Genealogical History of the Richmond Family

The Richmond Family from Americana, American historical magazine, Volume 9 By National American Society; December 1914

Traits associated with Richmond family members:
The Richmond family are well known for their generous mannerisms. Due to the families historscope being aligned with Jupiter, the planet of charisma, The Richmonds can often be complex and imaginative. They reflect changes in their own surroundings and can often become over optimistic and materialistic.

ACCORDING to the best authorities in genealogical research, the Richmond Family that has been so conspicuously identified with English history for nearly eight centuries, and whose members have acquitted themselves at all times bravely and brilliantly, had its origin in Brittany, France. Like most names of families, in England as well as elsewhere, the word was originally a designation of place. In its native language it was derived from the words riche and monte or monde. There is now a prominent French family of the name of Richemonte that sprang from the same stock, and it has been noted as an interesting example of heredity that its members bear striking resemblance to those of the English and American Richmond lines. After the name was adopted as a surname it was variously spelled, in the early English history of the family, as Rychemonde, Richemount, Richemonte, etc.

Richmond Upon Thames, England

                                   Richmond Upon Thames, England

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Richmond’s from whom the American branch was derived have been traced in English history to the time of the Norman invasion. For several centuries these early progenitors, generation after generation were notably associated with the great events of the kingdom, and much of their early history was closely entwined with that of the famous Richmond Castle. From Richmondshire, where the English family originated, branches of it spread to other parts of England, in which its members achieved much distinction and became foremost in the affairs of their successive generations. One of these renowned British lines was that of Ashton-Keynes, whence came John Richmond, who emigrated to America in 1635 and founded the family that has enjoyed prominence in various branches on this side of the Atlantic during more than two and one-half centuries. Although some authorities express uncertainty as to whether John Richmond was born in Ashton-Keynes, Radborne, or Christian Malford, he was certainly of Wiltshire. There is no doubt among genealogists who have given attention to the derivation of the English stem that the Wiltshire Richmond’s were descended from the Yorkshire Richmond’s, who came to England with William the Conqueror. Representatives of the family were first settled in Yorkshire on lands given to them by the king. In a later generation a younger branch went over into Wiltshire, and from that cadet line came the American offshoot.

Richmond Crest a silver spear tilting

        Richmond Crest a silver spear tilting

Richmond-coat-of-arms2

In the northwest corner of Yorkshire, England, in the district of Richmondshire, stands Richmond, the ancient market and parish town, two hundred and thirty-four miles from London. Richmond is famous for the ruins of its great castle, which, as well as the town, was built by the first earl, Alan the Bed, son of Hoel, count of Brittany. The place derives its name—etymologically, rich mount or rich hill,—from the beauty of the elevation on which it rests. In the early Norman times it was the chief locality and feudal capital of the district of Richmondshire. Until the end of the feudal system the Richmond Castle, which dominated the town, both as regards its location and in the fact that it gave general distinction to the place, was one of the strongest inland fortresses existing anywhere in England. The earls of Richmond, who also were dukes of Brittany, were the wealthiest and most powerful among the nobles of Yorkshire.

Richmond-coat-of-arms1

No section of Great Britain is more picturesquely beautiful than the country immediately surrounding the town of Richmond. Bold rocks are everywhere conspicuous in the landscape, clothed with trees and shrubs. From the hills about are charming prospects in all directions. The castle, which still makes the town noted, although situated one hundred feet above the Swale River, seems from the hills to be sunken in a deep valley. The eye ranges over the extensive plains of the vale of York far away to the eastern and western moors.

Richmond castle1

Richmond Castle in Richmond, North Yorkshire, England, stands in a commanding position above the River Swale, close to the centre of the town of Richmond. It was originally called Riche Mount, ‘the strong hill’. The castle was constructed from 1071 onwards as part of the Norman Conquest of Saxon England as the Domesday Book of 1086 refers to ‘a castlery’ at Richmond in that year.

Richmond_Castle2

Richmond Castle was not mentioned by name in the Domesday Book, and no reference to it is found in the early annals. In the recapitulation of the Domesday Book the statement is made that Earl Alan has one hundred and ninety-nine manors in his castelary, which goes to show that the castle was then in existence. It is a matter of record that during the life of William the Conqueror Earl Alan gave the chapel from the Castle of Richmond to the Abbey of St. Mary of York, which he had founded. Accordingly the castle must have been in existence at the date of the Survey, inasmuch as that was only a year before the death of William.

Richmond_Castle3

Situated on the south side of the town, Richmond Castle overlooks the Swale River which runs in a deep valley at the foot of the hill where the ruined structure stands. Between the river and the site of the castle, and about six hundred feet perpendicularly above the bed of the Swale, is a walk from eight to nine feet wide. From this walk one gets a sense of the great elevation of the site and the castle above the immediately surrounding land. Farther above the walk some forty or fifty feet is the ground on which the castle stands. On the side toward the river the elevation is faced with massive stones made to resemble a cliff of natural rock. On the eastern side of the castle yard the Swale also skirts the property. At the latter spot, however, the descent is not as precipitous as on the south; there is a downward gentle slope to the river for a distance of some forty to fifty yards. The west side of the once almost impregnable fortress faces a deep valley, the ascent from which to the castle is exceedingly steep. Approach from this point, in the period when the castle was indeed a fortress, must have been well-nigh impossible. On the north the site of the castle is elevated only slightly above the level of the town, and it was from this side only that it could have been accessible to an attacking enemy in the good old feudal times.

Richmond_Castle4

The castle even yet appears majestic in its ruins. The keep, of which the shell has been preserved almost entire, is about a hundred feet high, and the walls are eleven feet thick. A great stone column supports the lower story in the middle, and from it spring circular arches closing the top. A broad staircase extends upward, but now reaches only the first chambers, the rest being dilapidated, as the floors of the two upper rooms have long since fallen in. In this keep is a well of excellent water. Ruins of several other parts of the castle remain. In the southeastern corner of the area is a great tower, in which is a dismal dungeon thirteen or fourteen feet deep, and undoubtedly designed as a place of confinement. The grounds about the castle are some six acres in extent, and over them sheep now peacefully graze. The mighty edifice which centuries ago sustained the shock of hostile invasion, was the defense of prince and province, and resounded with the gaiety of multitudes is now only a mass of ruins that make a picturesque object in a landscape of inimitable beauty. fn1 Thomas Allen’s “History of York”

Richmond Castle was built by Alan the Red, duke of Brittany, who was a near relative of William the Conqueror. The records give several different accounts of the beginning of this family and the founding of the earldom of Richmond. “Alan, Dux of Brittany, the sprightly young gentleman who, in 1075, besieged the Conqueror while he was besieging the city of Dol,” “for the release of that potent monarch, who abandoned his tents and baggage to get out of the way, obtained the fair hand of the Conqueror’s daughter Constance, with the magnificent honor of Richmond. ‘The nuptials were celebrated with great pomp, and the bride was dowered with all the lands of Chester, once the possession of the unfortunate Earl Edwin, who had formerly been contracted to one of his sisters.’ ” Thus writes one of the chroniclers of the founder of this noble family. fn2 “Some Historic Mansions of Yorkshire” by W. Wheater

Says another historian of Alan the Red, “He was kinsman of William, duke of Normandy, and accompanied that prince in his expedition to England and was rewarded with the land of the Saxon Earl Edwin, which consisted of no less than nearly two hundred manors and townships. This donation was made A. D. 1070, at the time when William was employed in the siege of York, which the said Edwin, earl of Chester, and the Northumbriam Earls Morcar and Waltheof, bravely defended against him.” fn3 Thomas Allen’s “History of York”

Richmond-coat-of-arms3 London

Edwin was the earl of Mercia; Morcar was his brother and Waltheof was the governor of York. Together they defended the town against the besiegers for more than six months. Another historian puts it in this fashion: “William was so pleased with the great prowess of Alan that for his military services he created him an earl by investure with sword and noble dignity.” fn4 Wheater’s “Historic Mansions of Yorkshire.”

Richmond-France

Alan, duke of Brittany, who founded the Richmond line, was not a son or nephew of William the Conqueror, as some authorities have asserted, but was his second cousin. The first earl of Richmond was not Alan Fergeant. He and his brother Eudo were grandsons of Conan Tortus. Eudo had six sons, among whom were Alan Rufus, Alan Niger, and Stephen. Alan Rufus was the first earl of Richmond, but dying without issue Alan Niger succeeded to the title, being duke of Brittany as well as earl of Richmond.

For several generations the earldom and Richmond Castle remained in the possession of the descendants of its founder. In the succeeding centuries it was given to other owners and attracted again and again by the sovereign. In 1436 the earldom reverted to the crown and continued in possession of the king until Edwin, half-brother of Henry VI., was created earl of Richmond. His wife was the celebrated Margaret of Richmond, and their son, who succeeded to the throne as Henry VEL, took the inheritance of Richmond and kept it for his life. In 1525 Henry VIII. conferred the earldom upon his natural son, Henry Fitzroy, with the title, which was then created, of duke of Richmond. Henry Fitzroy died without issue and the title slept until 1613, when the earldom was revived by James I. The title and estate are now held by the Lenox family. They were conferred upon Charles Lenox, the illegitimate son of Charles II., who was created first duke of Richmond in 1675.

Richmond-coat-of-arms4

Thus the title has experienced numerous vicissitudes, and the lineages of various noble families, totally unrelated to one another, at least in primary respects, and especially unrelated to the true Richmond lineage of original descent, have become associated with it by the circumstance of purely arbitrary creations in the course of the centuries.

Richmond of New Zealand

                  Richmond of New Zealand

Concerning Alan the Red, the Battle Abbey Roll says: “Alain le Roux or Alan the Red, son of Eudo, count of Brittany, ‘in his very youth was a little famous for his valor.’ He led the division of the Conqueror’s army comprising the men of Brittany and Maine, that formed the left wing of the Norman army at Hastings, October 14, 1066. He was granted immense manors in Yorkshire, which became the great honor of Richmond, the name given to the soke or manorial lands, known in the Saxon language as Gilling. The Castle of Richmond is thus associated with the immediate origin of the surname and family of Richmond. ”

Richmond of Massachusetts

Richmond of Massachusetts

“Le roy servit et ania et il bien le guerdona; Richmond li dona el north Bon Chastel et bel fort en jjlusieurs en Engleterre li rois de donna sa terre.” fn5 “The Battle Abbey Roll” by the dushess of Cleveland, vol iii, p. 81

Conan IV., earl of Richmond, was born in July, 1138. He succeeded to the title as the fifth earl, March 30, 1146, and married Margaret, a sister of Malcolm IV., king of Scotland. His daughter Constance, countess of Richmond, was born in 1163. She was patroness of St. Mary’s Abbey, York; Jowauex Abbey; Rowney Nunnery, County Hertford; Abbey of Carnoet and Coetmaleon; she died September 4, 1201.

The ancient coat of arms of the Richmond Family (A. D. 1066) is Gules, three bars gemeles or, a chief argent. Motto: Resolve well and persevere. These arms are now borne by the Cumberland Richmond’s. According to Burke’s “General Armoury,” the arms of the Yorkshire Richmond’s are Two bars gemeles or, a chief argent.

Richmond-Webb-Pulleyne Coat of Arms

                            Richmond-Webb-Pulleyne Coat of Arms

The later coat of arms of the Richmond’s, to which the family of Richmond, alias Webb of Stewkly, Buckinghamshire, and of Redborn and Wiltshire, are entitled, is Argent, a cross patonce fleury azure, between four mullets gules. Crest—a tilting spear argent, headed or, broken in three parts, one piece erect, the other two in saltire, enfiled with a ducal coronet. Motto—Resolve well and persevere. One family substitutes for the four mullets in the coat of arms four estoiles.

According to Burke’s “Seats and Arms,” the crest was won by Sir Philip Richmond by a feat of arms in single combat with a Saracen prince during the crusades, before Jerusalem, in the presence of Richard L, Coeur de Lion. The ducal coronet in the crest may have come from the family being of lineal descent from Edward L, or it may have been derived from Alan Rufus, the first earl of Richmond, or from some other ducal alliance in later generations. Authorities differ on this point.

The ancestors of the American Richmonds were, if tradition may be credited, related to Alan Rufus the first earl, who built the castle. They were not in direct line from Alan, but for several successive generations were lords of the manor and constables of the castle owned by their noble relative. That they were originally of royal descent is not much questioned by English genealogists. Francis Thackeray, uncle of William Makepeace Thackeray, was descended from the Richmond’s of Wiltshire. He compiled a record of the Ashton-Keynes-Radborn branch, which corresponded with the recognized English ancestry of the American branch, except that he came to the conclusion that the American Richmonds descended through Roald, son of Roaldus. On the contrary, General Plantagenet-Harrison asserts his confident belief that the American line descended from Alan, son of Roaldus, le Ennase, claiming that his son Roald had no children. fn6. Allen’s “History of Yorkshire.”
A generation ago Colonel John Richmond Webb, of the Wiltshire Richmond’s, said that he “could prove lineal descent from Edward I. and that his first ancestor, Roaldus de Richmond, rode by the side of William the Conqueror at Hastings field.” He added, “We were gentlemen when the Churchill’s were horse-boys.”

First of record in the line of English ancestors leading to the American Richmond Family, of which Dean Richmond was the foremost representative in the last generation, was.

Roaldus Musard de Richmond, who was with William the Conqueror at Hastings. He was one of the most powerful leaders accompanying the Norman invader into England in 1066.

Hasculfus Musard de Richmond, son of the preceding, held in demesne Keddington and Chilworth, Oxfordshire, Stainbury, Gloucestershire, and other lordships at the time of the General Survey, according to Dugdale.

Roaldus de Richmond, le Ennase, son of the preceding, was second constable of Richmond Castle under Alan in., earl of Richmond; he was seized of lands in Skeeby and Croft, by the gift of King Henry, who likewise gave him the manor of Pickhall, and other holdings, which he in turn gave in marriage with a daughter to Jolanus de Neville. He was lord of Burton, Aidborough, and most of his uncle Emsart’s lands, by a grant of King Stephen, Emsart being the first constable of Richmond. He founded an abbey on his manor of Easby in honor of St. Agatha in 1152, and there he was buried with his wife, Graciana.

Sir Alan, son of Roald de Richmond, was the third constable of Richmond Castle. In the first year of the reign of Richard L, 1189, he owed the king two hundred marks for the custody of the castle. In the fourth year of the reign of Richard L, 1193, he paid ten marks and owed one hundred and ninety. In the third year of the reign of Richard I., he as surety for Walter de Lasselles. In the second year of the reign of John, 1201, he gave the king three hundred marks, and three palfreys to be constable of Richmond Castle, to hold the same for himself and his heirs. Soon after he was diseased, but in the ninth year of John, 1208, he gave the king two hundred marks and four palfreys to have the castle again and with it the king’s letters patent granting him military jurisdiction.

Sir Roald de Richmond, son of the preceding, was the fourth constable of Richmond Castle. In 1208 King John gave to him various lands, including the manors of Caldewell, Croft, Kipling, and others, and also a mill and lands in Skeeby. The letters patent granted these lands to him and his heirs forever. He entailed the manors of Burton, Aldeburgh, and Croft upon his son Roald in the latter part of the twenty-fourth year of the reign of Henry III., 1240.

Alan Richmond de Croft, son of the preceding, received from his brother the manor of Burton. He claimed lands in Roppele, Clareworth, Wurthington, and Newland, county of Lincoln, in right of his wife, in the forty-third year of the reign of Henry HI., 1259. He married Mathilda, daughter and coheir of Peter de Goldington and coheir of Simon de Roppele, lord of Roppele, Lincoln County, of the time of Edward I.

Sir Roald Richmond de Croft, son of the preceding, received from his uncle Roald the manors of Caldwell and Croft. He died in the forty-sixth year of the reign of Henry III., 1262. One authority (fn7 “Honores de Richmond,” Gales.) makes this Sir Roald to have been the son of Sir Roaldus de Richmond, fifth constable, brother to Alan, son of Roald de Croft. Sir Roald Richmonde de Croft married Isabella, daughter and heir of Robert, son of Osanna de Langthwayt, by Isabella his wife.

Eudo de Richmond, son of the preceding, had possessions in Staynwriggis, county of York.

Elyas de Richmond, son of the preceding lived during the reign of Edward III. (1327-77).

Elyas de Richmond, son of the preceding, lived during the reigns of Edward III. and Richard H. (1327-99). His brother, Richard de Richmond, succeeded him, and married Elizabeth, daughter of William de Burgh, lord of Burgh. Upon Richard and his wife Elizabeth William de Burgh entailed the manor of Burgh near Catterick, County York, in the twenty-third year of the reign of Edward III. (1350).

Thomas de Richmond, son of Richard de Richmond and his wife Elizabeth, was living in the times of Richard, Henry IV., and Henry V.

William de Richmond, son of the preceding, lived at Draycott. He married, about 1430, Alice, daughter and heiress of Thomas and Elizabeth (Nicholas) Webb of Draycott, Wilts County. Upon his marriage he assumed the name of Webb and quartered the Webb arms.

William Richmond, alias Webb of Draycott, son of the preceding, married Joan Ewen, daughter of John Ewen of Draycott. His will was dated April 24, 1502.

William Richmond, alias Webb of Stewkley Grange, Bucks County, married, 1st, Dorothy Lymings, daughter of John Lymings of Notts County, and 2d, Marjory Choke, daughter of John Choke of Shelborne, Wilts County. He was living in Wilts in the reign of Henry VIII., for he is recorded as having bought lands there in 1541 and 1545.

Edmund Richmond, alias Webb of Durnford, Wilts County, was living in 1575. He married Mary Weare, daughter of Robert Weare, alias Brown of Marlborough.

Henry Richmond, alias Webb, son of the preceding, lived at Christian Malford, Wilts County. He was married four times and had twenty-five children. From this Henry Richmond are descended the Richmond’s of Ashton-Keynes, England. The manor of four hundred acres, and the entire village of Ashton-Keynes, once belonged to this branch of the family. In the eighteenth century the manor house was the home of Oliffe Richmond. In 1768, by marriage of Bridget Richmond (granddaughter of Oliffe Richmond), to Edward Nichols, the property passed into the possession of the Nichols Family, and in 1856 it was sold to the duke of Cleveland.

John Richmond, eldest son of the preceding, was an officer in the Civil War between King Charles and the parliament. The story is current in the annals of the family that there were two brothers, John and Henry, who had engaged in this war, one of them being with King Charles and the other a soldier of Cromwell. The celebrated Rev. Leah Richmond, author and rector of Turvey, Bedfordshire, wrote much concerning his ancestry, and in one of his manuscript letters is recorded this tradition concerning the two brothers:

“On the night preceding one of the engagements, Henry, his brother, went into the camp of the other army, eluding the vigilance of the sentry, and reached John’s tent, in the hope of enjoying an affectionate interview, previously to the uncertain events of the morrow. On entering the tent, John, alarmed at the sudden appearance of a stranger, as he conceived Henry to be, rose upon his bed and shot him dead on the spot.” Some authorities say that John Richmond killed himself in remorse for this act, while others have it that he abandoned the family estates and fled to parts unknown. There were fragmentary rumors that he exiled himself and engaged in business pursuits under another name in the northern part of England. However that may have been, an interesting speculation, that seems to have much of soundness and reason in it, connects him with the American Richmond’s, as will now be seen.

I JOHN RICHMOND, the first American ancestor, was born about 1594 in Ashton-Keynes, Wiltshire, England. He was a man of affairs and ample means when he came to the new world in 1635, and he settled in Taunton, Mass., of which place he was one of the founders. He became a large land-owner and acquired considerable wealth. In the original purchase of Taunton, 1637, he owned six shares. He was absent from Taunton a great deal of the time, being recorded in Newport and elsewhere in Rhode Island. It is known he was in Rhode Island in 1655 and was a commissioner from Newport at the court of commissioners held at Portsmouth, R. L, in 1656.

In the manuscript of the Rev. Legh Richmond a tradition is recorded that the John Richmond of Ashton-Keynes, who shot his brother Henry Richmond, came to America in 1635 and engaged in business. Joshua Bailey Richmond, in his work, “The Richmond Family, 1598-1896, and Pre-American Ancestors, 1040-1594,” refers to this tradition and says in connection with it that nothing is definitely known concerning the American John Richmond between the years 1643 and 1655. He thinks that this John Richmond may have been the John Richmond who came to Saco, Me., in 1635, and that he may have returned to England and engaged in the Civil War. He was called Colonel, which circumstance might also tend to identify him with the John Richmond of the Civil War.

He died in Taunton, March 20, 1664.

He was married in England, although no record of his marriage has been found as yet.

Issue:

1. John Richmond, b. 1627; of whom below.

2. Edward Richmond of Newport, R. L, b. about 1632, d. November 1696. He was an incorporator of Little Compton, R. L, 1674; general solicitor, 1657-69-70-2; attorney-general, 1677-8-980; deputy to the general court, 1678-9, and a lieutenant and captain of the militia. M., 1st, Abigail Davis, daughter of James Davis; 2d, Amy Bull, daughter of Henry and Elizabeth Bull.

3. Sarah Richmond, b. about 1638, d. 1691. M., 1st, Edward Rew; 2d, James Walker; 3d, Nicholas Stoughton.

4. Mary Richmond, b. 1639, d. 1715. M. William Paul of Berkeley, R. I.

1. JOHN RICHMOND, son of the preceding, was born in Ashton-Keynes, Wiltshire, England, about 1627. He was brought to this country by his father in 1635 and became prominent in Taunton, Mass., where he maintained his residence during his entire life. He was a member of the town council, 1675-6 and 1690. He was also a constable, commissioner, and surveyor, and for more than half a century was a member of every important committee and commission appointed to deal with the business of the town and colony. He was especially interested in many purchases of land from the Indians in Massachusetts and Rhode Island. It is supposed (but not certainly known) that he had two wives, the first of whom does not appear of record. Died October 7, 1715, at Taunton. Married (2d) Abigail Rogers, daughter of John Rogers of Duxbury, Mass. She was born in 1641 and died August 1, 1727.

[It is claimed by some that John Rogers of Duxbury was a brother of Thomas Rogers, who came in the "Mayflower" in 1620. Another authority thinks he may have been a son of Joseph Rogers, who was the son of Thomas Rogers, the "Mayflower" emigrant. Later investigations show that John Rogers of Duxbury, the father of Abigail Rogers, was a grandson of Thomas Rogers the emigrant. The line of descent is as follows:

Thomas Rogers, who came over in the "Mayflower," d. in 1621. He had these children: 1. Joseph. 2. John.

John Rogers, son of Thomas Rogers, b. in England; in Plymouth Colony in 1638, and later became a resident of Duxbury, Mass.; in 1657 was a representative to the general court of the colony from Duxbury; d. 1692. M., April 6, 1639, Anna Churchman.

John Rogers, son of the preceding, b. in 1640. He m. Elizabeth (Alden) Pabodie, daughter of William Pabodie and Elizabeth Alden, daughter of John and Priscilla (Mullens) Alden, who have been celebrated in Longfellow's poem. William Pabodie or Peabody was a son of John Pabodie, who was b. in England 1590 and came to Plymouth Colony about 1635, being one of the original proprietors in England of the colony. John and Elizabeth Richmond had these children: 1. Abigail, b. 1642, m. John Richmond. 2. Anna or Hannah. 3. Elizabeth.]

Issue of John and Abigail (Rogers) Richmond:

1. Mary Richmond, b. June 2, 1654, in Bridgewater, Mass., d. March 5, 1732. M., January, 1679-80, Richard Godfrey of Taunton.

2. John Richmond, b. June 6, 1656, in Bridgewater, Mass., d. September 20, 1672.

3. Thomas Richmond, b. February 2, 1659, in Newport, R. I., d. September 14, 1705, in Middleboro, Mass.

4. Susanna Richmond, b. November 4, 1661, in Bridgewater, Mass., d. August 18, 1725. M., April 18, 1683, James Reed.

5. Joseph Richmond, b. December 8, 1666, in Taunton, Mass. M., June 26, 1685, Mary Andrews of Taunton.

6. Edward Richmond, b. February 8, 1665; of whom below.

7. Samuel Richmond, b. September 23, 1668, in Taunton, Mass., d. 1736. M. 1st, December 20, 1694, Mehitable Andrews; 2d. Elizabeth (King) Hall.

8. Sarah Richmond, b. February 7, 1670-1, in Taunton, Mass., d. November 27, 1727. M., October 6, 1699, James Walker.

9. John Richmond, b. December 5, 1673, at Taunton, Mass. M., November 28, 1709, Harriet Otis.

10. Ebenezer Richmond, b. May 12, 1676, at Newport, R. I., d. 1729. M. Anna Sproat.

11. Abigail Richmond, b. February 26, 1678, d. February 23, 1763. M., July 29, 1708, Nathan Walker.

Ill EDWARD RICHMOND, son of the preceding, was born in Taunton, Mass., February 8, 1665. He died in 1741.

Married, 1st, Mercy; 2d, Rebecca Thurston; 3d, Mary.

Issue (by first wife):

1. Mercy Richmond, b. 1693 in Taunton, Mass., d. January 27, 1760. M. Edward Walker.

2. Edward Richmond, b. 1695 in Taunton, d. February 16, 1771. M., 1st, Elizabeth R. Deane; 2d, Elizabeth (Shaw) Sampson.

3. Josiah Richmond, b. 1697; of whom below.

4. Nathaniel Richmond, b. about 1700 in Taunton; killed in the Louisburg expedition. M., November 2, 1732, Alice Hackett.

5. Seth Richmond, b. in Taunton. M. Lydia Haskins.

6. Phoebe Richmond, b. 1706 in Taunton, d. March 9, 1741-2. M. Noah Elliott.

IV JOSIAH RICHMOND, son of the preceding, was born in Taunton, Mass., in 1697. He died in 1763.

Married, 1st, Mehitable Deane, daughter of Benjamin and Sarah (Williams) Deane and granddaughter of Walter Deane, who emigrated from England. She was born June 6, 1697, and died February 5, 1745. Married, 2d, Lydia (Eddy) Crocker.

Issue (by Mehitable Deane):

1. Mary Richmond, b. in Middleboro, Mass., d. 1785. M., January 6, 1738, Captain Philip Leonard.

2. Josiah Richmond, b. 1711; of whom below.

3. Gershom Richmond, b. in Middleboro. M., July 30, 1747, Phoebe Richmond, who d. 1803.

4. Benjamin Richmond, b. 1727 in Middleboro, d. February 27,1803. M., 1st May 30,1751, Silence Deane; 2d, Lydia (Hall) Comstock.

5. George Richmond. M., October 5, 1751, Hannah Caswell.

6. Miriam Richmond, b. in 1732, d. 1813. M., 1st, Elisha Walker; 2d, Samuel Ray.

7. Lemuel Richmond, b. 1733 in Middleboro, d. April, 1802. M. Molly (Richmond) Lincoln.

8. Ephriam Richmond, b. February 12, 1735, in Middleboro, d. October 14, 1816. M., March 27, 1766, Ann Deane.

9. Eleazer Richmond, b. February 27, 1737 in Middleboro. d. February 27, 1802. M., December 5, 1765, Deborah Barrows.

10. Zeriah Richmond, b. in Middleboro, d. in Athens, Vt. M.,November 2, 1772, Jeremiah Tinkham, Jr., one of the first settlers of the village of Athens.

11. Mercy Richmond, b. in Middleboro d. about 1811. M., December 5, 1747, Benjamin Hackett.

12. Mehitable Richmond, d. young.

V JOSIAH RICHMOND, son of the preceding, was born in 1711 in Middleboro, Mass. He died in 1785.

Married, June 9, 1743, Elizabeth Smith of Middleboro, who died in 1803.

Issue:

1. Edward Richmond, d. May 26, 1748.

2. Phoebe Richmond, b. in Taunton, Mass. M., November 10, 1768, Job Townsend of Taunton.

3. Josiah Richmond, b. May, 1747; of whom below.

4. Mercy (or Mary) Richmond, b. in Taunton, d. July 21, 1784. M., June , 1774, Mathew Briggs of Dighton, Mass.

5. Walker Richmond, b. 1753 in Taunton, d. June, 1835. M., March, 1775, Mary Waldron of Dighton.

6. Edward Richmond, b. March 14, 1756, in Taunton, d. October 15, 1826. M., March, 1781, Olive Briggs, daughter of Eliakim Briggs of Dighton.

7. Nathaniel Richmond, b. April 13, 1766, in Taunton. M., 1st, about 1782, Mary Horswell of Fall River, Mass.; 2d, January 31, 1788, Abigail Wood of Middleboro; 3d, July, 1809, Azubah Cobb.

8. Abner Richmond, b. about 1769 in Taunton, d. April 18, 1813, in Barnard, Vt. M. Betsy Holmes daughter of Gershom Holmes of Plymouth, Mass.

9. Priscilla Richmond. M. Joseph Pierce.

10. Elizabeth Richmond, b. in Taunton, Mass. M., 1777, Asa Stephens of Dighton.

11. Hannah Richmond, b. in Taunton. M., 1st, 1781, Joseph Ware; 2d, 1790, Zephaniah Talbot.

VI JOSIAH RICHMOND, son of the preceding, was born in Dighton, Mass., in May, 1747. He received from his father’s estate a farm in Middleboro, Conn. This he sold in 1792, removing to Barnard, Vt. From there he went to Salina, now Syracuse, N. Y., in company with several of his brothers and other members of the family. During the Revolutionary War he was a soldier in the New York line. He saw much active service, and was taken prisoner, being carried to the island of Bermuda, where he was held captive until finally exchanged. It is told of him, in the annals of the family, that upon his discharge from the military service at the close of the war he was paid in continental money, and being very hungry that morning, gave forty-eight dollars of his hard-earned pay in the depreciated currency for his breakfast.

He died May 28, 1821.

Married Betsy Hathaway, daughter of Shadrach Hathaway of Elizabethtown, N. J. She was born about 1750 and died in 1835.

Issue:

1. Betsy Richmond, b. 1770 in Taunton. M. Job Richmond.

2. Hathaway Richmond, b. 1772 in Taunton; of whom below.

3. Edward Richmond, b. 1774 in Taunton, d. in Evansburg, 0. M., 1st, Martha Nott; 2d, Sally McFarlane; 3d, Miss Bedell; 4th, Miss Atchison; 5th, Miss Harger.

4. Sarah Richmond, b. 1776 in Taunton. M., 1799, Richard Cheedle.

5. Josiah Richmond, b. in Taunton; drowned at the age of twenty.

6. Abner Richmond.

7. Phoebe Richmond, b. in Taunton. M., 1st, James Nott; 2d, John Finley.

8. Anson Richmond, b. February 24, 1790, in Taunton, d. September 23, 1834, in Salina, N. Y. M., June 20, 1820, Betsy Melvin, daughter of Captain Moses Melvin.

9. John Richmond, b. July 25, 1792, in Taunton. M., 1st, Dinah Harwood; 2d, Abigail (Skillings) Averill.

10. Sybil Richmond, b. December, 1797, in Barnard, Vt., d. 1853, at Brady, Mich. M. Darius Crippen of Salina, N. Y.

VII HATHAWAY RICHMOND, son of the preceding, was born in 1772 in Taunton, Mass. He removed to Barnard, Vt., and from there joined the migration of the Richmond Family to Salina, N. Y., in 1816. He was interested with his brothers in the manufacture of salt and had an unusual talent for business, which evidently was transmitted by him to his distinguished son, Dean Richmond.

Died in 1821 in St. Louis, Mo.

Married, May 4, 1798, Rachael Dean, daughter of Elkanah Dean of Taunton, Mass. She died in Salina, N. Y., in 1821, the same year of her husband’s decease.

Issue:

1. Betsy Richmond, b. 1799 in Barnard, Vt.

2. Frindey Richmond, b. 1801 in Barnard, Vt., d. 1853 or 1854 in Attica, N. Y. M., 1st, at Salina, N. Y., Benjamin Babbitt of Barnard, Vt.; 2d, Augustus Chester of Chicago.

3. Dean Richmond, b. March 31, 1804; of whom below.

VIII DEAN RICHMOND, son of the preceding, was born in Barnard, Vt., March 31, 1804. He received his education in the public schools. His father died when he only fourteen years of age, and the entire care of his moth(r and family and the management of the business left by hi; father fell upon the shoulders of the boy. It was at this period, at an age when most boys were yet in school, that the young Dean showed the material of which he was made. He at once took full charge of the business of salt manufacturing at Salina, N. Y., that his father had developed. With little else save the debts of the old concern and a capital composed of health and energy, he began his active life. From the outset he displayed rare capacity for business and quickly won the confidence of his associates and of the public.

In less than a year the death of his mother left him altogether to his own resources. At that time the market for salt had, through various causes, become somewhat limited in that section, but the energy with which the young man pushed the sale soon extended to several new districts, particularly in the north and east, and ere long the business began to yield a satisfactory income.

