wife Milcah Goodwin.

As in so many old Maryland families, the Davises of the present generation find their paternal and maternal ancestors allied by kinship.In the case of the Democratic nominee for the Vice-Presidency we find his Davis forebears intermarrying with the same blood that descends to him through his mother, Louisa Brown, the daughter of John Riggs Brown and Sarah Gassaway. This Sarah Gassaway was the daughter of Brice J. Gassaway and Katharine Warfield, Brice J. Gassaway was a son of Nicholas Gassaway and brother of Capt. John Henry Gassaway and Lieut. Nicholas Gassaway, all officers in the Maryland Line. Through his Gassaway ancestry Hon. Henry G. Davis and his children, as well as Gov. Edwin Warfield, on. Arthur Pue Gorman, Mr. William H. Gorman and others, trace back to the Dorseys, Howards, Ridgelys, Worthingtons and Greenburys. Contemporary with these and the eldest living representatives of the John Riggs Brown line are Mr. Vachel Brown and Mr. J. Frank Brown, of Baltimore.

The various Colonial progenitors of the Davis family of Maryland include those who filled every important office in the gift of Lord Baltimore or of the people, hence it is only history repeating itself when we find in our own generation the representatives of the old governing families of the Province continuing to maintain the precedent set them by their worthy forebears. Every man or woman who is representative is as sure to have strong, notable ancestors as that like produces like.

Among the other distinguished sons of Maryland of this name that of Henry Winter Davis will always shine forth as a bright particular star. This eminent scholar, statesman and orator has always been marked as one of the greatest of Marylanders. His father was Rev. Henry Lyon Davis, of the Protestant Episcopal Church, and president of St. John’s College, at Annapolis. His mother was Jane Brown Winter. Henry Winter Davis married Miss Nancy Morris, daughter of Mr. John B. Morris, of Baltimore, by whom he had two daughters. Ephraim Davis, who settled at Greenwood in the year 1755, had a son Thomas, who, during Washington’s administration, raised a company and marched to Pennsylvania in 1794
to assist in suppressing the whiskey insurrection. During his absence he was elected a member of the Legislature, and was also an elector of the Senate under the old Constitution. He was a member of the Governor’s Council and a most important man in his day, being, among other things, Associate Judge of the County Court. His son, Allen Bowie Davis, like his father, was a man conspicuous in the official life of his generation. He was president of the State Board of Public Works, member of the constitutional convention and one of the first trustees and later president of the State Agricultural Society. The Hon. David Davis, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, is another distinguished son of Maryland. He was born in Cecil county, Maryland, and in early manhood removed to Illinois. He was a member of the constitutional convention and a delegate to the National Republican Convention in Chicago in 1860. Judge Davis was appointed by President Lincoln Judge of the Supreme Court of the United States in 1862. He was elected United States Senator to succeed John A. Logan. While, as we have seen, the name of Davis has been distinguished in the legislative hall and on the field, the Hon. Henry Gassaway Davis is the first son of Maryland to attain the high distinction of being nominated for the Vice-Presidency of the United States. He was born on the family estate,

Goodfellowship, located in Howard county, but which originally lay in Anne Arundel county. This estate had been patented to Joshua Brown and Alexander Randall early in 1700 — about 1720. Later Caleb Davis, father of the Hon. Henry G. Davis, bought the part which had belonged to Randall and which adjoined the lands of his wife’s family, the Browns. On this ancestral estate our distinguished Marylander was born and lived until the panic of 1835 swept independence from his father, who sold his home and everything he possessed that others might not lose through him.

With a heritage of cultured and distinguished ancestry on both sides and the high standards of life set him by a worthy father our new candidate for the Vice-Presidency faced the change of circumstances bravely and went to work as many a gentlemen’s son had done before him and because of the superior blood that was in him he soon attained the success which comes of earnest effort. From one post of honor to another he has been chosen to the second highest nomination in this country, and it is with pleasure that Maryland claims him as her own son and the representative of some of her most distinguished families.

Among the distinguished forebears of Hon. Henry Gassaway Davis are Col. Nicholas Greenberry, Deputy Governor of the Province, 1692, Keeper of the Great Seal and Member of his Lordship’s Council ;
Col. Edward Dorsey, Keeper of the Great Seal, Judge in the High Court of Chancery, etc.;
Capt. John Howard, of the Colonial Militia ;
Col. Nicholas Gassaway, Capt. John Worthington,
Capt. John Brice and others of equal distinction.
Among the descendants of the early Davises of
Maryland are Hon. Henry Gassaway Davis, of
Maryland and West Virginia ; Mrs. Stephen B.
Elkins, Miss Katharine Davis Elkins, Messrs.
Elkins, Mrs. Arthur Lee, Miss Katharine Grace
Davis Brown, daughter of Lieutenant-Com.
R. M. G. Brown, United States Navy ; Mrs. F.
S. Landstreet, of New York ; Mr. John T. Davis,
of Elkins, W. Va. ; Miss Mary Winter Davis, Miss
Mary Dorsey Davis and Miss Davis, of Greenwood,
Montgomery county ; Miss Maria Trimble Davis,
Mr. George A. Kirby, Miss Mary Hanson Kirby,
Miss Mallonee, Mrs. George R. A. Hiss, Mr.
George William Kirby, of New York.