Prospering in this enterprise, he embarked in others, in which also he commanded success. In 1842, at the age of eighteen, he removed to Buffalo where he engaged in the commission and transporting business, dealing principally with the products of the great west. Bringing to his business operations, which had then assumed great extent and importance, the wise foresight and judgment which characterized him throughout his entire life, he laid the foundations for the success that in the course of a few years made him one of the wealthiest and most influential men in the Lake region. Before he was twenty-one years of age his exceptional capacity for affairs was so marked that he was chosen a director of the bank at Salina, and when he was twenty-one he controlled, either by purchase or lease, all the salt works in Salina. From the time that he settled in Buffalo, his business was always located in that city and connected with the chain of lakes. In 1846 he became a resident of Attica, N. Y., but still maintained his business relations with Buffalo.

It was while located in Buffalo and in the midst of his active career in various lines of business that he made his first connection with railroad affairs. He became a large stockholder of the Utica and Buffalo Railroad Company, and was elected a director of that corporation. “When the direct line to Batavia was completed he took up his residence at that place, which continued to be his home for the remainder of his life, although the headquarters of his business was still retained at Buffalo. His acute business judgment and keen insight into the future gave him, far in advance of most of his contemporaries, a sound idea of what the infant railroad systems of the country would eventually become, and he early attached himself to this line of transportation development.

One of the most important events of his railroad career was his connection with the New York Central Railroad Company, a connection that was not less advantageous to the company than it was to him. When the Erie Railroad was finished to Lake Erie, and the Pennsylvania Central had completed its tracks, it was apparent that the several companies which afterward composed the New York Central could not successfully compete with those great lines unless they were consolidated and operated as one system and by one controlling mind. Seven distinct corporations were each managed independently of all the others, which the sub-roads were controlled each by a single board of directors. Consolidation became, therefore, a matter of imperative necessity, for the line could not be advantageously maintained otherwise. In 1853 the bill creating the New York Central Railroad was carried through the legislature against a most determined and virulent opposition. Nothing but the sagacity, address, and perseverance of Mr. Richmond could have prevailed against this opposition. In the “History of the New York Central Railroad” the following reference is made to his achievement in this connection:

“When the Erie and Pennsylvania railroads formed their coalition, Dean Richmond was one of those who most clearly perceived the necessity for consolidation of the railroads of central New York in order to meet the competition of this formidable combination. He thus became a leader in the movement to unite the seven railroad companies, which, as consolidated in 1853, constituted the New York Central Railroad Company. Himself already one of the most conspicuous and influential leaders of the Democratic party in the state of New York, it was principally the personal influence of Mr. Richmond which secured from the legislature the enactment of the incorporation of the New York Central. He was at once elected vice-president of the new corporation, holding this position from 1853 until 1864, when he succeeded Erastus Corning as president of the company. He remained in this office during the next two years, until his death. For many years he was also president of the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railroad.”

While connected with the New York Central, the company relied most implicitly on Mr. Richmond’s judgment, and never undertook any enterprise of importance without first submitting it to him for advice and approbation. His record as a railroad man is shown in the growth of that great property while under his control and the measures which he instituted or advanced for its improvement and enlargement. No matter what honor of labor or design may be given to others in the up-building of the great Central system, a large share properly belongs to Dean Richmond and is the monument of his railroad work. He labored at a time of uncertainty, discouragement, and difficulty, and his success was all the greater from the size and variety of the obstacles that he was compelled to confront. He was original, both in his ideas and methods. To him particularly belongs the credit of being the first American railroad man to adopt steel rails. Thoroughly convinced of their utility over the old iron rails, he met with much opposition when he proposed to introduce them, but was finally able to have a few laid on trial. He was so well pleased with the results that he placed in England what in those days was considered a large order. Unfortunately, however, he did not live to see his plans carried out, for the consignment did not arrive in this country until after his death.

Dean Richmond was not alone a railroad man. Actively connected throughout his exceptionally long career with many business enterprises, he was successful in everything that he undertook. A very considerable private business, to which he remained devoted throughout his life, was the shipping on the lakes, including the elevator system at Buffalo. At one time he owned large interests in the Western Transportation Company. In all business operations he had very decided views, and when once his mind was made up he adhered to his purpose with a persistence born of conviction and a firm belief in the surety of his judgment. Indeed, his judgment passed into a proverb among his associates, and was most implicitly relied upon, almost as if it had been infallible. His knowledge of business affairs was not merely intuition, although he possessed this faculty in a wonderful degree, but it was also derived from close observation and sound experience and through precision of reflection.

Mr. Richmond’s devotion to business did not lead him to ignore public affairs. He considered it a duty that every man owed to his country to interest himself in the national welfare, and held that it was especially important that business men should not lose sight of the gravity of national affairs as affecting their private interests. Although never forgetting that his private interests were of paramount importance and that his duty to his associates in business was the first demand upon his time and energy, he gave close attention to politics. His political convictions were strong and were steadfastly maintained, the marked characteristics of the man being displayed in this connection as conspicuously as they were in the business relations of his life. Possessed of great capacity for work, he gave careful attention to political affairs, no matter how absorbing were his business duties. In his earlier days he led the democrats of Onondaga County to victory, and in subsequent years entered into each new campaign in state and national politics with a zest and enthusiasm that inspired all who came in contact with him. Although a strong Union man during the Civil War, he always remained a democrat, and throughout his career held the fullest confidence of the state leaders of his party by virtue of his political acumen and sound judgment in matters of public and party policy. His successful organization of the democrats of Onondoga early brought him recognition, and his ability soon made him the leader of his party in the state. His motives were so sincere and honest they were never questioned, and his views, to a large extent, were unhesitatingly adopted by his associates and shaped their policy. For many consecutive years, from about 1857 until his death in 1866, he was chairman of the Democratic state central committee, and during that period exerted a greater influence in the Democratic party than any other man in the state. His success in dominating the Democratic party in New York State has become traditional, and his name is one of the most conspicuous in the annals of the party.

The prominent and unique relation to his party that Mr. Richmond held has been nowhere more clearly or forcibly shown than in the tribute offered to his memory by his intimate personal friend, the Hon. Samuel J. Tilden. In the Democratic state convention of September, 1866, Mr. Tilden, at the request of several prominent Democratic leaders, made an address upon the life work of Mr. Richmond. In the course of that address he said: “It is rare in any country or in any age that the death of a private citizen, holding no public office, never having held a public office in his whole life, connected with great business interests, it is true, connected more than any other individual with the organization and administration of a great party, composed of nearly four hundred thousand American citizens—it is rare that the death of an individual so unobtrusive in his life, so quiet in his demeanor, should have sunk the people of an entire state under a sense of a great calamity, almost as if the first magistrate of the nation had died. A private citizen, largely endowed by nature with those qualities superior to anything that can be taught in the schools of learning, those great endowments of judgment—clear, decisive, comprehensive, of a will firm, decisive, and nicely balanced, of a caution and circumspection rarely to be found; with a man of this character and these rare qualities, a man of the people, untaught in the schools, it is surprising that he should acquire that extraordinary degree of influence which was possessed by our lamented friend. I remember very well in 1864, when the nation was anxiously looking for a candidate for the highest office in its gift, public opinion turned very generally to this gentleman. He was modest— modest in his estimate of his own capabilities and powers beyond what any of us who had happened to have opportunities of larger training in the schools would have thought necessary, for the things he possessed least he valued highest, and, as men have thought, too high. I remember when it was said, with every appearance of possibility, that he could be nominated for that high office with the concurrence of a very large number of the Republican party, with a tender of support from gentlemen as eminent as any in the country, but whose names it would be indelicate now to mention. Mr. Richmond firmly and persistently refused to entertain the idea. It is my firm conviction that except for that refusal his nomination was entirely possible and his election extremely probable. I remember he said with characteristic modesty on that occasion, ‘I know what I am fit for and what I am not.’ He formed a judgment, founded on his idea of what a man should be to undertake the duties of a chief magistrate in respect to the habit, training, and manner of life and education. He firmly and persistently refused all these tenders because he did not deem himself adapted to that station. Yet with his rare powers of discernment and judgment, his great skill in the selection of agents, for whatever purpose he chose to apply his faculties to, there can be no doubt that he greatly overrated his own deficiencies and greatly overvalued those opportunities which he had not himself, in his early career, enjoyed. So happily endowed by nature, and perhaps largely taught by the experience of his long and varied life, I think he was one of the best-formed and ablest men whom I ever had the opportunity to know, although it has been my opportunity to see some of the ablest men this country and state have produced for the last generation.”

The Norman blood of the de Richmond’s, commingling with the strenuous blood of the Deans of Scotland in the veins of Mr. Richmond, was preeminently the source of his quenchless energy and mental vigor and masterly physique. These combined to make him one of the foremost men of his age in his chosen avocations and in the political world.

In private life he displayed marked qualities of character that distinguished him quite as well as in his business and political relations. His goodness of heart was well known to all who came intimately in connection with him, and was especially remembered by many who had particular occasion to have personal knowledge of his disposition in this way. He was benevolent in a quiet way, and frequently, without being appealed to, would relieve distress in the most substantial manner. His acts of philanthropy were numerous, disinterested, and generous, and his name became as well known in New York for kindness of heart as it was for business ability and political astuteness and sagacity. In his social relations he was a good friend, kindly and genial, while in the privacy of the family circle his noblest qualities shone with a brightness that only those who came in contact with him there could best appreciate.

He died in New York City, August 27, 1866. He had been living for the summer at the seashore with his family, and left there in company with his intimate friend, the Hon. Samuel J. Tilden, to attend the democratic convention at Saratoga. After the convention, in company with Mr. Tilden, he went to Philadelphia and Washington and returned to New York August 18. At Mr. Tilden’s city residence in Gramercy Park, on the following day, he was taken seriously ill and died in a little more than a week.

Married, February 19, 1833, in Troy, N. Y., Mary Elizabeth Mead. Mrs. Richmond was born in Troy, N. Y, June 21, 1813, and died in Batavia, N. Y., April 6,1895. Her father was Hathaway Mead and her mother was Electa Danchey or Danchier, of an old French family of distinction.

Mrs. Richmond was a woman of sterling qualities of character and developed very marked business ability. After the death of her husband, she managed skillfully and successfully the large properties that were left by him.

Issue:

1 Alfred William Richmond, b. October 1, 1836, in Syracuse, N. Y, d. November 17, 1881. M., 1st, in May, 1857, Mary L. Soper of Batavia, N. Y., who d. in September, 1874; 2d, in December 1875, Rosalind C. Morse. By his first wife Alfred William Richmond had, i. Catherine Richmond, b. November, 1858, d. September, 1859. ii. Dean William Richmond, b. February 19, 1860, m. Carrie Gale of Pontiac, Mich. By his second wife he had, iii. Rosalind A. Richmond, b. September, 1875; an accomplished pianist, violinist, and musical composer.

2. Harriet Richmond, b. October, 1838, d. August, 1839, at Saratoga Springs, N. Y.

3. Henry Augustus Richmond, b. August 3, 1840, in Syracuse, N. Y. He was at one time a civil service commissioner for the state of New York.

4. Adelaide R. Richmond, b. June 7, 1845, in Syracuse, N. Y. She resided in the old Richmond homestead at Batavia, N. Y., where she d. February 7, 1905. M., February 2, 1869, Dr. W. J. C. Kenny, who d. June 1, 1873. He was treasurer of the Buffalo Courier Company.

5. William Eugene Richmond, b. August 12, 1848, at Attica^ N. Y., a resident of Buffalo. M., February 2, 1872, Clara Nuns” of Buffalo. Issue: i. Watts Lansing Richmond b. April 29,1873.

11. William Eugene Richmond, Jr., b. April 29, 1875. iii. Adelaide K. Richmond, b. January 24, 1877. iv. Harold Richmond, b. September 19, 1878. v. Clara Richmond, b. April 24, 1880, d. May, 1883. vi. Francis Nims Richmond, b. September 9, 1887. vii. Dean Richmond, b. February 20, 1895.

6. Edward Gould Richmond, b. October 29, 1851, at Attica, N. Y.; graduated from the Racine College in 1874, and from the law department of Columbia College in 1878; became a banker and a widely known manufacturer and was president of the Chattanooga (Tenn.) Oil Company and of other large manufacturing interests. He was known throughout the south as one of the leading manufacturers and as a philanthropist, and was a gentleman of rare culture, nobility of character, and generosity of heart. D. November 29, 1903. M., June 19, 1889, Carrie Pfau of Cincinnati, O. Issue: i. Edward Dean Richmond, b. April 7, 1892. ii. Ruth Dean Richmond, b. February 12, 1896.

7. Edward Dean Richmond, b. October 29, 1851, in Attica, N. Y., d. September, 1852.

8. Dean Richmond, b. October 30, 1853, in Batavia, N. Y., d. February 2, 1885, in Batavia. Unmarried.

Fauntleroy of Virginia Family History

Fauntleroy Family

Fauntleroy Family

Fauntleroy coat-of-arms is described: From Virginia, Prominent Families, Vol. 1-4

On a wreath of the same colour, a fieur-de-lis ar, between two angels’ wings, displayed azure. Shields three infants’ heads coupled, argent, cringed or.
Motto: “Enfant du sor.”
The first known of the name of Fauntleroy was living in Dorset, England, in 1721. An undying tradition ascribes the paternity of the family to John, King of Frances, who was a captive at Windsor Castle, from 1356 to 1364, by a morganatic marriage with Catherine Grandeson, Countess of Salisbury, a member of the Courtenay family.
The first from whom an unbroken line was traced was John Fauntleroy, who married Joanna Whalley, of Purbick. Issue:
I. John Fauntleroy((2)). Married Elizabeth Wadham.
II. William Fauntleroy((2)), D. D., of Oxford.
III. Elizabeth Fauntleroy((2)), Abbess of Almsbury.
IV. Agnes Fauntleroy((2)). Married Lord Stourton.
V. Tristam Fauntleroy((2)). Married Joan, daughter of William, second Lord Stourton. His will was dated 1639. By the marriage of Tustam Fauntleroy and Joan Stourton, the family descends from the titled families of Stourton and Berkeley, as follows:
Robert Fitz Hardinge received Berkeley Castle by forfeiture, 1170, from Roger de Berkeley. Issue:
Maurice Hardinge, b. 1120, married Alice Berkeley, the daughter of the vested owner. He had Thomas of Berkeley, of Berkeley Castle, married Joan Saumasey, d. 1243. Issue.
Maurice Berkeley married Isabelle Crown, daughter of an English baron and his wife, Isabel de Valence (or Valem), half maternal sister to Henry the Third, by the second marriage of his mother, Isabelle, with William de Lusignan, ninth count de la Marche.
Miss Strickland traces her lineage through the Courtenay family to Louis le Gros. He had issue:
I. Thomas Berkeley, first Lord, who married, 1264, Joan Ferras, daughter of William de Ferras, Earl of Derby. Their daughter, Alice, married Ralph de Stourton, in 1300. Issue:
I. William de Stourton. Married Joan, daughter of Sir William Vernon.
II. John Stourton. Married a daughter of Lord Bassett.
III. William Stourton. Married Elizabeth Moigne, in 1402, daughter of Sir John Moigne. (Sir John was created baron, 1448; married Margarite, daughter of Sir John Wadham.)
IV. William Stourton. Married Margaret Chiddock, daughter of Sir John Chiddock.
V. Joan Stourton. Married Tristam Fauntleroy, in 1539. Issue:
I. John Fauntleroy, of Crondall, d. 1598. Married -.
II. William Fauntleroy, d. 1625. Married Frances -.
III. John Fauntleroy. Married Ph£be Wilkinson, in 1609.
Moore Fauntleroy Pedigree

Moore Fauntleroy Pedigree

IV. Moore Fauntleroy, came to Virginia in 1642, built Maylor’s Hold, Richmond Co., Va.; member of the House of Burgesses in 1644 to 1659; married Mary Hill. From this marriage, all of the name in Virginia descended. He sponsored a great number of early immigrants to America, his land holdings were very large. In the early days of the Colonies the British Crown awarded land grants for sponsoring immigrants.  They have intermarried with the Turners, of Kinlock, and Walsingham, the Beverleys, the Paynes of Warrenton, and some branches of the Carters (Carter Family, Chapter VII, Volume II). Landon Carter of Pittsylvania married Judith Fauntleroy.

Miss Betsey Fauntleroy, a granddaughter of Moore Fauntleroy, the emigrant, was one of the lady-loves of Gen’l George Washington. She did not smile on him, however, but married Dr. William Brockenbrough, of Tappahannock. She was grandmother of Judge William Brockenbrough, of the Court of Appeals, Richmond, Va. The house of President Jefferson Davis, during the Civil War, now the Confederate Museum, in Richmond, Va., was built and owned by him. (Volume I, Chapter VIII.)
Gen’l Thomas Turner Fauntleroy, another distinguished descendant of Moore Fauntleroy and Mary Hill; b. Richmond Co., Va., October 6, 1796; d. September 12, 1883. He was Colonel of the first Reg. U. S. Dragoons. As soon as Virginia seceded he promptly resigned, and offered himself to the Confederacy; he was made General. Of all the officers who resigned from the U. S. Army and came south, he held the highest rank. Married Ann Magdelin Magill, youngest child of Col. Charles Magill, and his second wife, Mary Buckner, née Thruston. Issue:
I. Charles Magill Fauntleroy, b. August 21, 1822; d. July 29, 1889.
II. Thomas Turner Fauntleroy.
III. Alfred Fauntleroy, d. in childhood.
IV. Mary Fauntleroy. Married Mr. Barnes.
V. Catherine Fauntleroy. Married Col. Whittlery.
VI. Archibald Magill Fauntleroy, b. July 8, 1836; d. 1886
I. Charles Magill Fauntleroy, b. 1822, entered U. S. Navy, but resigned in 1861, and entered the Confederate S. Army, and was appointed Inspector General, under Gen’l Joseph E. Johnston; married three times: first, Janet Knox of Leesburg, Loudoun Co., Va., in 1847; dying, she left one child:
I. Janet Fauntleroy. Married Powell Harrison, of Loudoun Co., Va.
Thomas Turner Fauntleroy, second son of Gen’l Fauntleroy and Mary Buckner Thruston, his wife, practiced law in Winchester, and was junior member of the law firm of Barton .& Williams. After the close of the Civil War, he was appointed Judge of the Va. Court of Appeals, which office he held for twelve years, during which time he lived in Richmond; later he removed with his family to St. Louis, where he now resides.
Judge Thomas T. Fauntleroy married, in Winchester, Va., in 1851, Ann Hite Williams, daughter of Philip Williams, a leading lawyer of the State, and Ann Maury, née Hite. One year later she died, leaving a babe of only a few weeks, called Philip Williams Fauntleroy, who was most affectionately raised by his stepmother, Williams. He first studied law, later for the Protestant Episcopal Ministry. He has had charge of a church in St. Louis for many years; married Miss Battle, and has several children.
Judge Thomas Turner Fauntleroy married, second, Elizabeth Smith Hite, daughter of Cornelius Baldwin Hite, Sr., of Belle Grove, and Augusta Elizabeth, née Smith, daughter of Col. Augustin Charles Smith, of Winchester, Va. Issue will be given elsewhere.
III. Mary Fauntleroy, eldest daughter of Gen’l Fauntleroy, and Ann Magdalen Magill, his wife; married Dr. Joseph Barnes, U. S. Army, Surgeon General, of Washington. Issue:
I. Joseph Barnes, Jr.
II. Anna Barnes.
IV. Katharine (called Kate) Fauntleroy, daughter of Gen’l Thomas T. Fauntleroy, married Major Whittlesey, U. S. A., for some years in charge of the “Soldier’s Home,” near Washington, D. C. Afterwards, was sent to a post in Washington Territory (now a State), where he died, leaving a widow and two sons. Mrs. Whittlesey has since died, her obituary appearing in a Winchester paper:
Winchester, Va., May 28, 1906.-A telegram was received here to-day from Seattle, Wash., announcing the death of Mrs. Katharine Whittlesey, widow of Major J. H. Whittlesey, of the United States Army, and member of an old and distinguished Virginia family, her father being General Thomas T. Fauntleroy, of this city. Two sons and one sister, Mrs. Barnes, of Washington, survive.
I. Charles Whittlesey. Married -, and lives in Tacoma, Washington.
II. William Whittlesey. Married -, and lives in Seattle, Washington.
V. Dr. Archibald Magill Fauntleroy, youngest son of Gen’l Thomas T. Fauntleroy, and Ann Magdalen, née Magill, resigned from the U. S. Army, and was appointed Medical Director and Surgeon on the staff of Gen’l Johnston; married Sally Conrad, the beautiful daughter of Robert L. Conrad, an eminent lawyer in Winchester, Va.; died leaving a widow and many children.
IV. Archibald Magill, son of Col. Charles Magill and Mary Buckner Thruston, his wife, married Mary Jane Page, of Bosewell, Gloucester Co., Va.; daughter of Mann Page, and Elizabeth Nelson, and granddaughter of Gov. Page and Gov. Nelson. Mr. and Mrs. Archibald Magill lived at “Barley Wood,” a few miles from Winchester, Va. No issue.
V. John Samuel Magill, son of Col. Charles Magill and Mary Buckner Thruston, married Mary Ann Glass. They lived at the “Meadows,” a handsome estate near Winchester. He was a lawyer, and represented Frederick Co., in the Legislature, several years. He had one child:
I. Mary Elizabeth Magill, d. in childhood.
VI. Alfred Thruston Magill, son of Col. Charles Magill and Mary Buckner Thruston, was Professor of Medicine in the University of Va.; at the time, his wife’s father, Judge Henry St. George Tucker, was Professor of Law there. Dr. Magill was not only distinguished in his profession, but honored and loved for his high character; d. June 12, 1837, aged 33 years. Married Ann Evelina Hunter Tucker, daughter of Judge Henry St. George Tucker, of the Court of Appeals of Va., brother of Judge Beverley Tucker, and half brother of John Randolph of Roanoke. Issue:
I. Fanny Bland Magill, b. December 17, 1828; d. May 13, 1901. Married Rev. James Robert Graham, October 3, 1853. He was in charge of the Presbyterian Church, in Winchester, which position he occupied until his death. He left one daughter, Evelina Tucker Magill, and five sons. Three of the latter are Presbyterian ministers, one a physician, and one a druggist, in St. Louis.
II. Mary Tucker Magill was a woman of culture, and wrote several books.
III. Evelina Magill. Married William Levin Powell, son of Mr. Humphrey Powell, of Loudoun Co., Va., and brother of Mrs. Randolph Tucker; she d. 1901, leaving one son:
I. Levin Powell, who graduated at the University of Va. in 1901.
IV. Virginia Magill. Married Maj. Edwards, C. S. Army. After the war, they settled in Atlanta, Ga. No issue.
VII. Henry Dangerfield Magill, son of Col. Charles Magill, and Mary Buckner Thruston, his wife, married Ann Elizabeth Mason, daughter of Temple Mason, of “Temple Hall,” Loudoun Co., Va. On May 15, 1847, Dr. Henry D. Magill was instantly killed by a fall from his horse, while on his round of professional duties. A friend wrote of him-“A noble and almost perfect specimen of a man, in mind, person and character, a successful and accomplished physician, descended on both sides from the best Revolutionary stock, but, above all, was his constant walk in the footsteps of Christ.” Bishop Meade, in his “Old Churches and Families,” speaks of the loveliness of Dr. Magill’s character. Issue:
I. Thomas Henry Magill. Married -, and lives in Louisiana.
II. Ann Magill. Married Mr. Sparrow, son of Dr. Sparrow, who for many years was Professor at the Episcopal Theological Seminary, near Alexandria, Va. She d. 1895, without issue. One of Mrs. Ann (Magill) Sparrow’s ancestors was Col. George Mason, member of Parliament, in the reign of Charles I, of England, and first of his family in America. (Mason Family, Volume II, Chapter XVII.)
VIII. Mary Buckner Thruston Magill, daughter of Charles Magill and Mary Buckner Thruston, his wife; b. 1810; d. 1890. She was a devoted church woman, lovely in character and possessed of voice of rare sweetness and power; married, 1831, Robert Lee Randolph, of “Eastern View,” son of Col. Robert Randolph and Elizabeth Carter, of Shirley. Issue elsewhere. (Randolph Family, Volume II, Chapter V.)
IX. Augustine Smith Magill, son of Col. Charles Magill and Mary Buckner Magill (Thruston), his wife; b. 1811. He was an A. M. of the University of Virginia; removed to St. Martinsville, La., and practiced law; married his cousin, Frances Weeks, of St. Martinsville, La. Issue:
I. David Weeks Magill.
II. Mary Ida Magill.
III. Augustine Magill.
IV. Buckner Magill, d. young.

Augustine Smith Magill d. 1852, and his widow married Dr. Pruett. In the summer of 1853, Dr. and Mrs. Pruett, with her two children, Ida and Augustine Magill, went to a much frequented bathing place on Lost Island, on the coast of Louisiana. During a terrific cyclone and tidal wave, the island was submerged, and Mrs. Pruett, the two children, and a brother of Dr. Pruett, were drowned. David Weeks Magill and Dr. John Augustine Smith expected to join the Pruett party, but were delayed by the storm. Their fate, some few weeks later, was equally tragic. Dr. Smith fell from a steamboat, which was approaching Morgan City, and was drowned; David Magill joined the C. S. Army, and died from fever contracted in the service.

The Drake family of New England

Drake of Ashe

The Drake family of New England, descendants of the illustrious English family of that name, which had its seat at Ashe, Devonshire, England, are thus traced. From Ancestry of John Barber White and his descendants edited by Almira Larkin White

1. John Drake of Exmouth, England, 1360; m. Christian, dau. of John Billet; he acquired the estate of Ashe. His widow m. (2) Richard Francheney.

2. John Drake m. Christian, dau. of John Antage, and settled at Otterton, founded the Otterton family of Drake, through his son. He was unlawfully excluded from Ashe by his half brother, Christopher Francheyney (son of his mother by her second husband.)

3. John Drake inherited Otterton; m. a Cruwys of Cruwys Morchand.

4. John Drake of Otterton m. Agnes dau. of Killoway.

5. John Drake settled first at Exmouth, and by a suit-at-law recovered Ashe. He m. Margaret, dau. of John Cole of Rill.

6. John Drake inherited Ashe; m. Anne, dau. of Roger Greenville; his son Bernard inherited Ashe.

7. Robert Drake settled at Wiscomb, Parish of South Leigh, Devonshife.

8. William Drake of Wiscomb, County Devon.

9. John Drake, b. in Wiscomb, Devonshire, England, about 1580; m. in England, Elizabeth Rogers. He came to Boston, in the fleet with Winthrop, as he was admitted freeman, Oct. 19, 1630. He removed to Windsor, Conn., in 1635-6, where he was injured by being run over by his loaded team, Aug. 17, 1659. His widow d. Oct. 7, 1681, aged 99. Children:

1034. Jacob Drake 10 b. in England, came with his parents to New England in 1630; m. in Windsor, Apr. 12, 1649, Mary, dau. of John Bissell of Windsor. He d. Aug. 6, 1689.

1035. John Drake, 10+

1036. A daughter 10 into whose house the father was carried at the time of the accident that caused his death.

1037. Job Drake, 10 b. in England; m. in Windsor, June 25,

1646, Mary, dau. of Henry and Elizabeth (Saunders) Walcutt. He d. in Windsor, Sept. 6, 1692.

JOHN Drake 10 (1035), b. in England, came with his parents to Boston, New England, in 1630; settled in Windsor, Conn. He ma. Nov. 30, 1648, Hannah Moore 2 (1012); he was one of the first settlers of Simsbury, Conn. His inventory presented Sept. 12, 1689: Simsbury property £393.15s; Windsor, £225.2s; total 616.17s. Children:

1038. Job Drake, 11 b. in Windsor, June 15, 1651; m. Mar. 20, 1672, Elizabeth Alvord 5 (1103), b. in Windsor, Sept. 21, 1651.

1039. Hannah Drake, 11 b. Aug. 6, 1653.

1040. Enoch Drake, 11 b. Dec. 8, 1655; m. Nov. 11, 1680, Sarah Porter.

1041. Ruth Drake,”+

1042. Simon Drake, 11 b. Oct. 28, 1659.

1043. Lydia Drake, 11 b. Jan. 10, 1661.

1044. Elizabeth Drake, 11 b. July 22, 1664.

1045. Mary Drake, 11 b. Jan. 29, 1666.

1046. Mindwell Drake,” b. Nov. 10, 1671.

1047. Joseph Drake, 11 b. June 26, 1674.

RUTH Drake 11 (1041), b. in Windsor, Conn., Dec. 1, 1657; m. as (2) wife, Jan. 25, 1677, Samuel Barber’ (1005), b. in Windsor, Conn., bapt. Oct. 1, 1648; his will was proven April 4, 1709; hers proven Dec., 1731.

Ruth Drake 11 m. Samuel Barber 2.
Joseph Barber 3 m Mary Loomis 3
Daniel Barber 4 m. Naomi Barber 4.
Elizabeth Barber 5 m. Rev. Isaiah Butler, Jr. 5.
Rebekah Butler 3 m. Moses Barber 3.
Rebekah Barber 7 m. John White 10.
John Barber White 11 m. Arabell Bowen 11 and Emma Siggins 5.

Ashe House 1752 Devon England

Drake Island Mount Edgecombe

Drake Island Mount Edgecombe

Painting by Mitchell Plymouth Drake Island

Painting by Mitchell Plymouth Drake Island

History of the Drake’s of Ashe: From Genealogical and family history of the state of New Hampshire : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the founding of a nation (1908)
Soon after the conquest of Wessex by DRAKE the Saxons, a family or clan called
Draco or Drago appears to have taken possession of an old Roman and British encampment in what is now the Manor of Musbury, Axminster, Devon county, England, which subsequently became known as Mount Drake. From this family it is probable that all of the name in England and Ireland are descended, as, although the crests of the various families of Drake in later days varied, their arms were the same, thus proving the common origin of the family. That the family is of great antiquity is shown from the fact that before the Norman conquest, 1066, A. D., it was well established in Devon county. In Domes Day Book six places are mentioned as possessed by persons of the name. We are told that “Honiton”, one of them, was well known to the Romans, and was held by Drago, the Saxon, before the conquest. The name Drago or Draco, the Latin for Drake, was in use among the Romans, and signifies “one who draws or leads,” a “leader.” The Romans obtained the name from the Greeks, among whom it is found as early as 600, B. G, when Draco, the celebrated Athenian legislator, drew up the code of laws for the government of the people, which bore his name.

Ashe, an ancient seat adjoining Mount Drake, was brought into the Drake Family by the marriage, in 1420, of John Drake, of Mount Drake and Exmouth (the first from whom lineal descent can be traced), to Christiana, daughter and heiress of John Billett, of Ashe, and remained in the family about four hundred years. Of this family was Sir Francis Drake, the celebrated navigator; also Samuel Drake, D. D., of eminent literary attainments, who died in 1673, and whose equally eminent son of the same name edited Archibishop Parker’s works, etc.; also Francis Drake, M. D., surgeon of York and F. R. S., a great antiquarian, author of “The History and Antiquities of York;” and Doctor James Drake, F. R. I., whose discoveries in anatomy are not surpassed in importance by those of Hervey, John Drake, of the council of Plymouth, one of the original company established by King James in 1606 for settling New England, was of a branch of the family of Ashe, several of whose sons came to this country, including John who came to Boston in 1630, with two or more sons, and who finally settled in Windsor; and Robert, also two or more sons and one daughter, who settled in Hampton, New Hampshire. From these brothers are descended all of the name in New England, and most if not all of those bearing it in the middle, southern and western states. We, however, meet with some modern emigrants of the name, but they are not numerous. Robert Drake was among the first who, to avoid persecution fled to New England, driven hither from fear of a revival of Popery in a later reign. He was contemporary with Admiral Sir Francis Drake, Knight, and was born the same year that he returned from his great voyage around the world, and was fifteen years of age when that commander died.

(I) Robert Drake was born in the county of Devon, England, in 1580, the year of the great earthquake, came to New England with a family before 1643, and took up his residence at Exeter, New Hampshire, but removed from that place to Hampton, in the same state in the beginning of 1651. Here he owned and left a considerable estate. When he went to Exeter does not appear, but he may have been of the Rev. John Wheelwright’s company who settled there in 1638. His house, which he bought of Francis Peabody, stood on the same place now occupied by the Baptist meeting house in Hampton. He was a man of eminent piety, was one of the selectmen in 1654, and was highly respected. He was sixty-three years of age when he came to America, and was eightyeight at the time of his death, January 14, 1668. His will, in which he describes himself as “searge maker,” was made in 1663. Two items in the inventory taken January 23, 1667, show the difference in values then and now. One hundred acres of land of a second division westward was valued at eight pounds ($40); four iron wedges and a pair of beetle rings, ten shillings ($2.50). There is no mention of his wife, and it is not known whether she came to America or not. He had three children, Nathaniel, Susannah and Abraham.

(II) Abraham, second son and third and youngest child of Robert Drake, probably came to New England with his father. He was a prominent inhabitant of Exeter in 1643, and afterward in Hampton, whither he went, probably with his father. “His residence was at a place since called ‘Drake’s Side,’ because at was on the westerly side of a considerable swamp; and his estate has been handed down in the name to this day (1845), and in the name of Abraham, with a single exception, now over two hundred years,” says S. G. Drake, the historian of the family. How long before 1643 Abraham Drake was at Exeter has not been ascertained, but in a petition which with twenty others he signed and presented to the general court of Massachusetts, in’ that year, against the encroachments of the neighboring settlers, it is said, those people “know we long since purchased these lands, also quietly possessed them.” In the settlement of the Ox Common at Hampton in 1651 he had one share. In 1663 the town chose him to-lay out four thousand acres “west of Hampton bounds, and a way to Great Pond.” In 1665 he was appointed to lay out the second division, and in 1668 and 1669 he was chosen to run down the town lines. He was selectman in 1658, and perhaps other years, and in 1673 he had the appointment of Marshall of the county of Norfolk, in which office he probably continued until the separation of New Hampshire from Massachusetts, in 1679. He was a man capable of any business, a good penman, and forward in all public service. In a tax list of ad. 9 mo. 1653, of an amount of fifty-three pounds, two shillings, ten pence, his quota was ten shillings, two pence, the whole number of persons taxed being seventy-three. Abraham Drake, like his father, lived to a very advanced age, but the time of his death is not yet discovered. It appears from a pencil note in Mr. Toppans manuscript that he was living in 1712, at the age of eighty-four. His wife Jane died January 25, 1676. Abraham had by his wife Jane seven children: Susannah, Abraham, Sarah, Mary, Elizabeth, Hannah and Robert.

(III) Abraham (2), second child and eldest son of Abraham (1) and Jane Drake, born December 29, 1654, died in 1714, aged fifty-nine years, appears to have been one of the wealthiest men of Hampton, the inventory of his estate being nine hundred and twenty-six pounds, five shillings. He was a prominent man in the town, as his father before him had been, and was selectman in 1696-1703-07-08. His wife was Sarah, and they had five children: Sarah, Abraham, Jane, Mary and Nathaniel. (The last named receives mention, with descendants,, in this article).

(IV) Abraham (3), second child and eldest son of Abraham (2) and Sarah Drake, was born in December, 1688, and died April 13, 1767, aged seventy-eight. He married January 2, 1711, Theodate Roby. Her father, Judge Henry Ruby, who fills a conspicuous page in the early history of New Hampshire, was a descendant of Henry Roby, who was at Exeter in the beginning of its settlement, and one of the petitioners before noticed. Theodate (lied April 12, 1783, aged ninety-one years. The children of Abraham and Theodate were: Elizabeth, Theodate, Abraham, Samuel, Sarah, Mary, Abigail, John, Simon and Thomas. (Mention of Thomas and descendants appears in this article.)

(V) Simon, fourth son and ninth child of Abraham and Theodate (Roby) Drake, was born October 4, 1730, in Hampton, and died November 30, 1819, in Epping, where he settled about 1752. That town was then a wilderness, the first framed house being built there only two years before. There was at this time much trouble from the Indians, and during the year that Mr. Drake settled there a party of savages had killed Mr. Beard and two women about two miles from his residence. He was a man of remarkable exactness, and the method and neatness of his farm was only equaled by his wife in all that pertained to her department. He was a fine farmer, and had a nice farm, which he left to his younger son. His wife, Judith (Perkins) Drake, was born April 18, 1736, and died November 30, 1819. Their children were: James, Mary, Abraham, Josiah, Simon, David, Theodate, Sarah, Samuel and Betsy.

(VI) Major James, eldest child of Simon and Judith (Perkins) Drake,’ was born November 14, •755. m Epping, New Hampshire, and died in Pittsfield, February 26, 1834. He settled in the last named town when a very young man, being among its earliest settlers, and commenced clearing a farm from the wilderness. He was but nineteen years of age, upon the outbreak of the war of Independence, and abandoned his axe, shouldered a musket and joined a company then being organized for the Continental army. After sharing its fortunes in the ensuing struggle, he was discharged and returned to Pittsfield and resumed the work of clearing and improving his farm. He became major of a regiment of the state militia, and was always one of the town’s most prominent citizens. He was for many years a selectman, and long represented the town creditably in the state legislature. For integrity in all his dealings none could claim a higher place. “He was of middle stature, of fine figure, head round; and, in short, for a description of his person, that of Sir Francis Drake would be almost perfect •when applied to him.” This resemblance extended also to his mental and moral traits, for he was a man of great force of character, possessing a strong will and much determination, which qualities were tempered by sound judgment. His physical ability has seldom been equaled, and he was able to encounter the most extreme fatigue with but slight inconvenience. He became, eventually, the owner of several good farms, all of which he acquired by his great industry and economy. He was married December 17, 1781, to Hannah Ward, daughter of Lieutenant Cotton and Hannah (Mead) Ward, of Hampton. She was born October 31, 1763, and died December 17, 1848. They had twelve children, each of whom lived to be over sixty years of age. Their combined ages made a total of more than eight hundred and seventy years, the average age being seventy-two years, six months and sixteen days. Their names were as follows: Cotton Ward, Sarah, Mary, Hannah, Judith, Rachel, Theodate, Simon, Deborah, Betsy, James and Noah Ward.

(VII) Colonel James, third son and eleventh child of Major James and Hannah (Ward) Drake, was born June 29, 1805, in Pittsfield, and died in that town, April 7, 1870. He was born on the Drake homestead, near the Quaker meeting house, and was brought up to agriculture, which he followed successfully for some years. He also dealt extensively in live stock. He moved to the village of Pittsfield and became president of the Pittsfield Bank, afterwards the National Bank, and held that position for the remainder of his life. He was an excellent business man and acquired a handsome property. He figured prominently in public affairs, serving as selectman of the town and was a member of the state senate in 1847-48. In political struggles he supported the Democratic party. He early showed a fondness for military life, and rose from private to that of colonel in the militia. He commanded the eighteenth regiment with signal ability and credit until the abandonment of the militia system. He had a good figure and authoritative voice, and made a soldierly appearance, whether on foot or in the saddle. His strict adherence to principle was conspicuous among his commendable qualities, and the cause of morality and religion had in him a staunch and generous supporter. His death occurred at his home in Pittsfield Village. He was married, August 13, 1834, to Betsy Seavey, who was born October 14, 1811, a daughter of George and Betsy (Lane) Seavey, of Chichester, New Hampshire. (See Seavey). She was an attractive and charming woman, well educated, having finished her training at Hampton Academy: she was possessed of an evenly balanced mind with rare executive ability and self control, was always mindful of the happiness and comfort of others, was a church member, and hers was a life of rare christian devotion. She died September 28, 1865, and was survived by her husband for more than four years. They were the parents of three children: Georgianna Butters, Frank James and Nathaniel Seavey.

(VIII) Georgianna Butters, eldest child of James and Betsy (Seavey) Drake, was born January 15, 1836, at the old Drake homestead in Pittsfield, and is a woman of fine mental capacity and attainments, endowed with the graces and virtues essential to true womanhood, and is at home alike in the social and the domestic circle. She was married September 1, 1858, to Josiah Carpenter, now president of the Second National Bank in Manchester. Her musical ability early found opportunity in social functions and church work. In Manchester she is prominent in charitable and patriotic work, being president of the Manchester Children’s Home and vice-president of the Woman’s Aid and Relief Society, two of the oldest and leading charitable institutions of the city, and is also connected with many other charities. She is one of the charter members of the National Society of Colonial Dames in the State of New Hampshire, and for six years held the office of state regent in the National Society of Daughters of the American Revolution, from 1895 to 1901. She then declined a re-election, and was made honorary state regent for life. He regency covered a period of unusual prosperity in the society in New Hampshire, the chapters increasing from two to sixteen in number under her judicious and zealous guidance. For many years she has been a member of the Episcopal Church, and actively connected with the various branches of its work at home and throughout the diocese. With her husband she has devoted much time to travel, and seldom spends winter in the severe climate of New Hampshire. They have traversed nearly every section of our own country, and the countries of Europe and the Holy Land, Asia and Africa having contributed memories of various experiences and valuable information. Two children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Carpenter: Georgia Ella, and a son who died in infancy. The daughter was born October 13, 1859, and grew up under most careful training and developed to womanhood, rich in intelligence and accomplishments, with a cheerfulness and kindliness of temper which endeared her to all. She was married, March 27, 1889, to Frank M. Gerrish, and they went abroad for a wedding tour. As in former ocean trips Mrs. Gerrish suffered severely from sea sickness, from the effects of which she died, August 29, 1889, nine weeks after her return to the beautiful home which her parents had erected and presented as a wedding gift.

(VIII) Frank James, son of James and Betsy (Seavey) Drake, was born November 3, 1842, on the Drake farm in South Pittstield. He pursued his studies at Pittsfield Academy and under tutors, and graduated from Dartmouth in 1865. He engaged in business in Manchester, New Hampshire, and died suddenly of appendicitis at his summer home in Barnstead, August 20, 1891′. He was married June 7, 1869, to Harriet C. E. Parker, daughter of Hon. James V. Parker. They were the parents of two children: James Drake and Helen. The former died in infancy, and the latter is now the wife of Charles Spalding Aldrich, of Troy, New York.

(VIII) Nathaniel Seavey, youngest child of James and Betsey (Seavey) Drake, was born September 16, 1851, in the house which he now occupies on Main street, Pittsfield. His education was gained in the public schools and completed at Pittsfield Academy. Having turned his attention to a business career, he engaged for two years in the clothing business, and afterwards was connected with the United States and Canada Express Company, and the American Express Company in Pittsfield, and subsequently spent some time in their offices in Concord, New Hampshire, and Boston, Massachusetts. Later he entered the employ of the C. B. Lancaster Shoe Company and had charge of its office, remaining with this concern about twelve years, until it removed to Keene, New Hampshire. During the last six years of this time he was superintendent of the factory and its branches, and the capacity of the plant was much enlarged. The business was the largest ever carried on in Pittsfield, involving a weekly pay-roll of about four thousand dollars. Mr. Drake was one of the founders of the Hill & Drake Shoe Company, afterwards known as the Drake & Sanborn Shoe Company. In this connection it is interesting to note that although Pittsfield has the reputation of being a manufacturing town, this shoe company, which employs some over fifty people, was the first enterprise giving employment to over a dozen men that was- conducted on home capital. All the other manufacturing enterprises of the town have been and are still owned by outside capital. In politics Mr. Drake is a Democrat, he has served with ability as moderator and treasurer many years. He is a director of the Pittsfield National Bank, and one of the trustees of the Farmers’ Savings Bank. Since the organization of the Pittsfield Aqueduct Company, in 1884, and the Pittsfield Gas Company, in 1888, he has served continuously as clerk of these corporations, and is a director in the latter company. He is a director of the Pittsfield Board of Trade, an officer in Catamount Grange, and a member of the Pittsfield Library Association, and is ever most active in promoting the welfare and highest interests of his native town. At the present time he deals quite extensively in real estate. His prominence in business circles, together with his high social standing, places him in the front rank among the leading citizens of Pittsfield.

Mr. Drake was married, March 17, 1873, ‘to Mary A. R. Green, who was born July 3, 1857, daughter of Daniel and Elizabeth (Chase) Green, of Pittsfield. She is a lady of pleasing manners and true womanly grace, sharing her husband’s popularity. They have two children: James Frank, born September I, 1880, and Agnes, April 2, 1883. The daughter and both parents are members of the Episcopal Church. After graduating as salutatorian of her class from high school in her native village, Agnes attended Lasell Seminary at Auburndale, Massachusetts, and received a diploma from there in 1903. She was a member of the glee club of the Delta Society, and was identified with Prize Company A, in the military drill, which is one of the prominent features of this seminary. Since returning to her home she has interested herself in the furtherance of whatever tends to the betterment of her native village, especially in its schools, and is a zealous member of the board of education.

(IX) James Frank, only son and elder child of Nathaniel S. and Mary A. R. (Green) Drake, was born September I, 1880, in Pittsfield village, New Hampshire. His early education was received in the graded schools of his native town, after which he entered Kimball Union Academy at Meriden, New Hampshire, from which he received a diploma in 1808. In the fall of that year he entered Dartmouth College and graduated therefrom with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1902. He then took a year of post-graduate study at Dartmouth in the Amos Tuck School of Administration and Finance, receiving in 1903 the degree of Master of Commercial Science. After completing his post-graduate work he went to Springfield, Massachusetts, to accept the position of secretary of the Springfield board of trade, which he still holds having received at the end of each year, in the shape of increase in salary, substantial recognition of the services he has rendered. While in college he became a member of the Theta Delta Chi Fraternity. Both as an undergraduate and as an alumnus he has taken an active part in all matters pertaining to its welfare, serving as the representative of the Dartmouth Charge at three national conventions of the fraternity. From the time of his graduation he has been actively interested in the prosperity of his college, and through his efforts a considerable number of young men have chosen that institution as their Alma Mater. He is chairman of the executive committee of the class of 1902 of Dartmouth, in whose hands is the control of all matters pertaining to the class. For the past three years he has served as secretary of the Dartmouth Alumni Association of Western Massachusetts. He has been chosen by Dartmouth College as one of a committee of nine from the body of alumni to take charge of the work of raising a larger scholarship fund for the college. He was the representative of Dartmouth College at the meeting of college men held in Springfield. May 17, 1906, to form a federation of college and university clubs, and was chosen as one of the organization committee, which reported the result of its work at another meeting held in Springfield, December 13, 1906, when a permanent organization known as the Federation of College and University Clubs in the United States, was formed. He was chosen treasurer of the Federation and a member of its executive council.

Soon after his arrival in Springfield he became connected with The Home Correspondence School of that city, serving as the head of the commercial department of that institution, which position he still occupies. In December, 1904, in company with an old school and college friend, he purchased The Home Correspondence School and has since served as secretary and treasurer of that corporation, the friend above referred to being the active manager, and Mr. Drake caring for the financial end of the business. Under their administration the school has prospered remarkably and to-day ranks as one of the very best institutions of its kind in the country. In addition to the business enterprise mentioned, Mr. Drake has found time to interest himself in some others which have brought him favorably before the public. In 1905 and again in 1906 he succeeded in securing for Springfield the annual championship football game between Dartmouth College and Brown University, taking upon himself the entire management of these contests—no small undertaking—and carried them through in a highly successful and creditable manner. His position as secretary of the Springfield board of trade has caused him to become connected with several other enterprises of a public nature. In May, 1903, soon after coming to Springfield, he became secretary of the Connecticut River Navigation Association, an organization which has for its object the opening of the Connecticut river to navigation from Hartford, Connecticut, to Holyoke, Massachusetts. In 1905 he was chosen secretary of the McKinley Memorial Commission, a commission chosen by the citizens of Springfield to take charge’ of a considerable fund raised by popular subscription for the purpose of erecting a memorial to the late President McKinley. He also identified himself with the Independence Day Association of Springfield, an organization that has charge of the observance of Indepcndance Day in that city, and has taken an active part in the association’s work.

For three years he has been a member of the educational committtee of the Young Men’s Christian Association of Springfield, which committee has under its supervision a school of over a hundred students with a competent force of instructors. He is a member of the Economic and the Diversity Club, the latter being one of Springfield’s prominent literary organizations. In June, 1903, he became a member of the Country Club of Springfield and is now serving as one of its executive committee and for the third year as its secretary. He is a member of the club’s tennis team and an enthusiastic golfer. In the fall of 1003 he was chosen a vice-president of the Massachusetts State Board of Trade and a member of its executive council, positions which he still holds. In politics he is a firm believer in the principles of the Democratic party as were his father and paternal grandfather before him. While still a small boy he displayed an unusual interest in matters political, and that interest he has always maintained.

(V) Thomas, tenth child and fifth son of Abraham (3) and Theodate (Roby) Drake, was born July 8, 1733, and died August 16, 1816, aged eightythree. He settled in Epping, and owned lands adjoining the farm of his brother Simon, but finally removed to Chichester, New Hampshire, where he died. He married (first), June 27, 1763, Patience

Towle, and (second), Edgerly, of Epping who died on the 15th and was buried on the 17th of June, 1775, the day of the battle of Bunker Hill. The children, all of the second marriage, and born at Epping, were seven: Abigail, Josiah, Eliphalct, Abraham, Daniel, Nancy and Sally.

(VI) Eliphalet, third child and second son of Thomas and (Edgerly) Drake, was born September 18, 1765, and died July 9, 1839. He was a farmer and spent his life in Chichester. He married, in 1788, Judith Staniels, of Chichester, who was born February 18, 1769, and who died May 24, l36i.

(VII) Thomas, son of Eliphalet and Judith (Staniels) Drake, born in Chichester, February 14, 1796, died April 29, 1842, aged forty-two years, waa successful farmer and stock raiser. He married in Loudon, December 29, 1824. Anna Winslow, who was born April 2, 1801, who died in 1872, and who was a daughter of Bartholomew and Hannah Winslow. Mr. Winslow died February 25, 1838, aged eighty years. Mrs. Winslow died November 4, 1857, aged ninety years. The children of Thomas and Anna (Winslow) Drake were: Jacob P., who died young, and James H, twins; Jacob E., Hannah Ann, Charles H., Colcord W. and James Henry (formerly Henry F.) and Sarah Ann (twins).

(VIII) James Henry, seventh child and fifth son of Thomas and Anna (Winslow) Drake, was born in Chichester, December 27, 1841. When he was about three years old his mother moved with her family to Concord, where she remained about seven years, and then moved to Manchester. James H. was educated in the public schools of Concord, Manchester and Loudon, and in New London and Newport academies. In 1861 he entered the employ of the Concord railroad as baggage-man in the Concord depot, and soon after became a brakenian. Subsequently he took a place with the Northern New Hampshire railroad as brakeman, and later as mail agent and expressman. He was promoted to conductor in 1866, and served in that capacity until 1899, when he retired from railroad employment, having been in service thirty-eight years, thirtythree years of which time he had been a conductor of a passenger train, running most of the time between Concord, New Hampshire, and White River Junction, Vermont. Soon after leaving the railroad service Mr. Drake went into business under the firm name of George L Lincoln & Company, of Concord, dealers in furniture, from which he withdrew two years later, and entered into partnership with Fred. Marden. under the name of Marden & Drake, shoe dealers, in which line he is now actively and successfully engaged. He is Independent in politics, and is not a member of any club or secret society. James H. Drake married, in 1887, Ellen F. Holt, born in 1843, a daughter of William K. Holt, of Loudon. They have two children: Helen, now a student at Vassar College: and Benjamin, a student in the Concord high school.

(IV) Captain Nathaniel, youngest child of Abraham (2) and Sarah (Hobbs) Drake, was born May 7, 1695, at “Drake Side,” in Hampton, and lived through life in his native town. He was married (first) June I, 1716, to Jane Lunt, who died December 2, 1743, at the age of fifty-one years. He was married (second), November 22. 1744, to Abigail Foss, a widow, of Rye. His children, all born of the first marriage, were: Robert, Nathaniel, Jane, Abraham, and Sarah and Mary (twins).

(V) Abraham (3), third son and fourth child of Nathaniel and Jane (Lunt) Drake, was born March 1, 1726, in Hampton, and settled in what is now Brentwood. He was married, March 5, 1752, to Martha Eaton of Salisbury, Massachusetts.

(VI) Abraham (4), son of Abraham (3) and Martha (Eaton) Drake, was born June 7, 1758, in Brentwood, New Hampshire, and died in New Hampton. He was married, January 27, 1782, in New Hampton, to Anna Burnham, who was born July 26, I7S6, in Lee, New Hampshire, daughter of Joshua Burnham, and died February I, 1805. They resided in New Hampton, where all their children were born, namely: Polly (died young), Abraham, Polly (died youngj, Joshua B., Joseph, Nancy, Betsey S., Jeremiah M., Thomas, Polly and Simeon D.

(VII) Joseph Burnham, third son and fifth child of Abraham (4) and Anna (Burnham) Drake, was born December 13, 1789, in New Hampton, and married Polly (or Mary) Thompson. They resided in New Hampton, where they had the following children: Louisa, Nancy, John A., Betsey Dow, Joseph Thompson, Francis M. and Abraham.

(VIII) Betsey Dow, third daughter and fourth child of Joseph B. and Polly (Thompson) Drake, was born November 4, 1822, in New Hampton, and became the wife of Hiram Clark. (See Clark, IV).

George Allen Drake, business man of DRAKE Dover, New Hampshire, is perhaps one of the best examples of the purely selfmade man that can be found in Strafford county, where he has lived something less than fifteen years. He is a native of Illinois and was born at Chatsworth in that state, April 10, 1868. His father, Charles W. Drake, died when George was seven years old, and within the next year he was left an orphan by the death of his mother. During the next five years he lived with the family of his brother and went to school when it was possible for him to do so, but in that respect his opportunities for obtaining more than an elementary education were very limited, at the age of thirteen years he started out to make his own way in life, turning his hand to whatever he could find to do and often doing the work of a boy much older and stronger than himself. At the age of eighteen he secured employment on the Union Pacific railroad, where he worked about two years, then went out to work on a ranch, and also for a time was in the service of the T. & S. railroad. In 1894 Mr. Drake came east and located in Dover, New Hampshire, having saved the money he had earned in railroading and ranching in the west, and with that as a capital he was able to start a general livery business in the city. This he continued successfully about ten years, and in July, 1905, purchased the steam carpet cleaning works formerly carried on by Daniel Page, and is still its proprietor.

Mr. Drake married, Carrie E., daughter of Timothy Hussey, and has one son, Charles W. Drake, born in Dover, December 18, 1899.

From British History online:

The manor of Nutwell was given, at an early period, by the Dinham family (fn. 29) (it having been parcel of their barony of Hartland (fn. 30) ,) to the priory of Dinham, in Brittany. After the suppression of alien priories, the Dinhams became again possessed of this manor; and Sir John Dinham, who was treasurer to King Henry VII., and afterwards Lord Dinham, built here a castellated mansion, for his own residence, which Risdon calls a fair and stately dwelling. Sergeant Prideaux purchased this estate of the heirs of Dinham. In Sir William Pole’s time, it was the seat of Sir Thomas Prideaux; afterwards, successively, of Sir Henry Ford, and the Pollexfens. Of late years, it was the property and seat of Sir Francis Drake, Bart., who made great alterations in the house and grounds; the chapel was converted into a handsome library. From Sir Francis Drake, it passed by devise to his nephew, the late Lord Heathfield; and on his death, in 1813, to his sister’s son, Thomas Trayton Fuller Elliot Drake, Esq., lately created a baronet, whose property and residence it now is. Nutwell House was garrisoned for the parliament, during the civil wars.

YARCOMBE, or YARTCOMBE, in the hundred of Axminster and in the deanery of Dunkeswell, lies on the borders of Dorsetshire and Somersetshire, about seven miles from Honiton, and four from Chard in Somersetshire. The river Yarty, in a course of about four miles, divides Yarcombe from the above-mentioned counties. Marsh, on the new road of communication from London to Exeter, through Ilminster and Chard, is in this parish.

William the Conqueror gave the manor of Yarcombe to the abbot and convent of St. Michael in Normandy, who allotted it to their priory of Otterton, in this county. After the dissolution the manor, or a moiety of it, was granted to Robert Earl of Leicester, who sold it to Robert Drake, Esq., of the Ash family, by whom it was conveyed to the celebrated Sir Francis Drake, the circumnavigator, who was possessed of the other moiety by grant from the crown. It descended (with the impropriation) to the late Lord Heathfield, and is now the property of his nephew, Sir Thomas Trayton Fuller Elliot Drake, Bart., who is improving the estate, and making extensive plantations. (fn.31) Footnotes: 29 Oliver de Dinham possessed it in the reign of Henry II. Madox’s Hist. of Exchequer, p. 409. 30 Hundred Roll. 31 Sprigge’s England’s Recovery, p. 159, 160.

Shevehayne, now esteemed the manor-house, was anciently in the family of Speke, and passed, by successive sales, to Woode, Stawell, and Martyn. In this house, which is occupied occasionally by Sir T. T. F. E. Drake, is a fine portrait of Sir Francis Drake. Paynshay, formerly parcel of the manor, was, in 1260, given by the prior of Otterton to William Pyne, or Payne. It passed, by descent, to Sturton and Daubeny, by successive sales, to Smyth, Woode, and Bret. It is now the property of Sir T. T. F. E. Drake, who purchased it with the great tithes, about 1808, of Mr. Codrington, now Sir Bethel Codrington, Bart. The King is patron of the vicarage, which, before the year 1247, was endowed with a glebe of 30 acres, and certain gardens and houses. Source: Chartulary of Otterton Priory, in Chapple’s Collections.

Drake pedigree from John Drake Esquire of Exmouth1

Drake pedigree from John Drake Esquire of Exmouth1

Drake pedigree from John Drake Esquire of Exmouth2

Drake pedigree from John Drake Esquire of Exmouth2

Drake pedigree from John Drake Esquire of Exmouth3

Drake pedigree from John Drake Esquire of Exmouth3

Drake pedigree from John Drake Esquire of Exmouth4

Drake pedigree from John Drake Esquire of Exmouth4

Drake Family1Drake Family2Drake Family3Drake Family4Drake Family5Drake Family6Drake Family7Drake Family8

Riggs Hills and Riggs Family lineage and origins

Riggs COA

Riggs Family Papers located in Library of Congress

It is, perhaps, not necessary to state that this little Appendix is intended to embrace only four or five families, bearing the Riggs’ name, but whose lineage has not been distinctly traced to Edward of Roxbury. They will be separately indexed, and the references will be to pages only and not to numbers. “The Maryland Family” shows much research and is specially valuable as furnishing starting-points for other tracings. It is so well done that it is given here in the form and words of its compiler, Mr. E. Francis Riggs, of Washington, D. C, and is as follows:

If too late to aid in furnishing matter for the work, which I am glad to know you now have in hand, I think I can tell you some interesting things. You ask for my ” Maryland family, ” but my investigations have been so directed to my father’s immediate line (which was not the eldest) that it would seem but fragmentary and incomplete to give you this as a satisfactory history of the clan. The name existed early in Maryland. One Francis Riggs was in Calvert County in 1663, acquiring no less than 2,300 acres of land, and died intestate in 1667, when his estates in the province were claimed by his first cousin, Joseph Riggs of Virginia. In the proceedings before the High Provincial Court the claimant set forth that his deceased cousin was son of John Riggs of Southampton (England), and that he, Joseph, was the son of Francis Riggs of Fareham, County of Hampshire (or Hants). (Fareham is a pretty market town at the northwest end of Portsmouth harbor, twelve miles southeast of Southampton and nine northwest of Portsmouth.) Of these two personages we learn no more, beyond the fact that Joseph established himself in Calvert County, and died there in 1671. In Virginia one John Riggs held land in lower Norfolk County in 1653. In 1689 Ensign John Riggs brought the official announcement of the accession of William and Mary to the throne to Nicholson, Lieutenant-Governor of New York.

My earliest known ancestor was John Riggs. An old Baxter’s Directory, printed in 1672, which from internal evidence probably belonged to his wife’s (Davis) family, mentions his death August 17, 1762, aged 75 years. He was, therefore, born in 1687. On the 16th of January, 1721-2 he married, at St. John’s Church, Annapolis, Mary, daughter of Thomas Davis and Mary, his wife, who (as I know from the same Baxter’s Directory) was born January 9, 1702, and died December 13, 1768. John Riggs is first mentioned in 1716 in the will of John Marriott, of Anne Arundel County, who bequeathed to him 50 acres, part of a tract called “Shepard’s Forest.” In 1723 he had surveyed a tract of land called “Riggs’ Hills, “on the northern branch of the Patuxent River, near the present village of Savage, containing 200 acres, and in 1725 he purchased an adjoining tract containing 142 acres, known as part of “Rich Neck.” Both of these tracts were in Queen Caroline Parish. The church was near what is now Laurel, Howard County, and John Riggs was a pewholder in 1736.

He also bought in 1751 a tract of land of 1,000 acres, called “Bordley’s Choice,” in that part of Frederick County now known as Montgomery County, near the village of Brookeville. John Riggs died, as I have said (and was probably buried at Riggs’ Hills, where a few graves, unmarked, are visible; his will was proved September 22, 1762), August 17, 1762, having had a numerous progeny, viz.:

1. Thomas, born October 20, 1722, died October 25, 1797.

2. Rachel, born June 11, 1724, married to Edward Warfield, October 6, 1741, by the Rev. James Macgill, at Queen Caroline Parish, died April 16, 1794, having had twelve children.

3. John, born July 11, 1726.

4. James, born April 13, 1728; was “Tobacco Inspector” for the Parish, September 6, 1736; was taxed, from 1756 to 1762, 300 pounds of tobacco annually as a “bachelor”; died August 14, 1780.

5. Ruth, born October 20, 1730, married Greenberry Griffith, had ten children, died October 18, 1779.

6. Mary, born September 24, 1732, married Benjamin Griffith, had eight children.

7. Catherine, born February 24, 1734, married Hyatt, died April 8,

1802.

8. Ann, born July 29, 1738.

9. Samuel, born October 6, 1740, was also a Tobacco Inspector in Queen Caroline Parish, September 2, 1766-7, married in 1767 Amelia Dorsey. daughter of Colonel Philemon Dorsey, of Anne Arundel County, and Catherine (Ridgeley) his wife; died at his farm, part of “Bordley’s Choice,” near Brookeville, Montgomery County (formerly part of Frederick County), May 25, 1814, and is there buried beside his wife, who was born August 23, 1749, and died August 6, 1807. They had twelve children.

10. Elisha, born October 4, 1742, married Delila Hammond, served as Captain of Continental Militia in Colonel Edward Gaither’s Battalion, and died June 6, 1777, and had three children.

11. Achsah (or “Nackey”), born January 27, 1745-6, married

Brown.

12. Amon, born April 21, 1748, married Ruth Griffith (died 1830, set. 83), December 21, 1769, died March 16, 1822, had nine children.

Family of Samuel R1ggs (of John) and Amelia (Dorsey):

1. Mary, born August 14, 1768, married Henry Griffith.

2. Henrietta, born December 22, 1769, married Daniel Gaither.

3. Thomas, born January 12, 1772, married November 17, 1796, Mary, daughter of his Uncle Elisha (of John) Riggs, died January 10, 1845, and had issue; was an eminent merchant in Baltimore.

4. Anna, born August 12, 1773, married her cousin, John H. (of Elisha), died February 18, 1796.

5. Reuben, born May 23, 1775, married Mary Thomas, died April 25, 1829.

6. George Washington, born August 14, 1777, was a successful merchant at Georgetown, D. C, and later in Baltimore, Md., married first Eliza Robinson, secondly Rebecca Norris, widow, and had issue by both wives.

7. Elisha, born June 13, 1779, married first Alice Lawrason (of James), of Alexandria, Va., September 17, 1812 (who died April 16, 1817, aged 25), leaving two sons, and secondly Mary Ann Karrick (of Joseph), July 16, 1822. Was highly successful in mercantile pursuits in Georgetown, D. C, and later in New York City, where he died August 3, 1853; buried in New York.

8. Eleanor, born June 7, 1781, died August, 1804.

9. Romulus, born December 22, 1782, married Mercy Ann Lawrason (of James), sister of Alice (above mentioned), May 29, 1810. Was a prosperous merchant and well-known citizen of Philadelphia, Pa., where he died October 2, 1846, leaving issue.

10. Julia, born December 22, 1784, died 1862, unmarried.

11. Samuel, born June 14, 1786, died September, 1805.

12. Remus, born January 12, 1790, married Katherine Adams, and had issue, died December 18, 1867.

Family of El1sha R1ggs (of John) and Delila Hammond, his wife:

1. John Hammond, married his cousin Anna (of Samuel).

2. Mary, born May 23, 1776, married her cousin Thomas (of Samuel), died May 10, 1829.

3. Sarah, born 1777, died October 22, 1795, s.p.

Family of Amon R1ggs (of John) and Ruth Griffith, his wife:

1. John, born 1771.

2. Henry, born 1772.

3. Charles, born 1774, died 1802.

4. Amon, born 1776.

5. James, born 1779.

6. Samuel, born 1781.

7. Joshua, born 1790, died 1810. 8 and 9. Two daughters.

Family of Thomas (of Samuel) Riggs and Mary (Riggs) his wife:

1. Sarah Hammond, born September 19, 1797, married Griffith,

died September 25, 1823, had issue.

2. Samuel, b. August 20, 1800, married Margaret Norris.

3. Caroline Eleanor, born June 7, 1803, married Caleb Dorsey, died April 13, 1877.

4. Elisha, born July 6, 1810, married Avolina Warfield, died June 16, 1883.

5. Thomas John, born May 15, 1815.

Family of El1sha (of Samuel) Riggs and Alice (Lawrason), his first wife:

1. George Washington, born at Georgetown, D. C, July 4, 1813, married at Madison, N. J., June 23, 1840, Janet Madeleine Cecelia SheddenBanker, died at his country seat, Greenhill, Md., near Washington, D. C, August 24, 1881.

2. Lawrason, born November 22, 1814, married first Sophia Crittenden (died without issue), secondly Frances Behn Clapp, thirdly Mary Bright, died October 13, 1884, leaving issue.

Family of Romulus (of Samuel) Riggs and Mercy Ann (Lawrason), his wife:

1. Samuel James, born September, 1811, married Medora Cheatham, of Nashville, Tenn., died July 4, 1847, s.p.

2. Amelia Dorsey, born 1813, married James P. Erskine, left issue.

3. Alice Ann, born 1815, married James W. Bacon, M.D., of Philadelphia, died February 21, 1839, leaving issue.

4. James Lawrason, born 1817, married thrice.

5. Mercy Ann, born 1819, died November 21, 1821.

6. Mary Elizabeth, born 1821, married Robert Colgate, of New York City.

7. Henrietta, born 1823, married Samuel G. Battle, of Mobile, Ala., had issue; lives in Philadelphia.

8. Julia Mandeville, born 1825, married George H. Boker, of Philadelphia, died 1899.

9. Illinois, married Charles H. Graff, of Philadelphia.

So much for the first four generations of the family in Maryland ; more is scarcely needed for your purpose, and besides my notes are incomplete in the various branches outside my immediate family, in the later generations.

As to the origin of the Riggs family, I have always been convinced that the New England, New Jersey, and Maryland clans were of the same common origin, and that their origin was English. In England, the name is, I believe, extinct. I have been unable to find it there. I had research made in England years ago, and from wills filed in the public records it seems that the name under various forms, Rygge, Rigge, Rigges, and Riggs appears early in the fifteenth century. One, Thomas Riggs, of Southampton, whose will was proved in 1551, was an alderman of that town (County of Hampshire). His son Thomas died possessed of the manor of Fareham, near Southampton, and other sons, Edward, William, and John, are mentioned in the father1s (Thomas) will. Thomas (second) had a son Rafe, who married Mary Blake, of Hampshire. Raff. had—

1. Thomas, of Fareham; buried at Fareham, 1638.

2. Robert, of Fareham, married Margery Chambers, of Southampton; his will proved 1644.

3. Ralph, three times Mayor, City of Winchester (Hampshire), married Mary Johnson, of Buckinghamshire; will proved 1647.

4. Francis, married Katherine Knight, died before 1636.

5. William, baptized at Fareham, 1593.

6. John, of Southampton, merchant, married Marie Blake Hopgood, 1626; will proved 1636.

7. Mary, baptized 1585, married thrice.

8. Elizabeth, baptized 1591.

9. Anne, baptized 1596, married twice.

Thomas, son of Robert and Margery Chambers, had—

1. Robert, born 1632, ob. s.p.

2. Elizabeth, married Robert Coates.

3. Margery, married December 4, 1631, John Earlesman.

4. Mary, baptized February 27, 1629-30, married Sir John Otway, Knt.

5. Margaret, married Thomas Baker.

Ralph (or Rafe) Riggs, of Winchester, third son of Rafe and Mary (Blake) Riggs, married Mary Johnson, had—

1. Francis.

2. Ralph, ob. s.p.

3. Thomas, married Constance Hook, of Hook, County of Southampton.

4. Edmund, of Winchester, will proved April 27, 1660, buried in Winchester Cathedral, married Margaret Savage, of King Clere, County of Southampton.

5. Ogle, married Mercy, co-heiress of John Lock, of Hollist, County of Sussex, died 1705, set. 69.

6. Mary, married Anthony Yelden, of Winchester.

7. Elizabeth.

Franc1s R1ggs, fourth son of Rafe and Mary (Blake) Riggs, married Katherine Knight, and had—

1. Francis;

2. Joseph;

3. Benjamin;

4. Alice, married Thomas Heither;

5. Elizabeth, married Masey;

6. Catherine, married , Mitchell;

7. Susan, married Charlete.

John R1ggs, of Southampton, merchant, sixth son of Rafe and Mary (Blake) Riggs, married Mary Hopgood at Fareham, January 12, 1622-3, had—

1. John;

2. Thomas, born 1636;

3. Francis;

4. Maria;

5. Elizabeth;

6. Anne.

Thomas R1ggs, third son of Ralph and Mary (Johnson) Riggs, married Constance Hook, and had—

1. Ralph, baptized at Fareham, April 9, 1657.

2. Constance, baptized at Fareham, July 29, 1650, married George Downs.

3. Thomas, baptized at Fareham, November 25, 1652.

Edmund R1ggs, of Winchester, fourth son of Ralph and Mary (Johnson) Riggs, married Margaret Savage, and had—

1. Edmond,

2. Thomas,

3. Mary.

Ogle R1ggs, fifth son of Ralph and Mary (Johnson) Riggs, married Mercy Lock, and had—

1. Thomas, born 1651;

2. Ogle, of Hollist House, County of Sussex;

3. Robert,

4. Ralph,

5. Elizabeth,

6. Mercy,

7. Mary.

Ogle R1ggs, of Hollist House, Eastbourne, County of Sussex, married and had a son Ogle, born 1687, High Sheriff in 1730, of Hollist House, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Michael Mushgrave, of “Parish of Christchurch,” N. Virginia (she died January 23, 1762). Ogle died December 7, 1766. They had—

1. Thomas, Captain in Royal Navy, married Anne Bettesworth 1748, died in South Carolina, s.p.

2. Ogle, born 1736, died February 5, 1773, s.p.

3. Mercy, died October 18, 1772.

These names, representing several generations of the (English) family of Hampshire and Sussex, are to be found in “Berry’s Visitation of Hants,” and the “Visitation of Sussex” by the same author, somewhat amplified as to dates, etc., by my own searches and by a pedigree prepared for me at the Herald’s College, London, some years ago. I had prepared also a reference list of wills on record in England and abstractsfrom the wills of certain of the Southampton Riggs, but the latter were lost by a professional genealogist who attempted to fix the origin of my ancestor John. While my efforts have been unsuccessful in this, I have always felt convinced that our descent was from this Southampton and Fareham family. I have seen the parish church, Fareham, and in the chancel in a prominent place are the monuments of several of the family, with armorial bearings. The Manor House of Fareham, once held by the Riggs’ family, I was not able to identify. The arms, as given in Berry, of the Hampshire Riggs are: Gules, a fesse, vair, between these three water spaniels, argent, each holding in the mouth a birdbolt, or, plumed argent. Crest: a talbot, passant, gules, eared, or, holding in the mouth a birdbolt of the second (or) plumed argent.

During the past summer I had some correspondence with a professional genealogist, Mr. Gustave Anjou, of 132 Nassau Street, New York City (or P. O. Box 2,611), who informed me that he had devoted years, to tracing the history of the family, in this country and in England. L have recently written to him asking if you might count on his aid, but he has replied that his records are only available on payment of a proper return for his labor and then not for publication. It may or may not be of value to you to communicate with Mr. Anjou. I may add that the pedigree I give of the Hampshire Riggs may be incomplete and that individuals are missing in it from whom the American emigrants were descended. Yours faithfully, E. Francis Riggs.

Taken From , Appendix Genealogy of the Riggs family: with a number of cognate branches descended … By John Hankins Wallace

Riggs Genealogy

Colonel George Reade Namesake of George Washington

Reade Pedigree

Reade COA

In 1691 the Town of York ( Yorktown ) was laid off by Laurence Smith, surveyor.  The king had issued orders for fifty acres of land to be purchased and laid off for a shire town (court-house town).  The land was to be paid for from the king’s treasury, tobacco.  The land was purchased from Benjamin Read, of Gloucester , and paid him 10,000 pounds of tobacco.
Robert Reade
Robert Reade , b. 1536, of Linkenholt Manor, Hants, England; m. ca. 1554, of Linkenholt Manor, Hants, England to Alice O’Pooley , b. 1536, of Linekenholt Manor, Hants, England.
Robert  & Alice (O’Pooley) Reade  had a son:
Andrew Reade
Andrew Reade , son of Robert  & Alice (O’Pooley) Reade , b. 1556, Linkenholt, Hampshire, England; d. Jul 1623, Faccombe, Hampshire, England; bur. 8 Jul 1623, Faccombe, Hampshire, England; m. 1550, of Kent, England to Alice Cooke  (? – Nfn), b. 1558, of Kent, England; chr. 12 Aug 1584, London , England ; d. 6 Mar 1605, Kent Manor , Linkenholt, Southamptonshire , England , bur. 6 Mar 1606.
Andrew  & Alice (Cooke) Reade  had eight (8) children:
1.       Henry Reade , b. 1566, Linkenholt, Hampshire , England ; d. 4 Apr 1647, Faccomb , England .
2.       Robert Reade , b. 1551, Linkenholt, Hampshire , England ; chr. Resident, Linkenholt Manor , England ; d. 10 Dec 1636, Faccombe, Hampshire , England .
3.       Henry Reade , b. 1574, Linkenholt, Harts, England ; d. 4 Apr 1647, Faccombe, Hampshire , England .
4.       John Reade , b. 1579, Faccombe, Southamptonshire , England .
5.       William Reade , b. ca. 1658, Of Linkholt, Hampshire , England .
6.       Andrew Reade , b. ca. 1566, Oflugershallhall, Hampshire , England .
7.       George Reade , b. 1570, Linkenholt, Harts, England .
8.       Thomas Reade , b. 1606, Linkholt, Hampshire , England ; d. 1669.
2.  Robert Reade, of Linkenholt Manor[i] , Hampshire, England; son of Andrew  & Alice (Cooke) Reade , b. 1551, Linkenholt Parish, Hampshire, England; d. 10 Dec 1636, Faccombe, Hampshire, England; m 1st Miss Unknown ; m 2nd 10 Apr 1588, Hampshire, England to Alice Pooley ; m 3rd 31 Jul 1600, St. Martin, Westminster, London, England to Mildred Windebank , daughter of Thomas  & Frances (Dymoke) Windebank , b. 21 Jul 1585, Hiene Hill, Berkshire, England; chr. 21 Jul 1585, Hiens Hill, Hurst , Bershire , England ; d. 1630, VA.
Robert  & Mildred (Windebank) Reade  had eleven (11) children:
2.1.        George Reade Esquire, b. 25 Oct 1608, Linkenholt Manor, Hampshire, England; d. October 01, 1674 in York County, VA; m. 1641, Yorktown, York Co., VA to Elizabeth Martiau . 2.2.        Andrew Reade , b. ca. 1608, Faccombe, Hampshire , England . 2.3.        Robert Reade , b. 25 Oct 1608, Faccombe, Hampshire , England ; d. by 1669.  Robert Reade was secretary to their uncle, Sir Franes Windebank , Colonial Secretary of State in London . 2.4.        William Reade , b. ca. 1610, Faccombe, Hampshire , England . 2.5.        Thomas Reade , b. 1606, Faccombe, Hampshire , England ; d. 1669, England . 2.6.        Benjamin Reade , b. ca. 1614, Linkenholt, Hampshire , England ; d. bef. 24 Jan 1693, York Co., VA. 2.7.        Child Reade , b. ca. 1616, Gloucester , VA   2.8.        Child Reade , b. ca. 1620, Gloucester , VA   2.9.        Child Reade , b. ca. 1622, Gloucester , VA   2.10.     Child Reade , b. ca. 1624, Gloucester , VA   2.11.     Child Reade , b. ca. 1626, Gloucester , VA.
Colonel George Reade , Esq.
2.1.  Colonel George Reade   Esq ., son of Robert  & Mildred (Windebank) Reade , b. 25 Oct 1608[ii] , Linkenholt Manor, Hampshire, England; chr. 1636, Yorktown, Virginia; d. 21 Nov 1671, Yorktown, York Co., VA[iii] or 1 Oct 1674, Yorktown, York Co., VA[iv] ; bur. Be. 20 Nov 1671[v] , Grace Episcopal Churchyard Yorktown, York Co., VA[vi] ; m. 1 Mar 1641, Yorktown, York County/Prince William Co[vii] , VA[viii] to Elizabeth Martiau , daughter of Nicholas  & Elizabeth (Berkeley) Martiau , .b. 1625, Elizabeth City, VA[ix] ; d. 10 Feb 1685, Yorktown, York Co., VA[x] ; will proved 24 Jan 1686/87[xi] , York Co., VA; bur. Grace Episcopal Churchyard[xii] .
George Reade  emigrated to Virginia in 1637, accompanying Governor Harvey  on the latter’s return to the colony.
Colonial Government Service
·         George Reade was attached to Harvey’s service in a secretarial capacity, and the letters to his brother show that he resided at the governor’s mansion for some time after his arrival in Virginia.
·         He arrived here on government business and in 1640-1641 he was made Secretary of the Colony.
·         In 1644 he was a Burgess for James City County.
·         From 1657 to 1660, he was a member of the Royal Council, enjoying the title of Colonel.
·         He attained the highest political office to which a Virginian of prominence could aspire — for the governorship was always filled by an appointee from England — Col. George Reade  was to hold the office of Councillor for eighteen years before his death in 1674.
George & Elizabeth (Martiau) Reade  attended the Grace Episcopal Church in Yorktown, York Co., VA.  During their latter years, the Reade’s resided at Yorktown, most likely on land inherited by Elizabeth from her father Nicholas.
Col. George  & Elizabeth (Martiau) Reade  had twelve (12) children:
2.1.1.        George Reade , b. 1640, Gloucester, VA; d. bef. 1686, VA.
2.1.2.        Mildred Reade , b. 2 Oct 1643, Warner Hall, Gloucester, VA; chr. Warner Hall, Gloucester, VA; d. 20 Oct 1686, Cumberland, VA or 1645, VA; d. 1694; bur. Oct 1686, Cumberland, VA; m. to “Speaker” Augustine Warner Jr .
2.1.3.        Francis Reade , b. 1650, Of Abingdon, Gloucester, VA.; d. 1694, James City, VA. 2.1.4.        Benjamin Reade , b. 1647, Gloucester, VA; d. 1731, Gloucester, VA.
2.1.5.        Margaret Reade , b. ca. 1654, York, VA; d. VA.
2.1.6.        Thomas Reade , b. 1649, Ware Parish, Gloucester, VA; d. 1720, Gloucester, VA. 2.1.7.        Andrew Reid , b. Nov 1636, England; d. 1697, Cople Parish, Westmoreland, VA 2.1.8.        Mary Reade , b. ca. 1658, VA
2.1.9.        Ann Reade , b. 1652, York, VA; d. VA. 2.1.10.     Elizabeth Reade , b. 1651, York, VA; d. 18 Nov. 1717, York, VA; m. to Thomas Chrisman .
2.1.11.     Thomas Reade , b. ca. 1671, Gloucester or York, VA.
2.1.12.     Robert Reade , b. 1644, Yorktown, York Co., VA; d. 30 Dec 1712, VA; bur. Bef. 16 Mar 1712
2.1.2.  Mildred Reade , daughter of Col. George  & Elizabeth (Martiau) Reade  founder of Yorktown},  b. 2 Oct 1643, Warner Hall, Gloucester, VA; chr. Warner Hall, Gloucester, VA; d. 20 Oct 1686, Cumberland, VA or 1645, VA; d. 1694; bur. Oct 1686, Cumberland, VA; m 1st “Speaker” Colonel Augustine Warner Jr ., of Warner Hall, son of Augustine  & Mary (Townley) Warner , b. 3 Jun 1642, Gloucester, VA; d. 19 Jun 1681. He m 2nd to Elizabeth Martian.
In 1658, Augustine Warner Jr was sent to England by his father to be educated at Marchant Taylor’s school in London.
Colonial Government Service
·         Augustine Warner II , served as a Burgess for York Co., VA in Apr 1652
·         Burgess for Gloucester Co., VA Mar 1658-59.
·         He served as Burgess for the Council of State Marc 1659-60.
·         In Mar 1675-6 and Feb 1676-7, he was the Speaker of the House of Burgesses during Bacon’s Rebellion.   During Bacon’s Bacon, used Rebellion Warner Hall as his headquarters, after the burning of Jamestown. He was a member to the Council of Virginia, 1677.

Col. Augustine & Mildred (Reade) Warner  had four (4) children:
2.1.2.1.     Mildred Warner , d. 1701. m. Lawrence Washington , b. 1659.
2.1.2.2.     Mary Warner , m.  17 Feb 1680 to Col. John Smith II  or “Purton”.
2.1.2.3.     Elizabeth Warner , b. 24 Nov 1672 at “Chesake”, m. “Councilor” John Lewis   2.1.2.4.     Robert Warner  never married.

In 1691 the Town of York ( Yorktown ) was laid off by Laurence Smith, surveyor.  The king had issued orders for fifty acres of land to be purchased and laid off for a shire town (court-house town).  The land was to be paid for from the king’s treasury, tobacco.  The land was purchased from Benjamin Read, of Gloucester , and paid him 10,000 pounds of tobacco.

[i] The Virginia Cowne Family:  From its Origin in the Isle of Man to England and America” by Jonathan Augustine Cowne  and Janna Lee  Gough  Cowne, June 1981, pp. 1-51   [ii] “Cemeteries of City of Poquoson, Virginia and Some Cemeteries of York County, Virginia”, p. 96, by Jessie Fay Forrest, edited by James H. Mero (published by Hugh S. Watson, Jr. Genealogical Society, Hampton, Virginia). [iii] AFN: 3GLM-J9 [iv] “Cemeteries of City of Poquoson, Virginia and Some Cemeteries of York County, Virginia”, p. 96, by Jessie Fay Forrest, edited by James H. Mero (published by Hugh S. Watson, Jr. Genealogical Society, Hampton, Virginia). [v] AFN: 3GLM-J9 [vi] “Cemeteries of City of Poquoson, Virginia and Some Cemeteries of York County, Virginia”, p. 96, by Jessie Fay Forrest, edited by James H. Mero (published by Hugh S. Watson, Jr. Genealogical Society, Hampton, Virginia). [vii] AFN: 3GLM-J9 [viii] “Marriage of York County, Virginia”, p. 50, compiled by Vincent Watkins (1986) Poquoson, Virginia.  I have found a second date of marriage as 1641, Yorktown, VA. [ix] “Cemeteries of City of Poquoson, Virginia and Some Cemeteries of York County, Virginia”, p. 96, by Jessie Fay Forrest, edited by James H. Mero (published by Hugh S. Watson, Jr. Genealogical Society, Hampton, Virginia). [x] AFN: 3GLM-KG [xi] “Cemeteries of City of Poquoson, Virginia and Some Cemeteries of York County, Virginia”, p. 96, by Jessie Fay Forrest, edited by James H. Mero (published by Hugh S. Watson, Jr. Genealogical Society, Hampton, Virginia). [xii] “Cemeteries of City of Poquoson, Virginia and Some Cemeteries of York County, Virginia”, p. 96, by Jessie Fay Forrest, edited by James H. Mero (published by Hugh S. Watson, Jr. Genealogical Society, Hampton, Virginia).

George Reade bio and Descendents

George Reade, a native of London, came to Virginia 1637 in Sir John Harvey’s party.  Harvey was returning to Virginia to assume the office of Governor of the Colony.  Reade was appointed Secretary of State, pro tem of the colony in 1640 and served as Acting Governor in the absence of Governor Harvey.  He was a member of the House of Burgesses and a member of the Colonial Council until his death.  His will, no longer extant, is documented in a York County 18th century land transaction.

York Co, VA Deeds & Bonds Book 5 pp 3 – 6 This Indenture made the sixteenth day of May in the fortieth year of the Reign of our Sovernge Lord George the Second King of Great Britain and in the year of our Lord Christ one thousand seven hundred & forty one between James Mitchell of the Town & County of York and Janet his wife of the one part and Richard Ambler of the same Town & county aforesaid . Whereas George Reade late of the sd county of York Esq decd being siezed in fee of a certain tract or parcel of land lying & being in the said County of York containing by Estimation Eight hundred & fifty acres did by his last Will and Testament in writing bearing date the twenty ninth day of September in the Year of our Lord One thousand six hundred & Seventy devise the same by the name of all that Tract of Land wherein he lived to his wife during life and after her decease to be equally divided between his sons, George & Robert and the heirs of their bodies but and fault of such heirs in either or both of them or in case either or both of them should dye during their minority then he gave and devises his and their parts of the land aforesaid to his sons Francis and Benjamin and the heirs of their bodies with other remainders over as by the said Will duly proved in the General Court of this Colony being thereunto had may more at large appear and whereas the said George Reade one of the sons of the Testator dyed many years ago without issue and after his death the said Francis & Benjamin Reade intend into one ninety or half part of this premises to as afore devised and afterwards the said Robert Reade, Francis Reade & Benjamin Reade by Deed bearing date the twelfth day of November in the Year of our Lord one thousand and six hundred & eighty eight made partition of the premises aforesaid ………

George Reade married Elizabeth Martiau, daughter of Nicolas Martiau (Father of Yorktown).  Their daughter Mildred, wife of Col. Augustine Warner, was the g-grandmother of George Washington.

George Read, the son of Robert Read of London and his wife Mildred Windebank, was one of the about one hundred colonists, who emigrated to the colonies from England and Wales before the end of the 17th century, known to have legitimate descent from a Plantagenet King of England.

The illustrious ancestry of George Reade is documented nicely in Colonial Records during the period of 18 January 1638/9 – 11 December 1641.  The file includes letters from the Colonial Governor, Secretary of State and George Reade to Sir Francis Windebank and/or Windebank’s personal secretary Robert Reade (George Reade’s brother.)  The correspondence file is quite interesting, alluding to the politics behind George Reade’s appointment as Secretary of State during Richard Kemp’s sojourn in England.  It also includes personal requests from George Reade to his brother for servants and money.  Earlier correspondence puts a personal face on George Reade’s life.  “Sir John Harvey to Robert Reade, 17 Nov. 1637.  Hopes to employ Reade’s brother against the Indians.  He is well and stays at the writer’s house.”  “George Reade to Robert Reade, his brother, 26 Febr. 1637/8.  Does not think much of Mr. Hawley.  Thanks to the support of the Governor and Mr. Kemp, the writer has survived.  Mr. Menephe has brought many servants.  Mr. Hawley has promised the writer that the next lot of servants coming to Virginia would be for him but he does not believe it as Hawley is in Maryland.”

“Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607 – 1624/5 and Their Families” published by the Order of First Families of Virginia, indicates in a footnote (pp. 419-420) the discrepancy between the dates inscribed on his Grace Church tablets and the filing of the wills for George Read and his wife Elizabeth as follows:  “His and his wife’s gravestones were discovered during street excavations in Yorktown in 1931.  The inscriptions on both were recut with errors.  George Reade’s stone now states he died Oct. 1674, “he being in the 66th yr of his age.”  Since the date should be 1671 (per his will), either the age shown, or his year of birth, is in error as well….The gravestone of Elizabeth (Martiau) Read now states she was born in 1625 and died in 1696, “being in ye 71st yeare of her age.”  Since the year of death should be 1686 (per her will), again the age or year of birth is in error.  Since Nicholas Martiau claimed…his daughter Elizabeth as headrights…it would appear Elizabeth was born prior to his arrival in Virginia in 1620…and that Elizabeth’s birth occurred in 1615 rather than 1625.”

The graves of George Reade and his wife Elizabeth were discovered while excavating on Buckner Street in Yorktown.  In 1931, descendant Letitia Pate Evans had the tablets restored and moved to the church yard of Grace Episcopal Church.   The Reade tablets sit adjacent to the plots of Gov. Thomas Nelson (Declaration of Independence signer), his father, and grandfather (who married a George Reade descendant.)

Descendants of Col. George Reade

Generation No. 1

1. Col. George1 Reade, Col. (RobertA, AndrewB) was born Bet. 1605 – 1608 in Linkenholt, Hampshire, England1,2, and died Bef. 21 Nov 1671 in York Co, VA3,4. He married Elizabeth Martiau Abt. 16415, daughter of Nicolas Martiau.  She  died Bef. 24 Jan 1686/87 in York Co, VA7,8.

Children of George Reade and Elizabeth Martiau are:

+ 2 i. Elizabeth2 Reade, died 18 Nov 1717 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA.

+ 3 ii. Mildred Reade, died 1694.

4 iii. George Reade.

+ 5 iv. Robert Reade, died Bef. 16 Mar 1722/23 in York Co, VA.

+ 6 v. Thomas Reade.

+ 7 vi. Francis Reade, died Abt. 1694.

8 vii. Benjamin Reade. He married Mary (Gwynn?).

 

Generation No. 2

2. Elizabeth2 Reade (George1, RobertA, AndrewB) died 18 Nov 1717 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA9,10. She married Captain Thomas Chisman, son of Edmund Chisman and Mary. He was born Abt. 1651 in Virginia11, and died Bef. 18 Jul 1715 in York Co, VA11.

Children of Elizabeth Reade and Thomas Chisman are:

9 i. Thomas3 Chisman, Capt., died 11 Dec 1722 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA12,13,14. He married Anne15.

10 ii. Mary Chisman, died 22 Jan 1719/20 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA16. She married Edward Athey.

11 iii. Mildred Chisman, born 19 Feb 1675/76 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA17,18,19. She married Lawrence Smith, Col; died 27 Feb 1738/39 in York Co, VA20,21.

12 iv. Elizabeth Chisman, born 08 Nov 1681 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA22,23. She married Unknown Lucas24.

13 v. Col. John Chisman, born 04 Mar 1682/83 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA25,26; died 19 Sep 1728 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA26,27. He married Ellinor Hayward28 22 Dec 1708 in York Co, VA29,30; born 25 Jul 1690 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA31,32; died 08 Feb 1767 in York Co, VA33.

14 vi. Jane Chisman, born 21 Mar 1686/87 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA34,35,36.

15 vii. George Chisman, born 05 Jan 1688/89 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA37,38,39; died 06 Oct 1710 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA39,40.

16 viii. Sarah Chisman, born 02 May 1690 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA41,42,43.

17 ix. Anne Chisman, born 20 Dec 1692 in Charles Parish, York Co, VA44,45,46.

 

3. Mildred2 Reade (George1, RobertA, AndrewB) died 1694. She married Col. Augustine Warner, son of Augustine Warner and Mary Towneley. He was born 03 Jun 164247, and died 19 Jun 168147.

Children of Mildred Reade and Augustine Warner are:

18 i. George3 Warner.

19 ii. Robert Warner.

20 iii. Mildred Warner, died 1701 in Whitehaven, England48,49. She married (1) Laurence Washington. She married (2) George Gayle.

21 iv. Elizabeth Warner. She married John Lewis.

22 v. Mary Warner.

23 vi. Isabella Warner, born 24 Nov 1672 in Chesake, Virginia50; died 06 Feb 1719/2050. She married John Lewis, Major; born 30 Nov 166950; died 14 Nov 172550.

 

5. Robert2 Reade (George1, RobertA, AndrewB) died Bef. 16 Mar 1722/23 in York Co, VA51,52. He married Mary Lilly53, daughter of John Lilly. She died Bef. 20 Nov 172254.

Children of Robert Reade and Mary Lilly are:

24 i. John3 Reade.

25 ii. Margaret Reade. She married Thomas Nelson; born 20 Feb 1677/7855; died 07 Oct 174555.

26 iii. Robert Reade.

27 iv. Thomas Reade, died 171956.

28 v. George Reade.

29 vi. Samuel Reade, died 20 Nov 175857. He married Mary Schlater.

30 vii. Mildred Reade. She married (1) James Goodwin Bef. 1719; died 16 Nov 1719 in York Co, VA57,58. She married (2) Lawrence Smith, Col Bef. 172059; died 27 Feb 1738/39 in York Co, VA60,61.

31 viii. Francis Reade.

 

6. Thomas2 Reade (George1, RobertA, AndrewB) He married Lucy Gwynn, daughter of Edmund Gwynn and Lucy Bernard.

Children of Thomas Reade and Lucy Gwynn are:

32 i. Thomas3 Reade, died 17 Apr 173962. He married Ann Booth; born 170662; died 09 Jan 177562.

33 ii. John Reade, Rev., born 169962; died Bef. 13 Mar 1743/4463,64. He married Frances Yates 02 Feb 1737/3865.

34 iii. Lucy Reade, died 22 Nov 173165. She married John Dixon.

35 iv. Mary Reade. She married Mordecai Throckmorton, Capt.; died Bef. 09 Nov 176765.

36 v. Mildred Reade. She married Philip Rootes, Maj..

37 vi. Joyce Reade, born 08 Mar 1701/0265; died 08 Aug 1771 in Caroline Co, VA65. She married Christopher Tompkins; born 17 Oct 1705 in Gloucester Co, VA65; died 16 Mar 1779 in Caroline Co, VA65.

 

7. Francis2 Reade (George1, RobertA, AndrewB) died Abt. 169466. He married (1) Jane Chisman, daughter of Edmund Chisman and Mary. He married (2) Anne Bef. 169366.

Children of Francis Reade and Jane Chisman are:

38 i. Mary3 Reade. She married Edward Davis67.

39 ii. Elizabeth Reade. She married Paul Watlington Bef. 170768.

Children of Francis Reade and Anne are:

40 i. George3 Reade.

41 ii. Anne Reade.

42 iii. Benjamin Reade. He married Lucy Bef. 169268.

Endnotes

1. Tombstone.
2. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 419.
3. Tombstone Picture.
4. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 420.
5. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 419.
6. Adventures of Purse and Person, Virginia, 1607-1625, FFV., 420.
7. Tombstone Picture.
8. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 420.
9. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 172.
10. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 208.
11. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 172.
12. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 97
13. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 173.
14. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 208.
15. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 97
16. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 208.
17. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 97
18. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 64.
19. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 173.
20. Colonial Americans of Royal & Noble Descent p. 108
21. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 173.
22. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 97
23. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 63.
24. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 97
25. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 63.
26. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 173.
27. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 208.
28. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 102.
29. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 98
30. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 173.
31. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 173-174.
32. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 102.
33. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 174.
34. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 97
35. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 63.
36. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 173.
37. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 97
38. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 63.
39. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 172.
40. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 208.
41. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 97
42. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 64.
43. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 172.
44. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 97
45. Landon C. Bell, Charles Parish York County, Virginia History and Registers, (Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA, 1932, 1984, 1996), 62.
46. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 172.
47. Tombstone.
48. Some Prominent Virginia Families by Louise Pecquet du Bellet p.9
49. Plaque – Warner Hall Graveyard.
50. Tombstone.
51. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 422.
52. York Co, VA Orders, Wills Book #14 pp 241-242.
53. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 1 No. 2, October 1892 p. 90
54. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 422.
55. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 423.
56. Some Prominent Virginia Families by Louise Pecquet du Bellet p.9
57. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 423.
58. York Co, VA Deeds, Orders, Wills Book 15 p. 517.
59. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 423.
60. Colonial Americans of Royal & Noble Descent p. 108
61. Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, (Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 173.
62. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 423.
63. William & Mary Quarterly Vol 3 p. 40.
64. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 423.
65. Edited by Virginia M. Meyer & John Frederick Dorman, Adventurers of Purse and Person 1607-1624/5 and Their Families, (Published by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987), 424.
66. William & Mary College Quarterly, Vol 3, 40.
67. William & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol. 3 1894-95, p 40.
68. William & Mary College Quarterly, Vol 3, 40.

The Terrell Family by Thomas L. Justice

THE TYRELL FAMILY

By Thomas L. Justice

Managing the Grand County of Essex

The Tyrell family, located primarily in Essex, played an important and integral role in the governing of feudal England. The Tyrells, were located primarily in Essex with some property in other adjoining counties. They are well known as the lords of Heron Hall, in the parish of East Thornton, located in Essex. Members of the family throughout the generations were called upon to serve their King. The king saw fit to call upon the Tyrells for matters of law and order, warring, the maintenance of the infrastructure, economic activities, the welfare of the state, record keeping, finances and even public policy. In each of these areas members of the Tyrells were commissioned by the king to maintain the realm for the greater good of Feudal England.

Tyrells of Essex

While the Tyrells were commissioned to handle affairs in all of the areas above, they were most commonly called upon to maintain law and order. This in part was because several members of the family were versed in the law. This ability also led them to participate to a large extent in the record keeping of the realm.

The family saw many ranks throughout the generations, including knight, sheriff, steward, treasurer and eventually a member of parliament as a knight of the shire. Throughout their history they were called upon by many kings. The family at first received only a few commissions from Edward III and Richard II but received numerous commissions from both Henry V and Henry VI.

Throughout their role in feudal England the family represented themselves with a simple coat of arms pictured here. Some second and third sons chose to vary this slightly but most members of the family kept this original family crest intact.

The Tyrells, were a family that played an important role in the governance of feudal England. Through them the king dealt with many issues both in their home county of Essex and throughout his realm. Below you will find a rough outline of the generations of the family as can be pieced together from the patent rolls and other various sources. Also a description of the property they held. Following that will be a brief description of the families religious affiliations and the churches they supported. This will then be followed by a detailed description the Tyrell’s service to the realm as documented in the Patent Rolls. Finally a brief summary of the importance the Tyrell family had on the governing of feudal England will be presented.

The Family

The Tyrells are an old family that dates back prior to the Norman conquest. The Focus of this research is on the Tyrells located in the area of Essex particularly those known as the Tyrell’s of Heron. The family leading up to this group is unclear as little documentation exists. Even after this group which began with James Tyrell, sources disagree about the correct lineage. The research available spells Tyrell in several different ways including Tyrrell, Tirel, and Terrel, depending on who the researcher is which further casts doubts upon the legitimacy of these records.

Using the source material available and the information from the patent rolls the family descended from James Tyrell of Essex. James was born in the late thirteen century and died around 1343. During his life he married Margret Heron who stood to inherit Heron Hall after the tragic death of her only brother John. This began the line of the Tyrells of Heron Hall. At this time a Thomas Tyrell also resided in the area and some scholars speculate that he and James were brothers.

The family grew with the sons of James and Thomas. This included Walter who is believed to be the son of James and Thomas the younger who was either a son of James or of the Thomas Tyrell that was believed to be a brother to James. Walter is believed to have married Jane Swynford and had a son also named Walter. This Walter then had a son with the family name of Thomas. Thomas married Eleanor Flambard and is believed to have had several children. Among these children was John Tyrell.

John became sheriff of both Essex and Hertsford in 1423. He served as the treasurer for the household of Henry VI and was present at the battle of Agincourt. Eventually he became the speaker of the House of Commons and served as a Knight of the Shire. John married Anne Marney and is believed to have has 4 children. Two sons and a daughter. The sons were named Thomas and William and the daughter Margaret.

John’s son Thomas would also go on to become Sheriff of Essex and of Herts in 1460 and became Camberlain of the Exchequer. During his second marriage to Anne Marney he would leave behind two sons Humphry and William.

Unfortunately very little primary source material is available in tracing the family lineage of the Tyrells. This has caused the genealogy to be based largely on location and dates along with a good deal of speculation. In many of the best sources there are inherent contradictions and entire generations are still believed to be missing. However, the people listed above did exist and most likely existed in that order.

The Tyrell Family Holdings

The Tyrells were an influential family in feudal England that throughout history has held or governed several pieces of land. Originally the hereditary lords Langham the Tyrells inherited that title during the Norman Invasion. The family has also held land in the areas of Avon and throughout the county of Southhampton. The Tyrells then went on to hold land throughout Essex and in several of the surrounding counties. This land included farming holdings, prebends and bridges and dikes. From this land along with vast amount of territories overseen by the family for the king, the Tyrells developed a wealthy income and became a very influential family in the governing of feudal England.

Tyrells of HeronTyrells of Heron2

Before inheriting Heron Hall the family is believed to have resided around Buttsbury in Essex. Despite their long history of land ownership, he family is most well known as the inhabitants of Heron Hall in Heron Essex in the Parish of East Horndon. When James Tyrell married Margret Heron he inherited the manor known as Heron Hall. The family would inherit this manor for the next several generations. Unfortunately all that remains of Heron Hall now is a few ruins pictured below

Heron Hall

Church Affiliation

The Tyrells like most all of the people of feudal England were religious people. As a part of their role in governing feudal England the family was responsible for the maintenance and upkeep of several religious locations and also drew income from a few.

The Tyrells were members of the parish of East Horndon located in the county of Essex. There local church that they both attended and supported was the All Saints Church located in Heron. In fact this church still has brass rubbings of one of the Thomas Tyrells, and his wife Alice.

Tyrell Chapel East HorndonTyrell Chapel West Horndon2Tyrell Chapel West Horndon3

Other than all saints, the family also maintained a small family chapel known as Tyrell Chapel located near Brentwood approximately twenty-two miles from London. Here mounted high within the chapel remains the helm of Thomas Tyrell alongside a bronze crest of the Tyrell family.

Another church with which the Tyrells were associated was the church of Stowmarket near Gipping in Sulfolk. Here the remains of many of the Tyrells remain to this day.

Stowmarket Church

                                                     Stowmarket Church

Included amongst these remains are the remains of Margret Tyrell

Margaret Tyrell Tomb

                 Margaret Tyrell Tomb

Service to the Realm

The Tyrell Family has served the realm in a variety of ways throughout the history of feudal England. Below the many ways the Tyrells served the nation have been broken into eight categories. These categories display the important role that not only the Tyrells, but all of the leading families played in governing the realm.

1. Law and Order

The Tyrells primary service to the realm came in the form of law and order. Of the many commissions issued to the Tyrells, the vast majority were for matters concerning the maintenance of law and order within the realm. The law and order commissions fell into three main categories for the Tyrell Family. These categories were commissions of oyer and terminer, pardons, and legal inquisitions.

For the Tyrell family, the majority of these commissions were commissions of oyer and terminer. The commissions of oyer and terminer often dealt with responding to trespassers. In the first commission of oyer and terminer, Thomas Tyrell was commissioned by Edward III to address a matter in which a number of men had trespassed, including hunting and harvesting lumber on property that belonged to the king’s daughter Isabell.

The second such commission called for Thomas to respond to the aide of Elizabeth Durant, a widow who had been assaulted and robbed. He and several other nobles in the area were ordered to respond to this incident in the form of this commission. A later commission was issued to William Tyrell the elder, concerning all treasons, felonies and insurrections on the 8th of July.

These commissions required members of the Tyrell family to respond to a situation which threatened the order of the realm. During this period 5 such commissions were issued by Edward III and 6 by Henry VI.

Another way the Tyrells were involved in matters of law and order was through commissions of inquisition. These commissions required those they were issued to, to inquire into events by interviewing those involved. Throughout the generations the Tyrells received several of these commissions.

One such commission, required John Tyrell and others to enquire into complaints made by several men that undue favor was shown toward Scotland in a legal case involving the mistreatment of a Scottish prisoner. Other commissions required them to respond and get to the bottom of complaints made by other nobles and landowners concerning damage to property and other trespasses. Other occasions required members of the Tyrell family to determine who had caused damage, or the extent of the damage done to different properties in the kings care.

The other major way, in which the Tyrells found themselves involved with the law, is through pardons. Pardons were issued to many members of the family for all sorts of reasons. Some pardons were issued for trespasses members of the family committed on lands. Others were issued like the one to John Tyrell, for failure to appear when required. In some cases pardons were given for buying or selling land without permission. In one instance a pardon was issued to Katherine Tyrell. After her husband Hugh had died, she was taken into the Kings protection. Unfortunately, she did not seek the King’s permission before choosing to marry again.

The most interesting instance of a Tyrell being called to service in the name of law in order occurred when both Thomas Tyrell and William Tyrell along with others were called forth to gather all of the kings lieges of all estates and rank to go against traitors and rebels within Essex and the adjoining counties. This revolt is consistent in time with Jack Cade’s rebellion. In May of 1450 Jack Cade led a kentish rebellion against Henry VI. On July 12 that rebellion was crushed and Jack Cade slain. I believe due to the timing of this event that this is the revolt Thomas and William Tyrell were called upon to put down.

The Tyrells found other ways than commissions of oyer and terminer, inquisition and pardons. In many instances members of the family were lawyers, or executors for those unable to appear or who had died. In each of these ways the Tyrells, used their influence to respond to the needs of law and order within the realm.

2. Warring and the Defense of the Realm

The Tyrell family was not only involved in defending the order of the realm but also the security of the realm at home and abroad. The king often called upon his men when the realm was threatened by foreign powers. In these cases the king often issued commissions of array to his men, requiring them to raise troops and come to his aide in a war against his enemies.

This occurred several times including when John Tyrell was called upon in a commission of array to prepare for the arrival of the Spanish Armada being sent by the kings of Spain and Aragon. Other instance occurred when the King called upon John Tyrell to prepare the musters of troops and accompany them to France. John Tyrell as stated above, was present at the battle of Agincourt. In total, the Tyrells only served one specific commission of array but were ordered multiple times to accompany, muster or move troops.

Warring was a way in which the Tyrells grew in both prestige and fortune. John Tyrell was awarded a grant by Henry VI of 100 marks a year for his service in the French Wars. He was also made treasurer of the household for Henry VI. Warring was another way in which Tyrells were called upon to serve the realm.

3. Infrastructure

Aside from law and war, families were called upon often in order to serve the well being of the realm. One such way was to maintain the infrastructure of the realm. In order to do this the Tyrells received only a few commissions. Richard Tyrell was called upon to requisition supplies for the building a palisade to protect a town from brigands and other dangers. Another instance, required Thomas Tyrell to help in the maintenance of a road that was a footpath but that the King requested be made suitable for carriages.

Through these methods the Tyrells contributed to the maintenance of the infrastructure of the realm. While they were not called upon very often for this task, they were not overlooked for this necessary part of the maintenance of the realm.

4. Regulating Economic Activity.

This area of governing the realm required the families of the realm to maintain the economic order of the realm. In these instances commissions were granted to hold markets, purchase goods, and manage other areas of England’s economy.

For the Tyrells this meant several commissions requiring the use of crops. Edward III required Thomas Tyrell to seek out those who were withholding grains from market and arrest them. Another commission required Thomas Tyrell to purchase large wheat and malt in the counties of Essex. In extreme cases the Tyrells were required to protect and escort goods during times of war. There were also cases where the Tyrells, were required to make sure that certain goods arrived when the king granted a special license for goods to enter the country without customs. A specific example of this occured when a three merchants in the realm, from a town in Essex that had recently been destroyed, were granted license to to ship 2,000 woolen cloths of assize or grain to foreign ports without payment of customs. The money that should have gone to customs was to be used to build a wall around the town. All this was to occur under the watchful eye of Thomas Tyrell.

5. Welfare of the Realm

The families of the realm were often responsible, for the welfare of the realm. This included the maintaining the hospitals, caring for the poor, maintaining the spiritual needs of the people, and the duty of taking care of both the widowed and orphaned when a lord died with no heirs of age to take over his duties. In these instances the king turned to families like the Tyrells for assistance.

The first instance of this was a commission from Edward III for Thomas Tyrell and others to visit the king’s hospital of Neuton in Holdernesse, which the King’s daughter Isabell had recently been granted. Their job was to check into the state of the hospital for which there were reports of negligence.

The king also relied upon his men for the spiritual needs of the people of the realm. For this the King asked, John Tyrell, to help found a chantry of two chaplains for service in the Chapel of St. John and provide land for the income and maintenance of the chaplains. Edward Tyrell and long time friends of the Tyrell’s the Darcy’s along with others also founded a chaplain for the chapel of St. Mary the Virgin in Danbury in the county of Essex. In a final instance of this Thomas Tyrell, was granted the patronage of the parish church of East Thorndon, in the county of Essex and licenses to him and his brother William Tyrell the younger to celebrate certain divine services. Through these acts the Tyrells were able to maintain the spiritual needs of the people of the realm.

Another way the Tyrell’s were able to help in the maintenance of the realm was to oversee the stewardship of those left behind by fallen lords. In one instance John Tyrell was appointed steward of Clare and Thatksede along with Richard duke of York during Richard’s minority after the death of Thomas duke of Exeter.

6. Record Keeping and Land Transactions

One of the major ways in which the Tyrells were involved in the maintenance of the realm was through record keeping and land transactions. These were often in the form of inspeximus and confirmation which were official copies issued to people by order of the king. Other dealings with land dealt with grants of property to people. In many of these instance the Tyrells found themselves as either the grantees or grantors of property. Often however, the records reflect the changing of property from one hand to the other which needed to be approved by the king. Occasionally the Tyrells bore witness to documents requested in inspeximus and conformation.

An example of the grants is one in which Edward III granted to Walter Tyrell the keeping of the passage over the water of the Twede at Berwick on Twede for good service to the king. This is one of the many examples of the type of grants made both from the king to his men and between the families of the realm.

Other dealings the Tyrells had with Record Keeping were commissions of inquiry to determine who owned or occupied land and they helped settle disputes in land. Throughout their history the Tyrells were involved with all types of land transactions as can be viewed in the patent roll entries.

7. The Kings Finances

The King’s finances were often left in the hands of the governing families of the realm. It was to them that the king turned when he needed financing for public works and most importantly war. The Tyrells found themselves involved in this process through the collection of debts and taxes and meeting to determine loans.

William Tyrell was particularly involved in the collection of debts as a citizen tailor of London. There are several entries in the patent rolls in which people are ordered to make a payment to William. . John Tyrell, on the other hand, was involved in the many of the decisions to make loans to the king and the collection of taxes. One such commission required John Tyrell and others to meet with and persuade others to make a loan to the king in order to pay for his voyage to his property in France to make a quick end to his wars. Thomas was also asked treat with people to discuss a loan to the king so that Henry VI might travel to France for a meeting for peace with his Uncle Franco in order to end the war and the costs associated with it.

This type of action was common. Whenever the king needed financing he would turn to his men in order to finance his expeditions. After the Magna Carta it became increasingly more difficult for the King to finance his wars without the permission of his people. By ordering the ruling families of the realm to discuss the matter he was able to gauge support for and encourage his men to support the defense of the realm.

Along with these actions, John Tyrell served as the Treasurer to the Kings Household for Henry VI. Through these means and others the Tyrells did their part to maintain the finances of the feudal England.

8. Public Policy

Public Policy was an important concern of the governing families of feudal England. In order to shape public policy the Tyrells became involved in politics. Both John Tyrell and Thomas Tyrell became sheriffs of Essex and Hertsford. John also became a Knight of the Shire and represented the county of Essex in that capacity in parliament. Eventually John went on to become speaker of the House of Commons.

  Summary

The Tyrells were an important and active family in maintaining the governance of the realm. Through all sorts of service to the realm the Tyrells left their imprint on feudal England. Their biggest impact was in the field of Law and Order however they also provided substantially for the welfare of the realm both by providing the means for spiritual guidance and stewardship of the widows and orphans of the realm. The family also contributed to both the maintenance of the infrastructure, finances and policies of the realm. Throughout the generations the Tyrells of Essex were a key ingredient to governing feudal England.

Patent Roll Entries for The Tyrells,
These entries include all of those mentioned with the last name Tyrell, Including those that may not be directly related to the Essex branch.
Law and Order
Entry 2
John son of Waryn Tyrell, staying in England, has letters nominating Thomas son of James le Petit and Robert son of Roger Tyrell as his attorneys in Ireland for two years.
David de Wollore received the attorneys.

pg 31 EDWARD III.— PART I. 535
(May 6) (John son of Waryn Tyrell, and Roger Tyrell) ( Ireland)
Entry 3
John son of Warin Tyrell, staying in England, has letters nominating Thomas son of James le Petit and Robert son of Roger Tyrell as his attorneys in Ireland, for one year.
David de Wollfore received the attorneys.
pg 25 Edward III volume 10 page 97
(Aug 9) (John son of Warin Tyrell, and Roger Tyrell)
Entry 6
Commission of oyer and terminer to William de Skipwyth, Thomas Tyrell, Thomas de Ingelby, William de Rise, William de Estfeld and Thomas de Wythornwyk, on complaint by the king’s daughter Isabel that John de Halton, Thomas son of Ralph de Marton, Stephen Colynsoii de Marton, Reynold de Bilton, Thomas son of Thomas Grayve of Witherwyk, John By the water, forester of Wodhall, John son of William Palmer, Thomas Faucomberge, Thomas Ibotson, John Lawe of Ellardy, Hugh Maresshal of Ellardby, Richard Berier, John son of Simon de Marton, William Grayve of Burton, John de Framton, Thomas Hikeman, Hugh Lanware, Thomas Mapelton, Robert Douson of Neuton, Robert son of Thomas Prestman of Ryse of Skirlagh, John de Halsham, John Wulf, Simon Erne, Thomas Elynson, Richard de Ravenser of Carleton, Robert West of Burton, John Prestman of Marton, Richard de Retford, John Fotoft, clerk, Thomas Proctour of Preston and others, entered her free warren and broke her parks at Brustwyk, co. York, hunted in these, fished in her free fisheries there, felled her trees, and carried away those trees, fish from the fisheries, deer from the parks, and hares, conies, pheasants and partridges from the warren, and trod down and consumed with cattle her grass there. By K.
Edward III volume 12 pg 539 and 540
(April 30) (1363) (Thomas Tyrell) (Comission of Oyer and Terminer)
Entry 10
The like to John de Moubray, John de Ferers, Robert Cornewe, Henry Percehay and Thomas Tyrell, on complaint by Elizabeth late the wife of Henry Durant that Ralph de Shillyngford and others broke her close and houses at Malstone, co. Devon, inhumanly assaulted her as she lay in her bed grievously oppressed as well because of childbearing as of divers infirmities and detained her imprisoned until she by a writing released the right of herself and her heirs in three messuages, a mill, four carucates, one virgate and 30 acres of land, 20 acres of wood and 100s.. of rent, in Malston, Estwogwill, Churleton, Northbovy and Thurelston, drove away 16 oxen of hers and carried away her goods.
Edward III volume 12 pg 206 (Commission of Oyer and Terminer)
(Feb 10) (Thomas Tyrell) (Malestone in Devon Co.)
Entry 11
Commission to John Moubray, Thomas Tyrell, Nicholas Carreu, Westminster. Thomas Morys and John de Estbury to find by inquisition in the county of Oxford, the names of those who, with Robert de Tuwe, master of the hospital of St. John without east gate of Oxford, John de Ichendenne, his confrere, William Hamond and William Cook, imprisoned and ill-treated John Glovere, servant of Ingelram de Coucy, earl of Bedford, at Oxford, took 201. in money which the earl had delivered to him for expediting his business, and compelled him, before he could leave prison, to be condemned in 100Z. to the said William and William before the chancellor of the university of Oxford, and to be bound to them in another 100Z. before the mayor of Oxford and the clerk of the recognizances at Oxford, whereby the earl’s business remained undone.
Edward III volume 13 pg 447
(July 6) (Thomas Tyrell) (Commission for inquisition) ( Oxford County, Oxford)
Entry 13
Pardon, for 44s. paid to the king by Thomas de Hungerford and Thomas his son, to them for acquiring in fee from Thomas Tyrell messuage, two carucates of land,15 acres of meadow and 60$.of rent in Berford, co. Wilts, held in socage of the king and others, and entering therein without licence; and licence for them to retain the same.
Edward III volume 13 pg 311
(Oct 13) (Thomas Tyrell) (Berford)
Entry 14
Ingram de Coucy, knight, going beyond the seas, has letters, nominating William de Wykeham, clerk, and Thomas Tyrell, ‘chivaler’ as his attorneys in England for one year.
The chancellor received the attorneys.
Edward III volume 13 pg 183
(Nov 21) (Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 15
Commission to Thomas Tyrell, Matthew de Clyvedon, John Bekynton and John de Mersshton to make inquisition in the county of Somerset touching an information that wastes, sales and destruction of lands, houses, woods and gardens of the manor of South Cadebur now in the king’s hands by the nonage of the heir of Thomas d Courtenay, ‘ chivaler,’ who held in chief, and expulsion of tenant thereof have been done by Nicholas de Cadebury, farmer of that mane by demise of the king’s daughter Isabel to whom the king committee the wardship of the lands of the said Thomas ; that many other trespasses and grievances against the men and tenants of the manor have been done by him; and that many of the said men and tenant have withdrawn and concealed their rents and services from him and have many times inflicted damages on and threatened him and his servants.
Edward III volume 13 pg 136
(Feb 1) (Thomas Tyrell) (Commission of Inquisition) (Manor of South Cadebur in Somerset County)
Entry 17
Ingram de Coucy,earl of Bedford and count of Soissons, going beyond the seas with the king’s license, has letters nominating Johnde Estburyas his attorney in England for one year. The chancellor received the attorney. He has other letters nominating William, bishop of Winchester, and Thomas Tyrell, knight, as his attorneys as above. David de Wollore received the attorneys.
Edward III volume 14 pg 271
(1369 June 11) (Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 18
The like to John Moubray, Thomas Tyrell, Edmund de Chelreye, Nicholasde Carreu and John de Estbury, on complaint by Ingram de Coucy, earl of Bedford, that Robert de Tuwe, master of the hospital of St. John without the east gate, Oxford, John de Ichendennheis confrere, William Hamond, William Cook and others imprisoned and ill-treated John Glovereh, is servant, at Oxford took and carried off 201. of the earl’s money delivered to the said John for the earl’s business, compelled the said John, before letting him go, to be condemned to the said William and William in 1002. before the chancellor of the University of Oxford and to be bound to them in another 1001.before the mayor of Oxford and the clerk of the recognizances of debts there, so that the earl lost the service of his servant for a great time and his business remained undone. ByK
Edward III volume 14 pg 48
(July 26) (Thomas Tyrell) ( Commission of Oyer and Terminer)
Entry 19
Commission of oyer and terminer to William de Skypwyth, John Kyppok, Robert de Preston and John Tyrell, touching evildoers who broke the closes, houses, parks, and stone-walls of the manors at Swerdes, Tallagh, Balymore, Dublin, Baliboght, Clondolk, Arduoth, Coloigne and Fynglas, co. Dublin, and other closes and houses of the other manors and places in the county of Kyldare of the temporalities of the archbishopric of Dublin, while these were in the king’s hand in the last voidance of the archbishopric, and entered the free warrens of the archbishopric and hunted in these and the said parks, felled trees and underwood there, tore out the lead from the gutters of some of the houses, vessels of lead and brass in the kitchens, brew-houses and other houses of the manors and places aforesaid in the furnaces, iron bars in windows and iron fastenings (ligamina) and locks in the doors of the houses, carried away the locks, fastenings, bars, vessels, lead, trees and underwood, the timber from some of the houses, stories from the walls and other goods of the temporalities, deer from the parks, and hares, conies, pheasants and partridges from the warrens, and burned the timber of the rest of the houses; and with others, after restitution of the temporalities had been made to Thomas, now archbishop of the said place, committed like trespasses. Mandate to the sheriffs of Dublin and Kildare to cause jurors to come before them at such days and places as they shall make known to them. Et erat patens.
Edward III volume 15 pg 309
(Feb 27) (John Tyrell) ( Dublin) (Commission of Oyer and Terminer)
Entry 21
Commission to John do Foxle, Hugh Tyrell, Walter Haywod, Michael Skyllyng and John do Welton to make inquisition in the county of Dorset touching an information that in the king’s castle of Corf, through default of keeping and good rule, a dangerous state of things exists at the present time, and that through like default many trespasses are done in his warren of Purbik ; also to find what the detriments in the castle and the trespasses in the warren are, and by whom these have been caused, how they can best be corrected and to what sum they amount, and to certify the king there of in Chancery.
Edward III volume 16 409-410
(1376 Sept 10) (Hugh Tyrell) ( Dorset County) ( Castle of Corf)
Entry 22
Commission of oyer and lonniwth Toiyde, Brian Robert Bealknap, Robert Filz Payn, Hugh Tyrell, Homy Pcrcehay, William de Lucy and Walter de Clopton, on complaint by Hubert Knolles that, whereas he freighted a ship called the Welfare of Dertmouth in the port of Plymmouth with goods for London, and on the voyage the ship was driven by the violence of the sea to Kymerych in Purbyk,co. Dorset, Thomas Coupe, William Colle of Lutton, William Bouche, Robert Renaud, Thomas Renaud, Honry Pepere, John IVpere, John Hore, Emma, his wife, William Horc, JohnPyk of Egleston, Robert Jolyf, Nicholas C’hubbo, Hugh Wetherman, Robert Chubbe, William Nywoman, Henry Nywoman, John Adam, Alice Haukynes, John Culle, Juliana Spore, Robert Swanlond, John de Estynham, clerk, Stephen Gone,the younger, Thomas Lonedrym of West Tynham, John Cartere of West Tynham, Nicholas Boys, William Frenssh, Robert Paulyn,Stephen Paulyn, Kchvurd le Duk, Robert Randolf, John Chapeleyn, John son of John Sparwe of Estlulleworth William son of William Hegeman of Stuple, John Kyngof Blakerneston, William Baghe of Stuple, Robert Clerk of Harpeston, John Aliam, William Dofreman, John Aiityoch of Warham,4 taillour,’ John Burcy of Dertemouth, Richard Blakeman of Dertemouth, John Jay of Langeton, the younger, Robert Corf, clerk, William Chyke, William Clavyll, the elder, John Remyston, parson of the church of Crychill, Andrew Chyke, William Colneye of iVrUMiumth, John Ramestonv the person vsbrother of Corf/ Thomas Stokys, William Wildero, John Ewan of Warham, John Forstor, Nicholas Smyth of Warham, John Hakes, John Chapman of Wynlmrn, Roger Presse of Warham, wwebbe,’ Alan Bakere, Robert (jydemey of Kymerich in Purbyk, William Chaldecote, William Culle of Lutton, Nicholas Wetherman, Nicholas Freyn, John Lovehater, John Neweman, William Pepe, Edward Pypere, William Waleys of Kymerych, John Swanlond, Roger Taillour of Corf, John Morland of Povyngton, John Anderbode of Brynnescombe, Thomas Gerard of Corf Castell, William Wyot of Kymerych, the elder, John Russel of Tynham, John Kyggel, Edward Maundeware of Purbyk, William Pach of Tynham, Thomas Maskell, chaplain, Robert Sendelove, John Hordere,’ Jones servant Shot,’ John Wetherman, Thomas Chaldewolle, John Chaldewolle, Henry Prest, William Wyot, the younger, John Pepe, Henry Pepe, Nicholas Dyngere, William Blachenwelle, Robert Bledewyne, John Prest of Westynham, William Prest of Westynham, John Godynch of Westynham, John Beaugraunt,John Pyperwhyt,Adam Denys,Robert Vikairs of Byre,William Kemere of Byre and others, entered the ship at Kymerych,carried away his goods and assaulted his men and servants. Because sealed at another time.
Edward III volume 16 408 – 409
(Sep5 1376) (Hugh Tyrell)
Entry 23
Grant that Alexander, bishop of Ossory, treasurer of Irelands, hall take by his own hands at the exchequer of Ireland the accustomed wages and fees for six men at arms and twelve archers whom the king has granted that he shall have of his retinue while he be in the office. [Foedera. Ex originali.] By C.
Appointment, during pleasure, of John Tyrell to be one of the justices to hold pleas following the justiciary of Ireland. By K. & C.
Edward III volume 16 303
(1376 Aug 6) (John Tyrell) ( Ireland)
Entry 26
Pardon for 20s. paid to the king by Margaret wife of Hugh de Badewe, knight, deceased, of the trespasses in the acquisition by Thomas Tyrell and Thomas Maundevill, knights, Roger de Bradeleye, Geoffre Cyolvill, the elder, and John Hoppere of two messuages and sixty acres of land in Great Badewe, called ‘ Mareseallestenement,’ held in chief, from the said Hugh and Margareint, the re-acquisition of the premises by the said Hugh and Margaret in tail male, with remainder to the right heirs of the said Hugh, and in the successive entry thereon by all without license.
Richard II Volume 1 494
(June 5) (Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 29
Protection with clause volumus, for one year, for John Cope, going to Ireland on the king’s service in the company of John de Bromwych, justiciary of Ireland. By bill of p.s.
The like for the following persons going in his company:Thomas Baudre. By bill of p.s.
George Rapole. John Trypon. John Tykill. By bill of p.s William Caton of Lancastre.
Alexander Tyrell of Preston in Amondernesse. By bill of p.s. Richard de Denne of Estpekham. By bill of p.s. Richard Gloveree,squire. By bill of p.s.
Richard II volume 1 pg 384
(Alexander Tyrell) ( Of Preston in Amondersnesse)
Entry 30
Inspeximus and confirmation, in favour of John Tyrell of Lyouns, of letters patent of the late king, scaled with the great seal in use in Ireland, dated Clonme1l2l, April 4,0 Edward III., tcste Lioned Duke of Clarence, supplying the king’s place there, being an exemption from being made mayor, bailiff, sheriff, escheator, guardian of the peace, coroner, collector or other officer or minister of the king there against his will, from bring put upon assizes, juries or recognizance’s in any courts in Ireland, and from being compelled to take the rank of knighthood. For 13s. 4e/,paid in the hanaper.
Richard II volume 1 pg258
(John Tyrell) of (Lyouns)
Entry 32
Grant— after recital of numerous grants by divers letters patent of the late king— in favour of Isabella, daughter of Edward III., the king’s aunt, on her petition in Parliament, praying that as all her castles, manors, lands,<fcc., with all her goods, are forfeited to the king on account of the surrender of the homage of her husband, Ingelram de Coucy, and his adhesion to the king of France, adequate provision may be made for her. In consideration of her noble birth and for her honourable maintenance whilst in England, the king, with the assent of the prelates and other nobles in Parliament, grants to Alexander, archbishop of York, William, bishop of London, Ralph, bishopof Salisbury, Guyde Briene, Roger de Beauehamp, Hugh de Segrave and Thomas Tyrell, knights, the manors, hamlets honors, lordships, towns, lands and tenements named in the aforesaid letters patent, and which have been seized into the king’s hands for the reason aforesaid, with the exception of the castle, manors and lands in the Isle of Wight, the farms of the city of Rochester and of the castle there with its wards, and of the towns of Scarborough and Waterford, 39 marks 10*. Yearly from the issues of the county of Nottingham 20, 1.yearly from those of the county of Bedford, the manors of Tremworth and Vanne [co. Kent], Haselbere, co. Somerset, and Somerford Keynes, co. Wilts;10/. rent in the suburb of Canterbury and 200 marks yearly receivable at the Exchequer, and 200/. yearly granted in aid of her danghier Philippa’s maintenance ; which lands hereby granted the said archbishop and the rest are to hold together with the knights’ fee?a,dvowsons, parks, woods, forests, chaces, warrens, liberties, &c.,as fully as the said Ingelram and Isabella held them before forfeiture, for her life, with this condition that as long as she stays in England the profits there from shall be kept for her use arid paid to her or her attorneys to be expended in the realm on her maintenance without account rendered to the king or his heirs, all collations and presentations to benefices being made to fit persons nominated by her. If during the said war she voluntarily, or otherwise by her husband’s command, pass beyond the realm, or under his compulsion send him lin rents, revenues and profits aforesaid, or any other goods, beyond the realm, the premises are to be reseized into the kings hands. The kii.fr also grants to the said feoffees nil revenues accruing from the premises from thr time of the cause of seisure there of, all arrears of rent, all corn, hay, sheep, animals and stock belonging to the said Ingelram and Isabella upon the premises, all custodies of lands and heirs, and all other their goods at the date aforesaid, to the use of the said Isabella under the same conditions. Byp.s. [159.]
Richard II Volume 1 pg 174 – 175
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 33
Westminster July5. Appointment of William Lvtey, John Mautravers, William Latymer and John Tyrell to arrest and deliver to the keeper of the Marshal sea prison William. “Hridport. indicted for having broken the lodging of the bishop of Bath and Wells in the parish of St” Clement Danes without the bar of the Old Temple, London, wherein Master Walter Skirlawe, keeper of the privy seal, was lodging, and taken silver plate of the said Walter, viz. dishes, chargers, saucers, bowls, cups and plates to the value of 600 marks.
Richard II volume 2 pg 495
(John Tyrell)
Entry 34
Thomas Tyrell. for not appearing when sned with John Riskelistvn, Thomas llerry, John Gay, AVilliain Maggy,Roger Felnor, John Junan, John IL^rryand John Scot to render to John Tewyn chattels to the value of 12l. London.
Richard II Volume 2 pg 431
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 35
William Maggy, for not appearing when sued with John Riskelistyn, Thomas Herry , John Gay, Roger Felnor ,John Junan, John Herry, John Sent and Thomas Tyrell to render to John Tewyn chattels to the value of 12l. London.
Richard II Volume 2 pg 430
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 36
John Riskelistyn,for not appearing when sued with Thomas Kerry, John Gay, William Maggy Roger Felnor John Innan (or Iinian), John Herry, John Scot, and Thomas Tyrell to render to John Tewyn chattels to the value of 121.
Richard II volume 2 pg 393
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 42
Westminster April 26. Appointment during pleasure, of John Tyrell as chief justice of the King’s Bench of Catherlaigh for pleas therein, with the usual fee. ByK. &C
Richard II volume 3 436
(John Tyrell)
Entry 43
Pardons of outlawry to the following: John Tyrell, chaplain, for not appearing to answer John Wyket, Touching a trespass. Cornwall.
Richard II volume 3 pg 333 – 335
(John Tyrell)
Entry 46
Commission to Ralph baron of Greystok, Richard Redman, knight, and William Lancastre, knight, to arrest and deliver to the sheriff of Westmorland, for reasons declared before the king and council by the abbot and convent of the abbey of Heppin that county, the patronage whereof by the death of Thomas de Clifford, knight, tenant in chief, is in the king’s hand by the minority of his heir, the following persons, viz. Roland Vaux, Hugh Salkeld the elder, Roland de Threlkeld, Thomas Nicholson of Thornshapp, William do Bethom, Hugh de Bethoin, Robert de Bethom, Thomas de Bethoin and Hugh Salkeld the younger, and to instruct the said sheriff to bring them up to Westminster to answer before the king and council what is charged against them by the said abbot ; also to cause John do. Bethom,John dol Ri^ the younger, Adam do Morethwayt, Thomas de Dysford, William de Bolton, John de Melsyngby, Thomas de Haryngton, Thomas Hertson William Tournour, Andrew de Haryngton, Peter Holebankman, Thomas Robynson of Neuby, John de Kendall, William Lyghtlepe, John de Ascome, Robert de Tyrell, Adam Hebson, Robert Hebson, Robert Nicholson, William, son of Robert Tayllour of Morland, Thomas Hoteblake, Richard Donker, Thomas de Chestre, Matthew de Chestre, Thomas Walker of Little Strykland, William Bakhousof Neubyand Thomas Bryan of Thryneby, who are continually threatening the lives and limbs of the abbot and his canons, tenants and servants, and to burn their houses, to appear before them, the commissioners, and find mainpernors, in a sum to be fixed by the commissioners, not to do any damage to the said abbot and the rest. By C.
(Robert de Tyrell)
Richard II volume 5 pg 654
Entry 49
Westminster, April 16. Commission to Henry, earl of Northumberland, Ralph, baron of Greystok, Richard Rodman, knight, sheriff of Cumberland, William de Lancastre, knight, William Culwen, knight, John de Crakenthorp, sheriff of Westmorland, and John de Lancastre of Rydale, for reasons proposed before the -king and council by the abbot and convent of Hepp, co. Westmorland, of which abbey the patronage is in the king’s hand by the death of Thomas de Clifford, knight, tenant in chief, and the minority of his heir— to arrest and commit to the custody of the said sheriffs, to beby them brought before the king and council at Westminster the following persons, viz. John Ryg the older, William de Kondalo, John de Bethum, William de Bethum, Thomas de Bethum, Robert de J-ethum, Hugh de Bethum, Thomas de Haryngton, Adam de Morthwayt, John del Ryg the younger, John de Kendale, Adam Hebson, Thomas Bryan and Robert de Tyrell ; and to compel Thomas Disseford, William de Bolton, John de Melsyngby, Thomas Hertson,William Tournour, Andrew de Haryngton, Peter Hellebankema, Thomas Robynson of Neweby, William Lightelope, John de Ascum, Robert llobson, Robert Nicolson, Williams, on of Robert Taillour of Morland, Thomas Hotblake, Richard Donker, Thomas Chestre, Matthew Chestre, Thomas Nicolson of Thornshapp,Thomas Walker of Little Stirkeland, William de Bakhous of Nowebanyd Richard Raa, who threaten the lives and limbs of the abbot and his canons, tenants, men and servants, and to burn their houses- -to find mainpornors in a sufficient penalty to do them no damage,with power to imprison the said persons,
Richard II volume 6 pg 157 – 158
(Robert de Tyrell)
Entry 52
Whereas in the account of Nicholas Usk, late treasurer of Calais, rendered at the Exchequer by John Usk John Appelby and Richard Tyrell, executors of his will, the said Nicholas was found to be indebted to the king in 1,047/. 2.s. 8|W. ; and the executors in part payment have delivered 300 marks to the king in his chamber for the expenses of the same, and have offered certain obligations and other evidences amounting to the sum of 400 marks due to the said Nicholas in his lifetime to the treasurer and barons of the Exchequer and the king’s chamberlains, and have given the king to understand Unit certain persons to whom the kings indebted in large sums arc willing to Accept the greatest part of the same obligations mid evidences; the king, because all the goods of the said Nicholas at the time of his death are insufficient to satisfy him, And becausethe treasurer has personally appeared before him in Chancery and verbally acknowledged the deliveryof the said obligations and evidences, pardons to the said Nicholas and his executors and others the said sum of 1,047£. 2s. 8^/. and other charges against the said Nicholas.
Henry IV volume 3 pg 6 – 7
(Richard Tyrell)
Entry 55
Pardon to John Gyffard, ‘ webbe,’ Robert JPagge,Walter Maynard, William Pulle, Henry Capron, Nicholas Port-Key, John Snelle the elder,William Spekke, Walter Hugges, Robert Clene, ‘ taillour,’ Walter Stoby, Walter Wykyng, John Billebury, Richard Smale, David Carpenter, Robert Sadeler, Richard Warde, William Pagge, Thomas Estcote, John Freke, Robert Byrche, John Lacy, Walter Shorewey, John Holwey, John Malverne, William Wawe, John Badecok, John Snelle the younger, William Wyggeput, John Stoke,’ webbe,’ William Damysell, John Delle, John Hardyng, John Leche, John Grendon, Stephen Baker, William Irmonger, Thomas Sporyour of Cirencestre, Edward Smyth of Cirencestre, John Hebber of Cirencestre, John Hosyer of Cirencestre, John Toky the elder, John Paradys,Thomas Straunge, Richard Stanys, John Coston, Thomas Broun,’ webbe,’ John Swyft, Nicholas Bathe, Thomas Gage, John Louekyn, Thomas Oxenford, John Caproun, William Nywelond, William Calke, John Sprynge, John Lye, Ralph ate Halle, Henry Esmond, Richard Draper, Thomas Calbrygge, Thomas atte Welle, John Gage, Robert Benet of Cirencestre, John Evesham, ‘ webbe,’ John Grey, John Paber, Thomas Hore, Robert Wodeward, Henry Northcote, William Draper, John Shildesley, Thomas Dyer of Cirencestre, Thomas Smyth of Cirencestre, Robert Bernard, Robert Avenell, John Stileman, Henry Glover, John Draper, William atte Mille,’webbe,’ Thomas Sheddeworth, Henry Veysy, Richard Derlyng, William Kyng, John Terlyng, William Dene, William Bristowe, ‘glover,’ John Waterton,’ taillour,’ John Forthey, Robert Young, John Metebourne, John Spencer, Thomas Hawardyn, John Tyrell, Robert Taillour of Chepyngstrete, John Norys, John Bray, Richard Sporyour of Cirencestre, John Adams,’ glover,’ – William Brasyer, WilliamSmale, James Webbe, William Notyngham, John Archer,’ webbe,’ and Thomas Coryour, men of the town of Cirencestre, for all treasons, insurrections, felonies, trespasses, inobediences, rebellions, negligences, misprisions, maintenances, contempts, councils, abetments, conventicles, confederacies, extortions, oppressions, offences, impeachments and other evil deeds. By K. and for 201. paid in the hanaper.
Henry V volume 1 pg 168 – 169
(John Tyrell) Cirencestre
Entry 61
John earl of Oxford being within age and in the king’s ward, married without licence, Elizabeth, daughter of John Howard the younger, knight, after refusing a competent marriage proposed him bythe kingwho had 1,OOOZ offered him for the same. But on the said John’s petition for grace, in consideration of his service about thie king’s person, by advice \\.’ L of the council, and for 2,000?.the king has pardoned these trespasses. Iij The 2;OOOZ are. to be paid as follows, viz. 1,OOOZ at. the Exchequer at j.j the rate of 200?. a year for the next five years, -ait Christmas and Mid-summer; for which payment John Hotoft,treasurer of the household, John Feateby of the county of Surrey, esquire, Thomas Rolf of the county of Essex, John Tyrell of thie same, esquire, Richard Baynard of N the same, esquire, Robert Darcy of the same, esquire, William Haute of Kent, Edward Tynell of Essex, esquire, John Sad, parson of Laven- j; ham,co. Suffolk,and Robert Wrytele of Essex, have become sureties I each in 100/. Payment of the other 1,OOOZis. respited until the king he of such age as to desire it or give further respite or show grace to the said earl in the matter. Byp.
Henry VI Volume 1pg 543
(John and Possibly Edward Tyrell)
Entry 68
Commission to Henry, lord Fitz Hugh, Ralph, lord Cromwell, John Colvyle, knight, Richard Leyot, Thomas Brous, John Stokes, doctors of laws, David ap Rees, licentiate in laws, clerks, and to Geoffrey Louther and John Tyrell, esquires, or to any two or more of them, to enquire into the complaint of Hugh Story, Thomas Bewyk and William Karre, the elder, of Ogle, thait undue favour was shown by Henry Percy, earl of Northumberland and warden of the East March towards Scotland, to William, baron of Hilton, plaintiff, and erroneous judgment given in his favour against them, being defendants in a case arising out of the alleged despoiling a certain William Karre, a Scotch prisoner.
Henry VI volume 1 pg 78
(John Tyrell)
Entry 78
Robert Louth of Hertfordyngbury, co. Hertford’ ,gentilman,’ for not appearing before the same to answer John Moungomery, knight, Maurice Bruyn, knight, Nicholas Dixon, clerk, John Hotoft, Thomas Frowyk, John Fray, Lewis John, John Tyrell, Eichard Baynard, Robert Darcy, Richard Fox, Richard Wentworth and Thomas Phylyp touching a plea of debt of 20/. Hertford.
Henry VI volume 2 pg 318
(John Tyrell)
Entry 80
The like pardon to Anne, wife of John Cumbyrlowe, for acquiring for life by grant of Lewis Johan, Richard Baynard, John Tyrell, Robert Darcy, Richard Fox, Robert Molynton, William Faukes, well and Richard Duryvall, and entering without licence all those lands, tenements, rents and services called ‘le Newesshepen,’ with a field called *Manfeld’ and three parcels of land called ‘ Curleighmerssh, Fordecroft,’ and « Beryhall* in Wodeham Wautier and TJltyng, parcel of the manor of Wodeham Wautier. The like pardon, for — paid in the hanaper, to Walter Asshe of Bekton. co. Suffolk, for acquiring for life from John Tyrell and Robert Molynton, and entering without licence, a field called *le Westfeld’ with a pasture called * le Fanne,’ the profit of the aftermath of two meadows called, respectively, * le Holemed’ and ‘ le Curleighmead,’ and a tenement with all its lands, meadows and pastures, called « Heywardes,’ in Wodeham aforesaid. Vacated because unexecuted.
Henry VI volume 2 pg 208
(John Tyrell)
Entry 83
Pardon, for 20?. paid in the hanaper, to William Carent, Thomas Hody, John Hody, Thomas Husee, John Tyrell, Robert Hunte, John Grene, Robert Squybbe, Gilbert Wyke and Robert Colyngbourne for acquiring to themselves and their heirs from John Stourton, knight, and entering, without licencethe manor of Estanes ad montem, alias Eston atte Mountealias Eyston atte Mounteco,. Essex, and the advowson of its church, which are held in the king in chief, license for them to retain the same.
Henry VI volume 2 pg 119
(John Tyrell)
Entry 85
Richard Bakere of Wodebastwy co, Norfolk, ‘yoman,’ for not appearing beforethe same to answer John Tyrell, esquire, Peter Payn and NicholasWaterman touching a plea of debt of 20 marks. Essex.
Henry 6 volume 2 pg 10 (pardon)
(John Tyrell)
Entry 87
John Tyrell alias John Tyret of Olney, co. Buckingham. yoman.’ For not appearing before the same to answer Nicholas Chyld. Touching a plea of debt of 14l. 10s.
Henry VI volume 3 pg 331
(John Tyrell)
Entry 93
Because the King has understood by a petition presented to him by Thomas Tyrell of Hertford gaol late servant of the king’s mother, that where Granted by her letter patent to the said Thomas the office of Feo***** in the counties of Hertford and Essex for her life to the value of 100s yearly and the king after her deceaseby letters patent ***** said office to Nicholas Bohnell yeoman of the crown, the **** **** the ****** Thomas service to the said queen for fourteenyears and more, granted to him tho said of Bcc of gaolar for life, and though diyers persons, byan inquisition taken before John Frayand others at Hertford, co. Hertford, on Wednesday after the Kpiphany List, presented that on 10 Maich, 10 HenryVI, Thomas Tyrell then heir sheriff of the county, one William atte Wodc\ late of Hertford ynirbury, co. Hertford,’laborer,’ indicted of felony, broke prison, not withstanding that .the said Thomas Hulle paid 100s. therefore to the king. servant John Korster, yeoman of the saddle, born before the taking of the inquisition and that he had letters of pardon for the escapes of John Derbarn, chaplain, and John Thomas, yet, on the ground that the said pardon was invalid through the inquisition,they further presented in the time of the said Thomas Tvrell that on (> June, 10 Henry VI, Robert Clerk of New market, co. Cambridge, chaplain, and ‘Thomas C’ouper, taken at Ohesthunt by information of the said presenters for suspicion of felony, broke prison, whereas really there were no such men in the prison, and that on the said (>June one ‘Thomas Kverton of Norfolk, taken at Stondon for suspicion of felony, broke prison, whereas he was not imprisoned save for surety of the peace, and that on (>August, 20 Henry VI, Ralph Astelev then behu>’ sheriff, William Taverner of Knebworth,co. Hertford, ‘laborer,’ taken for suspicion of felony,broke prison, whereas he did not break prison, but was delivered to bail byJohn Hotoft,justice of the peace in the county, and that on Sunday before St. Pionisius the Hishop, 21 Henry VI, In the time of the said Kalph, William Sabyn <///'</> William Taylour of Knebworth, ‘ taylour,’ taken for suspicion of felony, broke prison, whereas he was delivered to bail as above, and that on the same dayJohn OutYeld bite of llerffordyn^bury, ‘labourer,’ taken for the like, broke prison, whereas he was not then imprisoned save for surely of the peace, and that on the same dayPeter Starky, late of llertfordyn^bury, ‘yoman,’ John Starky, Lite of the same, ‘yoman,’ and John Wawen of London, dwelling in Holhorn, *carpenter,’ taken for the like, broke prison, for which escapes the said sheriffs are chargeable and the said Thomas Hulle is chargeable to them, lor which cause he is under arrest and has a dayto appear in the Kxchequcr on the morrow of All Saints’ Dayand on his appearance is to be committed to the Klete prison : the kin;;1 has pardoned the said sheriffs a.nd Thomas llulle the said escapes, and has further pardoned Thomas Tyrell 20/. adjudged upon him for the escapes of William ate Wode, Robert Clerk, Thomas Couper and Thomas Everton. Byp.
Henry VI volume 4 pg 230-231
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 95
Commission of oyer and terminer to Nicholas Ayssheton,Walter Moile, Philip Courteney, knight, John Colshull, knight, Roger Champernoun and William Holondin, Cornwall, touching all felonies, trespasses, misprisions, offences, riots, routs, congregations, extortions, oppressions, assaults and other misdeeds committed therein by Richard Tregoys of Tregoys, co. Cornwalle, squire, Edmund Kendale, clerk, Richard Kendale,’ gentilmari,’ William Hurde, c gentilman,’ Robert Tyrell, ‘ yoman,’ Martin Barbour,’ yoman,’ William Leylond, chaplain, Edward Costard,’yoman,’ John Lacy,’yoman,’ William Gom,chaplain, Stephen Olyver,’ yoman,’ Roger Ilcombe, 4 yoman,’ Robert Cornu,’ yoman, William Ilcombe, ‘ yoman,’ Thomas Gurde,’ yoman,’ Richard Costard,’ taillour,’ Roger More,chaplain, John Gom,c yoman,’ John Lynam,the younger, ‘ yoman,’ John Gibbe the younger, ‘ yoman,’ John Baker,’ yoman,’ and Thomas Peauterer, ‘ yoman,’ all of Lostwithiellco,. Cornwall.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 585
(Robert Tyrell)
Entry 96
Commission of oyer and terminer to Henry, duke of Exeter, John, earl of Oxford, John, earl of Shrewsbury, John, earl of Worcester, John Talbot of Lysle, knight, Nicholas Wyfold, mayor of London, John Eortescu, knight, John Prisot, Peter Ardern, William Yelverton, John Markham, Richard Byngham, John Portirngton, Nicholas Asshton, Robert Danvers, Thomas Tyrell, knight,” Henry Frowyk, Stephen Broun, John Atherley, Simon Eyre, John Olney and Thomas Byllyng, appointing them to proceed in Chancery on an indictment of Thomas Danyell late of London,esquire, before Thomas dial ton, late mayor of London, and his fellows, justices of oyer and terminer in London,for treasons and felonies.
(Thomas Tyrell)
Henry VI volume 5 pg 532
Entry 99
Pardon, for 40,5. paid in the hanaper, to Thomas Coke, Thomas Tyrell, knight, John Noryce, esquire. Philip Malpas, William Venour, John Everton, esquire, William Hille, clerk, and Ralph Josselyn, for acquiring in fee from Reynold, bishopof Chichester, Walter, bishop of Norwich, John Broddes wortcihtizen, and mercer of London, John Somerseth, John Fray, Roger Birkes, William Wangford, William Selman,Geoffrey Fildyng, Thomas Steel and Robert Gayton,and John Wilton and John Penne,citizen and mercer of London, deceased, a manor or messuage called ‘ Erles,’ 100 acres of land, 15 acres of wood and 5 acres of meadow in Haveryng,co. Essex,and an acre of meadow in the meadow called ; Brightmares made’ in Haveryng marsh and 2 acres of meadow called ‘ Hassok ‘ in the said marsh, and all lands and meadows in Haveryngheld in chief, and for entering therein without licence ; and grant that theymay hold the premises in fee.
Henry Vi volume 5 pg 517
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 100
Commission of oyer and terminer to John, duke of Norfolk, John, earl of Oxford, Henry, viscount of Bourghchier, William Yelverton, John Markham, Robert Danvers, Richard Waldegrave, knight, William Tyrell the elder, John Clopton, John Denston and Thomas Higham, in Suffolk, touching all treasons, felonies, insurrections, riots routs congregations and tresspasses since 8 july last.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 477
(William Tyrell)
Entry 101
Commission to William Tyrell the younger, Thomas Skargyll, Thomas Stokdale and John Rand, appointing them to arrest and bring before the king and council Robert Broun, chaplain, Robert Ufford, geniilman,’ John Wetyng,’ gentilman,’ John Buston,’ gentilman,’ William Botyll,’ waterman,’ ThomasVale,’ taillour,’ all of Berkyng, and William Payne alias Bocher to answer certain charges.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 443
(William Tyrell the Younger)
Entry 102
Westminster, Commission to John, duke of Norfolk, John, earl of Oxford, Henry, viscount of Burghchier, Peter Ardern, William Yelverton, John Markham, Robert Danvers, Thomas Tyrell, knight, John Poreward the elder, William Tyrell the younger, John Godmanston, Geoffrey Rokell,John Grene,William Buryand Matthew Hay, appointing them to make inquisition in Essex touchingall heretics and lollards.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 440
(William Tyrell the Younger)
Entry 103
Feb. 18. Commission to the said duke, earl and viscount, William Yelverton, John Markham, Robert Danvers, Robert Corbet, knight, Richard Waldegrave, knight, and William Tyrell the elder, appointing them to make inquisition in Suffolk,touching all treasons, felonies, riots and insurrections committed therein since 8 July last.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 440
(William Tyrell the elder)
Entry 104
Commission to Richard, earl of Warwick, John, earl of Worcester, Henry, viscount of Bourghchier, Thomas de Roos, knight, John Prisot, Peter Ardern, Robert Danvers, John Fastolf, knight, Thomas Tyrell, knight, and Richard Haryngton, knight, appointing them to make inquisition in Kent touching all treasons, felonies, trespasses, rebellions, insurrections, misprisions, congregations, unlawful gatherings and other offences committed by Robert Spenser late of Feversham, co. Kent, ‘ sopemaker,’ John Mortymer late of Meydeston, co. Kent, ‘sowedeour,’ William Vernoii late of Chalkwell in the parish of Milton, co. Kent,’ tyler,’ Simon Skryveiier late of Herne, co. Kent, ‘ theccher,’ Geoffrey Kechyn late of Dertfordco, Kent,’ servaunt,’ and Thomas Andrewes late of London, laborer.’ By K.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 437
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 105
Commission of oyer and terminer to John, earl of Oxford, Henry Westminster, viscount of Bourglichler, William Yelverton, Thomas Tyrell, knight, John Doreward the elder and John Godmanstonin, Colcestre, touching all treasons and felonies committed therein since 8 July last.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 436
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 106
Commission of oyer and terminer to Richard, duke of York,Henry, viscount of Bourghchier, John Prsot, Nicholas Ayssheton, Robert Danvers, John Fastolf, knight, Thomas Tyrell, knight, and Richard Waller, in Kent and Sussex, touching all treasons,insurrectionsre,bellions, felonies,riots, routs, congregations, associations, gatherings, unlawful leagues, concealments, trespasses,oppressions, extortions, misprisions, offences, maintenances, usurpations, champerties, conspiracies, excesses, injuries,grievances and other misdeeds committed therein since 8 Julyl ast.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 435 1451
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 107
Westminster. Commission of over and terminer to Master Andrew Huls, clerk, keeper of the privy seal, Master Robert Stilyngton, clerk, Master John Derby, clerk Thomas Tyrell, knight, Richard Waller, esquire, and Geoffrey Fildyng and William Cantelowe, aldermen of London, reciting that whereas a hulk called le Saint Georgeof Bruges, whereof Segier Parmentier and other merchants of Bruges were possessors and merchants, laden with their goods and merchandise, was taken and spoiled near Portesmouth by certain the king’s subjects in a ship called le Nicholas del Tour,in a ship of Henry,duke of Exeter, whereof John Norton was master, in a barge of HenryBruyn,esquire, whereof John Yong was master, in a vessel called le Carveil of Portesmouth, whereof Clais Stephen was master, in a barge of the mayor of Wynchelse, whereof Robert Bawedewyn was master, and in a barge of William Cook of Portesmouth,wherof John Amigo was master, and in other ships and vessels, contrary to the truce between the kingand Philip, duke of Burgundy :— the said commissioners are appointed to receive and examine any petitions and complaints of the said possessors and merchants and to commit to prison the guilty herein, until they make restitution.
Henry VI Volume 5 pg 434-435
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 108
The like of Henry, viscount of Bourghchier, Thomas Cobham, knight, Thomas Tyrell, knight, Thomas Flemmyng, knight, John Doreward the elder, John Godmanston, John Grene and William 9 Buryas justices to deliver the gaol of Colcestre castle of John Netlyngton, Thomas Pewterer, WilliamHeyward, John West, John Harry Thomas Howell, Richard Gardyner, John Sharpand, Walter Adycok.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 433
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 109
The like of John, earl of Oxford, Henry, viscount of Bourghchier, William Yelverton, Thomas Cobham, knight,Thomas Tyrell, knight, Thomas Flemmyng, knight, John Doreward the elder, John Godmanston and Matthew Hayas justices to deliver the gaol of Colcestre castle, as above [last entry but one],
Henry VI volume 5 pg 433
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 110
Commission to John, earl of Oxford, Henry, viscount of Bourgchier, Thomas Grey of Richemond, knight, Thomas Cobbeham, knight, Thomas Tyrell, knight, Thomas Flemyng, knight, John Fitz Symond, knight, John Doreward the elder, Robert Darcy, William Tyrell the younger, John Godmanston, Henry Langley and the sheriff of Essex, appointing them to call together all the king’s lieges of whatsoever estate, rank and condition to go with them against all traitors and rebels in the said’ county and counties adjacent and arrest and imprison the same.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 431
(Thomas and William the younger Tyrell)
Entry 113
Commission to the treasurer of England or his deputy, Thomas Tyrell, knight, Richard Waller, esquire, and the chamberlains of the Exchequer, appointing them to arrest all goods and sums of money brought with him by one calling himself John Mortymer and to put the same in safe keepingand to dispose of the same to such persons as they think fit for the capture of John and his adherents. Byp.s. etc.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 387
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 114
General pardon to John Mortymer, at the request of the queen, though he and others in great number in divers places of the realm and specially in Kent and the places adjacent of their own presumption gathered together against the statutes of the realm to the contemt of the king’s estate; and if he or any other wish for letters of pardon, the chancellor shall issue the same severally. By K. The like to the following: William Tyrell the younger, esquire, Matthew Hay, esquire, John Batell, esquire, Richard Shodewell, gentilman,’ Roger Wyke of Colchestre and Richard Stace the elder, in Essex and Middlesex. By K.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 338
(William Tyrell)
Warring and the Defense of the Realm
Entry 27
Commission to Edward Conrtenay, earl of Devon, Guyde Brien, Philip Courlena-y, John Pomeray, William Bonevill,Richard Stapilton and William Asthorp, knights, Martin Forrers, James Chuddele, and the sheriff of Devon, to array and equip all the men of that county between the ages of 1Cand 60,and to keep them, the mun-at-arms, hobelers and archers, in readiness to resist foreign invasion; with power to arrest and imprison the clisolx3(iient. B7C-in Parl. The like to the following persons in the places named :
William Bottereux, knight, Ralph Cannynowe, knight, Ralph Cicrgeux, knight, John de Kentwodek, night, William Fitz Wauter, knight, Thomas Peverell, John Whalesburg Whilliam Talbot, John Benvill, and the sheriff, in the county of Cornwall. Edmund, earl of Cambridge, constable of Dover castle, warden of the Cinque Ports and the king’s lieutenant John de Cobeham, Robert Bealknap, Stephen Valens, Thomas Fog, Thomas Cobham, Jamos de Pekham, John do Fremyigham William Hornand the sheriff in the county of Kent. William de Ufford, earl of Suffolk, John de Cavendish, John de Sutton, Richard de Waldegrave John Shardelowe, William Wengefeld, Robert Corbet and the sheriff, in the county of Suffolk. William de Ufford, earl of Suffolk, William Bardolf of Wyrmegeye, John de Clifton, Robert Howard, John Harsyk, Stephen Hales, John Holkhanin and the sheriff, in the county of Norfolk. Robert de Wylughby. Philip Darcy, John de Welle, Ralph de Cromwell, Thomas de Kydale, William Hauley, William Belesby, William de Wylughby John de Boys and the sheriff, in the parts of Lyndesey, co. Lincoln. Gilbert de Umframvill, earl of Angos, Andrew Luterell, Anketin Malore, William Bussy, Thomas Claymon, Edlias Middelton, William Boston and the sheriff, in the parts of Kestevenco,. Lincoln. Philip Spenser, William de Thorp, Robert Roos of Gedeneye, John de Rocheford Andrew de Leek, Simon Symeon, William Spaigne, Roger Toup, and the sheriff in the parts of Holand, co. Lincoln. Roger de ScalesH,ugh la ZoucheJo,hn de Brune,John de Burgh, the elder, John de Grauncestre, Thomas Haselden, William Castelacre, William Bateman and the sheriff, in the county of Cambridge. Gilbert Umframvill, earl of Angos, HenryPercy earl of Northumberland, John de Nevill of Raby, Henry Lescrope, John Dychaud, Thomas de Ilderton, Alan de Strother William Hesilrig Walter Heron and the sheriff, in the county of Northumberland.
Roger de Clifford,Ralph,baron of Greystok, Matthew Redman, Christopher de Lancastre, Adam Blencowe, Robert Hormesheved and the sheriff, in the county of Cumberland. Roger de Clifford Thomas de Musgrave, Thomas de Roos, Gilbert de Culwen, Hugh de Louther, Thomas de Staunford and the sheriff, in the county of Westmoreland. Henryde Braylesford Robert de Twyford, Samson Strelley, Edmund Cokayn, Oliver de Barton, William de Sallowe and the sheriff, in the county of Derby. John Cressy, John de Loudham the elder, Hugh de Husee, Simon de Leek, Robert de Morton, Elias de Thoresby and the sheriff, in the county of Nottingham. Roger de Clifford, Roger de Pulthorp, William de Melton, James de Pikeryng, William Mirfeld, Robert de Morton, William de Gairgrave, Henryde Pudesey, John de Preston and the sheriff, in the West Riding. Henry Percy, earl of Northumberland, Richard Lescrope, Henry Fitz Hugh, Donald de Hesilrig, Robert Roos of Ingmanthorp, Thomas de Boynton, Richard de Richemond, John Lokton, John Laton and the sheriff, in the North Riding. Henryde Percy, earl of Northumberland Peterr de Maulay, William de Aton, Ralph de Hastynge, Joshn de Sancto Quintino, Robert de Hilton, John Conestable of Halsham, John Bygot, William Percehay, William Risseby, John de Ask, William de Holm and the sheriff, in the East Riding. Roger Belera, Ralph de Ferrers, John Talbot, James Belers, Thomas de Hertyngton, John Burdet, John Hauberk, William Burgh, and the sheriff, in the county of Leicester. Tliomtis de Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, John de Clyntou, Baldwin Frovill, Thomas Bermyngeham, John Dodyngseles, John Rous, Thomas de Meryngton and the sheriff, in the county of Warwick. William la Zouche of Haryngworth, John de la Warre, William de Thorp, Thomas de Preston, Thomas de Greiie, Henryde Grene, John de Tyudale and the sheriff, in the county of Northampton. Thomas le Despenser, John Basynges, Thomas de Burton, Laurence Hauberk, John de Wittelesbury and the sheriff, in the county of Rutland. William Moigne, William Russeby, John Wauton, Robert Bevill, Simon de Burgh, John Lovetoft, John de Hemyugford and the sheriff, in the county of Huntingdon. Reginald Grey of Ruthyn,Thomas Peyvcre, Gerardde Braibrok, John de Malyns, Ralph son of Richard, Ralph de Walton and the sheriff, in the county of Bedford. William de Molyns, Thomas Sakevill, John de Ailesbury, John de Bermyngeham, John de Tiryngham, John Neirnuyt and the sheriff, in the county of Buckingham. Thomas Fitlyng, Walter atte Lee, William de Hoo, John Henxteworth, Robert Turk, John Westwycombe, John Lodewyk and the sheriff, in the county of Hertford. Thomas de Hungerford, Laurence de Sancto Martino, Hugh Tyrell, John de la Mare, Ralph Cheyne, Edward Cerne, John Dauntesey, Michael Skillyng, Nicholas Bonham and the sheriff, in the county of Wilts.
Richard II volume 1 page 471 – 473
(March 20) (Hugh Tyrell)
Entry 28
Commission to John de Arundell, marshal of England, Thomas de Percy, admiral of the north, Hugh do Calvyle. admiral of the west, John de Monte Acuto, Thomas West, Bernard Brocas, Hugh Tyrell, William de Klinhnm, William de Farndon, Maurice de Bruyn, Ralph de Norton, Walter Hnywode and John <!<> P.ittcslliorn, sheriff of Southampton, enquire touching diverse trespasses in that county committed against the people by men-at-arms, archers and others on the king’s service in the company of the said marshal and admirals in the present expedition to Brittany, in taking without payment horses, oxen, cows, cocks, hens geese, victuals and other goods. ByC.
Richard II volume 1 pg 420 -421
(1379) (Hugh Tyrell) (Southhampton)
Entry 59
Commission of array to William Sturmy,’ chivaler,’ William Cheyne, ‘chivaler,’ Thomas Bonham, Edmund Daundeseye, John Stourton the younger, John Westbury and the sheriff in the county of Wilts, on information that the king of Castile and Leon and the king of Aragon have prepared a great armada of ships and vessels of Spain with no small number of the king’s enemies and propose to burn and destroy the king’s ships and the shipping of the realm and invade the realm. By C.
The like to the following and the sheriffs in the counties named :— John Arundell, * chivaler,’ Robert Hill, Justice, William Talbot, * chivaler,* and Thomas Arundell, * chivaler,’ in the county of Cornwall. William Coggeshale, ‘ chivaler,’ John Tyrell, Robert Teye, Reginald Malyns, Philip Englefeld and Lewis John, in the county of Essex.
Henry V volume 2 pg 323
(John Tyrell) ( Essex)
Entry 70
Commission to Walter Hungerford, knight, Ralph Botiller, knight, and John Stopyndon, king’s clerk, and two of them, to take at Sandwich on Friday next the muster of Humphrey, duke of Gloucester and, of the men at arms and archers who are going in his retinue to the rescue of Cales. By C. The like to the following: John Tiptoft, knight, Master William Lyndewode, keeper of the privy seal, and John Bate, clerk, for the muster of John, earl of Huntingdon and, his retinue. By C. John Tyrell, knight, Geoffrey Louther and John Brekenok, for the muster of Richard, earl of Warwick, and John de la Veer, earl ofOxford, and their retinues. ByC.
Henry VI volume 2 pg 611
(John Tyrell)
Entry 81
Grant, by advice of the council, to John Tyrell, king’s knight, treasurer of the household, for good service to the last and present kingsin their French wars, of 100 marks a year out of the fee-farm of the city of Lincoln, as John Hotoft, late treasurer of the household, had, during the nonage of Thomas, son and heir of the lord Eoos who last died, and from heir to heir, or until he be otherwise provided for. By p.
Henry VI volume 2 pg 155
(John Tyrell)
Entry 82
Commission to Ralph Crumwell, Knight, John Typtoft, knight, Stephen Popham, knight, John Tyrell, John Uvedale, William Burgh and William Soperto take at Portesdouneon Monday next, the musters of William Clynton, knight, and ThomasTunstall, knight, and of the men at arms and archers who are about to proceed to France in their retinue; the same commissioners omitting Typtoft and Tyrell, are at the same time and place to take the musters
Henry VI volume 2 pg 133
(John Tyrell)
Infrastructure
Entry 7
Commission de wallis et fossatis to Thomas Morice, Thomas Frowy and John de Brikelesworth, in the towns of Stebenhithe and Bram beleye, co. Middlesex, by the shore of the water of Thames from the Tower of London to the hill called La Leye. The like to Thomas Tyrell, William de Estfeld, Thomas Wythornwyk, and William de Hoton, in the parts of Holderness, co. York.
Edward III volume 12 pg 534
(March 30) (April 26) (Thomas Tyrell) (Holderness)
Entry 53
Commission to Robert Oxenbrigge, Richard Aylard, John Salarne, the elder, John Fisshelake, Richard Tyrell and John Anton, on information that divers woods for a palisade which the kinghas caused to be made for the defence of the base court of the castle of Guynes by the king’s esquire John Norbury, late captain of the Castle, at ‘ le Bataill,’ co. Sussex, made and shaped at’ the ports of Wynchelse and Rye and divers other places within the counties of Kent and Sussex have been stirred by the How of the sea and carried off by divers lieges of the king, to seize all such and carry them to the castle and compel restitution to be made, and take carpenters, labourers and workmen for the palisade and carriage for the same.
Henry IV volume 4 pg 65
(Richard Tyrell)
Entry 117
Commission to John Fortescu, knight, John Markham,Thomas Tyrell, knight, Matthew Hay, esquire, and William Laken, setting forth the complaint of the abbot and convent of the monastery of St. Mary,Stratford Langthorn, co. Essex, that they have been long seised of certain lands in the parish of Estham, co. Essex, whereto a water called Hamthorowedyche is adjacent, and though a foot way for the passage of men from London to Berkyngby a wooden bridge,which they caused to be built, has been long used, James Hacche of Berkyng,co. Essex,’ yoman,’ and others, imagining to make thereof a way for horses,carts and carriages, broke the bridge bynight and threw into the water the timber thereof and the stones whereby both ends of the bridge were supported, so that the water, obstructed and hindered from its right course, has flooded the lands and marsh of the abbot and convent, who have lost the profit thereof for a great while ; and appointing them to make inquisition in the county touchingthe evildoers guilty herein with James.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 136
(Thomas Tyrell)
4 Economic Activity
Entry 16
Commission to John de Cobeham,Thomas de Lodelow Aedam de Bury, Simonde Burghand Edmuud de Tettesworth to make inquisition touching the names of all those in the county of Kent who have presumed to embrace, forstal or buy wheat, malt or other grain whereby the dearth of com in those parts is daily growing, and to arrest all those who have embraced or forstalled any grain in granges or heaps before it was brought to fairs or markets and exposed there for sale, after the proclamation lately made at the king’s command by the sheriff of Kent. The like to the following: Thomas Tyrell, William de Mulso, Henry Snayth, John Wroth and John de Henxteworthin, the counties of Essex and Hertford. Emeryde Shirland, Nicholas Styuecle and John de Ellerton, in the counties of Cambridgeand Huntingdon. John de Aylesbury,William de Mulso,William de Risceby, Adam de Hertyngdon and Walter Walsh, in the counties of Bedford and Buckingham. Thomasde Fulnetby, William Engil, mayor of. Lincoln, William Brayand Walter de Kelby, in the county of Lincoln.
Edward III volume 14 pg 474-475
(Oct 10) (Thomas Tyrell) ( Essex)
Entry 20
Commission to Stephen de Valence, William Pympe, sheriff of Kent, William de Apuldrefeld, Robert de Notyngham and John Colepepre to buy500 quarters of wheat in the said county for the king’s money to be promptly paid by them, hire threshers and winnowers for the same, bring the wheat to the nearest possible sea place and take carriage for the same, so that the wheat be there by the first Sundayin Lent at latest for delivery by indenture to those the king shall depute to receive it, to be by them taken thence to Calaisfor the munition of that town and of the other towns,castles and fortresses there, and arrest and commit to prison until further order all who are contrariant in the matter. ByK. & C. The like to the followiningthe counties named: John Waleys, William Neudegate, sheriff of Sussex, Eoger Dalyngrug, John Leg, John de Clyfton and Thomas de Grymesby 500 quarters in the county of Sussex. Edmund de Thorp, sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, Eichard Holbech, John de Bernay, John de Wesenham, William Eedenesse and John Haukyn; 1,000 quarters of wheat and 2,000 quarters of malt in the counties of Norfolk and Suffolk. Thomas Bassyngbourn, sheriff of Essex, Thomas Tyrell, Eoger Keterich, Thomas Wetewang and Adam de Chestrefeld; 500 quarters of wheat in the county of Essex. Nicholas de Styuecle, sheriff of Cambridge and Huntingdon, Thomas de Swafham, Edmund de Tettesworth, Thomas Hunte, John de Olneye and Thomas Faknam, king’s serjeant-at-arms; 1,000 quarters of wheat and 1,000 quarters of malt in the counties of Cambridge and Huntingdon. By bill of the treasurer.
Edward III volume 15 pg 98-99
(1371 Feb 2) (Thomas Tyrell) (Essex)
Entry 86
Licence for Thomas Tyrell, esquire, who has given bond in 40 marks not to carry the corn in question elsewhither, to buy140 quarters of wheat, barleyand malt in the counties of Norfolk and Suil’olk and to carry them byland or water to Essex to be spent in his household.
Henry VI volume 3 pg 348
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 88
Commission, at the supplication of Humphrey, duke of Gloucestetor to John Tyrell, Thomas Remes and John Aleynson to take carpenters, masons, labourers and other workmen for repairing the duke’s manor or inn of Grenewiche and the enclosure of the park of Grenewichaned, put them to the work; and to provide horses,carts, timber, lead, iron, stone, lime,nails, palings, piles and other necessaries.
Henry VI volume 3 pg 264
(John Tyrell)
Entry 90
Commission to Richard Walleree, squire, Richard Wydevylee, squire, John Bamburgh, Thomas Broun and Richard Veer, to make inquisition in the county of Kent as to goods said to have been sent abroad from thence uncustomed. The like to Henry Bourghchier knight, John Doreward, Edward Tyrell, Westminster. Thomas Rolf,Thomas The like to Henry Bourghchier, John Doreward, Robert Darcy, Edward Tyrell, Thomas Rolf, Thomas Broune,Thomas Stokdale,Geoffrey Rokell and the sheriff of Essex.
Henry VI volume 3 pg 146
(Edward Tyrell)
Entry 97
Whereas the town of Herwich, co. Essex, was spoiled of late suddenly and by night by the king’s enemies of France and Normandy for lack of enclosure and walls, and the king’s lieges of the town, though impoverished propose to enclose the town with stones and lime for the exclusion of the king’s enemies and have begun the part of the town nearer the sea and have made petition for the king’s aid :— the king has granted licence for William Hervy,Thomas Prudman, Henry Brooke and Richard Felawe, their deputies, attorneys or factors, to ship 2,000 woollen cloths of assize or grain in the port of Ipswich to foreign parts by indentures to be made between them and the customers in that port, without payment of customs and subsidies, and to apply such money from the customs for the walling of the town by the survey of John, earl of Oxford, and Thomas Tyrell, knight to whom alone they shall render account.
Henry Vi volume 5 pg 528-529
(Thomas Tyrell)
5. Welfare
Entry 5
Commission to the abbot of Meaux, Richard de Ravenser, provost of Beverley, Thomas Tyrell, William de Estfeld and Thomas de Wythornwyk, to make a visitation of the king’s hospital of Neuton in Holdernesse, the patronage of which the king has granted to his daughter Isabel for life; as the king is informed that the hospital is in a greatly decayed state through the negligence of the masters and wardens thereof.
Edward III volume 12 pg 540
(May 6) (Thomas Tyrell) (Neuton in Holdernesse)
Entry 39
May 27. Pardon to Katharine late the wife of Hugh Tyrell, knight, late a widow in the king’s custody (vidue nostre), for her trespass in marrying Bernard Brocas, knight, without permission.
Richard II volume 2 pg 131
(Hugh and Katherine Tyrell)
Entry 56
Licence for 50l .paid in the hanaper, for Robert Neuport John Tyrell, Ralph Chaumberley Jonhn Broke, parson of the church of Polstede, John Mary, parson of the church of Stanford in le Hope,William Sautre,William Pecok,vicar of the church of Bryghtlyngesey Johen, son of John de Boys, Thomas Martell, Richard Byrlee and John Sweyn, chaplain, to found a chantry of two chaplains to celebrate divine service in the chapel of St. John the Baptist in the parish church of Wyvenhoo for the souls of RichardWalton, esquire, and Isabel his wife, and to grant in mortmain to the chaplains a messuage, 240 acres of land,12 acres of meadow, 26 acres of pasture, 4 acres of wood and 2Ss. Sd. rent in Wyvenhoo, StapelfordAbbot’s, Navestoke and Lamburn, not held of the king]
Henry V volume 1pg 151
(John Tyrell)
Entry 63
Appointment of John Tyrell, to be steward of the honour and lordship of Clare and That ksede in, the king’s hands by reason of the death of Thomas duke of Exeter, and of the minority of Richard duke of York, kinsman and heir of Edimund late earl of March, from the date ol the death of the said duke until the full age of the said Richard, with the usual fees and wages. Bybill of the treasurer.
Henry VI volume 1 pg 401
(John Tyrell) (Governance)
Entry 64
Feb. 13. Appointment during pleasure, of John Tyrell to be steward of the honour and lordship of Clare and Thakstede, in the king’s hands by the death of Thomas duke of Exeter, and by reason of the minority of Richard duke of York, kinsman and heir of Edmund earl of March, to date from the death of the said duke of Exeter. By bill of the treasurer.
Henry Vi Volume 1 pg 395
(John Tyrell)
Entry 94
Licence for William Babyngton, knight, Robert Darcy, esquire, Edward Tyrell, esquire, and Richard Valdryan, clerk, to found a perpetual chantry of one chaplain to celebrate divine service in the chapel of St. Mary the Virgin in the church of Danburyco,. Essex,for the good estate of the king and tin- said foundersan,d for their souls after death,and for the souls of Gerard Braybi’okkn, ighta,nd of his ancestors, and of the said founders ; and grant that the chaplain and his successors be called chaplains of the chantryof St. Mary the Virgin of Danbury, and that theyhave a perpetual succession and be capable of pleading and of beingimpleadedin any court; licenceal so for the chaplain to acquire in mortmain of the founders, their heirs or assigns, and of others, lands and rents to the value of 10 marks yearly not held in chief. Byp.s. Be it rememebred that on the 4 November 26th year Richard Valdryan, chaplain of the chantry, acquired lands to the ssame value in full satisfaction.
Henry VI volume 4 pg 112
(Edward Tyrell)
Entry 98
Grant to the king’s knight, Thomas Tyrell, his heirs and assigns, of the patronage or advowson of the parish church of East Thorndon, co. Essex, and licence for him and William Tyrell the younger, his brother, John Poynes, esquires, and Robert Hotofte to grant in mortmain to Walter Martyn, rector of the church, lands and rents to the value of 10Z.a year, not held in chief, to celebrate certain divine services and other charges and works of piety. ByK. etc.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 529
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 118
Commission to Thomas Tyrell, knight, to make inquisition in the view of Wytham, co. Essex, touching the value of the lands in the towns of Rewenhale and Wytham. co. Essex, late of Bartholomew Page of Elyngham,co. Norfolk, deceased, and of the issues thereof from the death of Robert, his son and heir, till 10 August last
Henry VI volume 5 pg 39
Thomas Tyrell
Record Keeping and Land Transactions
Entry 1
Impeximw and confirmation of a charter of Queen Philippa, witnessed, by Andrew Aubrey, then mayor of London, Sir John de Grey, knight, then steward of the king’s household, John Wroth, then sheriff of London, Edmund Plambard, Thomas Tyrell, Robert William, Eoger Belet and many others, and dated at Havering atte Bower, on 9 April, 26 Edward III, granting to her damsel Lucy de Geynesburgh and her heirs and assigns, all the land in Lambourn, Theydene Boys and Chigewell as well as in Fifhide and Eothyng Beauchamp, co. Essex, which the queen lately had of the gift and feoffment of Sir Eobert de Hagham, knight; granting also to her 20 marks Sd. of rent in London, to hold for the life of the said Sir Eobert, to wit 10 marks out of a tenement in the parish of St. Mary le Bow, London, which he and Idonia, his wife, now deceased, leased to one John de Abyngdon, for their lives, by an indenture which the queen has delivered to the said Lucy, 5 marks Sd. out of tenements contained in an indenture made between Edward le Blount of the one part and the said Eobert and Idonia of the other part, likewise delivered to Lucy, and 5 marks of rent out of a tenement lately leased by Eobert and Idonia to one John de Grantham by an indenture, likewise delivered to her: and granting to her also for the life of the same Eobert all that rent of 62.14s. contained in a writing of William de la More, ‘chivaler,’ to the same Eobert and Idonia, likewise delivered to the said Lucy. By p.s.
pg 26 EDWARD III.—PABT II* 319
(Aug 28) (Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 4
Commission to Thomas Tyrell, Edmund de Chelreye, Walter de Haywode and John de Estbury, to make inquisition in the county of Southampton touching a claim by the bondmen of the manor of Stratfeld Say, the wardship whereof the king, by letters patent, lately granted to his daughter Isabel, that by colour of an indenture made between Thomas de Say, sometime lord of the manor, and them, which indenture is void in law and of none effect because it was never delivered to them in the lifetime of the said Thomas but was sold to them long after his death by Robert de Sancto Manifeo, they are free, on which account they refuse to do the bond services which they used to do of ancient time.
Edward III volume 12 pg 540
(May 1) (Thomas Tyrell) (Commission of Inquisition) ( County of Southhampton)
Entry 8
Licence for Thomas son and heir of Henry Peverel to enfeoff Thomas Sheen. Tyrell, chivaler,’ of the manors of Northavene and Suthavene, Manesbrigge, Lyndhurst and Penyton, co. Southampton, and Bereford, co. Wilts, said to be held in chief. By p.s,
Edward III volume 12 pg 472
(Feb 12) (Thomas Tyrell) (Northhavene Suthavene, Manesbrigge Lyndhurst and Penyton, in Southampton and Bereford countys)
Entry 9
Commission to Thomas Tyrell, William Ryse, John Faucomberge, and Thomas de Wythornwyke to make inquisition within the liberty of Holdernesse touching any information that very many wards, marriages and escheats which pertained to the king by reason of his lordship of Brustewyk before he granted that lordship to his daughter Isabel and ought to pertain to her after the grant have been concealed and withdrawn from them.
Edward III volume 12 pg 444
(1363) (July 16) (Thomas Tyrell)(Holdernesse) (Commission of Inquisition)
Entry 12
Grant, for life, to Walter Tyrell, for good service to the king and to Joan and Margaret, deceased, the king’s daughters, of the keeping of the passage over the water of Twede at Berwick on Twede, to hold with all profits, as Richard de la Panetrie, deceased, held, without rendering anything to the king. By p.s.
Edward III volume 13 pg 384
(Feb 15) (Walter Tyrell) (Held Passage over the water at Berwick on the Twede)
Entry 24
Commission to Thomas Tyrell, William atte Broke and John ate Welde to find by inquisition in the county of Essex whether John Bataill and John Dargentem,tenants of certain lands in Chishull, co. Essex, held of Kdimmd de Ufford,’ le cosyn/ or any other tenant of the said Edmund, have attorned to Thomas Savage and others to whom Edmund alienated the lands in fee in his lifetime together with the fees and advowsons, or not, and who have made such attornmeiits and to whom ; as the said lands are held of the king as of the honour of Boulogne
Edward III volume 16 pg 159
(Aug 3) (Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 25
Inspeximus and confirmation, in favour of Henry Dounhame squire of westminster. Isabella daughter of Edward III., of letters patent (in French) at her request, of Alexander archbishop of York, William bishop of London Ralph, bishop of Salisbury, Guy de Brien Roger de Beauchamp, Hugh de Segrave and Thomas Tyrell, nights,(feoffees, by ordinance of the said king and his council, of lands to her use,) dated London, 8 April,2 Richard II., confirming to him the custody of the park of Swalfeld at a rent of 4 marks yearly, sold to him for the term of the said Isabella’s life by John Fourbour, to whom it was granted by the late king, who subsequently granted Swalfeld manor with the said park to the said Isabella, who confirmed the said custody of the park to the said John; and enlargement into a grant thereof to the said Henry for his life, if he survive her. Byp.s. and fine of £mark.
Richard II volume I pg 601
(Jan 23) (Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 31
Westminster, March 20. Inspeximus and confirmation, in favour of Robert Makkeny, yeoman of the poultry and chief buyer of victuals of the late king, retained, of letters patent dated i March,50 Edward III., being a grant to him for life of 10Z. yearly at the Exchequer. By the Great Council. The like in favour of John Goldewell, of letters patent dated 7 June, 51 Edward III., being a like grant to him of 100s. yearly at the Exchequer. By the Great Council. The like in favour of William Percell, esquire of the late king, of letters patent dated 27 April,51 Edward III., being a grant to him for life of the 10l. 6s. 3d. which the abbot and convent of Halesowoyn co,. Salop, Pay yearly at fee-farm for the manor of Rouleye, co. Stafford. J>ythe Great Council. The like in favour of Walter Tyrell, of letters patent dated 28 June, 35 Edward III., being a like grant to him of 10/. yearly at the Exchequer. Bythe Great Council.
Richard II volume 1 page 177
(Walter Tyrell)
Entry 37
Grant to Alice, late the wife of Peter de Preston, executrix of his willl, of the custody (together with the marriage) of the land and heir, during his minority, and until she obtain the marriage of such heir, of John Talbot of Richard’s Castle, tenant in chief, without rendering aught to the king therefor, as granted by the late king to his daughter Isabella by letters patent 23 May, 40 Edward III. ; the then heir having died unmarried and the custody (together with the marriage) of two thirds of the said John’s lands in the counties of Worcester, Hereford and Salopand in Wales and the Welsh March (excepting [knights'] fees, advowsons, wardships and marriages) having been granted by indenture dated 1 October, 49 Edward III.., by Thomas Tyrell, chief steward and general attorney of Ingelrun husband of the said Isabella, to the said peter at a specified rent.
Richard II volume 2 pg 190
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 38
Westminster Oct. 12. The like, in favour of John Parker, of a yearly rent of 10 marks from The manor of Cosham, co. Wilts, granted to him for the same term by Alexander archbishop ot York, William, late bishop of London, Ralph, bishop of Salisbury, and Guy de Briene and Hugh de Segrave, knights, to whom with Roger Beaucfmmandp Thomas Tyrell, knights, deceased, the king granted the said manor inter alia for the life of his aunt Isabella, now deceased, by letters patent 27 November1, Richard II. Mandate in pursuance to the keeper of the manor.
Richard II volume 2 pg 190
(Thomas Tyrell) Deceased?
Entry 40
March 22. Licence for Alexander, archbishop of York, William, late bishop of London, and Ralph, bishop of Salisbury, and Guy de Payne and Hugh de Segrave, Knights to, grant to Isabella de Feye, Frenchwoman and damsel of the king’s aunt Isabella, countess of Bedford, their interest in the manor of Benham, co, Berks, and two messuages, two carucates of land, forty acres of meadow and twenty of wood in Holbenham and Westbroke, in the same county, lately granted inter alia to them and Roger de Beauchamp and Thomas Tyrell, knights, now deceased for the life of the said countess of Bedeford and, grant to the former of the same for life, without rent, if she outlive the said countess and reside in England. By p.s.
Vacated by surrender and cancelled because fin king granted the same for life to the said Richard (sic) and Isabella 18 June, 15 Richard II.
Richard II volume 2 pg 105
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 41
Westminster, Licence, with the assent of Council, and for the increase of the clergy, of England, for the alienation in mortmain by William de Wikeham, bishop of Winchester, to the warden and scholars of • Seinte Marie College of Wynchestre,’ lately founded by him in Oxford, of the manor of Heyford Waryn, co. Oxford, and the advowson of its church, held in chief as of the honor of Walyngford ; the manor of West wittenham called * La Douncourt,’ co. Berks, formerly John Mautravers’, held in chief as of the fees of the honor of the former earl marshal or of the manor of Hampste de Mareschall, which was taken into the king’s hands by forfeiture of lugelram do Coney, late earl of Bedford, who married the king’s aunt Isabella, and which was granted by the king, for her life, to William, archbishop of Canterbury, Alexander, bishop of York, Ralph, bishop of Salisbury, and (inydo Brieue, Roger de Beauchamp, Huirh de Segrayo and Thomas Tyrell, knights; the, manor of Drayton by Abyndon, late Gilbert Eiesfeld’s, held of the king as earl of Chester; the manor of Great Wittenham co,. Berks, formerly John Plccy’s, held in chief; three messuages, 100 acres of wood and 40.v.rent in Stnnlake, co. Oxford, with a fourth part of the manor and a moiety of the advowson of its church, held in chief as of the honor of the earl de Tlsle and Albemarlo; the manor of West wittenham, co. Berks, formerly John Lok’s, tin* manor of West wittenham (.v/r) in the same county, formerly, lobn Louehes’ of Uarsyudou ; the manor of Kengham, co. Oxford, formerly (Jilbert Chastelleyn’s,seventeen messuages, two tofts, seven carncates of land, 121 acres of meadow, and 7<tof pasture, pasture for twenty cows and KHV. rent in Keyngh;un, Brideeote, West Wiiloiihani, Stanlake, Briulithaiupton, Hrnnesnorton, Bnidewell, Aston, Drayton and Sutton, and an acre of land. oO.v. rent and the advowson of the church in Swalclyve, co. Oxford, not held iu chief; and in reversion, the manor of Aston, co. Berks, not held in chief, after the death of Robert alto Wodeand Joan his wife, the manor of Clifton and three messuages, a carncate of laud and eight acres of meadow in Clifton, not held in chief, after the death of llobert Mauudcvilland Cicely bis wife, and two messuages, forty acres of land and four of meadow in est wittenham, not held in chief, alter the death of John Stokker and Alice his wife; and further, licence for the alienation in frank almoin by him to the abbot and convent of Hide by Winchester of the manor of Combe Biset, late of John Plescy, held in chief, in exchange for the advowsons of the churches of Colynghuru Abbots, IVueseve and ChisulclenCO, . Wilts, which he has licence to grant to the said warden and scholars. Byp.s. [1J)«">1}!.
Richard II volume 2 pg 63
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 44
Westminster June 9. Ratification of the estate of William Bragan as vicar of St. Peter's. Droghdian, Ireland. June 11. Revocationof the preceding, becausea plea touching the said vicarage, is pending before John Tyrell, justice of the Common Bench in Ireland.
Richard II volume 4 pg 44
(John Tyrell) ( Ireland)
Entry 47
Presentation to R. bishop of Chichester, of John Birston, vicar of Eltham in the diocese of Rochester, for admission to the church of St. Giles, Wynchelseon, an exchange with William Tyrell.
Richard II volume 6 pg 488
(William Tyrell)
Entry 48
Inspeximus and confirmation of an indenture dated 20 December in the twentieth year, between William de Sancto Vedastopr,ior of Okebourne, farmer under the king of all the possessions of the priory, and proctor general of the abbot and convent of Bee Horlewin, of the Benedictine order, in the diocese of Ronen, of the one part, and Robert Braybrok, Bishop of London,of the other part, whereby the said prior grants to the said Robert and his assigns, for GO years from Christmas of that year the manor and advowson of Pounton Weylate, a yearly pension of 4 marks issuing out of the church, payable by the parsons or rectors, and the whole portion of tithes within the bounds of Wodeham Ferers, together with all other lands and tenements in those towns in Essex, lately held for life by Alice, late the wife of Thomas Tyrell; at the yearly rent of a rose to the said abbot or his proctor general, and doing the usual services to the chief lords of the fee,and notwithstanding that the premises are parcel of the said priory or were in the hands of John Pikeman to hold for life. By p.s. For 40s. paid in the hanaper.
Richard II volume 6 pg 401
(Alice and Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 50
Grant to William Tyrell of the prebend which Andrew Neuport, deceased, lately had in the king's free chapel within the palace of Westminster. ByK.
Henry IV volume 3 pg 300
(William Tyrell)
Entry 51
Presentation of William Tyrell, parson of the church of Wodchcrch. In the diocese of Canterbury, to the church of St. Thomas the Martyr. Wynchclsion, the diocese of Chichesteorn, an exchange of benefices with Hugh Setour.
Henry IV volume 3 pg 165
(William Tyrell)
Entry 54
Licence, for 20 marks paid in the hanaper for Thomas Pever of county of Bedford, esquire, to release to John Risseby, John Me] sale, John Hertishorn, Ralph Gerveys, clerk, and John Stanford right in two parts of the manor of Caynho, co. Bedford, held of King in chief, and the third part of the manor which William Pai and Juliana his wife hold in dower ; for Alice Dakeney kinswomen and heiress of Walter Dakeney, John Broun, chaplain, and the John Risseby and others to enfeoff Salamon Fresthorpe, He Harburgh, John Martyn and Richard Tyrell of Rouceby : for tr to grant two parts of the manor and the reversion of the third on the death of Juliana to Alice for life ; for the same Henry, Martyn and Richard to release to Salamon and his heirs all righl the manor ; and for him to grant the remainders of the said two p? and third part to Reginald de Grey,lord of Ruthyn,and his h< under the condition of paying to Salamon, his executors and assigns in the church of St. Nicholas, Colde Abbey, in Oldefysshestrete, don, 200Z.at Michaelmas next or within fortydays and 220?. Michaelmas following or within fortydays,so that if the paymi be not made or if the manor of Hollewelgrey co,. Hertford, or parcel thereof be afterwards recovered against Salamon, his heirs assigns or they be expelled from the same by any title originat; before the present date the grant of the reversions to Reginald Salamon shall be null and void and Salamon and his heirs may enter on the two parts after the death of Alice and the third part after deaths of Juliana and Alice.
Henry V volume 1 pg 304
(Richard Tyrell) (Rouceby)
Entry 57
Westminster , Grant to William Jakis, clerk of the king’s kinsman R. archbishop of Canterbury, of the canonry with a prebend in the king’s freechapel of Westminster vacant by the death of William Tyrell. By p.a Mandate in pursuance to the dean and chapter.
By the same writ
Henry V volume 1 pg 16
(William Tyrell)
Entry 58
Revocation of letters patent dated 10 May last granting to Owin Martyn the office of gaoler of the gaol of Notyngham. Henry IV by letters patent dated 16 July,6 Henry IV, granted the office to John Slifhurst for life ; and afterwards at the suit of the latter, complaining that he had obtained possession and continue it until he was removed By the said Owin by colour of the said letters patent, the king directed the sheriff to summon Owin to appear before him in Chancery at a certain day now past to show cause why the letters should not be revoked, and the sheriff returned that he summoned him by John Padley, Thomas Eston, John Bower and Richard Hunt, and Owin appeared by Richard Colman his attorney and John Slifhurst by Richard Selby his attorney and Owin asserted that he had the office of the king’s grant and on that account ought not to answer without the king and sought aid from the king, which was granted, and John was told to sue the king for licence to proceed in the suit and afterwards on the morrow of the Purification he appeared by his said attorney and produced a writ of privy seal dated 3 February in the present year directed to the bishop of Durham, the chancellor, to proceed in the suit, so that judgement be not given without consulting the king, and Owin did not appear and John was told to sue the king for licence to proceed to judgement and subsequently on another day in the same term by his said attorney he produced another writ of privy seal directed to the chancellor to proceed to judgement, and Owin did not appear and judgement was given against him. Commission by mainprise of John Tyrell of the county of Essex and Roger Hunt of the county of Bedford and for 400 marks paid in hand at the receipt of the Exchequer by the king’s knight John Tiptoft, to the same John Tiptoft of the keeping of all lordships, manors and lands in the king’s hands by the death of Thomas de la Pole,* chivaler/ and by reason of the minority of Thomas his son and heir, except the manor of Mersshco,. Buckingham the keeping of which the king committed to John Iwardby by letters patent from Michael maslast during the minority of the said heir for III. yearly, and two parts of the manor of Norton under Hamedon, co. Somerset, the keeping of which the king committed to Richard Skelton by other letters patent from Michaelmalast, Henry V, during the minority of the said heir for 111. 17s. 6f<2.yearly, to hold with the said farms from Christmas last during the minority of the said heir with his marriage without disparagement, maintaining the houses, enclosures and buildings and supporting all charges. By bill of the treasurer.
Henry V volume 2 pg 412 – 413
(John Tyrell) ( Essex)
Entry 62
Oct. 30. John Hertwell, citizen and mercer of London, on 16 May, 3 Henry VI before Nicholas Wotton, then mayor of the staple of Westminster for acknowledgments of debts, acknowledged himself to owe to John Pidmyll, citizen and mercer of London, 100Z. payable on 10 May then following. The day not being kept,a messuage called ‘ le Maudeleyn,’ with a garden and an orchard in Northberkhampsted within the liberty of the honour of Berkhampsted, a dovecot there, 80 acres of arable land’,divers fields of arable land,viz. — two fields called * Denefeldes,’ and fields called, respectively, * Hylfelde,’ ‘ Mad’amfeld,’ ‘ Milfeld,’ Eldefeld and ‘ Pristcroft,’ a croft called * Merlyng,’ certain pasture called ‘ Kyngeshill,’ two meadows called ‘ Chapelcroftes three acres of meadow at Lollesley 30, acres of wood and underwood and six vivaries there,and a rent of 9«. 2d. from certain; free tenants and tenants at will, stated to constitute the manor of Maudelyn, which belonged to the said John Hertwell, on the dayof the said acknowledgment, but had been seised into the king’s hands by pretext of a certain extent on the 13th of July last, were delivered to the said John Pidmyll, according to the ordinance. How ever it:, was found by inquisition taken ex officio before Edward Tyrell, eschieiator in the county of Hertford, on Tuesday before St. Margaret last, and returned before the treasurer and barons of the exchequer, that one William Strete, being seised of the manor of Maudelyinn, the said county, held in chief, in his demesne as of fee bythe service of l-20th of a knight’s fee,eranted it to Humphrey, duke of Gloucester, Walter Hungerford, knight, John Escudemore, knight,Andrew SperlyngT,homas Knollys, John Bacon, Thomas Basset,and! to the heirs and assigns of the five last named!. The said grantees entered without licence, thie manor was taken into the king’s hands,and! the said John Pidmyll put out. Now the king,for 20s. paid in the hanaper, has pardoned the above-named trespass,and licencesthe said John Pidmyll to have again and to hold the premises in fee simple as Ms freeholda,ccording to theform of the aforesaid ordinance and execution
Henry VI volume 1 Pg 445
(Edward Tyrell) (Escheator)
Entry 69
Licence, by advice of the council and without fine, for Richard, duke of York, Walter Lucy, ‘ehivaler,’ and Richard Wyggemore to enfeoff William Alnewyk, bishop of Norwich, Richard, earl of Warwick, Walter Hungreford, knight, John Beaumond, knight, John Tyrell, knight, Ralph Boteler, knight, John Merbury, esquire, Richard Dixton, esquire, and William Wolston, esquire, of the castles and lordships of Raydre, Kenlles, Radenore and Knoklas, the town of Radenore, the lordships of Melenyth, Pullyth, Knyghton, Worthreignon, Comotoidore, Norton and Prestheinde, in Wales and its marches; the manors of (Meton, Kyngeslane, Pembrugge, Malmeshullacy, Nethewode, Mawardyn, Worforlowe, two thirds of the manor of Much Marcle, co. Hereford; the castle, manor and town of Ludelowe, the manors and lordship of Stauntoun Lacy, Cletton and Farlowe,co. Salop; the manors of Brymesgrove and Norton, co. Worcester; Whaddon and Stepulclaydon, co. Buckingham; Stratfeld Mortemer and Waghfeld, co. Berks; two thirds of the manor of Thaxestede, co. Essex; the manors of Worthy Mortemer, co. Southampton ; Swannescombe and Erhithe, co. Kent; Cranburum, Pympern, Tarent, Gundevile, Weymouth, Wyke, Portland,Warham, Stuple and Crich, co. Dorset; the castle of Bruggewater and the manors of Odycombe and Milvertocno., Somerset; the manors of Charleton, Wynston and Brymmesfeld co. ,Gloucester; and one third of the lordship of Bruggewater, co. Somerset; all which are held of the king in chief. By p.s.
Henry VI volume 2 pg 514-515
(John Tyrell)
Entry 71
Licence, by advice of the council, for John de Veer, earl of Oxford Canterbury, enfeoff John Tyrell, knight, John Doreward, esquire, Edward Tyrell esquire, Robert Darcy, esquire, John Symond, apprentice of the late William Bolton and John Wayte of the manors of Hengham at Castle,Overyeldham, Kensyngton, Great Bentelegh, Earl’s Co. Stanstede Mounfychet, Caumpes, Saxton and Great Hormede in counties of Essex, Hertford, Cambridge, Middlesex and Buckingham held of the king in chief, and for the feoffees to enfeoff the earl of _____ to hold to him and his heirs.
Henry VI volume 2 pg 602
(Edward Tyrell)
Entry 72
Inspeximus of a writing of John Curteysthe, abbot, and the convent of St. Mary’s, Tilteye, co. Essex, dated in the chapter houseat Tilteye, January, 8 HenryVI, being a grant for twenty-five years from Michaelmas then following to,Sir Thomas Banastre, clerk, arch deacon of Bangor, and Robert Banastree, squire, lord of Chikeneye, of, a yearly rent of 20/. Out of the manors or granges of Stepul alias Stepul grange, aytrop Rothinge alias Rothinge Grange and Cressale Grange, co. Essex, and Ryngmere alias Ryngmere Grange co,. Suffolk, quarterly; with a clause of distraint should payment be fifteendays in arrear and a penalty of 10 marks if in arrear for a month. The grantees have been put in possession of the rent by the payment of 12d. Witnesses, John Tyrelle, Lewis Johan, Robert Hunte, John Symondand Thomas Langeley
Henry VI volume 2 pg 512
(John Tyrell)
Entry 74
It has been found by inquisition taken beforeThomas Stokdale, escheator in the county of Essex, that Richard Baynard held on the day of his death conjointly with. Grace his wife, who survives him, the manor of Messyng which is held of the king as of the honour of Reymes by knight service, fr demise made to them forlife by Robert Warener of London and RogerRy< of the county of Kent, with remainder to John Martyn of the county p. Kent,one of the justices of the Common Bench,William Coggeshale knight, Maurice Bruyn, knight, Lewis John, esquire, John Tyrell, Robert Darcy of Maldon,William Rookwode of Acton, John Burgoyne Drayton, Thomas Campes, W,alter Gawtron of London, John Bederendei of the same, Thomas Martelle, squire, Richard Wakefeled, squire, Roben Wrytele, John Symond of Toppisfeld, Richard Fitz Nichol of Halstede, John Becheof Colchestre, John Ewell, esquire, Roger Racheham, esquire. John Marlere and Henry Stampe the younger, their heirs and assigns The king’s licence had not been obtained and the manor was taken into his hands,but now for 5 marks paid in the hanaper he has pardoned the trespass and granted licence for the said Grace to have the manor again for life,with remainder as aforesaid.
Henry VI volume 2 pg 368
(John Tyrell)
Entry 75
Commission de kidellis pursuant to the statute of 25 Edward [stat. 3,c. 4],and subsequent statutes for the water called ‘le Leye* the counties of Essex, Hertford and Middlesex, from the bridge of Wa to the water of Thames to, John Tyrell, knight, Henry Barton, Jot Gedney,William Estfeld, John Fray, Thomas Rolf, Henry Some Thomas Gloucestre, Alexander Aune, Walter Grene, William Rokesburg and John Kirkeby, and to two or more of them, including either Fra; Rolf, Aune, Rokesburghor Kirkeby.
Henry VI volume 2 pg 356
(John Tyrell)
Entry 77
Commission de kidellis, pursuant to statute 25 Edward III [stat. 3, c. 4] and subsequent statutes, for the water called *’le Leye’ in the counties of Essex, Hertford and Middlesex, from the bridge of Ware to the water of Thames, to John Tyrell knight, Henry Barton, John Gydney, William Estfeld, John Fray, Thomas Rolf, Thomas Gloucestre, Thomas Stokdale, Walter Grene, Alexander, Aune, William Rokesburgh, William Kirkeby, and Richard Aired, and to two or more of them, including either Fray, Rolf, Aune or Kirkeby.
Henry Vi volume 2 pg 350
(John Tyrell)
Entry 79
June 5. By inquisition taken before John Barley, escheator in the county of Essex, it has been found that Walter lord Pitz Wautier, knight, deceased, was seised of the manor of WodehamWautierc,o. Essexi,n his demesne as of fee,and bythe name of Walterlord Pitz Wautier and of Wodeham, lord of Hardepuysand Bochettessonin Normandy, granted the same manor, except * Brian stenement,’ to Lewis Johan, Richard Baynard, John Tyrell, RobertDarcy, Richard Pox,William Neulondor Neuland, Robert Molynton, William Faukes well and Richard Duryvall and their heirs, and afterwards WilliamNeulond died, and Johan, Baynard, Darcy, Fox, Faukeswell and Duryvall released all their right in the premises, except Brians tenementle, Newshepton, Manfeld, Curleigmerssh, Pordecroft and Beryhall, in Wodehamand Ultyng,in fee simple to the said Tyrell and Molyntonw,ho granted the manor with the foregoing exceptions, except also ‘le Westfeld,le Panne,’ the aftermath of ‘le Holemede,’ and of *le Curleighmead,’ ‘ Heywardes, Stubbardes,’ and ‘ Bradmed,’ to the said Darcyand Pox and their heirs,who granted, subject to all the ore going exceptions, to the said Walter and Elizabeth his wife, still surviving, for life, without impeachment of waste [and to the heirs male of his body] with remainder to the heirs of his body, with remainder over to his right heirs. Alsohe was seised in his demesne as of fee of the manor of Lexedenwh,ich he granted, except ‘Praunceys tenement, to the said Lewis Johan, RichardBaynard, John Tyrell, Robert Darcy, Richard Pox, William Neulond, Robert Molynton, William Paukeswell and Richard Duryvall and their heirs; and after the death of Neulond, Baynard released to his co-feoffees all his rights saving his life interesting ‘ Praunceystenement,’ which he had bygrant of the said Walter. Then their remainingco-feoffees released to Tyrell and Molynton, who enfeoffed the said Walter and Elizabeth, and the heirs male of his body, with remainder to the heirs of his body, with remainder over to the said Darcy, Pox, Molynton and Paukeswelaln,d to John Dorewardand William Robbessonand their heirs. Also the same Walterwas seised of the manor of Burnhamand, granted it to the same nine original feoffees and, their heirs, who enfeoffed thereof Thomas Wenlok, and his heirs, .who enfeoffed of the same, except the courts, wards, marriages, reliefs, escheats, warren and mill thereto belonging, John Chedyokk, night, Maurice Berkeley, Henry Grey, Oliver Groos and Adam May and the said John Doreward, Robert Darcy and Richard Pox,and their heirs; after which Doreward, Darcy and Fox released to their said five co-feoffees,who granted the manor, except as beforeexcepted, to the said Walter and Elizabeth, with remainders to the heirs male of his body,and the heirs of his body, and remainder over to the said Darcy, Doreward, Fox, Molynton, Faukeswelland Bobbessonand their heirs. Alsothe same Walter, being seised of the manors of Henham and Little Dunmowein his demesneas of fee, enfeoffed thereof the said Lewis Johan,and his eight first named co-feoffees, and their heirs ; and after Neuland’s death, Duryvall released to Johan, Baynard,Tyrell, Darcy, Fox and Faukeswealnld, they released f; to Baynard and Molyntonand their heirs,who granted the premises,f;: except the tenement which once was of Richard Chirchegaatned, the tenements called ‘ Turnoures’ and ‘ Appultonnes,’ to the said John Chedyok, Maurice Berkeley, Henry Grey, John Doreward, Robert Darcy, Oliver Groos, Richard Fox and Adam, May, and their heirs. Then Doreward, Darcy and Fox released in fee simple all their right to their five co-feoffees, and they granted the premises, except « Staceysaleyn’ and ‘Hefdes,’ to the said Walter and Elizabeth with remainders to the heirs male of his body and the heirs of his body, and remainder over to Darcy, Doreward, Fox, Molynton, Faukeswell, Bobbesson and their heirs. Furthermore Philippa, III i; duchessof York,held in dower by endowment of Walter Fitz Wautier,knight late her husband the manors of Wymbysshand Sheryng,a Essex,with the advowsons of their churches, with reversion to Walter Fitz Wautier,knight,son and heir of her said late husband; and this ill i Walter Fitz Wautier, the son, by the name of Walter lord Fitz Wautier and of Wodeham granted the reversion of the premises to Alexander Walden, knight, William Bourchier, knight, Bobert Newport, Richard Baynard of Messyng, John Basset of Chishull, Alexander de la Garderobe and Simon Cisternec,lerk, and their heirs,to whom the said Philippa, by the name of Philippa, lady Fitz Wautierat, torned. Now this Walter, the son, had issue the said Walter, late lord Fitz Wautier, and died, and after his death the said Richard Baynard and Simon Cisterne, their co-grantees being dead, granted the reversion to the said Walter, late lord,and Elizabeth, with remainders to the heirs male of his body, and to the heir of his body, and remainder over to Darcy, Doreward, Fox, Molynton, Faukes well and Bobbesson and their heirs; and Philippa, by the name of Philippa, duchessof York, attorned to Walter and Elizabeth, and afterwards died,after whose death the same Walter and Elizabeth were seised. That the said manors of Wodeham Wautier, Burnham, Henham, Little Dunmow Weymbyssh and Sherynarge held of the king in chief, and the said manor of Lexeden is held in free burgageas all the town of Colchesteris. More over by an inquisition taken before Henry Gray, late escheator in the county of Norfolk it, was found that Bichard Sutton,knight, Richard de Upston, clerk, John Bataill and John Stowe,being seised in their demesne as of fee of the manors of Hemen hale and Dysse, together with the hundred of Dysse, co. Norfolk, and with knights’ fees, wards, marriages, reliefs, escheats and other appurtenances, except the advowson of Dysse, which manors and hundred are held in chief by knightservice as of the barony of Fitz Wautier,granted the premises, except as excepted, bylicenceof Bichard II, to the before named Walter Fitz Wautier,knight and Philippa his wife, and the heirs male of his body, with remainder over to his right heirs. He had issue Walter, as before mentioned, and died seised, and the said Walter, Msson, granted the reversion of the premises, after the death of Philippa, to the said Alexander Walden knight, William Bourchie, Brobert Newport, Richard Baynard, John Basset, Alexander de la Garderobe and Simon Cisterne in Membranes 12 and 11— cont. fee simple, to whom Philippa attorned. The said Walter son of Walter had issue the said Walter late lord Fitz Wautiears, aforesaid, and died, and after his death the said Baynard and Cisternet, heir co-grantees being dead, granted the said reversion, without the king’s licence to, the said Walter, rate lord, and Elizabeth for life, with remainders to the heirs male of his body, and the heirs of his body, and remainder over to the said Darcy, Doreward, Fox, Molynton, Faukes, well and Robbessonin fee simple. Philippa attorned to them, and after her death the said Walter and Elizabeth were seised.
Also by another inquisition taken before the said Henry Gray in the county of Suffolk it, was found that the same Philippa held in dower on the dayof her death by endowment of the said Walter Fitz Wautier her husband the manor of Shymplyantteg Thorne co, Suffolk, with reversion to the said Walter, son of her said husband, and his heirs. This Walter, the son, granted the reversion of the same manor and the advowson of its church to the said Alexander Walden, William Bourchier, Robert Neuport, John Basset, Alexander de la Garderobre, Richard Baynard and Simon Cisternean,d their heirs, to whom Philippa attorned. This Walter had issue Walter, the above-named late lord, and died, as aforesaid, and after his death, Baynard and Cisterne,as surviving feoffees as abovesaid, granted the reversion to the said Walter, late lord, and Elizabethf,or life,with successive remainders to the heirs male of his body,and the heirs of his body,and remainder over to the said Darcy, Doreward, Fox, Molynton, Faukes well and Robbesson in fee simple. Philippa attorned to Walter and Elizabeth, and died, and after her death they were seised. Now the manor of Shymplyng is held of the king in chief, and byvirtue of all these settlements Walter was seised conjointly with her and died so seised, but the king’s licence not having been obtained in these matters, the manors and advowson aforesaid were taken into his hands on the death of Walter. But now, for 1001.paid in the hanaper,the king has pardoned these trespasses and licences the said Elizabeth to have the premises again, except as before excepted, and to hold them for life as aforesaid.
Henry VI volume 2 pg 209-211
(John Tyrell)
Entry 92
Signification to Laurence Cheyne, William Alyngton the younger and William Cotton, that, whereas divers debates, controversies and discords arose between Edward Tyrell, son of Edward Tyrell, esquire, and others, feoffees to his use, and Thomas Tyrell, esquire, on the title to certain manors and lands late of Edmund Flambard in the county of Cambridge, entailed on Thomas byfine, which title has been put under the judgement of Humphrey, earl of Stafford, and becauseon behalf of Edward and his feoffees it is alleged that a feoffment thereof was made to divers persons by Eleanor daughter of the said Edmund, grandmother of the said Thomas, whereby the entry of Thonms therein was void, the king assigned the said commissioners by letters patent to enquire in the county whether the said feoffment was made and all things relating there to,— the said letters issued by sinister suggestion and are hereby revoked. The like to John Somerset, Henry Frowyk and Thomas Haseley, touching the title to lands late of Edmund Flambard in Middlesex as above
Henry VI volume 4 pg 296
(Edward and Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 116
Westminster. Commission to William Bourghchier, knight, Nicholas Ayssheton, William Bonevyle, knight, Philip Courtenay, knight, John Dynham, knight, John Arundell, Robert Burton, James Chuddelegh,Walter Raynell,Thomas Bodulgate, Thomas Bere,Thomas Gille and the sheriff of Devon to make inquisition in the county touching all wards, marriages, reliefs, escheats and forfeitures therein due and concealed from the king and touching all things concerning the same, and all alienations and purchases in mortmain without licence, escapes, concealments, sureties of the peace not observed, liveries of cloth given and received contrary to Statute and goods and merchandise shipped uncustomed and uncocketed. The like to the followining the following counties ; Thomas Tyrell, knight, John Doreward, John Basset, John Godmestoii, John Greiie, HenryAsteley, Ralph Grey, William Grey and the sheriff. Essex and Hertford
Henry VI volume 5 pg 138-139
(ThomasTyrell)
Kings Finances, Taxes and Loans
Entry 45
Licence, for Ox. paid in the hanaper by Thomas Harbour of Leomynstre, who was born in Ireland, for him to remain for life in England, not withstanding the proclamation requiring all men born there to return, under penalty of forfeiting all they June, by the next feast of the Assumption. By The like for k20/. paid in the hanaper by Walter Seymour of Bristoll, merchant, born in 1reland. William Tyrell, chaplain, for 40s.
Richard II volume 5 pg 451- 452
(William Tyrell)
Entry 60
Commission to Simon Felbryggec, chivaler, John Pyllyngton,’ chivaler,’ Thomas Wodevill, ThomasWake, John LongvyU, Thomas Mulsoand John Catesby to treat among themselves about a loan to be paid to the king for the resistance of the malice of his enemies and the conservation of the rights and safe-keeping of the realm and to induce all other sufficient secular lieges of the king of the county of Northampton to pay the loan, any ecclesiastical persons who will provide the king with greater sums on the Purification next excepted, and to certify thereon to the treasurer of England or his deputy before 24 January next. It is ordained in the last Parliament that a third part of a tenth and a fifteenth fromlaymen payable at Martinmas, 1420-1,shall be assigned for the payment of this loan and the chancellor shall make letters patent, writs and other warrants necessary for the payment without charge. [Foede William Coggeshale, ‘ chivaler/ Lewis John, John Tyrell, Richard Baynard, Robert Teye, Reginald Malyns, William Loveney and Robert Darcy, in the county of Essex.
Henry V volume 2 pg 249 -250
(John Tyrell) ( Essex)
Entry 61
Arthur Ormesby alias Ormesbi alias Ormysby of the county of Lincoln, esquire, for not appearing before William Thirnyng and his fellows, justices of the Bench of Henry IV, to answer William Tyrell, citizen and ‘ taillour,’ of London, touching debts of 40s. and 10 marks, John Croucher, citizen and vintner of London, touching a debt of 19?.,John de Yerburgh touching a debt of 40s.,John Edmond, citizen and goldsmith of London. Touching a debt of 10?.,James Overton, citizen and draper of London, touching a debt of 10?. and Thomas Multon, citizen and tailor of London, touching a debt of 106s. Sd.
Middlesex. London.
Henry V volume 2 pg 224
(William Tyrell) (Justice of the bench)
Stephen Kendale of Cornwall for not appearing before William Thirnyng and his fellows, justices of the Bench of Henry IV, to answer William Tyrell,’ taillour’ touching a debt of 40s. and William Savage touching a trespass committed by him and others. London. Middlesex.
Henry V volume 2 pg 95
(William Tyrell) (Taillour)
Entry 65
1424. Westminster Dec. 18. It has been shown to the council by John Tyrell that Henry earl of Northumberland owed 10,000£. on a recognisance to Henry V, of which sum 3,000l. were assigned to the administrators of that King who, assigned over 1,000marks, in tallies, to the said John Tyrell and Catherine his wife, executrix of John Spenser, late keeper of the great wardrobe, in part payment of the surplus due to him from the said late king, on his account in the Exchequer; But, at the instance of the council, it was agreed between the said John Tyrell and the said earl that the said 1,000 marks should be paid to the said John bythe treasurer and chamberlains of the Exchequer in half-yearly instalments of 100 marks, as a discharge of certain tallies levied at the receipt of the Exchequer in favour of the said earl, as security for the payment of the arrears due to him for the custody of the East march towards Scotland. The king, therefore, by advice of the council, has ordained, that if the said John do not receive full payment of the said 1,000 marks as aforesaid, he may have recourse to the council and to the said administrators according to the form of the Act of the king’s first parliament, relative to the sum of 40,000 marks granted1 to the said administrators to satisfy the said late king’s creditors. By p.s.
Henry VI volume 1 pg 267 – 268
(John Tyrell and Catherine Tyrell)
Entry 66
William Bray, vicar of Lanhaueranco,. Cornwall, for not appearing before Richard Norton and his fellows, justices of the Bench of Henry, to answer William Tyrell, touching a plea of debt of 40s. Cornwall
Henry VI volume 1 pg 152
(William Tyrell)
Entry 67
Thomas Frome of Frome Bowechirchore,Frome Vcghchirche, co. Dorset,’ gentilmain for not appearing before Richard Norton and his fellowsju,stices of the Bench of HentryV, to answer William Tyrell,touchinga plea of debt of 69s. 2d. nor to answer JohinRoland, clerk, touching a plea of debt of 25l. 16s.
Henry VI volume 1 pg 147
(William Tyrell)
Entry 76
(Commission to meat to treat as to a considerable loan for the kind people in several counties inlcuding:) John Tyrell,knight, Lewis Joban, Robert Darcy, and the sheriff of Essex.
Henry Vi volume 2 pg 353, 354
(John Tyrell)
Entry 84
Westminster , Commission by advice of the council, to Henry archbishop of Canterbury, the prior of Christ church Canterbury, John Darell, Loutherand the sheriff of Kent, to convoke the parsons, knightse, squires and other notable persons of the county and also the bailiffs, good men arid commonalties of the city of Canterbuarnyd of the boroughs in the said county, and to move and persuade them to lend to the king a notable sum of money for the voyage which he proposes to make in person in April to his realm of France,to make a speedy end of his wars there. Thecommissioners are to give surety for repayment out of the fifteenth payable on the octaves of Martinmas by grant of the commonalty of Englandin the last Parliament. [Fcedera.] Byp.s. The like to the following the following counties and places : Surrey and Sussex.— Henry, archbishop of Canterbury, Robert de Ponynges, knight, the abbot of Battle, Roger Fienes, knight, Thomas Leukenore, knight, Thomas Haseley and the sheriff. Essex and Hertfordshire.— William, bishop of London, John, earl of Oxford, John Tyrell, Bobert Darcy, Bichard Baynard, John
Henry 6 Volume 2 pg 49-50
(John Tyrell)
Entry 89
Commission to R. bishop of Chichester, Robert Ponynos, knight, Reginaldde la Warre, knight, Roger Kienles, knight, and Sydeney,’ the younger, to treat with one another and with other persons of Sussex, for a notable loan to the king in his present necessity, and to convey the money lent, with all speed to the Receipt of the Kxcluspier. with full power to promise lenders all necessary security, out of the customs, subsidies and other royal revenues, and out of tho jewels and other moveables of tho kingand his crown : tho kingengaging that all needful letters patent, writs, tallies and other warrants shall be issued in their behalf in accordance wilh the Act of the last Parliament at “Westminster.
The like to the following in the following counties: W. bishopof Coventry and Ijichiield, Humphrey, earl of Stafford, Roger Aston, knight. Hugh Krdeswyk. Stafford. John, duke of Norfolk, the prior of Norwich, Robert Wylughby, knight, John Radelyf. knight. Norfolk. The abbot of St. Albaus, PhilipThorn bury, knight, John Hotoft, John Fray. Hertford. The abbot of Perley, Richard Yernon, knight, Thomas Grysley, knight,Thomas Blount, knight,. .John Curson. Derby. R. bishop of London, John, earl of Oxford. HenryBourghchier, GeoffreyRokoll,K Edward Tyrell. Essex. John Basyng, knight. -John Braunspath, knight, John Boyyyll, Hugh Boyvyll. Rutland.
Henry VI volume 3 pg 249
(Edward Tyrell)
Entry 91
Commission to Thomas Wesenham, Robert Stoneham, Richard Caudray, and the sheriff of Cambridge and Huntingdon to treat with divers persons in those counties touchinga loan to the king and to bring the same to the Receipt of the Exchequer before the octave of Midsummer if, possible, and in any case before the quinzaine of Midsummer, with power to give security from the customs, subsidies and other royal revenues, and from the jewels and goods of tin 1 crown ; the king having promised to be in France in October next to confer with bis uncle of Franco for a final peace, desiringto avoid further bloodshed and to remove other expenses, charges and irreparable losses sustained in supporting the war. By C. The like to the followiningthe following counties :Henry, earl of Northumberland, William Fit/Hugh,’ chivalor,’ the dean of the cathedral church of St. Peter,York,William Kure, knight,and the sheriff. York. John Lescropof Masham, knight, Thomas Tyrell, knight, John Fray, Robert Darcyand the sheriff. Essex and Hertford. Vacated because otherwise before Th. bishopof Hereford, James do Audoley,knight, Walter Deveros, knight,and the sheriff. Hereford. Philip Courteney, knight, John Denhamk, night, Walter Collos, Clerk, Robert Burton and the sheriff. Devon and Cornwall. The abbot of Notley, Roger Hunt, John Enderby, John Hampden and the sheriff. Bedfordand Buckingham. Walter Hungerford, knight,James Ormond,knight, Edward Hull, knight,William Staffordes,quire, John Seintlo,William Caraunt and the sheriff. Somersetand Dorset. The dean of the cathedral church of Salisbury,Robert Hungerford, knight,John Stourton,knight,John Baynton and the sheriff. Wilts. The abbot of Hyde, John Popham, knight, William Warbelton, Thomas Ovedale, Richard Holt and the sheriff. Southampton. The abbot of Shrewsbury William Burley, Thomas Hopton, John Vynnesbury, Thomas Corbet of Lye and the sheriff. Salop. W. bishop of Coventry and Lichfiold, Robert Whitgreve, Thomas Arblastre, William Cumberforde and the sheriff. Stafford. The abbot of Chrrtcsoy John Boiirgfhiekr, night, Henry Norbnry, knight, John Arderne, Nicholas Cjirrowe and the sheriff. Surrey. A. bishoopf Chichester, William, earl of Arundell, John Pelleham, knight, Richard Dalyngrygge, Edmund Mille and the sheriff. Sussex. William Mountford, knight, Thomas Bate, Thomas Hyggeford, William Ponyngton and the sheriff. Warwick. William Ferrariis of Groby, knight, Bartholomew Brokesby, Thomas Palmer and the son IV. Leicester. John, earl of Oxford, the abbot, of St. Albans, the abbot of St. John, Colo.estre, John Fray, Thomas Tyrell, knight, John Dortvsvard, Robert Darcy, Henryhungley, Thomas Baudo HIM! the sheriff.
Henry VI volume 4 pg 430
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 111
Commission to John Parre, esquire for the body, Thomas Brewes, Westminster. William Tyrell, John Clopton,William Harleston and Gilbert Debenham, esquires, appointing them to assist Andrew Grigges, receiver of Alice, duchess of Suffolk, in levying a sum of 3,500 marks, lent byAlice to the kingfor the transmission of an army to Gasconanyd Aquitaine, from certain her jewels, and the farms, issues, profits, rents and revenues of certain manors, lordships,lands and fees in the possession or keeping of the duchess in Norfolk, Suffolk, and Essex, to be paid at Michaelmas next; and to bring Andrew under their safe-conduct to the Receipt of the Exchequer at Westminster with all speed.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 431
(William Tyrell)
Entry 112
Commission to William Lucy, esquire, setting forth that whereas on 8 July last the king appointed William, bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, Richard, earl of Warwick, John Talbot, knight, lord of .Lysle, John Beauchamp, knight, lord of Beaucharrip,William Mountforth, knight, Thomas Erdyngton, knight, William Bermyncham, knight,Thomas Burdet, Thomas Higford,Thomas Bate, John Rous and the said William Lucy to examine all persons in the county of Warwick chargeable with a subsidy granted by the commons of England in the parliament held at Westminster then last with the assent of the lords spirtual and temporal in the same for the defence of the realm, and to certify their names to William Lucy, knight, Thomas Tyrell, knight, James Strangways, knight, and Richard Waller, and the king appointed William Lucy, esquire, to levy the subsidy: — the king, because William has levied a great part thereof and certain persons in the county have not yet been examined, has appointed him to levy the residue and deliver the whole sum to the aforesaid William Lucy,knight, Thomas Tyrell, James Strangways and Richard Waller. The like to the same, setting forth the appointment of the abbot of Leycestre, John, viscount of Beaumont,’ chivaler Edward de Grey, knight, lord of Groby, Henry Gray, knight, Leonard Hastynges, knight, John Bellers,esquire, Thomas Palmer, William Eyton, Richard Neel, Richard Hotoft and the said William Lucy, esquire, to levy the subsidy in the county of Leicester.
Henry VI volume 5 pg 412
(Thomas Tyrell)
Entry 115
Commission to William, duke of Suffolk, Ralph Botiller of Sudeley, knight, Edmund Hampden, knight, John Hampden and Edmund Reade to treat with spiritual and secular persons in the county of Buckingham for a loan to maintain the war against the king’s adversaries who cease not to wage war on England, Normandy and other places of the king’s obedience by land and sea, by captures, robberies, murders and slaughters of the king’s lieges and captures of castles, towns and places in the said duchy and other places ; with full power to allow such persons to have security according to the sum so lent from grants in the last parliament and convocation of the clergy of the province of Canterbury. By K. & C. The like to the followining the following counties and places Humphrey, duke of Buckingham, John, earl of Oxford, Henry de Burghchier, knight, Richard Veer, knight, Thomas Tyrell, knight, John Doreward the elder, Geoffrey Rokell and John Godmanston. Essex
Henry VI volume 5 pg 297-298
(Thomas Tyrell)
Public Policy
Entry 73
The vicar general of R. bishop of London, in the absence of the bishop abroad, John earl of Oxford and Henry Bourchier’ ,chivaler,’ also John Tyrell,’ chivaler’ one of the knights of the shire for the county of Essex commissioners to receive the oath of the following John Moungomer chivyaler.’ , John Fitz Symond, ‘chivaler.’ NicholasThorle, ‘chivaler.’ WilliamGoldyngham/chivaleir MauriceBruyn,’ chivaler.’ Lewis Johan,esquire. Edmund Benstede chivaler.’ John Doreward ,esquire.. Etc….
Henry VI volume 2 pg 400
(John Tyrell)

Stained glass window Thornton Hall 1Stained glass window Thornton Hall 2

Stained Glass Window featuring Tyrell Arms in Thornton Hall

The so-called Italian Window In the old small dining room (room 42) – now a music room – is a stained-glass window dating from part of it dating from c.1700. This window shows a straight-sided “bluntly pointed” shield with helmet crest and mantling, and is done in enamel colours which are still amazingly sharp. The crest of a boar’s head erect argent with three ostrich plumes in the mouth covers the quarterly of nine achievement of either Sir Edward Tyrell (d.1605) or his son. 1. “Argent two chevrons azure within a bordure engrailed gules” (Tyrell). J.H. Round in “Feudal England” suggests that the chevrons were derived from those of Clare – Sir Walter Tyrell (who is reputed to have accidentally slain King William Rufus with an arrow in the New Forest on 2nd October 1100), having married Adeliz, daughter of Richard de Clare. 2. “Paly of six argent and sable” (Burgate). Six generations later Sir Edward Tirrel married Maud (or Anne) Burgate. Sir Edward’s son, Sir Hugh, was governor of Carisbroke Castle in 1378 when he defended it against the French. 3. “Argent a cross between cockleshells (escallops) sable” (Coggeshall). Sir John Tirrell, Sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire in 1423 and treasurer to Henry VI, married Alice, the co-heir of Sir William Coggeshall, Kt., of Little Stamford Hall. Alice died in 1422. 4. “Quarterly 1 and 4 argent, 2 and 5 Or fretty gules over all a bend sable thereon three escallops argent” (Hawkwood). (As this achievement stands it is identical with that of Spencer which is used to bolster the claim of pedigree from Despencer). In this context it is the arms of Sir John Hawkwood brought in by the marriage of Sir William Coggeshall and Antiocha Hawkwood. (see Dictionary of National Biography; Chester of Chichely (Lester Waters); and Round’s Peerage Studies). 5. “Azure a cross moline Or” (Bruyn). Sir Thomas Tirrel of South Ockendon and Thornton, Knight Banneret, Master of the Horse to Katherine Queen Consort to Henry VIII, was the second grandson of Sir John Tirrell and married Elizabeth, the daughter and co-heir of Sir Humphrey Le Bruin of South Ockendon, Essex. Their son, Sir William, married Elizabeth Bodley, the daughter of Sir Thomas Bodley, founder of the Bodleian library. 6. “Lozengy ermine and gules” (Rokele). The coat of this family is often quartered with that of Prideaux-Brune. It is also worth noting that the family of Rockley or Roclay of Essex and Suffolk has the same achievement, with the coat of Tyrell in the second quarter and Hawkwood in the third. The fourth quarter is “Ermine an inescutcheon azure”. 7. “Argent a chevron sable between three tar barrels sable their bungs flaming proper” (Ingleton). The arms of the Ingleton (or Incledon) family, from Bampton in Devon come in through the marriage of Jane Ingleton to Humphrey Tyrell (see above). It is reported that Thornton was one of the 50 manors brought in by the marriage settlement. 8. “Argent crusily fitchee three griffins heads erased azure” (Ingleton). This is the second Ingleton coat (see above). 9. “Argent a bend between six fleur de lys gu1es” (Fitzelys). Lipscombe in his “History of Buckinghamshire” (Vol. 4, p.119) states that this is Fitzellis, whereas Burke gives this coat to Fitzelys of Waterpirie, Oxford. In Waterpirie church is a monument with Fitzelys quartered with that of Tyrell. Greening Iambourn in an article in “Bucks Archaeology” states that Robert Fitzelys, who died in 1470, had a daughter and heir, Margery, who married Thomas Billing and was the mother of Sybil, wife of George Ingleton, the son and heir of Robert Ingleton.

Davis Family History Part 1

INTRODUCTION
THE Davis family is among the forty-nine “best families” selected by the American Historical-Genealogical Society for whom the Society has published family histories during the past few years. The Davis family has been prominent in the British Empire and in the United States, its members having played important roles in war and in peace. Family pride is a commendable trait and should be cultivated. All Davises have just cause to be proud of their family history and traditions.

Davis is a Welsh surname, and the family is among the most numerous
in England and Wales. This is due to the fact that there are so many variations of the name. The original name was David — which signifies well- beloved — popular in Biblical days and a favorite among the Scottish kings.

Though of ancient standing in Wales, David scarcely appears in England
before the Conquest. Modified in various forms, it has produced many
family names such as Davis, Davidson, Davies, Daves, Dawson, Dawes,
Day, Dakin, etc. The Irish form is M’Daid; the French, Devis.

Battle Hymn of the Davises